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1767. with nettles while he ran the gauntlet thrice round the
deck: my rhetoric, however, had very little effect, for most of the crew being equally criminal with himself, he was handled so tenderly, that others were rather encouraged to repeat the offence by the hope of impunity, than deterred by the fear of punishment. To preserve the ship therefore, from being pulled to pieces, and the price of refreshments from being raised so high as soon to exhaust our articles of trade, I ordered that no man, except the wooders and wa-, terers, with their guard, fhould be permitted to go on
shore. Tuesday 21. On the 21st, the Queen came again on board, and
brought several large hogs as a present, for which, as
burst into tears, and it was not without great difficulty
• that she was pacified. Wednes, 22. The next morning, the Gunner sent off no less than
twenty hogs, with great plenty of fruit: Our decks were now quite full of legs and poultry, of which
we killed only the small ones, and kept the others for 1769. sea stores; we found, however, to our great mortifica-, July. tion, that neither the fowls nor the hogs could, without great difficulty, be brought to eat any thing but fruit, which made it necessary to kill them faster than we should otherwise have done ; two, however, a boar and a sow, were brought alive to England, of which I made a present to Mr. Stephens, Secretary to the Admiralty; the sow afterwards died in pigging, but the boar is still alive.
On the 23d, we had very heavy rain, with a storm Thurs. 23. of wind that blew down several trees on shore, though very little of it was felt where the ship lay.
The next day, I sent the old man, who had been of Friday 24. great service to the Gunner at the market-tent, another iron pot, fome hatchets and bills, and a piece of cloth. I also fent the Queen two turkies, two geese, three Guinea hens, a cat big with kitten, fome china, lookingglasses, glass bottles, shirts, needles, thread, cloth, ribbands, peas, fome small white kidney-beans, called callivances, and about sixteen different sorts of garden seeds, and a shovel, besides a considerable quantity of cutlery wares, consisting of knives, scissars, bill-hooks, and other things. We had already planted several sorts of the garden seeds, and some peas in several places, and had the pleasure to see them come up in a very flourishing state, yet there were no remains of them when Captain Cook left the island. I sent her also two iron pots, and a few spoons. In return for these things, the Gunner brought off eighteen hogs, and some fruit.
In the morning of the 25th, I ordered Mr. Gore, Saturd. 25 one of the mates, with all the marines, forty seamen, and four midshipmen, to go up the valley by the river as high as they could, and examine the soil and produce of the country, noting the trees and plants which they should find, and when they saw any stream from the mountains, to trace it to its source, and obserye whether it was tinctured with any mineral or ore. I cautioned them also to keep continually upon their guard against the natives, and directed them to make a fire, as a signal, if they should be attacked. At the same time, I took a guard on shore, and erected a ies
on a point of land, to observe an eclipse of the fun, which, the morning, being very clear, was done with great accuracy.
Hours. Min. Seconds.
After the observation was taken, I went to the Queen's house, and shewed her the telescope, which was a reflector. After she had admired its structure, I endeavoured to make her comprehend its use, and fixing it so as to command several distant objects, with which she was well acquainted, but which could not be distinguished with the naked eye, I made her look through it. As soon as she saw them, she started back with astonishment, and dire&ting her eye as the glass was pointed, stood fome time motionless and filent; she then looked through the glass again, and again sought, in vain, with the naked eye, for the objects which it discovered. As they by turns vanished and re-appeared, her countenance and gestures expressed a mixture of wonder and delight which no language can describe. When the glass was removed, I invited her, and several of the Chiefs that were with her, to go with me on board the ship, in which I had a view to the security of the party that I had sent out; for I thought that while the Queen, and the principal people were known to be in my power, nothing would be attempted against any person belonging to the ship on shore. When we got on board, I ordered a good dinner for their entertainment, but the Queen would neither eat nor drink; the people that were with her eat very heartily of whatever was set before them, but would drink only plain water.
In the evening our people returned from their excursion, and came down to the beach, upon which I put the Queen and her attendants into the boats, and sent them on shore. As she was going over the ship's side,
she asked, by signs, whether I still persisted in my re-
An Account of an Expedition to discover the inland Part
of the Country, and our other Transactions, till we
AFTER the mate came on board, he gave me
A a written account of his expedition to the following effect :
“ At four o'clock in the morning, of Saturday the Saturd. 25 25th of June, I landed, with four midshipmen, a serjeant, and twelve marines, and twenty-four seamen,. all armed, besides four who carried hatchets and other articles of traffic, and four who were loaded with ammunition and provisions, the rest being left with the boat: every man had his day's allowance of brandy, and the hatchet men two small kegs, to give out when I should think proper.
“ As soon as I got on shore, I called upon our old man, and took him with us : we then followed the course of the river in two parties, one marching on each side. For the first two miles it flowed through a valley of considerable width, in which were many habitations, with gardens walled in, and abundance of hogs, poultry, and fruit; the soil here seemed to be a rich fat earth, and was of a blackish colour. After this the valley became very narrow, and the ground rising abruptly on one side of the river, we were all obliged to march on the other. Where the stream was precipitated from the hils, channels had been cut to lead the water into gardens and plantations of fruit trees: in these gardens we found an herb which had never been brought down to the water-fide, and which we perceived the inhabitants eat raw. I tasted it, and
1767. found it pleasant, its flavour fomewhat resembling that July.. of the West Indian spinnage, called Calleloor, though
its leaf was very different. The ground was fenced off