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Our latitude at noon was 380 55' longitude 56° »766.

A.l' W. December.

Our soundings continued from 00 to 40 fathom. M^jxts. till the eighth of December, when, about six o'clock in the morning, we saw land bearing from S. W. to W. by S. and appearing like many small islands. At noon it bore from W. by S. to S. S. W. distant 8 leagues; our latitude then bearing 470 16' S. longitude 64° 58' W. About three o'clock Cape Blanco bore W. N. W. distant fix leagues, and a remarkable double saddle W. S. W. distant about three leagues. We had now soundings from 20 to 16 fathom, sometimes with coarse sandandgravel, sometimes with small black stones and shells. At eight in the evening the Tower rock at Port Desire bore S. W. by W. distant about three leagues ; and the extreams of the land from S. by E. to N. W. by N. At nine Penguin Island bore S. W. by W. \ W. distant two leagues; and at four o'clock in the morning of the ninth, the Tuesday 9. land seen from the mast-head bore from S. W. to W. byN.

At noon Penguin Island bore S. by E. distant 57 miles; our latitude being 480 56' S. longitude 650 6 W. This day we saw such a quantity of red shrimps about the ship, that the sea was coloured with them.

At noon the next day, Wednesday the 10th, theWedn. 10. extreams of the land bore from S. W. to N. W. and Wood's Mount, near the entrance of Saint Julian's, bore S. W. by W. distant three or four leagues. Our latitude was 490 16' our longitude 66° 48' W. and our soundings were from 40 to 45 fathom, .sometimes fine sand, sometimes soft mud.

At noon, on Thursday the nth, Penguin Island Thurs. n. bore N. N. E. distant 58 leagues. Our latitude was 500 48' S. our longitude 670 10' W.

We continued our course till Saturday the 13th, Saturday 13 when our latitude being 500 34' S. and our longitude 68° 15' W. the extreams of the land bore fom N. \ E. to S. S. W. h W. and the ship was about five or six miles distant from the shore. Cape Beachy-head, the northermost cape, was found to lie in latitude 500 16 S. and Cape Fair-weather, the southermost cape, in latitude 500 50' S.


1766. On Sunday the 14th, at four in the morning, Cape

December, Beachy-head bore N. W. £ N. distant about eight

Sund. 14. leagues; and at noon, our latitude being 500 52' S. ar.d longitude 68° 10' W. Penguin Island bore N. 3500 E. distant 68 leagues. We were fix leagues from the shore, and the extreams of the land were from N. W. to W. S. W.

Monday 15. ^t eight o'clock in the morning, of Monday the 15th, being about fix miles from the shore, the extreams of the land bore from S. by E. to N. by E. and the entrance of the river Saint Croix S. W. \ W. We had 20 fathom quite cross the opening, the distance from point to point being about seven miles, and asterwards keeping at the distance of about four miles from each cape, we had from 22 to 24 fathom. The land on the north shore is high, and appears in three capes; that on the south shore is low and slat. At seven in the evening, Cape Fairweather bore S. W. £ S. distant about four leagues, a low point running . out from it S. S. W. J W. We stood off and on all night, and had from 30 to 22 fathom water, with a bottom of sand and mud. At seven the next

Tuesday 16. morning, Tuesday the 16th, we shoaled gradually into 12 fathom, with a bottom of fine sand, and soon aster into six: we then hauled off S. E- by S. somewhat more than a mile; then steered east five miles, then E. by N. and deepened into 12 fathom. Cape Fairweather at this time boreW. 1 S. distant four leagues, and the northermost extremity of the land W. N. W. When we first came into shoal water, Cape Fairweather bore W. \ N. and a low point without it W. S. W. distant about four miles. At noon Cape Fairweather bore W. N. W. \ W. distant fix leagues, and a large hummock S. W. i W. distant seven leagues. At this time our latitude was 510 52' S. longitude 68° W.

At one o'clock, being about two leagues distant from the shore, the extreams of three remarkable round hills bore from S. W. by W. to W. S. W. At four, Cape Virgin Mary bore S. E. by S. distant about four leagues. At eight, we were very near the Cape, and upon the point of it saw several men riding, who made signs for us to come on shcre, In about half-an hour we anchored in a bay, close under the south fide of



the Cape, in ten fathom water, with a.gravelly bottom. '766. The Swallow and store-ship anchored soon aster be- ^_^^, tween us and the Cape, which then bore N. by W. i W. and a low sandy point like Dungeness S. by W. From the Cape there runs a shoal, to the distance of about half a league, which may be easily known by the weeds that are upon it. We found it high water at half an hour aster eleven, and the tide rose twenty feet.

