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1767. with nettles while he ran the gauntlet thrice round the

deck: my rhetoric, however, had very little effect, for most of the crew being equally criminal with himself, he was handled so tenderly, that others were rather encouraged to repeat the offence by the hope of impunity, than deterred by the fear of punishment. To preserve the ship therefore, from being pulled to pieces, and the price of refreshments from being raised so high as soon to exhaust our articles of trade, I ordered that no man, except the wooders and wa-, terers, with their guard, fhould be permitted to go on

shore. Tuesday 21. On the 21st, the Queen came again on board, and

brought several large hogs as a present, for which, as
usual, she would accept of no return. When she
was about to leave the ship, she expressed a defire that
I should go on shore with her, to which I consented,
taking several of the officers with me. When we ar-
rived at her house, she made us all sit down, and
taking off my hat, she tied to it a bunch or tuft of
feathers of various colours, such as I had seen no per-
son on shore wear but herself, which produced by no
means a disagreeable effect. She also tied round my
hat, and the hats of those who were with me, wreaths
of braided or plaited hair, and gave us to understand
that both the hair and workınanship were her own:
she also presented us with some matts, that were very
curiously wrought. In the evening she accompanied
us back to the beach, and when we were getting into
the boat, she put on board a fine large fow, big with
young, and a great quantity of fruit. As we were
parting, I made signs that I should quit the island in
seven days: she immediately comprehended my mean-
ing, and made signs that I should stay twenty days;
that I should go two days journey into the country,
itay there a few days, bring down plenty of hogs and
poultry, and after that leave the island. I again made
signs that I must go in seven days; upon which she

burst into tears, and it was not without great difficulty

• that she was pacified. Wednes, 22. The next morning, the Gunner sent off no less than

twenty hogs, with great plenty of fruit: Our decks were now quite full of legs and poultry, of which

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we killed only the small ones, and kept the others for 1769. sea stores; we found, however, to our great mortifica-, July. tion, that neither the fowls nor the hogs could, without great difficulty, be brought to eat any thing but fruit, which made it necessary to kill them faster than we should otherwise have done ; two, however, a boar and a sow, were brought alive to England, of which I made a present to Mr. Stephens, Secretary to the Admiralty; the sow afterwards died in pigging, but the boar is still alive.

On the 23d, we had very heavy rain, with a storm Thurs. 23. of wind that blew down several trees on shore, though very little of it was felt where the ship lay.

The next day, I sent the old man, who had been of Friday 24. great service to the Gunner at the market-tent, another iron pot, fome hatchets and bills, and a piece of cloth. I also fent the Queen two turkies, two geese, three Guinea hens, a cat big with kitten, fome china, lookingglasses, glass bottles, shirts, needles, thread, cloth, ribbands, peas, fome small white kidney-beans, called callivances, and about sixteen different sorts of garden seeds, and a shovel, besides a considerable quantity of cutlery wares, consisting of knives, scissars, bill-hooks, and other things. We had already planted several sorts of the garden seeds, and some peas in several places, and had the pleasure to see them come up in a very flourishing state, yet there were no remains of them when Captain Cook left the island. I sent her also two iron pots, and a few spoons. In return for these things, the Gunner brought off eighteen hogs, and some fruit.

In the morning of the 25th, I ordered Mr. Gore, Saturd. 25 one of the mates, with all the marines, forty seamen, and four midshipmen, to go up the valley by the river as high as they could, and examine the soil and produce of the country, noting the trees and plants which they should find, and when they saw any stream from the mountains, to trace it to its source, and obserye whether it was tinctured with any mineral or ore. I cautioned them also to keep continually upon their guard against the natives, and directed them to make a fire, as a signal, if they should be attacked. At the same time, I took a guard on shore, and erected a ies

167.

July.

at

on a point of land, to observe an eclipse of the fun, which, the morning, being very clear, was done with great accuracy.

Hours. Min. Seconds.
The immersion began, by true} 6.61
time, at

so
The emersion, by true time, was ļ 8 ,
The duration of the eclipse was

9 10
The latitude of the point, on which the observation
was made, was 17° 30' S. the sun's declination was 199 -
40' N. and the variation of the needle 5° 36' E.

