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consider the decision of that night, they act upon it? No. They puras forming a proud political æra in sue a conduct quite inconsistent the history of this empire-an æra with their professions; they endeaat which, in distant times, posterity vour to defeat it by every exertion will look back, as a great consti- within the grasp of their ineffectual tutional precedent. , Have I not power. Why do I mention this also reason to think those efforts fact? I mention it, that this house successful in an uncircumscribed should recollect it amongst the long measure, when I recollect that such enumeration of similar measures of decision was obtained in despite of this administration. To return to all the power and persuasions of the the immediate object of my present ministry, whose conduct upon this motion. We now know, from evioccasion I beg this house particular. dence unquestionable, that John, ly to retrace and consider? When earl of Chatham, in a most unconthe noble lord (Chatham) upon stitutional kind clandestine manner, whose conduct I felt it my duty to as a minion and a favourite, has animadvert, was at the bar of this abused the royal confidence, at the house, and when it was endeavour- same time, and by the same act, that ed to extract from him a plain an- he has violated the most sacred prin. swer to certain direct questions, it ciples of the constitution. This was asserted by them, that, in con• knowledge, I say, we are possessed sideration of the rank and privileges of from undeniable evidence, and it of that nobleman, we had no riglit only becomes this house to take the to press him. In answer, it was earliest opportunity of deciding contended by us, that in this house upon that evidence, and of expressthere existed a right to extract from ing, by its recorded resolutions, its any individual the fullest evidence high reprobation and indignation at upon public transactions; that such proceedings. Had it indeed right we considered indisputable, been an ordinary member who had at the same time admitting that been thus guilty ; had it been an inthe cases for. its extreme exercise dividual unprotected by the priviwere rare. What course did mi- leges of elevated rank, there would nisters propose? What line of pro- in such circumstances be no necesceeding did they, in an affected sity for the present motion. The candour, recommend? They told case would have been long ago deus that there was an easy way to cided; the indignation of this house extricate ourselves from the diffi- would have been before this time culty. That way, they stated, was vented upon the offending indiviby an address to the crown, calling dual. Am I stating any thing for such documents as we supposed which the examination of the noble to have been delivered; and, in lord does not fully warrant me? I order to engage us more cheerfully am confident that I am not. Come to pursue their recommendation, pare the examination of lord Chatthey assured us of an answer most ham on the 22d of February with propitious to our wishes. Such was his examination on the 27th of the their recommendation : now mark same month; first with one another, the contrast which their subsequent and then with the answer which his conduct exhibits. When this very majesty had been pleased to give to address was proposed, which they your address; and shall not this themselves first recommended, do house act upon that

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principle, that equal justice ought alteration which he himself has told
to be administered, and that the you took place? He told you that
higher the situation of the offender it consisted in the omission of a
the greater should be its indignation paragraph, containing an opinion-
and its censure? But the indivi. an opinion, observe-yet when soli.
dual in this instance is a peer, in- cited to state the nature of that
vested with all the privileges of opinion, he declares his inability to
that exalted rank: still it is the communicate the most necessary
right and the duty of every mem- information. His examination pro-
ber of this house to observe upon ceeds; and the roble lord is asked,
his conduct; that duty I feel my. when this narrative so altered was
self imperiously called upon to per- again presented to his majesty ?
form. 'I find then, that John earl Mark his answer. He states, that
of Chatham, the late commander. it was tendered by him to his sove.
in-chief of the expedition to the reign upon the 14th of February.
Scheldt, did, without any consulta. Struck with the peculiarity of the
tion with his colleagues in the cabi. term tindered, I myself immediately
net, as I most truly believe--with. asked the noble Jord, what he meant
out intimating his intention to his by the expression he had thus used,
brother officer who commanded the and whether the narrative upon
naval force upon that expedition, that day had actually passed into
and wholly unknown, save to the his majesty's hands? To this his
royal personage whose confidence reply was—that it had not. Here
he has abused, did communicate to then was a paper presented upon
that personage a narrative of his the 14th of January last, conveying
proceedings on that expedition, so at least twelve direct chargesagainst
far back as the 15th of January last. the gallant naval officer who com-
I find that it lay in the possession manded, with an opinion of the
of that personage, wrapped up in noble lord's affixed. An opinion !
the most impenetrable secrecy-a And am I not bound to presume,
secrecy desired by him who present- that such opinion so communicated,
ed it, -until the 14th of February now not recollected, by the noble
last. At least, it remained wholly lord, went to inculpate the naval
undisturbed until the 7th of that officer against whom this very nar-
month, when, for reasons as yet only rative now revised, contains, as I
known to the earl of Chatham, it before stated, twelve direct charges
was requested of the king to return of misconduct ? . The house will
it to him for correction. I say, recollect, that this narrative in the
reasons as yet only known to that shape originally presented, with an
noble lord; for I am sure there is opinion affixed, was for twenty-five
no man who can deny that the days in the hands of his majesty
reasons since stated by him are so that there did not since occur any
inconsistent and contradictory, that conference, any retractation that
it is impossible to assume that we even in iis amended, or rather its
are acquainted with his real mo- altered form, it was not read to the
tives. On that day the noble lord king? that it was not admitted to
applied to have the document re- that royal personage, to say to the
turned to him, for the purpose of noble lord, 'I find your lordship has
alteration. His request was ac- changed your narrative, have you
quiesced in; and what was the also changed your opinion? Is not

