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and astonishment: the other Indians, not being able to 1767conceive what was the matter with him, stood staring ^jL^./ . at him in amaze, and not without some mixture of terror. The Surgeon, however, who had innocently been the cause of the mischief, applied a remedy, though it was some time before the poor fellow was easy.
On Thursday the 16th, Mr. Furneaux, my Second Thutsd. 16 Lieutenant, was taken very ill, which distressed me greatly, as the First Lieutenant was not yet recovered, and 1 was still in a very weak state myself: I was this day also obliged once more to punish Proctor, the Corporal of marines, for mutinous behaviour. The Queen had now been absent several days; but the. natives made us understand by signs, that the next day she would be with us again.
Accordingly the next morning she came down to Friday 17the beach, and soon aster a great number of people, whom we had never seen before, brought to market provisions of every kind; and the Gunner sent off fourteen hogs, and fruit in great plenty.
In the asternoon of the next day the Queen came on Saturd-l8board, with a present of two large hogs, for she never condescended to barter, and in the evening she returned on shore. I sent a present with her, by the Master, and as soon as they landed, she took him by the hand, and having made a long speech to the people that flocked round them, she led him to her house, where she cloathed him, as she had before done me, according to the fashion of the country.
The next morning he sent off a greater quantity of Sunday ,* stock than we had ever procured in one day before; it consisted of forty-eight hogs and pigs, sour dozen of fowls, with bread-fruit, bananas, apples, anthcocoanuts, almost without number.
On the 20th, we continued to trade with good sue- Monday 20. cess, but in the asternoon it was discovered that Francis Pinckney, one of the feamen, had drawn the cleats to which the main sheet was belayed, and aster stealing the spike?, thrown them over-board. Having secured the offender, I called all the people together on the deck, and aster taking some pains to explain his crime, with all its aggravations, I ordered that he should be whipped
1767- with nettles while he ran the gauntlet thrice round the t_j'u y' __ deck: my rhetoric, however, had very little effect, for most of the crew being equally criminal with himself, he was handled so tenderly, that others were rather encouraged to repeat the offence by the hope of impunity, than deterred by the fear of punishment. To preserve the ship therefore, from being pulled to pieces, and the price of refreshments from being raised so high as soon to exhaust our articles of trade, I ordered that no man, except the wooders and waterers, with their guard, should be permitted to go on shore. Tuesday »i. Qn the 2ist, the Queen came again on board, and brought several large hogs as a present, for which, as usual, she would accept of no return. When she was about to leave the ship, she expressed a desire that I should go on shore with her, to which I consented, taking several of the officers with me. When we arrived at her house, she made us all sit down, and taking off my hat, she tied to it a bunch or tuft of feathers of various colours, such as I had seen no person on shore wear but herself, which produced by no means a disagreeable effect. She also tied round my hat, and the hats of thofe who were with me, wreaths of braided or plaited hair, and gave us to understand that both the hair and workmanship were her own: she also presented us with some matts, that were very cuiioufly wrought. In the evening she accompanied us back to the beach, and when we were getting into the boat, she put on board a fine large sow, big with young, and a great quantity of fruit. As we were parting, I made signs that I should quit the island in seven days: she immediately comprehended my meaning, and made sign* that 1 should stay twenty days; that I should go two days journey into the country, stay there a few days, bring down plenty of hogs and poultry, and aster that leave the island. I again made signs that I must go in seven days; upon which she burst into tears, and it was not without great difficulty that she was pacified. "VVednes. 22. The next morning, the Gunner sent off no less than twenty hogs, with great plenty of fruit: Our decks were now quite full of hogs and poultry, of which
we we killed only the small ones, and kept the others for 1767. sea stores; we found, however, to our great mortifica- Jul* tion, that neither the fowls nor the hogs could, without great difficulty, be brought to eat any thing but fruit, which made it necessary to kill them faster than we should otherwise have done; two, however, a boar and a sow, were brought alive to England, of which I made a present to Mr. Stephens, Secretary to the Admiralty; the sow asterwards died in pigging, but the boar is still alive.
On the 23d, we had very heavy rain, with a storm Thurs. 13. of wind that blew down several trees on shore, though very little of it was felt where the ship lay.
