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l 7*4- ducks and a hare; the hare ran two miles after he was J^"TM" wounded, though it appeared when he was taken up, that a ball had passed quite through his body. I went this day many miles up the country, and had a long chace after one of the guanicoes, which was the largest we had seen : he frequently stopped to look at us, when he had left us at a good distance behind, and made a noise that resembled the neighing of a horse ; but when we came pretty near him he set out again, and at last, my dog being so tired that he could not run him any longer, he got quite away from us, and we faw htm no more. We shot a hare however, and a little ugly animal which stunk so intolerably that none of us could go near him. The flesh of the hares here is as white as snow, and nothing can be better tasted. A Serjeant of marines, and some others who were on shore at another part of the bay, had better success than sell to our share, for they killed two old guanicoes and a fawn ; they were however obliged to leave them where they sell, not being able to bring them down to the water fide, near fix miles, without farther assistance, though they were but half the weight of those that are mentioned by Sir John Narborough ; some however I faw which could not weigh less than seven or eight and thirty stone, which is above four hundred pounds. When we returned in the evening it blew very hard, and the deck being so sull of lumber that we could not hoist the boats in, we moored them astern. About midnight, the storm continuing, our six oared cutter filled with water and broke adrift; the boat keeper, by whose neglect this accident happened, being on board her, very narrowlyescaped drowning by catching hold of the stern ladder. As it was tide of flood when she went from the ship, we knew that she must drive up the harbour; yet 3S the loss of her would be an irremediable misfortune, I sufsered much anxiety till I could send after her in the 26. ui0i-ning^ antj jt was ^en some hours before she was brought back, having driven many miles with the stream. In the mean time, I sent another party to setch the guanicoes which our people had shot the night before; but they found nothing left except the bones, the tygers having eaten the flesh, and even cracked the bones of the limbs to come at the marrow. Several
of our people had been fifteen miles up the country in »764search of fresh water, but could not find the least rill: ^TM^ we had sunk several wells to a considerable depth where the ground appeared moist, but upon visiting them I had the mortification to find that, alltogether, they would not yield more than thirty gallons in twenty-four hours; this was a discouraging circumstance, especially as our people, among other expedients, had watched the guanicoes, and seen them drink at the salt ponds. 1 therefore determined to leave the place as soon as the ship could be got into a little order, and the six-oared cutter repaired, which had been hauled up upon the beech for that purpose.
On the27th, someofourpeople, who had been ashore Tueta. 17. on the north side of the bay to try for more guanicoes, found the skull and bones of a man, which they brought off with them, arid one young guanicoe alive, which we all agreed was one of the most beautiful creatures we had ever seen: it soon grew very tame, and would suck our firtgers like a calf; but, notwithstanding all our care and contrivances to feed it, it died in a few days. In the asternoon of this day it blew so hard that I was obliged to keep a considerable number of hands continually by the sheet anchor, as there was too much reason to fear that our cables would part, which however did not happen. In the mean time, some of our people that were on shore with the carpenters, who were repairing the cutter on the south side of the bay, found two more springs of tolerable water about two miles from the beach, in a direct; line from the ships station. To these springs I sent twenty hands early in the morn- Wedn. 18. ing with some small casks called Earecas, and in a few turns they brought on board a tun of water, of which we began to be in great want. In the mean time I went myself about twelve miles up the river in my boat, and the weather then growing bad, I went on shore • the river, as far as I could fee, was very broad; there were in it a number of, islands, some of which were very large, and I make no doubt but that it penetrates the country for some hundreds of miles. It was upon one of the islands that I went on shore, and I sound there such a number of birds, that when they role they literally darkened the sky, and we could not walk a' step
1764.^ without treading upon their eggs. As they kept hover^^—-^j ing over our heads at a little distance, the men knocked down many of them with stones and sticks, and carried off several hundreds of their eggs. . After some time, I left the island and landed upon the main, where our men dressed and eat their eggs, though there were young birds in most of them. I faw no traces of inhabitants on either side of the river, but great numbers ofguanicoes, in herds of sixty or seventy together: they would not however suffer us to approach them, but stood and gazed at us from the hills. In this excursion the Sufgeon, who was of my party, shot a tyger-cat, a small but very fierce animal; for though it was much wounded, it maintained a very sharp contest with my dog for a considerable time before it Was killed.