The natives continued a-breast of the ship all night, making several great fires, and frequently shouting very loud. As soon as it was light, on Wednesday morn ing the 17th, we saw great numbers of them in mo- Wednes. 17tion, who made signs for us to land. About five o'clock I made the signal for the boats belonging to the Swallow and the Prince Frederick to come on board, and in the mean time hoisted out our own. These boats being all manned and armed, I took a party of marines, and rowed towards the shore, having left orders with the master to bring the ship's broad-side to bear upon the landing place, and to keep the guns loaded with round shot. We reached the beach about six o'clock, and before we went from the boat, I made signs to the natives to retire to some distance: they immediately complied, and I then landed with the captain of the Swallow, and several of the officers: the marines were drawn up, and the boats were brought to a grappling near the shore. I then made signs to the natives to come near, and directed them to sit down in a semicircle, which they did with great order and chearfulness. When this was done, I distributed among them feveral knives, scissars, buttons, beads, combs, and other toys, particularly some ribbands to the women, which they received with a very becoming mixture of pleasure and respect. Having distributed my presents, I endeavoured to make them understand that I had other things which 1 would part with, but for which I expected somewhat in return. I shewed them some hatchets and bill-hooks, and pointed to some guanicoes, which happened to be near, and some ostriches which I saw dead among them; making signs at she fame time that I wanted to eat; but they either could not, or would not understand me: for


'i66- though they seemed verv desirous of the hatchets and


the bill-hooks, they did not give the least intimation that they would part with any provisions; no traffick therefore was carried on between us.

Each of these people, both men and women, had a horse, with a decent faddle, stirrups, and bridle. The men had wooden spurs, except one, who had a large pair of such as are worn in Spain, brass stirrups, and a Spanish cymeter, without a scabbard; but notwithstanding these distinctions, he did not appear to have any authority over the rest: the women had no spurs. The horses appeared to be well made, and nimble, and were about 14 hands high. The people had also many dogs with them, which, as well as the horses, appeared to be of a Spanish breed. ,

As I had two measuring rods with me, we went round and measured those that appeared to be tallest amongst them. One of these was six seet seven inches high, several more were six feet five, and six seet six inches; but the stature of the greater part of them was from five seet ten to six seet. Their complexion is a dark copper colour, like that of the Indians in North America ; their hair is strait, and nearly as harsh as hog's bristles: it is tied back with a cotton string, but neither sex wears any head-dress. They are well made, robust, and boney; but their hands and seet are remarkably small. They are cloathed with the skins of the guanico, sewed together into pieces about six seet long, and five wide: these are wrapped round the body, and fastened with a girdle, with the hairy side inwards; some of them had also what the Spaniards have called a puncho, a square piece of cloth made of the downy hair of the guanico, through which a hole being cut for the -head, the rest hangs round them about as low as the knee. The guanico is an animal that in size, make, and colour, resembles a deer, but it has a hump on its back, and no horns. These people wear also a kind of drawers, which they pull up very tight, and buskins, which reach from the midleg to the instep before, and behind are brought under the heel; the rest of the foot is without any covering. We observed that several of the men had a fed circle painted round the left eye, and that others were painted

on on their arms, and on disserent parts of the face; the '766ber eye-lids of nil the young women were painted black. K They talked much, and some of them called out Ca-pi-ta-ne; but when they were spoken to in Spanish, Portuguese, French, and Dutch, they made no reply. Of their own language we could distinguish only one word, which was chevow: we supposed it to be a falutation, as they always pronounced it when they shook hands with us, and when, by signs, they asked us to give them any thing. When they were spoken to in English, they repeated the words after us as plainly as we could do; and they soon got by heart the words " Englishmen come on shore." Every one had a missile weapon of a singular kind, tucked into the 'girdle. It consisted of two round stones, covered with leather, each weighing about a pound, which were fastened to the two ends of a string about eight seet long. This is used as a sting, one stone being kept in the hand, and the other whirled round the head till it is supposed to have acquired sufficient force, and then discharged at the object. They are so expert in the management os this double-headed shot, that they will hit a mark, not bigger than a shilling, with both the stones, at the distance of fifteen yards; it is not their custom, however, to strike either the guanico or the ostrich with them in the chace, but they discharge them so that the cord comes against the legs of the ostrich, or two of the legs of the guanico, and is twisted round them by the force and swing of the balls, so that the animal being unable to run, becomes an easy prey to the hunter.

While we stayed on shore, we faw them eat some of their flesh meat raw, particularly the paunch of an ostrich, without any other preparation or cleaning than just turning it inside out and shaking it. We observed among them several beads, such as I gave them, and two pieces of red baize, which we supposed had been left there, or in the neighbouring country, by Commodore Byron.

After I had spent about sour hours with these people, I made signs to them that I was going on board, and that I would take some of them with me if they were desirous to go. As soon as T had made myself understood,

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