After the observation was taken, I went to the Queen's house, and shewed her the telescope, which was a reflector. After she had admired its structure, I endeavoured to make her comprehend its use, and fixing it so as to command several distant objects, with which she was well acquainted, but which could not be distinguished with the naked eye, I made her look through it. As soon as she saw them, she started back with astonishment, and dire&ting her eye as the glass was pointed, stood fome time motionless and filent; she then looked through the glass again, and again sought, in vain, with the naked eye, for the objects which it discovered. As they by turns vanished and re-appeared, her countenance and gestures expressed a mixture of wonder and delight which no language can describe. When the glass was removed, I invited her, and several of the Chiefs that were with her, to go with me on board the ship, in which I had a view to the security of the party that I had sent out; for I thought that while the Queen, and the principal people were known to be in my power, nothing would be attempted against any person belonging to the ship on shore. When we got on board, I ordered a good dinner for their entertainment, but the Queen would neither eat nor drink; the people that were with her eat very heartily of whatever was set before them, but would drink only plain water.

In the evening our people returned from their excursion, and came down to the beach, upon which I put the Queen and her attendants into the boats, and sent them on shore. As she was going over the ship's side,

she

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176 July.

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she asked, by signs, whether I still persisted in my re-
solution of leaving the island at the time I had fixed;
and when I made her understand that it was impossible
I should stay longer, she expressed her regret by a flood
of tears, which for a while took away her speech.
As soon as her passion subsided, she told me that she
would come on board again the next day : and thus we
parted.

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An Account of an Expedition to discover the inland Part

of the Country, and our other Transactions, till we
quitted the island to continue our Voyage.

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AFTER the mate came on board, he gave me

A a written account of his expedition to the following effect :

“ At four o'clock in the morning, of Saturday the Saturd. 25 25th of June, I landed, with four midshipmen, a serjeant, and twelve marines, and twenty-four seamen,. all armed, besides four who carried hatchets and other articles of traffic, and four who were loaded with ammunition and provisions, the rest being left with the boat: every man had his day's allowance of brandy, and the hatchet men two small kegs, to give out when I should think proper.

As soon as I got on shore, I called upon our old man, and took him with us : we then followed the course of the river in two parties, one marching on each side. For the first two miles it flowed through a valley of considerable width, in which were many habitations, with gardens walled in, and abundance of hogs, poultry, and fruit; the soil here seemed to be a rich fat earth, and was of a blackish colour. After this the valley became very narrow, and the ground rising abruptly on one side of the river, we were all obliged to march on the other. Where the stream was precipitated from the hils, channels had been cut to lead the water into gardens and plantations of fruit trees: in these gardens we found an herb which had never been brought down to the water-fide, and which we perceived the inhabitants eat raw. I tasted it, and

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1767. found it pleasant, its flavour fomewhat resembling that July.. of the West Indian spinnage, called Calleloor, though

its leaf was very different. The ground was fenced off
so as to make a very pretty appearance; the bread-fruit
and apple-trees were planted in rows on the declivity of
the hills, and the cocoa-nut and plaintain, which re-
quire more moisture on the level ground: under the
trees, both on the fides and at the foot of the hills,
there was very good grafs, but no underwood. As we
advanced, the hills on each side fwelled into mountains,
and vast craggs every where projected over our heads.
Travelling now became difficult, and when we had
proceeded about four miles, the road for the last mile
having been very bad, we sat down to rest ourselves,
and take the refreshment of our breakfast ; we ranged
ourselves upon the ground under a large apple-tree, in
a very pleasant spot; but just as we were about to begin
our repast, we were suddenly alarmed by a confused
sound of many voices, and a great shouting, and pre-
fently afterwards faw a multitude of men, women, and
children, upon the hill above us; our old man feeing
us rise haftily, and look to our arms, beckoned to us to
fit ftill, and immediately went up to the people that had
furprised us. As soon as he joined them they were
filent, and soon after disappeared ; in a short time, how-
ever, they returned, and brought with them a large
hog ready roasted, with plenty of bread-fruit, yams,
and other refreshments, which they gave to the old man,
who distributed them among our people. In return
for this treat, I gave them fome nails, buttons, and
other things, with which they were greatly delighted.
After this we proceeded up the valley as far as we could,
searching all the runs of water, and all the places
where water had run, for appearances of metal or ore,
but could find none, except what I have brought back
with me. I shewed all the people that we met with,
the piece of faltpetre which had been picked up in the
island, and which I had taken with me for that purpose,
but none of them took any notice of it, nor could I
learn from them any thing about it. The old man
began now to be weary, and there being a mountain
before us, he made signs that he would go home : be-
fore he left us, however, he made the people who had

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