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and hog-deer, which we bought at a reasonable price. We continued here, fitting the ship for the sea, till the 19th, during which time many of the people began to complain of intermitting disorders, something like an ague. At six o'clock the next morning, having completed our wood, and taken on board seventy-six tons of water, we made fail.
While we lay here, one of the seamen sell from the main-yard into the barge, which lay along-side the ship. His body was dreadsully bruised, and many of his bones were broken: it happened also, that in his fall he struck two other men, one of whom was so much hurt that he continued speechless till the 24th, and then died, though the other had only one of his toes broken. We had now no less than sixteen upon the sick list, and by the first of January, the number was increased to forty; we had buried three, among whom was the Quarter-Master, George Lewis, who was a diligent, sober man, and the more usesul, as he spoke both the Spanish and Portuguese languages. The diseases by which we suffered, were fluxes, and severs of the putrid kind, which are always contagious, and, for that reason alone, would be more fatal on board a ship than any other. The Surgeon's mate was ,very soon laid up, and those who were appointed to attend the sick, were always taken ill in a day or two after they had been upon that service. To remedy this evil, as much as it was in my- power, I made a very large birth lor the sick, by removing a great number of people from below to the half deck, which I hung with painted canvass, keeping it constantly clean, and directing it to be washed with vinegar, and sumigated, once or twice a day. Our water was well tasted, and was kept constantly ventilated; a large piece of iron also, used for the melting of tar, and called a loggerhead, was heated red hot, and quenched in it before .it was given out to be drank. The sick had also wine instead of grog, and falep or fago every morning for breakfast: two days in a week they had mutton broth, and had a fowl or two given them on the intermediate days; they had, besides, plenty of rice and sugar, and frequently malt meshed; so that perhaps people in a sickly ship had never so many refreshments freshments before: the Surgeon also was indefatiga- ,76*ble; yet, with all these advantages, the sickness on. _"!''_, board gained ground. In the mean time, to aggravate our misfortune, the ship made more than three feet water in a watch; and all her upper works were very open and loose.
By the 10th of January, the sickness began, in some Sunday to. degree, to abate, but more than half the company were so feeble, that they could scarcely crawl about. On this day, being in latitude 220 41'S. longitude, by account, 3000 47' W. we saw many tropic birds about the ship.
On the 17th, being in latitude 270 32' S. longitude Sund. 173100 56' W. we saw several albatrosses, and caught some bonettas. The ship was this day ten miles to the southward of her account.
On the 24th, in latitude 330 40' S. longitude, by Sund. 14. account, 3280 17' W. we met with a violent gale, which split the main-top-sail and the main-top-maststay-sail a\\ to pieces. The sea broke over the ship in a dreadful manner, the starboard rudder chain was broken, and many of the booms were washed overboard. During the storm we saw several birds and butterslies ; and our first attention, aster it subsided, was to dry the bedding of the sick: at the fame time, every one on board who could handle a needle was employed in repairing the fails, which were now in a shattered condition.
On the 26th and 27th, being in latitude 340 16' andTue(a- 26becalmed,.we had several observations, by which WeWednes'27determined the longitude of the ship to be 3230 30' and it appeared that we were several degrees to the eastward of our reckoning.
At six in the evening, of the 30th of January, weSatur. 30. saw land, and on the 4th of February we anchored in February. Table Bay, at the Cape of Good Hope. Thurs.4.
Our run from Prince's Island to the Cape was, by our reckoning, 89 degrees longitude, which makes the longitude of the Cape 3450 W. but the longitude of the Cape being, by observation, 342°4' it appeared that the ship was three degrees to the eastward of her reckoning.
C HAP. XIII.
An Account of our Transactions at the Cape of Good Hope, and of the Return of the Dolphin to England.
1768- A S soon as the ship was at anchor, I sent an offi, e m?ry', ±\. cer on shore, with the usual compliments to the Governor, who received him with great civility, telling him that we were welcome to all the refreshments and assistance that the Cape afforded, and that he would return our salute with the same number of guns.
We found riding here a Dutch Commodore, with sixteen fail of Dutch Fast Indiamen, a French Fast India ship, and the Admiral. Watson, Capt. Griffin, an East India packet boat, for Bengal. We saluted the Governor with thirteen guns, and he returned the fame number; the Admiral Watson saluted us with eleven guns, and we returned nine; the French ship asterwards saluted us with nine guns, and we returned seven.
