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1767- was a league distant, quite over the deck. They did March. not Ia^. more t^an a minute, but were so frequent, that the cables were kept in a constant strain, and there was the greatest reason to fear that they would give way. It was a general opinion that the Swallow could not possibly ride it out, and some of the men were so strongly prepossessed with the notion of her being lost, thatthey fancied they saw some of her people coming over the rocks towards our ship. The weather continued so Saturday 7- bad till Saturday the seventh, that we could send no boat to enquire aster her; but the gale being then more moderate, a boat was dispatched about four o'clock in the morning, which, about the same hour in the asternoon, returned with an account that the ship was sase, but that the fatigue of the people had been incredible, the whole crew having been upon the deck near three days and three nights. At midnight the gusts return^ ed, though not with equil violence, with hail, sleet and snow. The weather being now extremely cold, Sunday 8. and the people never dry, I got up the next morning eleven bales of thick woollen stuff, called Fearnought, which is provided by the government, and set all the taylors to work to make them into jackets, of which every man in the ship had one.

I ordered these jackets, to be made very large, allowing, one with another, two yards and thirty-four inches of the cloth to each jacket. I sent also seven bales of the fame cloth to the Swallow, which made every man on board a jacket of the fame kind; and I cut up three bales of finer cloth, and made jackets for the officers of both ships, which I had the pleasure to find were very acceptable.

In this situation we were obliged to continue a week, during which time, I put both my own ship, and the Swallow, upon two thirds allowance, except brandy; but continued the breakfast as long as greens and water were plenty. Sunday 15. On Sunday the 15th, about noon we saw the Swallow under sail, and it being calm, we sent our launch to assist her. In the evening the launch returned, having towed her into a very good harbour oh the south *Y, shore, opposite to where we lay. The account that

we we received of this harbour, determined us to get into *767


it as soon as,possible; the next morning therefore, at ,_"L^j

eight o'clock, we failed from Good-luck Bay and

thought ourselves happy to get fase out of it. When

we got a-breast of the harbour where the Swallow lay,

we fired several guns, as signals for her boats to assist

us in getting in ; and in a short time the master came

on board us, and piloted us to a very commodious

station, where we anchored in 28th fathom, with a

muddy bottom. This harbour, which is sheltered from

all winds, and excellent in every respect, we called

Swallow Harbour. There are two channels into

it, which are both narrow, but not dangerous, as the

rocks are easily discovered by the weeds that grow

upon them.

At nine o'clock the next morning, the wind coming Monday 16: easterly, we weighed, and failed from Swallow Harbour. At noon we took the Swallow in tow, but at five there being little wind, we cast of the tow. At eight in the evening, the boats which had been sent out to look for anchorage, returned with an account that they could find none: at nine we had fresh gales, and at midnight Cape Upright bore S. S. W.fW.

At seven the next morning, we took the Swall<Jw Tuesd. 17. again in tow, but was again obliged to cast her off and tack, as the weather became very thick, with a great swell, and we faw land close under our lee. As no place for anchorage could be found, Captain Carteret advised me to bear away for Upright bay, to which I consented ; and as he was acquainted with the place, he went a-head: the boats were ordered to go between him and the shore, and we followed. At eleven o'clock, there being little wind, we opened a large lagoon, and a current setting strongly into it, the Swallow was driven among the breakers close upon the lee shore: to aggravate the misfortune, the weather was very hazy, there was no anchorage, and the surs ran very high. In this dreadsul situation me made signals of distress, and we immediately sent our launch, and other boats, to her assistance: the boats took her in tow, but their utmost efforts to fave her would have

Vot. I. L been

»767- been ineffectual, if a breeze had not suddenly come t , down from a mountain and wasted her off.

'~ As a great swell came on about noon, we hauled

over to the north shore. We soon found ourselves surrounded with islands, but the fog was so thick, that we knew not where we were, nor which way to steer. Among these islands the boats were sent to cast the lead, but no anchorage was to be found; we then conjectured, that we were in the Bay of Islands, and that we had no chance to escape shipwreck, bat by hauling directly out: this, however, was no easy task, for I was obliged to tack, almost continually, to weather some island or rock. At four o'clock in the asternoon, it happily cleared up for a minute, just to shew us Cape Upright, for which we directly steered, and at half an hour aster five anchored, with the Swallow, in the bay. When we dropped the anchor, we were in 24 fathom, and aster we had veered away a whole cable, in 46, with a muddy bottom. In this situation, a high bluff on the northtshore bore N. W. £ N. distant five leagues, and a small island within us S. by E. £ E. Soon aster we had anchored, the Swallow drove to leeward, notwithstanding she had two anchors a-head, but was at last brought up, in 70 fathom, abeut a cable's length a-stern of us. At four o'clock in the morning I fent the boats, with a considerable number of men, and some hausers and anchors, on board her, to weigh her anchors, and warp her up to windward. When her best bower anchor was weighed, it was found entangled with the small one; I therefore found it necessary to send the stream cable on board, and the ship was hung up by it. To clear her anchors, and warp her into a proper birth, cost us the whole day, and was not at last effected without the utmost difficulty and labour.