Thutsd. 29. On the 29th, we completed our ballast, which the strength of the tide, and the constant gales of wind rendered a very difficult and laborious task : we alsogot on board another tun of water. On the morning of the
Friday 30. -joth, the weather was so bad that we could not send a boat on shore; but employed all hands on board in setting up the rigging. It grew more moderate however about noon, and I then sent a boat to procure more water: the two men who first came up to the well found there a large tyger lying upon the ground; having gazed at each other some time, the men who had no fire arms, seeing the beast treat them with as much contemptuous neglect as the lion did the knight of La-' Mancha, began to throw stones at him: of this insult however he did not deign to take the least notice, but continued stretched upon the ground in great tranquility till the rest of the party came up, and then he very leisurely rose and walked away.
December. On the first of December, our cutter being tho
Saturd. 1. roughly repaired, we took her on board, but the weather was so bad that we could not get off any water: the next day we struck the tents which had been set up at the watering-place, and got all ready for sea. The two wells from which we got our water bear about S. S. E. of the steeple rock, from which they are distant about two miles and an half; but I fixed a mark near them, that they might be still more easily found than, by their bearings. During our stay in this harbour,
we we sounded every part of it with great care, as high as Q^Je^et; a ship could go, and found that there is no danger but wy**** what may be seen at low water; so that now fresh water is found, though at some distance from the beach, it would be a very convenient place for ships to touch at, if it were not for the rapidity of the tide. The country about the bay abounds with guanicoes, and a great variety of wild fowl, particularly ducks, geese, widgeon, and sea-pies, besides many others for which we have no name. Here is also such plenty of excellent muscles, that a boat may be loaded with them every time it is low water. Wood indeed is scarce; however in some parts of this coast there are bushes, which in a case of necessity might produce a tolerable supply of suel.
On Wednesday the 5th of December, I unmoored, Wedms. 4. in order to get out, but the best bower came up foul, and before we could heave short upon the small bower, the tide os ebb made strong ; for at this place flack water scarcely continues ten minutes; so that we were obliged to wait till it should be low water. Between five and six in the evening, we weighed, and steered out E. N. E. with a fresh gale at N. N. W.
Course from Port Desire, in Search of Peps s Island, and afterwards to the Coafi of Patagonia, with a Description of the Inhabitants.
AS soon as we were out of the bay, we steered for Pepy'slsland, which is faid to lie in latitude 47" S. Our latitude was now 470 22' S. longitude 650 49' W. Port Desire bore S. 66 W. distant twentythree leagues; and Pepy's Island, according to Halley's Chart, E. £ N. distant thirty four leagues. The variation here was 190 E.
We continued our course the next day with a pleafant gale and fine weather, so that we began to think Thursd. 6. that this part of the world was not wholly without a summer. On the 7th, I found myself much farther
Vol. I. C to^'7'
*764- to the northward than I expected, and therefore sup"^TMs posed the ship's way had been insluenced by a current. I had now made eighty degrees easting, which is the distance from the main at which Pepy's Island is placed in Halley's chart, but unhappily we have no certain account of the place. The only person who pretends to have seen it, is Cowley, the account of whose voyage is now before me; and all he fays of its situation is,, that it lies in latitude 47 S. for he fays nothing of its longitude: he fays indeed that it has a fine harbour; but he adds, that the wind blew so hard he could not get into it, and that he therefore stood away to the southward. At this time I al!o was steering southward; for the weather being extremely fine, I could see very far to the northward of the situation in which it is laid down. As I supposed it]must lie to the eastward of us, if indeed it had any existence, I made the Tamar's signal to spread early in the asternoon; and as the weather continued to be very elear, we could fee, between us, at least twenty leagues. We steered S. E. by the
Saturday E. compass, and at night brought to, being by my account in latitude 470 18'S. The next morning it blew very hard at N. W. by N. and I still thought the island might lie to the eastward; I therefore intended to stand about thirty leagues that way, and if I found no island, to return into the latitude of 47 again. But a hard gale coming en, with agreatfea, I brought to about six o'clock in the evening under the main-fail,
Sunday 9. a!K| al- fix o'clock the next morning, the wind being at W. S. W. we made tail again under our courses to the northward. I now judged myself to be about sixteen leagues to the eastward of the track I had run before: Port Desire bore S. Sa° 53' W. distant ninety-four leagues ; aHd in this situation I saw a great quantity of rockweed, and many birds. We continued to stand to
Monday 10. the northward the next day under our courses, with a hard gale from S. W. to N. W. and a great sea. At night, being in latitude 460 50' S. I wore ship, and stood in to the westward again, our ships having spread every day as far as they could be seen by each other:
't n .. ;ind on the 11 that noon, being now certain that there could be no such island a* Is mentioned by Cowley, and laid clown by Ilalley under the name of Pepy's island, I resolved ro stand in for the main,-ar.d take in