Having got off some mutton for the ship's company, with plenty of greens, I sent the Surgeon on shore to hire quarters for the sick; but he could procure none for less than two millings a day, and a stipulation to pay more, if any of them should take the small-pox, which was then in almost every house, in proportion to the malignity of the disease." The first expence being great, and it appearing upon inquiry, that many of our people had never had the small-pox, so that the increase was likely to be considerable, besides .the danger, I requested the Governor's permission to erect a tent *ipon a spacious plain, at about two .miles distance Irom the town, called Green Point, and to fend my people on shore thither during the day, under the care of an officer, to prevent their straggling.. This permission the Governor immediately granted, and gave orders that they should suffer no molestation. ..
In this place, therefore, I ordered tents to be erected, and the Surgeon and his mate, with proper officers, t6 attend; at the fame time strictly charging that no liquor should be biought to the tents. All the sick, except two, left the ship early in the morning, with ?l^ry, their provisions and firing; and for those that were re- '_ . 1 duced to great weakness, I ordered the Surgeon to procure such extraordinary provisions as he should think proper, particularly milk, though ittwas sold at an excessive price. About six in the evening they returned on board, and seemed to be greatly refreshed. At the fame time, being extremely ill myself, I was obliged to be put on shore, and carried about eight miles up the country, where I continued all the time the ship lay here: and when she was ready to fail, returned on board without having received the least benefit.
No time, however,- was lost in refitting the vessel: the fails were all unbent, the yards and top-masts struck, the forge was set up, the carpenters were employed in caulking, the fail-makers in mending the fails, the cooper in repairing the casks, the people in overhauling the rigging, and the boats in filling water.
Bytheiothof February, the heavy work being Wcdnes. 10. nearly dispatched, twenty of the men who had had the small-pox, were permitted to go ashore ar/the town, and others, who were still liable to the distemper, were landed at some distance, with orders to go into the country, and return in the evening, which they punctually obeyed : this liberty, therefore, was continued to them all the while the vessel lay at this port, which produced so good an effect, that the ship's company, except the sick, who recovered very fast, had a more healthy and vigorous appearance than when they left England. We purchased here the necessaries that we endeavoured to procure at Batavia, at a reasonable price, besides canvas and other stores; we also procured fresh water by distillation, principally to shew the captains of the Indiamen, and their officers, that, upon an emergency, wholesome water might be procured at sea. At five o'clock in the morning, we put fifty-fix gallons of falt water into the still; at seven it began to run, and in about five hours and a quarter afforded us six and thirty gallons of freshwater, at anexpence of nine pounds of wood, and sixty-nine pounds of coals. Thirteen gallons and two quarts remained in the still, and that which came off had no ill taste, nor, as we had often experienced, any hurtsul
quality. I thought the (hewing this experiment of the more consequence, as the being able to allow plenty of water not only for drink, but for boiling any kind of provision, and even for making tea and coffee, especially during long voyages, and in hot climates, conduces greatly to health, and is the means of saving many lives. I never once put my people to an allowance of water during this whole voyage, always using the still when we were reduced to five and forty tons, and preserving the rain water with the utmost diligence. I did not, however, allow water to be fetched away at pleasure; but the officer of the watch had orders to give such as brought provisions of any kind, water sufficient to dress it, and a proper quantity also to such as brought tea and coffee.
ThurW. 15. On the 25th, the wood and water being nearly completed, and the ship almost ready for the sea, I ordered every body to go on board, and the sick tents to be brought off; the people being so well recovered, that in the whole ship's company there were but three men unable to do duty, and happily, since our leaving Batavia, we had lost but three. The next day, and the day following, the carpenters finished caulking all the out-works, the fore-castle, and the main-deck; we got all our bread on board from the shore, with a considerable quantity of straw, and thirty-four sheep for sea-stores. In the mean time I came on board, and having unmoored, lay waiting for a wind till the evening of Thursday the 3d of March, when a breeze springing up, we got under sail. While we were on shore • at Green Point, we had an opportunity of making many celestial observations, by which, we determined Table Bay to lie in latitude 340 2' S. longi tude, from Greenwich, 180 8'E. The variation of the needle, at this place, was 190 30' W.
Mondayy. On the 7th, being in latitude 290 33' S. longitude, by account, 3470 38' the ship was eight miles to the northward of her dead reckoning.
Sunday 13. On the 13th, having sailed westward 360 degrees from the meridian of London, we had lost a day; I therefore called the latter part of this day Monday, March 14th.
March. Thurs. 3.