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1767. heaved the small anchor up, and got it in out of the

way of the other; the gale still increased, but as it was
right off the land, I was in no pain about the ship,
which continued to drive, still dragging the anchor
through the sand, with two hundred fathoms of cable
out; for being very solicitous to give the boats time to
bring all on board before we were quite off the bank,
I would not weigh. At two o'clock, however, the
anchor was quite off the ground, and the ship was in
deep water; we were now therefore obliged to bring
the cable to the capstern, and with great difficulty we
got the anchor up. The gufts off the land were so
violent that, not daring to Thew any canvas, we lay to
under our bare poles, and the water was frequently
torn up, and whirled round in the air much higher
than our masts heads. As the ship now drove from
the island at a great rate, and night was coming on, I
began to be in great pain for the boats, in which, be-
fides my Lieutenant, there were eight and twenty of
my best men ; but just in the dusk of the evening, I
perceived one of them scudding before the seas, and
making towards the ship : this proved to be the long-
hoat, which in spite of all the efforts of those on board,
had been forced from her grappling, and driven off the
land. We took the best opportunity that offered to get
her on board, but notwithstanding all our care, she re-
ceived considerable damage as we were hoisting her in.
She had on board ten of my people, who informed me,
that when they were first driven from the shore, they
had some fire wood on board, but that they were oblig-
ed to throw that, and every thing else, into the sea,
to lighten the boat. As we had yet seen nothing of
the cutter, and had reason to fear that she also, with
the tents, and the other eighteen people, besides the
Lieutenants, had been driven off the island, I gave her
up for loft ; knowing that if the night, which was now
at hand, should overtake her in such a storm, she muft
inevitably perish. It was however possible that the
people might be alhore, and therefore that if the boat
should be loft, they might still be preserved; for this
reason, I determined to regain the land as soon as possi-
ble. At midnight, the weather became more mode-
rate, so that we could carry our courses and top-sails,

and May

and at four o'clock in the morning we crowded all the 1767. fail we could make. At ten o'clock we were very near the shore, to our great concern, we saw nothing of the Sunday 24. cutter, yet we continued to stand on till about noon, when we happily discovered her at a grappling, close under the land : we immediately ran to our glasses, by the help of which we saw the people getting into her, and about three o'clock, to our mutual and inexpreffible joy, she came fafe on board with all her people : they were however so exhausted with fatigue, that they could scarcely get up the ship's side. The Lieutenant told me, that the night before he had attempted to come off, but that as soon as he had left the shore, a sudden squall so nearly filled the boat with water, that she was very near going to the bottom; but that all hands bailing with the utmost diligence and a&ivity, they happily cleared her : that he then made for the land again, which, with the utmost difficulty, he regained, and having left a sufficient number on board the boat, to watch her, and keep her free from water, he with the rest of the people went on fhore. That having passed the night in a state of inexpressible anxiety and distress, they looked out for the ship with the first dawn of the morning, and seeing nothing of her, concluded that she had perished in the storm, which they had never seen exceeded. They did not however fit down torpid in despair, but began to clear the ground near the beach of bushes and weeds, and cut down several trees, of which they made rollers to assist them in hauling up the boat, in order to secure her; intending, as they had no hope of the ship's return, to wait till the summer season, and then attempt to make the island of Juan Fernandes. They had now better hopes, and all sense of the dangers that were before us was for a while obliterated by the joy of our efcape from those that were paft. i

From the 16th, when we were first driven from our anchoring ground, to this time, we suffered an uninterrupted series of danger, fatigue, and misfortunes. The ship worked and sailed very ill, the weather was dark and tempestuous, with thunder, lightning, and rain, and the boats, which I was obliged to keep al



1767. ways employed, even when we were under fail, to

procure us water, were in continual danger of being loft, as well by the hard gales which constantly blew, as by the sudden gusts which frequently rushed upon us with a violence that is scarcely to be conceived. This distress was the more fevere as it was unexpected, for I had experienced very different weather in thefe parts about two years before with Commodore Byron. It has generally been thought, that upon this coaft the winds are constantly from the S. to the S. W. though Frazier mentions his having had strong gáles and high seas from the N. N. W. and N. W.quarter, which was unhappily my case. .

Having once more' got my people and boats fafe on board, I made fail from this turbulent climate, and thought myself fortunate not to have left any thing behind me except the wood, which our people had čuť for firing.