The next day, I sent the old man, who had been os Friday 14. great service to the Gunner at the market-tent, another iron pot, some hatchets and bills, and a piece of cloth. I also sent the Queen two turkies, two geese, three Guinea hens, a cat big with kitten, some china, lookingglasses, glass bottles, shirts, needles, thread, cloth, ribbands, peas, some small white kidney-beans, called callivances, and about sixteen different sorts of garden feeds, and a shovel, besides a considerable quantity of cutlery wares, consisting of knives, scissars, bill-hooks, and other things. We had already planted several sorts of the garden feeds, and some peas in several places, and had the pleasure to see them come up in a very slourishing state, yet there were no remains of them when Captain Cook left the island. I sent her also two iron pots, and a few spoons. In return for these things, the Gunner brought off eighteen hogs, and some fruit.
In the morning of the 25th, I ordered Mr. Gore, Saturd. 15. one of the mates, with all the marines, forty seamen, and four midshipmen, to go up the valley by the river as high as they could, and examine the soil and produce of the country, noting the trees and plants which they should find, and when they saw any stream from the mountains, to trace it to its source, and observe whether it was tinctured with any mineral or ore. I cautioned them also to keep continually upon their guard against the natives, and directed them to make a fire, as a signal, if they mould be attacked. At the same time, I took a guard on shore, and erected a tent
on a point of land, to observe an eclipse of the sun, which, the morning, being very clear, was done with great accuracy.
Hours. Min. Seconds. The immersion began, by true?
time, at '» * *
The emersion, by true time, was? o
The duration of the eclipse was i 910
The latitude of the point, on which the observation was made, was 170 30' S. the sun's declination was 190 40' N. and the variation of the needle 50 36' E.
After the observation was taken, I went to the Queen's house, and shewed her the telescope, which was a reflector. After she had admired its structure, I endeavoured to make her comprehend its use, and fixing it so as to command several distant objects, with which she was well acquainted, but which could not be distinguished with the naked eye, 1 made her look through it. As soon as she faw them, she started back with astonishment, and directing her eye as the glass was pointed, stood some time motionless and silent; she then looked through the glass again, and again sought, in vain, with the naked eye, for the objects which it discovered. As they by turns vanished and re-appeared, her countenance and gestures expressed a mixture of wonder and delight which no language can describe. When the glass was removed, I invited her, and several of the Chiess that were with her, to go with me on board the ship, in which I had a view to the security os the party that I had sent out; for I thought that while the Queen, and the principal people were known to be in my power, nothing would be attempted against any person belonging to the ship on shore. When we got on board, I ordered a good dinner for their entertainment, but the Queen would neither eat nor drink; the people that were with her eat very heartily of whatever was set before them, but woulJ drink only plain water.
In the evening our people returned from their excursion, and came down to the beach, upon which I put the Qiiecn and her attendants into the boats, and sent them on shore. As she was going over the lhip's side,
she she asked, by signs, whether I still persisted in my re- 1767solution of leaving the island at the time I had fixed; J~** and when I made her understand that it was impossible I should stay longer, she expressed her regret by a flood of tears, which for a while took away her speech. As soon as her passion subsided, she told me that she would come on board again the next day: and thus we parted.
An Account of an Expedition to discover the inland Part of the Country, and our other Transactions, till we quitted the Island to continue our Voyage.
AFTER the mate came on board, he gave me a written account of his expedition to the following effect:
"At four o'clock in the morning, of Saturday the Saturd. 1$ 25th of June, I landed, with four midshipmen, a serjeant, and twelve marines, and twenty-four seamen, all armed, besides four who carried hatchets and other articles of traffic, and four who were loaded with ammunition and provisions, the rest being left with the boat: every man had his day's allowance of brandy, and the hatchet men two small kegs, to give out when I should think proper.
"As soon as 1 got on shore, I called upon our old man, and took him with ns: we then followed the course of the river in two parties, one marching on each side. For the first two miles it flowed through a valley of considerable width, in which were many habitations, with gardens walled in, and abundance of hogs, poultry, and fruit; the foil here seemed to be a rich fat earth, and was of a blackish colour. After this the valley became very narrow, and the ground rising abruptly on one side of the river, we were all obliged to march on the other. Where the stream was precipitated from the hils, channels had been cut to lead the water into gardens and plantations of fruit trees: in these gardens we found an herb which had never been brought down to the water-side, and which we perceived the inhabitants eat raw. I tasted it, and •