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grappling, upon which he instantly let it go, with marks 1767-
of great terror and astonishment; the people on shore ^1.
also let go the rope. The boats aster this, lay some
time upon their oars; but the officer finding that he
could get nothing more, returned on board. Mr. Fur-
neaux told me that both men and women were
cloathed, and he brought a piece of their cloth away
with him. The inhabitants appeared to him to be more
numerous than the island could support, and for this
reason, especially as he saw some large double canoes
upon the beach, he imagined there were islands of
larger extent, not far distant, where refreshments in
greater plenty might be procured, and hoped that they
might be less difficult of access. As 1 thought this a
reasonable conjecture, I hoisted in the boats, and de-
termined to run farther to the westward. To this place,
which is nearly circular, and about two miles over, I
gave the nameofOsNABUrGHlsLAND, in honour of osnaburgh
Prince Frederick, who is bishop of that see. It lies in *""'
latitude 170 51' S. and longitude 1470 30' W. the va-
riation here was 70 10' E.


An account of the Discovery of King George the Third's
Island, or Otaheite, and of several incidents which
happened both on board the S.hip, and on Shore.

AT two o'clock, the fame clay, we bore away, and Thursd. ig.
in about half an hour, discovered very high land
in iheW. S. W. At seven in the evening, Osnaburgh
Island bore E. N. E. and the new discovered land, from
W. N. W. to W. by S. As the weather was thick and
squally, we brought to for the night, or at least till the
fog should break away. At two in the morning, it be- Friday 19.
ing very clear, we made sail again; at day-break we
•saw the land, at about five leagues distance, and steered
directly for it ; but at eight o'clock, when we were
close under it, the fog obliged us again ?o lie to, and
when it cleared away, we were much surprised to find
ourselves surrounded by some hundreds ot canoes. They
were of different si7,es, and had on board different
numbers from one to ten, so that in all of them to-


1767- gether, there could not be less than eight hundred* June- people. When they came within pistol shot of the ship, they lay by, gazing at us with great astonishment, and by turns conferring with each other. In the mean time we shewed them trinkets of various kinds, and invited them on board. Soon aster, they drew together, and held a kind of council to determine what mould be done: then they all paddled round the ship, making signs of friendship, and one of them holding up a branch of the plantain tree, made a speech that lasted near a quarter of an hour, and then threw it into the sea. Soon aster as we continued to make signs vof invitation, a fine, stout lively young man ventured on board: he came up by the mizen chains, and jumped out of the shrouds upon the top of the awning. We made signs to him lo come down upon the quarter-deck, and handed up some trinkets to him: he looked pleased, but would accept of nothing till some of the Indians came along-side, and aster much talk, threw a few branches of plantain-tree on board the (hip. He then accepted our presents, and several others very soon came on board, at different parts of the ship, not knowing the proper entrance. As one of these Indians was standing near the gang-way, on the larboard side of the quarter-deck, one of our goats butted him upon the haunches: being surprized at the blow, he hastily turned about, and saw the goat raised upon his hind legs, ready to repeat the blow. The appearance of this animal, so different from any he had ever seen, struck him with such terror thai he instantly leaped over-board; and all the rest, upon seeing what had happened, followed his example with the utmost precipitation: they recovered however, in a short time, from their fright, and returned on board. After having a little reconciled them to our goats and sheep, I shewed them our hogs and poultry, and they immediately made signs that they had such animals as these. I then distributed trinkets and nails among them, and made signs that they should go on shore and bring us some of their hogs, fowls and fruit, but they did not seem to understand my meaning: they were in the mean time watching an opportunity to steal some of the things that happened to lie in their way, but we gene"v. rally

rally detected them in the attempt. At last, however, f767

one of the midshipmen happened to come where they were standing with a new laced hat upon his head, and began to talk to one of them by signs: while he was thus engaged, another of them came behind him, and suddenly snatching off the hat, leapt over the taffarel into the sea, and swam away with it.

As we had no anchorage here, we stood along the shore, sending the boats at the fame time to found at a less distance. As none of these canoes had fails, they could not keep up with us, and therefore soon paddled back towards the shore. The country has the most delightful and romantic appearance that can be imagined: towards the sea it is level, and is covered with fruit trees of various kinds, particularly the cocoa-nut. Among these are the houses of the inhabitants, consisting only of a roof, and at a distance having greatly the appearance of a long barn. The country within, at about the distance of three miles, rises into lofty hills, that are crowned with wood, and terminate in peaks, from which large rivers are precipitated into the sea. We saw no shoals, but found the island skirted by a reef •lof rocks, through which there are several openings into deep water. About three o'clock in the asternoonwe brought to, a-breast of a large bay, where there -was an appearance of anchorage. The boats were immediately sent to sound it, and while they were thus employed, I observed a great number of canoes gather round them. I suspected that the Indians had a design to attack them, and as I was very desirous to prevent mischief, I made a signal for the boats to come a-board, and at the fame time, to intimidate the Indians, I fired a nine-pounder over their heads. As soon as the cutter began to stand toward the ship, the Indians in their canoes, though they had been startled by the thunder of our nine-pounder, endeavoured tocut her off. The boat, however, sailing faster than the canoes could paddle, soon got clear of those that were about her; but some others, that were full of men, way-laid her in her course, and threw several stones into her, which wounded some of the people. Upon this the Officer on •board fired a musquet, loaded with buck-ffiot, at the man


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