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Deseada. The Master said he went up it four miles 3767, in a boat, and could not then be above four miles
April. from the Western Ocean, yet he still saw a wide entrance to the S. W. The landing is every where good, there is plenty of wood and water, and muscles and wild geese in abundance:
From the north shore of the western end of the Streight of Magellan, which lies in about latitude 52°
S. to latitude 48°, the land which is the western coast of Patagonia, runs nearly north and fouth, and consists wholly of broken islands, among which are those that Sharp has laid down by the name of the Duke of York's Islands ; he has indeed placed them at a con- , fiderable distance from the coast, but if there had been many islands in that situation, it is impossible but that the Dolphin, the Tamar, or the Swallow, must have seen them, as we ran near their supposed meridian, and fo did the Dolphin and the Tamar the last voyage. Till we came into this latitude, we had tolerable weather, and little or no current in any direction, but when we came to the northward of 48°, we found a current setting strongly to the north, so that probably we then opened the great bay, which is said to be ninety leagues deep. We found here a vast swell from the N. W: and the winds generally blew from the fame quarter ; yet we were fet every day twelve or fifteen miles to the northward of our account. .
On Wednesday, the 15th, at about four o'clock in Wednes. 15. the morning, after surmounting many dangers and difficulties, we once more got' a-breast of Cape Pillar, with a light breeze, at S. E. and a great swell." Between five and fix o'clock, just as we opened Cape Defeada, the wind suddenly shifted to S. and S. by W, and blew so hard that it was with great difficulty we could carry the reefed top-fails: the sudden changing of the wind,' and its 'excessive violence, produced a fea fo dreadfully hollow, that great quantities of water were thrown in upon our deck, so that we were in the utmost danger of foundering ; yet we did not dare to shorten fail, it beiñig necessary to carry all we could spread, in order to weather the rocky islands, which Sir John Narborough has called the Islands of Direction, for we could not now run back again into the
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The Passage from Cape Pillar, at the Western Entrance of the Streights of Magellan, to Masafuero; with some Account of that Ipand.
T TOOK my departure from Cape Pillar, which I I make to lie in the latitude of 520 45' S. and in the longitude 75° 10' W. of the meridian of London, and as soon as I got clear of the Streight, steered to the northward along the coast of Chili. Upon examining what quantity of fresh water we had now on board, I found that it amounted only to between four and five and twenty tons, which I thought not sufficient for so long a voyage as was probably before us; I therefore hauled to the northward, intending to make the island of Juan Fernandes, or Masafuero, that we might in
crease our stock before we failed to the westward. Thurs. 26. In the middle of the night of the 16th, we had the
wind first to the S. S. E. and then to the S. E. with which we kept away N. W. and N. N. W. in high
ful than we had timents of halt med much rain with
fpirits, hoping that in a short time we should be in a 1767. more temperate climate: we had the misfortune, however, very soon to find ourselves disappointed, for on the 18th, the wind came to the V. N. W. and blew Satur, 18. dire&ly from the point upon which we were steering. We had now got about an hundred leagues from the Streight's mouth; our latitude was 48° 39'S. and we were, by account, 4° 33' W. of Cape Pillar; but from this time till the 8th of May, the wind continued unfavourable, and blew a continued storm, with sudden gusts still more violent, and much rain and hail, or rather fragments of half melted ice : at intervals also we had thunder and lightning, more dread. ful than all the past, and a sea which frequently laid the whole vessel under water.
From the time of our clearing the Streight, and during our passage along this coast, we saw a great number of sea birds, particularly albatrosses, gannets, theer-waters, and a thick lumpish bird, about as big as a large pigeon, which the sailors call a Cape of Good Hope hen: they are of a dark brown or blackish colour, and are therefore sometimes called the black gull: we faw also a great many pintado birds, of nearly the same size, which are prettily spotted with black and white, and constantly on the wing, though they frequently appear as if they were walking upon the water, like the peterels, to which sailors have given the name of Mother Carey's Chickens ; and we saw also many of these.
