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office in which such a matter had had come down to the house, pre: occurred, without the benefit of a pared with some extracts from the report from the committee who had minutes of the committee, for the investigated the subject, to enable information of the honourable genthem to shape the bill for the better tleman, understanding that his bill prevention of similar occurrences was to proceed that day. He in future,

thought, however, that it would Mr. Bankes said, that in respect be expedient to postpone the further to the accounts of Mr. Villiers and proceeding on the bill for some his office, the subject had been for days, as it was not unlikely that a considerable time under the con- the committee might ultimately feel sideration of the finance committee, it their duty to recommend the who, he trusted, would ere long abolition of the office of paymaster be enabled to make some specific of marines altogether, as unnecesę report upon that subject; and as to sary, because he was only an interthe manner in which this defalca, mediate person between the treation had occurred, the committee surer of the navy, who acted as its had traced it, like many others, to banker, and the deputy paymaster the very defective manner in which of marines, who issued the pay, accounts were passed by those whose Although the saving upon the induty it was to audit' them; and dividual office would not be very more especially in the navy depart. considerable, yet, as part of a syment. The subject was found ex- stem of employments which aptremely complex: and the com- peared unnecessary, it seemed to mittee therefore chose rather to the committee, in their present forgo the commendation of an ex. view of the subject, that it ought peditious report, in order to a more to be abolished. For the reasons deliberate and correct investiga- he had already stated in the mode tion; and although no exertion of passing accounts, without adwas omitted on their parts to ex- verting to the receipts in the hands pedite the business, still he could of public officers, as well as their not flatter the house with hopes of disbursements, the state of balances a full report upon this subject very was of course falsely stated; and specdily. The leading cause of to rectify this was a principal ob. this and a similar detalcation not ject. The deficit in the account of having been sooner found out and Mr. Villiers reached its amount so checked, was, that those whose long since as 1804. But there were duty it was to pass the accounts, many documents since then necescontented themselves merely with sary to the information of the com. comparing vouchers with the sums miitee, which they had not as yet charged as expenditure, without been able to obtain, and without looking at all to the receipts in the which they could not come to any hands of the officer, and the in- accurate conclusion, Such, how. terest thereon. The committee, he ever, had been the mode of passsaid, would be ready to afford the ing accounts, strange as it might house every information which seem; and such was the cause of reached their knowledge, to aid its the deficits so long undiscovered. proceedings upon any point where The chancellor of the exchequer such information should become had no objection to postpone the necessary; and for this purpose lie committee on the bill, or any dis,

cussion

cussion that might be necessary, to be found generally to be a saving a more distant day; but he hoped: of 123,0001. and under the head of there would be no objection now to new works, would be found a furthe second reading. 'He was sure ther saving of 17,0001. He felt it it must be satisfactory to all parts unnecessary to trouble the house of the house to see a termination with any further detail, but would to such practices in public depart- be ready to give gentlemen every ments, than which nothing could satisfactory explanation that it was be more disgusting or more dis- within his power to give on any graceful. The bill was finally points upon which it might be passed.

deemed necessary. The honour March 14. Mr. Ashley Cooper, able gentleman then concluded with without any prefatory observations, moving, That it is the opinion of stated to the committee (the house the committee, that a sum not exhaving gone into the committee of ceeding 3,819,466. be granted to supply), that the total saving on his majesty towards defraying the the ordnance estimates for this year ordnance estimates for the current amounted to 1,238,000l. ;-—under year. the head of ordinaries, there would Mr. Calcraft said, he was not surbe found to be an excess for this prised that the honourable gentleyear, amounting to 7,000h.; but, man had been so brief upon the under the head of extraordinaries, subject : but he (Mr. Calcraft) there would be found to be a dimi- must request the patience of the nution of charge, amounting to house, while he deviated from the 1,140,000l.; and, under the head example which had been given, of unprovided, there would appear and went a little more into detail. a diminution of 352,2091.:--so that He found, in looking over the pathe total saving under these two pers which he held in his hand, a heads of extraordinaries and unpro- reduction of 100,0001. from the last vided, was a diminution of expense year's expense, and so far as such a amounting to 1,492,2091.;-and the reduction could be proved to be Lotal sum he meant now to call real, he was willing to allow the upon the committee to vote for the honourable gentleman due praise. ordnance services of the current This reduction had been in salt. year, for the united kingdom, petre, and those charges which amounted to 3,819,4661. The sav. were termed unprovided, a phrase ing under the head of extraordi, equivalent to extraordinaries in the naries arose from various causes. common accounts of the army ; but There was a deduction from the when he looked into those parts of annual charge of the foreigit ser- the statement where extravagance vice, of no less a sum than 200,0001. was most unjustiñable and unserThere was also a saving in works viceable, he found the old spirit still and repairs of 260,0001. There alive, and as vigororis as ever: he was a further saving of 60,0001. by found charged in 1809, 4,586). for the reduction of draught horses; a house for the secretary in Palland by the diminution of the num- mall; he next found for building, ber of depôts, there was an ad. for a similar purpose, $,4061. which, ditional saving of 100,0001. With with a nondescript charge which respect to the estimates for the he could not distinctly trace at that ordnance in Ireland, there would time, amounted to 11,000l. The

