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Se tembtr off? were ln siSht- Tne laritu<je or" one of these islands wIC-J* 1S I1° N. longitude 1920 30'W. and the other n° 20'N. longitude 1920 58'W. Monday 7. Qn tne ^j^ we faw a clsr|;eu anc( a pe^iti, amJ on
the 9th we caught a land-bird, very much resembling a starling.
Thursd. 17. Qn the 17th, we faw two gannets, and judged the island of Tinian to bear West, at about one and thirty leagues distance; our latitude being 150 N. and our
Fnday 18. longitude 2120 30'W. At six o'clock, the next morning, we faw the isiand of Saypan, bearing W. by M. distant about ten leagues. In the afternoon we faw Tinian, and made fail for .the road; where, at nine
Satur. 19. o'clock in the morning of Saturday the 19th, we came to an anchor in two and twenty fathoms, fandy ground, at about a mile distant from the shore, and half a mile from the reef.
Some Account of the present State of the Island of Tinian, and our Employment there; with what happened in the Run from thence ti'Batavia.
S soon as the ship was secured, I sent the boats on shore to erect'tents, and bring off some refreshments; and about noon they returned, with some cocoa-nuts, limes, and oranges.
In the evening the tents being erected, I sent the Surgeon, and all the invalids on shore, with two months provisions, of every kind, for forty men, the Smith's forge, and a chest of Carpenter's tools: I then landed myself, withlthe First Lieutenant, both of us being in a very sickly condition, taking with us'also a mate, and twelve men, to go up the country and hunt for cattle. Sunday so. When we first came to an anchor, the North part of the bay bore North 39 ° W. Cocoa Point N. 70 W. the landing-place N. E. by N. and the sonth end of the island S:28*E. but next morning the Master having sounded all the bay, and being of opinion that there was a better situation to the southward, we warped the ship a Uttle~way up, moored with- a cable each way.
At six in the evening, the hunters brought in a fine '767young bull, of near four hundred weight; part of it eptem er. we kept on shore, and sent the rest on board, wish bread-fruit, limes, and oranges.
Early the next morning the carpenters were set at Monday 21. work to caulk the.lhip all over, and put every thing in repair as far as possible. All the fails were also got on shore, and the fail-makers employed to mend them: the armourers at the fame time were busy in repairing the iron-work, and making new chains for the rudder. The number of people now on shore, sick and well, was fifty three.
In this place we got beef,.pork, poultry, papaw apples, bread-fruit, limes, oranges, and every refreshment that is mentioned in the account of Lord An^ son's voyage. The sick began to recover from the day they first went on shore: the air, however, was so difserent here from what we found it in King George's Island, that flesh meat, which there kept sweet two days, could here be scarcely kept sweet one. There had been many cocoa-nut trees near the landing-place, but they had been all wastesully cut down for the fruit, and none being grown up in their stead, we were forced togo three miles into the country before a single nut could be procured. The hunters also suffered incredible fatigue, for they were frequently obliged to goten or twelve miles through one continued thicket, and the cattle were so wild that it was very difficult to come near them, so that I was obliged to relieve one-party by another; and it being reported that cattle were more plenty at the north end of the island, but that the hunters, being quite exhausted with fatigue when they got thither, were not able to kill them, much less to bring them down, I sent Mr. Gore, with fourteen men, to establish themselves in that part of the island, and ordered that a boat should go every morning, at day-break, to bring in what they should kill. In the mean time, the ship was laid by the stern to get at some of the copper sheathing which had been much torn; and in repairing the copper, the Carpenter dis- N covered and stopped a large leak under the lining of the knee of the head, by which we had reason to hope most of the water that the vessel had lately admitted in Vol. I. O bad
'767- bad weather, came in. During our stay here, I orvJl^j dered all the people on shore by turns, and by the 15th Thurs. 15. of October, all the sick being recovered, our wood and water completed, and the ship made fit for the sea, we got every thing off the shore, and embarked all our men front the watering-place, each having, at least, five hundred limes, and there being several tubs sull on the quarter-deck, for every one to squeeze into his water as he should think fit. Frid. 16. At break of day, on Friday the 16th, we weighed,
and failed out of the bay, sending the boats at the fame time to the north end of the island, to bring off Mr. Gore and his hunters. At noon, we received them and their tents on board, with a fine large bull, which they had just killed.
While we lay at anchor in this place, we had many observations for the latitude and longitude, from which we drew up the following table:
Latitude of the ship, as she lay at anchor 14.0 55' N
Longitude r;, . 2140 15'W.
Latitude os the watering-place 14 59 N
Longitude of the body of Tinian 214 o W.