this an offence of the most aggra. declared, existed behind the throne, vated nature against the first prin- and was greater than the throne ciples of our constitution? Is it not itself. Has he not published it in an offence that, if suffered to escape those speeches, which we have auwithout the recorded animadversion thority to consider as his own and of this house, is pregnant with the yet we live in times when, for the most incalculable evils ? Look at very same declaration, men are the period when the house of com- actually suffering in your gaols. mons is called to exercise its duty But, if its existence was heretofore upon such transactions. We are problematical, we have it now benow approaching the close of a long fore us unmasked and unravelled. reign-the reign of a monarch, who Strange fatality! that in the son of above all others has lived in the that very man who first made the hearts and affections of his people. bold and awful annunciation, we But as a monarch has his peculiar find one of the agents of that occult virtues, so has every reign its cha. influence which the father so long racteristic features, Most truly deprecated and so long resisted. can we say of the revered soversign Long has that fatal influence been of these reaims, that his virtues are successful in the accomplishment his own, and that whatever evils of its mischief! Vain have been have occurred, they are to be aitri- the past efforts to resist or to ex. buted to the servants who have pose it. Though certain in the been in the enjoyment of his conf. realization of its views, it disapdence. What then has been the peared before it was detected. characteristic feature of this reign? Whoever were the ostensible serHave we not been told by authori. vants of the crown; however great ties the most entitled to veracity and salutary the principles of their and confidence, that from its com- policy, or the objects of their ad. mencement there has existed a se- ministration, their labcurs were cret, mysterious, and unconstitu• counteracted; their just expectational influence, which has set at tions disappointed. However innought that responsibility which cessant the toil to weave the web, . the constitution demands from the in one night, one hour, this invisible advisers of the crown? Has not

power was able to unravel it.

lt, such a communication been made like within the walls of this house, by

“the drudging goblin sweat him who had carried the reputa. To earulis cream-bowi duly set, tion of this country to the zenith of When in one night, ere glimpse of morn,

His shadowy flail had thresh'd the corn its glory--by him who, by his un

That ten dav-labourers could not end : - sullied and exalted patriotism, had And stretch'd out all the chimney's length,

acquired that title superior to what Basks at the fire his hairy strength, united kings could bestow, namely, And cropful out of dwis he flings, that of the first commoner of Eng- Ere the fi.st cock his matiri rings.” land? I mean him, afterwards cre. That his majesty is not in any deated William earl of Chatham. gree to blame I am ready to admit, In power, and out of power, in and that his sacred feelings are not favour, and in disgrace, that ever-to- violated by the course which I be-venerated statesman felt the ma. propose, is what I also contend. lignant influence of the secret and If his honour and his interests have monstrous conspiracy, whiclı, as he been too long sacrificed to such an