In the evening of Monday the 27th, which was very Mond. 27. dark, as we were standing to the westward under our courses, and a close reefed top-fail, the wind, in a hard squall, suddenly shifted, and took the vessel right ahead ; the violent jerk with which the sails were inftantly thrown a-back, was very near carrying the masts away by the board, and oversetting the ship: the sails being at this time extremely wel, and the gale in the highest degree violent, they clung so fast to the mast3 and rigging, that it was scarcely possible to get them either up or down; yet by the dexterous activity of our people, we got the main-sail up, clewed up the main top-sail, and got the ship's head round without receiving much damage. The violence of the wind • Vol. I.
con was fo violent do its usual quarters by noon
May. Friday 1.
1767. continued several hours, but before morning it veered
again to the N. W. and continued in that quarter till Wed. 29. the afternoon of the 29th, when it died away, and we
had a dead calm for fix hours. During this time we had a high fea, which ran in great confusion from all quarters, and broke against the ship in a strange manner, making her roll with so violent and sudden a motion, that I expected every moment to lose our mafts. The wind afterwards fprung up at W. S. W. which was fair, and we carried all the fail we could set to make the most of it. It blew very hard in this direc
tion, with heavy rain for a few hours, but by noon on Thurl. 30. the 30th, it returned to its usual quarter, the. N. W.
and was fo violent as, to bring us again under our courses, there being at the same time a prodigious swell, which frequently broke over us. At five o'clock the next morning, as we were lying to under the reefed main-fail and balanced mizen, a vast sea broke over the quarter where the ship’s oars were lashed, and care ried away fix of them, with the weather-cloth; it allo. broke the mizen gaff dose where the fail was reefed, and the iron strap of one of the main dead eyes, laying the whole vessel for some time under water; we were: however fortunate enough to haul up the main-lail without splitting, though it blew a hurricane, and a deluge of rain, or rather of half melted ice, at the same time poured down upon us. The wind foon after shifted again from N. W. to S. W. and for about an hour blew, if possible, stronger than ever. This wind made the ship come up with her head right against the vaft sea which the north west wind had raised, and at every pitch which she made against it, the end of the bowsprit was under water, and the surge broke over the forecastle as far aft as the main-mart, in the same manuer as it would have broke over a rock, fo that there was the greatest reason to apprehend she would founder. With all her defects she was indeed a good fea boat, and if she had not, it would have been impossible for her to have outlived this storm, in which, as well as the several other occasions, we experienced the benefits of the bulk-heads which we had fixed on the fore-part of the half deck, and to the after part of the forecastle.
Notwithstanding this wind was fair, we durst not 1764. venture to put the fhip before it, for if in wearing, any of these enormous seas had broken on her fide, it would inevitably have carried away all before it. Afa ter fome time, however, it became more moderate, and we then got up our yards and made fail, steering N. by W. and now the men having been up all night, and being wet to the skin, I ordered every one of them a dram.
By the next morning, the ad of May, the wind came Saturd. 2:. again to the N. W. and the N. N. W. but by this time we had got down the broken mizen gaff, répaired it as well as we could, got it up again in its place, and bent the fail to it; but we now most fensibly felt . 'the want of a forge and iron.
On the 3d, at day-break, we found the rudder- Sunday 3. chain broken, and upon this occasion we again most feelingly regretted the want of a forge; we made, however, the best shift we could, and the next day, the Monday 4. weather being more moderate, though the wind was still contrary, we'répaired our rigging, and the cara penter's fixed a new dead' eye where the old one had been broken'; the Sail-maker also was busy in mende ing the fails that had been split.
On the 5th, we were again brought under our Tues. 5. courses by à hurricane from the N. by W. and N. N. W. and the ship was tossed about with such violence that we had no command of her. During this storm, two of our chain-plates were broken, and we continued toiling in a confused hollow fea till midnight, when á light gale sprung up at N. W. which soon blew very hard; but at two in the morning, we were again taken Wednes. 6 right a-head by a sudden and violent squa'l at west, which at once threw all our fails a-back, and before we could get the ship round, was very near carrying all by the board. With this gale we stood north, and in the forenoon the carpenters fixed new chain-plares to the main shrouds, and one to the fore shrouds, in the place of those which had been broken in the squall during the night. This was another occasion on which it was impoflīble not to regret the want of a forge and iron.
The gale "continued in this direction till eight in the Thurs. » morning of the 7th, when it returned to the N. W.