The island of Mafafuero' lies in latitude 330 45" S. longitude 80° 46' W. of London. Its situation is west of Juan Fernandes, both being nearly in the same latitude, and by the globe, it is distant about thirtyone leagues. It is very high and mountainous, and at a distance appears like one hill or rock : it is of a triangular form, and about seven or eight leagues in circumference. The south part, which we saw when we first made the island, at the distance of three and twenty leagues, is much the highest: on the north end there are several spots of clear ground, which perhaps might admit of cultivation. · The author of the account of Lord Anson's voyage mentions only one part of this island as affording anchorage, which is on the north side, and in deep water, but we saw no part where there was not anchorage': on the west side in particular there is anchorage at about a mile from the shore in twenty fathoms, ard about two miles and a half in forty, and forty-five fathoms, with a fine black sand at the bottom. This author also says, that “ there is a reef of rocks running off the eastern point of the island about two miles in length, which may be seen by the sea's breaking over them;" but in this he is mistaken: there is no reef of rocks, or shoal running off the eastern point, but there is a


reef of Ihn end of it. from Juana is twenty, the distance


reef of rocks and sand running off the western side, near
the south end of it. He is also miftaken as to the dif- u
tance of this island from Juan Fernandes, and its di-
re&ion; for he says the distance is twenty-two leagues,
and the direction W. by S. but we found the distance
nearly one-third more, and the direction is due west,
for, as I have before observed, the latitude of both
islands is nearly the same. The goats that he men-
tions we found upon it in the fame abundance, and
equally easy to be caught.

On the south-west point of the island there is a remarkable rock, with a hole in it, which is a good mark to come to an anchor on the western side, where there is the best bank of any about the place. About a mile and a half to the northward of this hole, there is a low point of land, and from this point runs the reef that has been just mentioned, in the direction of W. by S. to the distance of about three quarters of a mile, where the fea continually breaks upon it. To anchor, run in till the hole in the rock is shut in, about a cable's tength upon this low point of land, then bearing S. by E.; E. and anchor in twenty and twenty-two fathoms, fine black sand and shells.: there is anchorage also at several places on the other sides of the island, particularly off the north point, in fourteen and fifteen fathoms, with fine sand.

There is plenty of wood and water all round the island, but they are not to be procured without much difficulty ; a great quantity of stones, and large fragments of the rock have fallen from the high land all round the island, and upon these there breaks such a surf that a boat cannot safely come within a cable's length of the shore; there is therefore no landing here but by swimming from the boat, and then mooring her without the rocks, nor is there any method of getting off the wood and water but by hauling them to the boat with ropes: there are however many places where it would be very easy to make a commodious landing by building a wharf, which it would be worth while even for a single ship to do if she was to continue any time at the island.


1767. May.

hoved people s. cod, hallibed eighty, the Tharks

. This part of Mafafuero is a very good place for re-
freshment, especially in the summer season: the goats
have been mentioned already, and there is all round the
island such plenty of fish, that a boat may, with three
hooks and lines, catch as much as will serve an hun-
dred people : among others we caught excellent coal-
fish, cavallies, cod, hallibut, and cray-fish. We took
a king-fisher that weighed eighty-seven pounds, and
was five feet and an half long, and the sharks were fo
ravenous, that when we were founding, one of them
swallowed the lead, by which we hauled him above
water, but as he then difgorged it, we lost him. The
seals were so numerous, that I verily think if many
thousands of them were killed in a night, they would
not be missed in the morning: we were obliged to kill
great numbers of them, as, when we walked the shore,
they were continually running against us, making at the
fame time a moft horrible noise. These animals yield
excellent train oil, and their hearts and plucks are very
good eating, being in taste something like those of a
hog, and their fkins are covered with the finest fur 1
ever saw of the kind. There are many birds here, and
among others some very large hawks.' Of the pintado
birds, our people, as I have before observed, caught
no less than seven hundred in one night. We had not
much opportunity to examine the place for vegetable
productions, but we saw several leaves of the moun.
tain cabbage, which is a proof that the 'tree grows

C H A P. III. .. .

The Passage from Malafuero to Queen Charlotte's

Isand; several Mistakes corrected concerning Davis's Land, and an Account of some small Isands, supposed to be the fame that were seen by Quiros.

VIHEN we took our departure from Mafafuero,

M : we had a great sea from the N. W. with a swell of long billows from the southward, and the wind, which was from the S. W. to the W. N. W. obliged me to stand to the northward, in hope of getting the south-east trade-wind, for the ship was so dull

a failer,

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