History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey: Volume 2, Reform, Revolution, and Republic: The Rise of Modern Turkey 1808-1975, Band 11
Reform, Revolution and Republic: The Rise of Modern Turkey, 1808-1975 is the second book of the two-volume History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey. It discusses the modernization of the Ottoman Empire during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the spread of nationalism among its subject peoples, and the revolutionary changes in Ottoman institutions and society that led to the Empire's demise and the rise of the democratic Republic of Turkey. Based on extensive research in the Ottoman archives as well as Western sources, this volume analyzes the external pressures, reform measures, institutional changes, and intellectual movements that affected the heterogeneous Ottoman society during the Empire's last century. It concludes with an analysis of contemporary Turkey's constitutional and political structures and principal domestic and foreign problems.
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The Beginnings of Modern Ottoman Reform The Era of Mahmut II 18081839
The Era of Modern Reform The Tanzimat 18391876
Culmination of the Tanzimat The Reign of Abdulhamit II 18761909
The Young Turk Period 19081918
The Turkish War for Independence 19181923
The Turkish Republic 19231975
The Ottoman Grand Vezirs and Prime Ministers 18391922
Presidents of the Turkish Republic
Abdulhamit accept administrative agricultural Ahmet Albanian Allied Ankara appointed Arab Armenian army Assembly Balkan Bayar began Bosporus Britain British Bulgaria central Cevdet Christian Constitution corps Council courts developed Diistur East Rumelia eastern Anatolia economic Edirne elected Enver Erzurum established European finally forces foreign French Fuat governor grand vezir Greece Greek groups Imperial increased independence Irade Islam Istanbul Izmir Janissaries Kemal latter leaders legislative Liitfi Macedonia Mahmut mainly major Mehmet ment Midhat military millet minister Ministry modern Muhammad Muslim Mustafa Res.it nationalists non-Muslim Nutuk officers organized Ottoman Empire palace Parliament Party Pas.a Pasa percent political population Porte provinces reforms regulations religious remained Republic restore revenues revolt Russian Sait Salonica schools secular secure serasker Serbia soon sultan Tanzimat tax farms territory tion treasury Treaty Turkey Turkish nationalism ulema Young Ottomans Young Turk Zabit Ceridesi