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unconstitutional influence, it is we have uniformly witnessed the right that his eyes should he now same zeal, energy, and heroic deopened ; opened at the moment votion, animating both descriptions when this power is detected in its of our defence, each adding to the criminal influence. It is right that glory of the other by the reciprocal parliament should declare, that the assistance afforded when their conconstitution of this country never joint operations were demanded. will admit of any other advisers I will not directly charge the noble but those who are the avowed, os- lord with that intention, but I beg tensible, and responsible servants of leave to call this house to the conthe crown. The house of com- tradiction which exists between his mons, now that it has exposed to own statements, together with their its view the exercise of this influ- variance with the truth, which his 'ence, should take care, by the majesty's answer has unfolded. manifestation of its indignation, to First, let it be recollected, that the warn others from a similar course noble lord determined upon his in future. But, in the present in- unconstitutional course at a time stance, is the danger of such an when no inquiry into the expedition offence limited to a mere abstract to the Scheldt was intended; when, violation of the constitution ? Is it in place of such a measure being a simple sin, not aggravated by the intended, his colleagues in the cabiconsequences of any actual evil? net had declared a contrary intenSee what the noble lord has done, tion; when he must have known and extend your thoughts to what that they would exert all their might have probably been the con- power and influence to resist or to sequence of such conduct. Could evade it; when he could not conhe have devised any thing more template that the public spirit of likely to produce dissensions be- this house, in unison with the pubtween the military and naval ser- lic voice of the country, would vice, and all that frightful train of wring it from a reluctant but disevils to which such a calamity comfited ministry. It was at such would lead ? It has been the glory a moment, and under such a state of latter times, that between the of things, that the noble lord seized two descriptions of our public force, the opportunity of darkly and seupon all occasions where the inter- cretly stabbing the constitution of ests of the empire called for their his country, or, if not the constitucombined exertion, the most zea- tion, of stabbing the naval reputalous co-operation has been mani- tion of sir Richard Strachan. But fested. During this long disastrous he tells you, that on the fourteenth war, disastrous, I may say, when of February he first presented this applied to the attainment of our narrative to the king. Why that original objects, this country has particular time? Because it was a enjoyed the happiness of finding levee day. When questioned furupon no one occasion, the least re- ther for his reasons for delivering cognition of those coniplaints which, it at all, he states that he underdid exist at other periods of its hise stood it was the intention of sir tory, and which, if they had now

Richard Strachan to present a narexisted, would have been felt in the rative of his proceedings. He is loss of thousands of our gallant further interrogated, and his andefenders: but, on the contrary, swer is, that he was anxious that

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both narratives should be presented can exist. But both will, I trust, on the same day, as he was unwill- continue to proceed, evincing the ing to deliver his before that of sir same zeal, cordiality, and valour as Richard Strachan. Let the house have heretofore characterized their remember, that the lith of Febru- combined operations. That I may ary was fixed upon by the noble noc wilste the time of this house, or lord, at a time when this house was prevent abler men from addressing ignorant, as were his colleagues, of more persuasive arguments to its any previous presentation. What consideration, I now beg leave to were your reasons, the noble lord is conclude, not without some emo. asked, for selecting that day for tions of anxiety, not an anxiety this simultaneous operation between proceeding from any doubts or you and the naval commander !-- fears that I entertain as to the pro

Had you any pre- priety of the conduct which I have vious communication with that felt it my duty to pursue, but an officer ?-No. Were you called anxiety created by the apprehension upon to produce such a statement? th:1t I have not done full justice to - No. Was sir Richard Strachan? my country, an anxiety I feel for - I believe not.

did de. the decision of this night. I still, liver one on the 14th of February ? however, cannot anticipate any one -I did. Did sir Richard Strach- hostile to the resolutions I shall an?-I believe not. Compare propose, when I remember what these statements with what we now your recent conduct has been, when know to have passed before, and you addressed the crown even upon there is, I contend, no necessity for the suspicion of an unconstitutional comment. Compare his examina- proceeding. When, therefore, you tion on the 22d with his examina- find that the deed which you sustion on the 27th, and there is no pected has been done ; when the necessiiy for comment. Yet, after undeniable proofs are before you ; all these siatements, shall it be con- not to pass a vote of censure upon tended that, though twelve direct him who has offended, would be accusations are conveyed against not only inconsistent with your the navy, there existed no wish or former vote, but would be as highly intention on the part of the noble derogatory to your character as it lord to impute blame to that quar- would be subversive of your most ter! What! is the noble lord, imperative duties. On the contrathen, to throw firebrands in his ry, should the vote of this night sport? Indeed, if it could be sup- crown the labours of your former posed that in the military service struggle against all the influence of minds could be found liable to be power and favouritism, you will imposed upon and deluded by such give the best answer to whatever a proceeding, then it were almost has been stated to your prejudice, impossible to calculate upon the exemplifying an integrity of princonsequent erils. But I confess, ciple and a spirit of patriotism, as circumstances have now unfold- which could not be exceeded in any ed themselves, I am not at all ap- reformation which others or I mým prehensive of such consequences; self would wish to see effected in the now that the dark and clandestine constitution of this house." Mr. intrigue is exposed in open day. Whitbread concluded with moving, light, no difference between the “That John earl of Cliatham having two branches of the public service requested permission of his majesty 1810.

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