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t all be and the striker's within it masked by one or more of the in then others, the marker must remove the masking halls, and
replace them immediately after the stroke.
19. Any person playing before his turn, without be. ing direcied to do so, by either of the players, must be
marked once, take up his ball, and pay a ticket to the ets or a number he played at. number 21. If the striker forces either of the other balls over ance the cushion, it counts nothing. nust leat The original rule is, that a ball forced over the se strofa cushion, shall be marked once; but this rule was insti.
tuled by cue players, by whoin, in certain positions, it In case is easily accomplished, and the deficie t, and player in this point was never brought into view ; so.
inat in adhering to this custom, we shall continue to followin give the cute player an equalized advantage, and there.
fore, we thought proper to advise froin it.
1919, 220, 230, 241h, 26th, 27th of the preliminary
THE GAME OF TENNIS
A TENNIS COURT is generally in length ninety-six' or ninety seven feet, by thirty-three or four in breadth. A line or net hangs across the middle, over which the ball must be struck, to make any stroke gnod. At the en. trance of a tennis court there is a long covered passage before you enter the dedans, that is, a kind of front gallery where speciators usually stand; into which whenever a ball is struck, it tells for a certain stroke. This long passage or gallery is divided into different apartments, which are called galleries, viz. from the line towards the dedans, are the first gallery door, second gallery, and the last gallery : which is called the service side. Fro:n the dedans to the last gallery are the figures 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, each at a yaru distance, marking the chaces, one of the most essential parts of this game. On the other side of the line are also the first gallery, door, second gallery, and last gallery, which is called the ha. zard side: every ball struck into the last gallery on this side reckons for a certain stroke, the same as into the dedans. Between the second and this last gallery are the figures 1, 2, to mark the chaces on the hazard-side. Over this long gallery is a covering called the pent house, on which the ball is played from the service side to be. gin a set of terris, and if the player fails striking the ball (so as to rebound from the pent.house) over a cer. tain line on the serviceside, it is reckoned a fault; two of them are counted for a stroke. If the ball rolla round the pent house, on the opposite side of the court, so as to fall beyond a particular described line, it is called passe, goes for nothing, and the player on either side must serve again.
On the right-hand side of the court from the dedans, a part of the wall projects more than the rest, in order to make a variety in the stroke, and render it more difficult to be returned by the adversary, and is called the lambour: the grill is the last thing on the right hand
side, a-herein if the bail is struck, it reckons for 15, of a certain stroke.
The game is played by sets. A set of tennis consists of six games, but if what is called an advantage set i's played, two above five games must be won on one side or the other successively, to decide ; or in case it should be six games all, two games all, two games must still be won on one side to conclude the set: so that an arivantage eet may last a considerable time; for which kind of sets the court is paid more than for any other.
We shall now describe the use of the chaces, and how they decide or interfere so much in the game.
When the player gives his service in order to begin the set, his adversary is supposed to return the ball : and wherever it falls, after the first rebound, untouched, the chace is called accordingly : for example, if the bali falls at the figure 1, the chace is called at a yard, tha is to say, at a yard from the dedans; this chace remains tili a second service is given, and if the player on the service. side lets the ball go after his adversary returns it, and if the ball falls on or between any one of these figures or chaces, they miust change sides, for he will be then on the hazard-side to play for the first chace, which if he wios by striking the ball so as to fall, after its first rebound, nearer to the dedans than the figure 1, with out his adversary's being able to return it from its first rebound, he wins a stroke, and then proceeds in like manner to win a second stroke, &c. If a ball falls on a line with the first gallery, door, second gallery, or last gallery, the chace is likewise called at such or such a place, naining the gallery, door, &c. When it is just put over the line, it is called a chace at the line. If the player on the service side returns a ball with such force as to strike the wall on the hazard side so as to rebound, after the first hop over the line, it is also called a chacé at the line.
The chaces on the hazard side proceed from the ball being returned either too hard, or not quite hard enough, so that the bali, after its first rebound, falls on this side the blue line, or line which describes the hazard side chaces, in which case it is a chace at 1, 2, &c. provice, there is no chace depending, and according to the spoo where it exactly falls. When they change sides ibe player, in order to win this chace, must put the ballover
the line, any where, so that his adversary does not return it. When there is no chace on the hazard-side, all balls put over the line, from the service-side, without being returned, reckon for a stroke.
As it is upon the marking that the game chiefly de. peuds, it becomes necessary to explain it; and those who play at tennis ought to have a good and unbiassed marker, for on him may depend the whole set. He can mark in favour of the one, and against the other, in that manner as will cause the odds of two to one at starting, although even players. Instead of which the marker ought to be very attentive to the chaces, and to e totally impartial to the players.
The gaine, instead of being marked one, two, three, four, is called for the first stroke, fifteen ; for the second, thirty; for the third, forty ; and for the fourth, unless the players get four strokes each: in that case, instead of calling it forty all, it is called Deuce, after which, as soon as any stroke is got, it is called Advan. tage, and in case the strokes become equal again, Deuce again : till one or the other geis two strokes to lowing, which win the game : and as the games are won, so they are marked and called ; as one game love, two gaines to one, &c. towards the set, of which so many of these games consist.
To avoid trouble, a number of balls are made use of at this game, although but one at a time is played with. By which means they can play as long as they please without having occasion to stoop once for a wall.
The odds at this garne are very uncertain, on account of the chances; and various methods of giving odds have been used to render a match equal. .
A Brsque is the lowest odds given, (except choice of the sides,) and is the liberty of scoring a stroke when ever the player, who receives the advantage, thinks proper; for example, let a game be forty or thirty, he who is forty by taking the Bisque beconies game.
Fifteen, is a stroke given at the beginning of a game.
Half thirty, is Fifteen given the first game, and Thir. ly the next; and so on to the whole Thirty, Forty. &c.
Half Court, is confining the plarer to play into the adversary's half.court, and is of great advantage to the adversary. Sometinies it is played straightwise, and at other times across.
Touch no Wall, that is being obliged to play within the compass of the walls, or sides of the court, and is a considerable advantage given to the adversary, as all the balls must be played gently, and consequently they are much easier to take than those which are played hard, or according to the usual method of play.
Round Service, is serving the ball round the penthouse, so as to render it easy for the Striker-out (the player who is on the hazard side, to return the ball.)
Barring the Hazards, is not reckoning the dedans, tambour, grill, or the last gallery, or the hazard side, &c.
The game of tennis is also played by four persons, two partners on each side. In this case they are generally confined to their particular quarters, and one of eaca side appointed to serve and strike out: in all other respects the game is played in the same manner as when two only play.