Longitude of Tinian road 214 8 W
Medium of longitude,observed at Tinian 214 7
We continued a westerly course, inclining somewhat
Wein. t1. to the Norths till the 21st, when Tinian bearing S. 710 40'E. distant 277 leagues, we faw many birds;
Th»rss . a*. and the next day, faw three resembling gannets, of the fame kind that we had seen when we were within about thirty leagues of Tiaian.
Friday 13- On the 23d we had much thunder, lightning, and rain, with strong gales and a great sea. The ship laboured very much, and the rudder, being loose again,
Saturd. 14. shook the stern as much as ever. The next day we faw several small land birds, and the gales continuing, we split the jib and main-top-mast-stay-fail; the wine increased all the remainder of the day, and all night,
Sunday 25. and on Sunday It blew a storm. The fore-fail and mizen-fail were torn to pieces, and lost; and having bent others, we wore and stood under a reesed forefail, and balanced mizen. We had the mortification to find the ship admit more water than usual. We got
the the toprgallant masts down upon the deck, and took '767the jib-boom in; soon after which a sea struck theship ° "s upon the bow, and washed away the round-houses, with all the rails of the head, and every thing that was upon the fore-castle: we were, however, obliged to carry as much fail as the ship would bear, being* by Lord Anson's account very near the Bashee Islands, and, by Mr. Byron's, not more than thirty leagues, with a lee-shore.
. The next morning, we faw several ducks and shags, Monday 16. some small land birds, and a great number of horseflies about the ship; but had no ground with 160 fathoms. The incessant and heavy rain had kept every man on board constantly wet to the skin for more than two days and two nights; the weather was still very dark, and the sea was continually breaking over the ship.
On the 27th, the darkness, rain, and tempest con-Tuesd. 27 tinuing, a mountainous sea that broke over us, staved" all the half-ports to pieces on the star-board-side, broke all the iron stanchions on the gunwale, washed the boat off the skids, and carried many things overboard. We had, however, this day, a gleam of sunshine, sufficient to determine our latitude, which we found to be 200 50' N. and the ship appeared to be fifty minutes north of her reckoning.
The weather now became more moderate; at noon, Wedn. iS. on the 28th, we altered our course, steering S. by W. at half an hour after one, we faw the Bashee Islands bearing from S. by E. to S. S. E, distant about six leagues. These islands are all high, but the northermost is higher than the rest. By an observation made this day, we found Grafton Island to lie in the longitude of 2390 W. and in latitude of 21° 4' N. At midnight, the weather being very dark, with sudden gusts of wind, we missed Edmund Morgan, a marine taylor, whom wesupposed to have fallen overboard, having reason to sear that he had drank more than his allowance.
From this time, to the 3d of November, we found November, the ship every day from ten to fifteen miles north of Tuesday 3. her reckoning. The day before we had seen several gannets; but upon sounding many times during the day and the next night, we had no ground within 160 Q. 2 fathoms.
1767- fathoms. This morning,.-at seven o'clock, we saw a November. Iedge 0f breakers bearing S. W. at the distance of about
three miles: we hauled off from them, and at eleven saw more breakers bearing S. W. by S. distant about five miles. At noon, we hauled off the east end of them, from which we were not distant more than a. quarter of a mile.
The first shoal lies in latitude 11° 8' N. longitude, from Bashee Islands, 8° W.
The second shoal lies in latitude iop 46' N. longitude of the N. E. end, from Bashee Islands, 8° 13' W. We saw much foul ground to the S. and S. S. E. but had no bottom with 150 fathoms. Before one, however, we saw shoal water on the larboard bow, and standing from it, passed another ledge at two. At three, we
Sandy Me. saw a low sandy point, which I called Sandy Isle, bearing N. £ E. distant about two miles. At five, we
Small Key. sawasmall lsland,<which I called Small Key, bearing N. by E. distant about five miles; and soon aster, an
LongIsland, other larger, which I calledLoNGlsLAND, beyond it. At six in the evening, the largest island being distant between two and three leagues, we brought to, and stood &ff and on from mid-night till break of day,con tinually sounding, but having no ground.
Wedncs. 4. At seven in the morning, of Wednesday, the 4th, we
New island, saw another island, which I called New Islan D, bearing S. E. by E. and a large reef of rocks bearing S.-jW. distant six miles. At ten, we saw breakers fromW. S. W. 10 W. by N. At noon, the north end of the great reefboreS.E. by E. distant two leagues, and another reef bore W. N. W. at about the fame distance. The latitudes and longitudes of these islands and flioals, appear by the following table: