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the N. shore
Cape Pillar to she Ifland of Direction. W. N. W. —
The Passage from the Streight of Magellan, to King George the Third's Island, called Otaheiteyitstht South Sea, with an Account of the Discovery ossfJeral other Islands, and a Description of their Inhabitants.
S we continued our course to the westward, after having cleared the Streight, we faw a great
Sund. 12. number of gannet, sheerwaters, pintado birds, and many others, about the ship, and had for the most part strong gales, hazy weather, and heavy seas, so that we were frequently brought under our courses, and there was not a dry place in the ship for some weeks together.
Wedn. tt. At eight in the morning of the 22d, we had an observation, by which we found our longitude to be 950 46' W. and at noon, our latitude was 420 24' S. and the variation by azimuth, 1 io 6' E.
Friday 14. By the 24th, the men began to fall down very fast in colds and fevers, inconsequenceof the upper works being open, and their cloaths and beds continually wet.
Sund. t6. On the 26th, at four in theafternoon, the variation, by azimuth, was io° 20' E. and at six in the morning of the next day, it was 90 8' E. Our latitude, on the Monday 27- 2 7th at noon, was 360 54' S. our longitude, by account, ioo° W. This day, the weather being moderate and .fair, we dried all the people's clothes, and got the sick opon deck, to whom we gave falop, and wheat boiled with portable soup, every morning for breakfast, and all the ship's company had as much vinegar and mustard as they could use; portable soup was also constantly boiled in their pease and oatmeal. The hard gales, with frequent and violent squalls, and a heavy sea, soon returned, and continued with very little intermission. The ship pitched so much that we were afraid she would carry away her masts, and the men were again wet in their beds.
On the 30th, the variation, by azimuth, was 8° i76730' E. our latitude was 320 50' longitude, by account, , ay; , 100' W. I began now to keep the ship to the northward, as we had no chance of getting westing in this • latitude; and the surgeon was of opinion, that in a little time the sick would so much increase, that we should want hands to work the ship, if we could not get into better weather.
On the third of May, about four in the afternoon,Sunday j we had an observation of the sun and moon, by which we found our longitude to be 960 26' W. the variation by the azimuth was 50 44' E. at six in the evening, and at six the next morning, it waj 50 58'E. OurMond. 4. latitude, this day at noon, was 280 20' S. At four in the afternoon we had several observations for the longitude, and found it to be 960 21' W. at seven in the evening, the variation was 6° 40' E. by the azimuth, and the next morning at 10 it was by amplitude, 5° 48' E: at three in the afternoon, the variation, by *
amplitude, was 70 40' E. This day we faw a tropic bird.
At six o'clock in the morning, of Friday the eighth F"diy 8. of May, the variation of the needle, by amplitude, was 70 11' E. ,In the afternoon we faw several sheerwaters and sea swallows. At eight in the morning of satur. 9. the 9th, the variation by azimuth was 90 34'E. and in the morning of the 1 ith, by azimuth and amplitude, Monday 11. it was 40 40' E. Our latitude was 270 28' S. longitude, by account, 106° W. This day, and the next, Tuesday u. we faw several sea swallows, sheerwaters, and porpoises, about the ship.
On the 14th of May the variation, by four azi- Thurs. 14. muths, was 2° E. About four o'clock in the afternoon, we faw a large flock of brown birds, flying to the eastward, and something which had the appearance of high land, in the fame quarter. We bore away for it till sun-set, and it still having the same appearance, we continued our course; but at two in the morning, having run 18 leagues without making it, we hauled the wind, and at day-light nothing was to be seen. We had now the fatisfaction to find our ailing people mend a-pace. Our latitude was 24° 50' our lon
Vol. I. M gitude,
»767- that they got on shore, as the surf ran very high. ^une" Having received this account, I stood off and on alt
Sund.*^? night, and early the next morning! sent the boats out again to found, with orders, if possible, to find a place where the ship might come to an anchor; but at eleven ©'clock they returned, with no better success than before. The people told me that the whole island was surrounded by a reef, and that although on the weather side of the island there was an opening through it, into a large bason, that extended to the middle of the island, yet they found it so full of breakers, that they could not venture in; neither indeed had they been able to land on any part of the island, the surf running still higher than it had done the day before. As it would therefore answer no purpose to continue here, I hoisted the boats in, and stood away for the other island, which bore S. 22°. E. distant about four leagues. The island which I now quitted, having been discovered on Whitsun-eve, I called it
TMWi"tsun" Whit Sun Island. It is about four miles Ion?, and
Island. . T i • i • w r* i i i . i
three wide. Its latitude is 190 26 o. and its longitude, by observation 1370 56' VV.
When we came under the lee of the other island, I sent Lieutenant Furneaux, with the boats manned and armed, to the shore, where I saw about fifty of the natives armed with long pikes, and several of them running about with firebrands in their hands. I ordered Mr. Furneaux to go to that part of the beach where we saw the people, and endeavour to traffic with them for fruit and w; ter, or whatever else might be useful ; a't the fame time, being particularly careful to give them no offence. I ordered him also toemploy the boats in .sounding for anchorage. About sevea o'clock he returned, and told me that he could find na ground with the line, till he came within half a cable's length of the shore, and that there it consisted of sharp rocks, and lay very deep.
As the boat approached the shore,, the Indiana thronged down towards the beach, and put themselves upon their guard with their long pikes, as if to dispute the landing. Our men then lay upon their oars, and made signs of friendship, shewing at the same time feveral strings of beads, ribbands, knives and other
trinkets. trinkets. The Indians still made signs to our people, that they should depart, but at the same time eyed the trinkets with a kind of wishful curiosity. Soon aster some os them advanced a few steps into the sea, and our people making signs that they wanted cocoa-nuts and water, some of them brought down a small quantity of both; and ventured to hand them into the boat: the water was in cocoa-nut shells, and the fruit was stripped of its outward covering, which is probably used for various purposes. For this supply they were paid with the trinkets that had been shewed them, and some nails, upon which they seemed to set a much greater value. During this traffic, one of the Indians found means to steal a silk handkerchief, in which some of our small merchandize was wrapped up, and carried it clear off, with its contents, so dexterously, that nobody observed him. Our people made signs that a handkerchief had.been stolen, but they either could not, or would not understand them. The boat continued about the beach, sounding for anchorage, till it was dark; and having many times endeavoured to persuade the natives to bringdown some scurvy-grass, •without success, she returned on board.
I stood off and on with the ship all night, and as Mond s soon as the day broke, I sent the boats again, with orders to make a landing, bat without giving any offence to the natives, that could possibly be avoided. When our boats came near the shore, the officer was -greatly surprized to see seven large canoes, with two stout masts in each, lying just in the surf, with all the inhabitants upon the beach, ready to embark. They made signs to our people to go higher up; they readily complied, and as soon as they went on shore, all the Indians embarked, and sailed away to the westward, being joined by two other canoes at the west end of the island. About noon, the boats returned, laden with cocoa-nuts, palm-nuts, and scurvy grass. Mr. Furneaux, who commanded the expedition, told me that the Indians had left nothing behind them but four or five canoes. He found a well of very good water, and described the island as being sandy and level, full of trees, but without underwood, and abounding with scurvy-grass. The canoes, which steered about W. S.