On the 18th we had fresh breezes.and sent the boats Wedncs.,«. tQ found crose the St-raight- Within half a mile of

the ship, they had 40, 45, 50, 70, 100 fathom, and then had no ground, till within a cable's length of the lee shore, where they had 90 fathom. We now moored the ship in 78 fathom, with the stream anchor.


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The next morning, while our people were employ- M17'j' ed in getting wood and water, and gathering celery and 1

muscles, two canoes sull of Indians, came along side ThurC 19. of the ship. They had much the fame appearance as the poor wretches whom we had seen before in Elizabeth's bay. They had on board some seals flesh, blubber, and penguins, all which they eat raw. Some of our people who were fishing with a hook and line, gave one of them a fish, somewhat bigger than a herring, alive just as it came out of the water. The Indian took it hastily, as a dog would take a bone, and instantly killed it, by giving it a bite near the gills: he then proceeded to eat it, beginning with the head, and going on to the tail, without rejecting either the bones, fins, scales, or entrails. They eat every thing that was given to them, indifserently, whether falt or fresh, "dressed or raw, but would drink nothing hut water. They shivered with cold, yel had nothing to cover them but a seal-skin, thrown loosely over their shoulders, which did not reach to their middle; and we observed, that when they were rowing, they threw even this by, and fat stark naked. They had with them some javelins, rudely pointed with bone, with which they used to strike seals, fish, and penguins, and we observed that one of them had a piece of iron, about the size of a common chissel, which was fastened to a piece of wood, and seemed to be intended rather for a tool than a weapon. They had all sore eyes, which we imputed to their sitting over the smoke of their fires, and they smelt more ofsensively than a fox, which perhaps was in part owing to their diet, and in part to their nastiness. Their canoes were about fifteen seet long, three broad and nearly three deep: they were made of the bark of trees, sewed together, either with the sinews of some beast, or thongs cut out of a hide. Some kind of rush was laid into the seams, and the outside was smeared with a resin, or gum, which prevented the water from soaking into the bark. Fifteen slender branches, bent into an arch, were sewed transversely to the bottom and sides, and some strait pieces were placed cross the top, from gunwale to gunwale, and securely lashed at each end: upon the whole however, . it was poorly made, nor had these people any thing

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»767< among them in which there was the least appearance

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of ingenuity^ I gave them a hatchet or two, with some beads, and a few other toys, with which they went away to the southward, and we saw no more of them.

White, we lay here, we sent out the boats, as usual, in search of anchoring places, and having been 10 leagues to the westward, they found but two : one was to the westwardof Cape Upright, in the Bay of Islands, but was very difficult to enter and get out of; the other was called Dolphin Bay, at 10 leagues distance, which was a good harbour, with even ground in all parts. They few several small coves, which were all dangerous, as in them it would be necessary to let go the anchor within half a cable's length of the lee shore, and steady the ship with halsers fastened to the rocks. The people belonging to one of the boats spent a night upon an island upon which while they were there, six canoes landed about thirty Indians. The Indians ran immediately to the boat, and were carrying away every thing they found in her; our people discovered what they were doing just time enough to prevent them. As soon as they found themselves opposed, they went to their canoes, and armed themselves with long poles, and javelins pointed with the bones of fish. They did not begin an'attack, but stood in a threatening manner: our people who were two and twenty in number, acted only on the defensive, and by parting with a few trisles to them they became friends, and behaved peaceably the rest of the time they staid.

For many days, we had hail, lightning, rain, and hard gales, with a heavy sea, so that we thought it impossible for the ship to hold, though she had two anchors a-head, and two cables an end. The men however, were fent frequently on shore for exercise, which contributed greatly to rheir health, and procured almost constant supply of muscles and greens. Among other damages that we had sustained, our fireplace was broken to pieces, we therefore found it necessary to set up the forge, and employ the armourers to make a new back; we also made lime of burnt shells, and once more put it into in a useful condition.


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