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176-, and that we got them again at seven o'clock the next
day. When we loft them we were in latitude 2ro y S. longitude 1470 4 W. and when we got them again we were in latitude, 2 10 43 S. longitude 149° 48' W. so that I imagine there was then some land to the
southward, not far distant. . Thursd. 16. From this time, to the 16th, the winds were va
riable from N. E. round by the N. the N. W. and S. W. and blew very hard, with violent gufts, one of which was very near being fatal to us, with thick weather and hard rain, We were then in latitude 220 S, and 700 30 W. of our departure, where we found the variation 6° 30' E. and the tempestuous gales were succeeded by a dead calm. After some time, however, the wind sprung up again at west, and at length fet
tled in the W. S. W. which soon drove us again to Monday 20. the northward, so that on the 20th we were in latitude
190 S. longitude 75° 30' W. of our departure: the
variation was here 6° E. Wednef. 22. On the 22d, we were got into latitude 180 S. longi
tude 1610 W. which was about one thousand eight hundred leagues to the westward of the continent of America, and in all this track we had no indication of a continent. The men now began to be very fickly, the scurvy having made great progress among them, and as I found that all my endeavours to keep in a high southern latitude at this time, were ineffe&tual, and that the badness of the weather, the variableness of the winds, and above all the defects of the ship, rendered our progress slow, I thought it absolutely necessary to fix upon that course which was most likely to preserve the vessel and the crew ; instead therefore of attempting to return back by the south east, in which, considering our condition, and the advanced season of the year, it was scarcely possible that we should succeed, I bore away to the northward, that I might get into the trade-wind, keeping still in such a track as, if the charts were to be trusted, was most likely to bring me to some island, where the refreshmenrs of which we stood so much in need might be procured; intending then, if the ship could be put into a proper condition, to have pursued the voyage to the southward, when the fit season should return, to have attempted farther
difcoveries in this track; and, if I should discover a continent, and procure a sufficient supply of provisions there, to keep along the coast to the southward till the sun had crossed the equinoctial, and then, getting into a high southern latitude, either have gone west about to the Cape of Good Hope, or returned to the east. ward, and having touched at Falkland's Isands if necessary, make the best of my way from thence back to
Euwhen I got into wind; and as we pind the variati
any birds when being icar lea frond bad we
When I got into latitude 16° S. and not before, I found the true trade-wind; and as we proceeded to the north-west, and the northward, we found the variation increase very fast ; for when we had advanced to latitude 18° 15' S. and were in longitude 800 W. of our departure, it was 70 30' E. We had bad weather, with hard gales, and a great sea from the eastward till the 25th, when being in latitude 12° 15' S. Saturday 25. we saw many birds flying in flocks, and supposed ourselves to be near some land, particularly several islands that are laid down in the charts, and one which was seen by Commodore Byron in 1765, and called the island of Danger ; none of these islands however could we fee. At this time it blew so hard that, although we went before the wind, we were obliged to reef our top-fails, and the weather was still very thick and rainy. The next morning, being in latitude 10° S. Sunday 26. longitude 1670 W. we kept nearly in the same parallel, in hopes to have fallen in with some of the islands called Solomon's Ilands, this being the latitude in which the southermost of them is laid down. We had here the trade wind strong, with violent squalls and much rain, and continuing our course till Monday the 3d of August, we were then in latitude 100 18' S. August longitude by account 1770 E. our distance west from Monday 3. the continent of America about twenty-one hundred leagues, and we were five degrees to the westward of the situation of those islands in the charts. It was not our good fortune however to fall in with any land; probably we might pafs near some, which the thick weather prevented our seeing ; for in this run great numbers of sea-birds were often about the ship : however, as Commodore Byron in his last voyage failed over the northern limits of that part of the ocean in which the islands of Solomon are said to lie, and as I
1767: failed over the southern limits without seeing them, August: there is great reason to conclude that, if there are any
such islands, their situation in all our charts is erroneously laid down.
