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1767. heaved the small anchor up, and got it in out of the
way of the other; the gale still increased, but as it was
and at four o'clock in the morning we crowded all the 1767. fail we could make. At ten o'clock we were very near the shore, to our great concern, we saw nothing of the Sunday 24. cutter, yet we continued to stand on till about noon, when we happily discovered her at a grappling, close under the land : we immediately ran to our glasses, by the help of which we saw the people getting into her, and about three o'clock, to our mutual and inexpreffible joy, she came fafe on board with all her people : they were however so exhausted with fatigue, that they could scarcely get up the ship's side. The Lieutenant told me, that the night before he had attempted to come off, but that as soon as he had left the shore, a sudden squall so nearly filled the boat with water, that she was very near going to the bottom; but that all hands bailing with the utmost diligence and a&ivity, they happily cleared her : that he then made for the land again, which, with the utmost difficulty, he regained, and having left a sufficient number on board the boat, to watch her, and keep her free from water, he with the rest of the people went on fhore. That having passed the night in a state of inexpressible anxiety and distress, they looked out for the ship with the first dawn of the morning, and seeing nothing of her, concluded that she had perished in the storm, which they had never seen exceeded. They did not however fit down torpid in despair, but began to clear the ground near the beach of bushes and weeds, and cut down several trees, of which they made rollers to assist them in hauling up the boat, in order to secure her; intending, as they had no hope of the ship's return, to wait till the summer season, and then attempt to make the island of Juan Fernandes. They had now better hopes, and all sense of the dangers that were before us was for a while obliterated by the joy of our efcape from those that were paft. i
From the 16th, when we were first driven from our anchoring ground, to this time, we suffered an uninterrupted series of danger, fatigue, and misfortunes. The ship worked and sailed very ill, the weather was dark and tempestuous, with thunder, lightning, and rain, and the boats, which I was obliged to keep al
1767. ways employed, even when we were under fail, to
procure us water, were in continual danger of being loft, as well by the hard gales which constantly blew, as by the sudden gusts which frequently rushed upon us with a violence that is scarcely to be conceived. This distress was the more fevere as it was unexpected, for I had experienced very different weather in thefe parts about two years before with Commodore Byron. It has generally been thought, that upon this coaft the winds are constantly from the S. to the S. W. though Frazier mentions his having had strong gáles and high seas from the N. N. W. and N. W.quarter, which was unhappily my case. .
Having once more' got my people and boats fafe on board, I made fail from this turbulent climate, and thought myself fortunate not to have left any thing behind me except the wood, which our people had čuť for firing.
The island of Mafafuero' lies in latitude 330 45" S. longitude 80° 46' W. of London. Its situation is west of Juan Fernandes, both being nearly in the same latitude, and by the globe, it is distant about thirtyone leagues. It is very high and mountainous, and at a distance appears like one hill or rock : it is of a triangular form, and about seven or eight leagues in circumference. The south part, which we saw when we first made the island, at the distance of three and twenty leagues, is much the highest: on the north end there are several spots of clear ground, which perhaps might admit of cultivation. · The author of the account of Lord Anson's voyage mentions only one part of this island as affording anchorage, which is on the north side, and in deep water, but we saw no part where there was not anchorage': on the west side in particular there is anchorage at about a mile from the shore in twenty fathoms, ard about two miles and a half in forty, and forty-five fathoms, with a fine black sand at the bottom. This author also says, that “ there is a reef of rocks running off the eastern point of the island about two miles in length, which may be seen by the sea's breaking over them;" but in this he is mistaken: there is no reef of rocks, or shoal running off the eastern point, but there is a
reef of Ihn end of it. from Juana is twenty, the distance
reef of rocks and sand running off the western side, near
On the south-west point of the island there is a remarkable rock, with a hole in it, which is a good mark to come to an anchor on the western side, where there is the best bank of any about the place. About a mile and a half to the northward of this hole, there is a low point of land, and from this point runs the reef that has been just mentioned, in the direction of W. by S. to the distance of about three quarters of a mile, where the fea continually breaks upon it. To anchor, run in till the hole in the rock is shut in, about a cable's tength upon this low point of land, then bearing S. by E.; E. and anchor in twenty and twenty-two fathoms, fine black sand and shells.: there is anchorage also at several places on the other sides of the island, particularly off the north point, in fourteen and fifteen fathoms, with fine sand.
There is plenty of wood and water all round the island, but they are not to be procured without much difficulty ; a great quantity of stones, and large fragments of the rock have fallen from the high land all round the island, and upon these there breaks such a surf that a boat cannot safely come within a cable's length of the shore; there is therefore no landing here but by swimming from the boat, and then mooring her without the rocks, nor is there any method of getting off the wood and water but by hauling them to the boat with ropes: there are however many places where it would be very easy to make a commodious landing by building a wharf, which it would be worth while even for a single ship to do if she was to continue any time at the island.
hoved people s. cod, hallibed eighty, the Tharks
. This part of Mafafuero is a very good place for re-
C H A P. III. .. .
The Passage from Malafuero to Queen Charlotte's
Isand; several Mistakes corrected concerning Davis's Land, and an Account of some small Isands, supposed to be the fame that were seen by Quiros.
VIHEN we took our departure from Mafafuero,
M : we had a great sea from the N. W. with a swell of long billows from the southward, and the wind, which was from the S. W. to the W. N. W. obliged me to stand to the northward, in hope of getting the south-east trade-wind, for the ship was so dull