From the latitude 14° S. longitude 163° 46' W. we had a strong gale from the S. E. which made a great sea after us, and from that time I did not observe the long billows from the southward till we got into latitude 10° 18' S. longitude 177° 30' E. and then it returned from the S. W. and S. S. W. and we found a current setting to the south ward, although a current in the contrary direction had attended us almost all the way from the Streight of Magellan ; I conjectured therefore that here the passage opened between New
Zealand and New Holland. The variation here was Wednes. 5, 11° 14' E. On the 5th being in latitude 100 S.
longitude 175° 44' E. the variation was 11° 15' E. and on the 8th, in latitude 11o. S. longitude 1710 14
E. it was I I° E. Satur: 8. About this time we found our stock of log-lines
nearly expended, though we had already converted all our fishing lines to the same use. I was some time in great perplexity how to supply this defect, but upon a very diligent inquiry found that we had, by chance a few fathoms of thick untarred rope. This, which in our situation was an inestimable treasure, I ordered to be untwisted; but as the yarns were found to be too thick for our purpose, it became necessary to pick them into oakum : and when this was done, the most difficult part of the work remained; for this oakum could not be spun into yarn, till, by combing, it was brought into hemp, its original state. This was not seamens work, and if it had, we should have been at a loss how to perform it for want of combs; one difficulty therefore rose upon another, and it was necessary to make combs, before we could try our skill in making hemp. Upon this trying occasion we were again sensible of the danger to which we were exposed by the want of a forge: necessity, however, the fruitful mother of invention, suggested an expedient. The armourer was set to work to file nails down to a smooth point, with which we produced a tolerable succedaneum for a comb; and one of the Quartermasters was found
fufficiently skilled in the use of this instrument to render the oakum so smooth and even that we contrived to spin it into yarn, as fine as our coarse implements would admit; and thus we made tolerable log-lines, although we found it much more difficult than to make cordage of our old cables, after they had been converted into junk, which was an expedient that we had been obliged to practise long before. We had also long before used all our sewing fail twine, and if, knowing that the quantity with which I had been supplied was altogether inadequate to the wants of such a voyage, I had not taken the whole quantity that had been puton board to repair the feine into my own custody, this deficiency might have been fatal to us all.
CH A P. IV.
An Account of the Discovery of Queen Charlotte's Islands,
with a Description of them and their Inhabitanis, and of what happened at Egmont Isand.
our vessel, which were wore down h were not
THE scurvy still continued to make great progress
I among us, and those hands that were not rendered useless by disease, were wore down by excessive labour; our vessel, which at best was a dull failer, had been long in so bad a condition that she would not work ; and on the roth, to render our condition still more Monday 10. distressful and alarming, she sprung a leak in the bows, which being under water it was impossible to get at while we were at sea. Such was our situation, when on the 12th, at break of day, we discovered land: the Wednef19 sudden transport of hope and joy which this inspired, can perhaps be equalled only by that which a criminal feels, who hears the cry of a reprieve at the place of execution. The land proved to be a cluster of islands, of which I counted seven, and believe there were many more. We kept on for two of them, which were right a-head when land was first discovered, and seemed to lie close together ; in the evening we anchored on the north-east side of one of them, which was the largest and the highest of the two, in about thirty fathoms, with a good bottom, and at the distance of about three cables length from the shore. We foon after saw two
of the natives, who were black, with woolly heads, and stark naked; I immediately sent the Master out with the boat to fix upon a watering-place, and speak to them, but they disappeared before she could reach the shore. The boat foon after returned with an account that there was a fine run of fresh water a-breast of the ship and close to the beach, but that the whole country in that part being an almost impenetrable forest quite to the water's edge, the watering would be very difficult, and even dangerous, if the natives should come down to prevent it: that there were no esculent vegetables for the refreshment of the fick, nor any habitations as far as the country had been examined, which was wild, forlorn, and mountainous.
Having considered this account, and finding that a swell, which came round the eastern part of the bay, would render watering troublesome and inconvenient, exclusive of the danger that might be apprehended from the natives, if they should attack us from ambushes in the wood, I determined to try whether a better situation cauld not be found,
The next morning, therefore, as soon as it was light, I dispatched the Master with fifteen men in the cutter, well armed and provided, to examine the coast to the westward, our present situation being on the lee of the island, for a place where we might more conveniently be supplied with wood and water, and at the same time procure some refreshments for the sick, and lay the ship by the stern to examine and stop the leak. I gave him some beads, ribbons, and other trifles, which by chance I happened to have on board, to conciliate the good-will of the natives, if he should happen to meet with any of them ; but at the same time enjoined him to run no risk, and gave him particular orders immediately to return to the ship if any number of canoes should approach him which might bring on hostilities ; and if he should meet the Indians in small parties, either at sea or upon shore, to treat them with all possible kindness, so as to establish a friendly intercourse with them ; charging him, on no account to leave the boat himself, nor to suffer more than two men to go on shore at a time, while the rest stood ready for their defence ; recommending to him, in the strongest terms,