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expenditure in the ordance office 150,000/. . So much for the Head
itself was intolerable ; summed up, of Chatham-(A laugh.) He spoke
it was not less than $5,000/. lt from memory, but the work was
inight be alleged that part of this altogether on the most wasteful
expense had been sanctioned by plan. He saw in those barracks win-
himself (Mr. Calcraft) and his col. dows as showy and handsome as
leagues, while in otice; but the any in London, and many of them
contract for the house in Pall-mall plate glass; and what was still
had been made before they could more preposterous, this handsome
have any influence over it. As it showy lofty building was in the
was, they tried to get rid of it, to very lines ; the sills of the doors-
throw it off the hands of the nation, were above the crown of the walls;
to exchange, to sell it ; and, in the and in case of an attack from the
failure of all, were forced to per- enemy (which God forbid he should
form the contract; bui improve ever see!) the first hope of the sol.
ments and embellishments were go. diers would be to see ii in ruins,
ing on, which would make the cost unless they were satisfied to be
of that onerous fabric at least crushed by the heaps of the struc-
50,000). But the expense of the ture that would be flying about
establishment did not halt here; a them. He found a sum of 19,000/.
miserable house in Pall-mall was in the account, towards the building
bought up at the sporting price of of an artillery hospital ; no estimate
7,1631. for an engineer officer; an- was made of the probable expense,
other for the inspector-general was which might be extended to any
purchased at a splendid price in that sum before this tedious work was
same most expensive part of the completed. There was next 5,0001.
town. He must now advert to an for a powder magazine at Dor-
expenditure which it might seem chester, but without any purpose
invidious to touch upon; he meant or designation stated for it. He
the pay of the superannvated men, wished to be informed, whether it
and the pensions of widows and was to treasure up the military
officers; but under this title, inter- stores of the town, or to receive
esting as it must be to the feelings the spare powder of the entire di-
of the house, a large system of pe- strict ? He hoped that, whether or
culation was easily concealed; it not, it would be kept at a safe di.
contained all the private pensions stance from the town; but 5,000/.
of the ordnance, and even in the

was a sum undeniably too large for
last year had increased by 6,594.. so idie a purpose. He next found
He found a cliarge for the Cinque under one sweeping head, for build-
Ports ; he requested to know if the ing and taking land at Woolwich,
fortifications at Dover were con- 134,0001. (Hear!) This charge
pleted. He found in the estimates first met the eye in the modest form
the Chatham head diminished, but of 78,6391., and was gradually in-
still the extravagance there had fated up to the aggregate which he
been enormous. He had but to stated. The minor abuses there,
instance the artillery barracks : were of the same rank with those
those buildings contained about which had been noticed at Chat-
1,000 men,

with a few horses, and ham. Officers were known to make some sheds for carriages; yet the almost a property of the horses expense of the work had been provided for the service; and, while

they

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they had them in actual employ the country.(Hear! hear!) Va. drawing their coaches and curri. rious charges were included under cles, refused to pay the tax de- this head, which had been made manded by the commissioners,—on before under the head of depôts, the plea that they were the king's fortifications, &c. &c. For four horses. The commissioners, howo years indeed, commencing at 1807, ever, resisted the plea, and would 4,193,0001, had been voted for allow no more than a single horse, buildings, repairs, &c. (“AmmuniOn a late inquiry, it was found that tion included,” from the ministerial an officer had in his service no less bench.) No, said Mr. Wardle, for than eight or ten soldiers, as the buildings and depôts ; next year, regular attendants of his house, it would be no doubt in the same cooks, butlers, &c. and four horses, proportion. As to the minuteHe adduced many other abuses of ness of the estimates, it signified the same kind accusing the go- very little whether they were mivernment of most culpable extra. nute or not, as any mistake might vagance.

easily be obviated, so long as the Mr. Wardle rose, not for the head of " unprovided for" was alpurpose of canvassing each indivi, lowed to continue. He hoped dual estimate, but of remarking on these were the last estimates in the entire mass as it stood before which such a head would be al. him. He confessed he had some lowed to be brought before the hope that a retrenchment would house ; and he hoped also, that an have taken place, from the declara, account of the expenditure of every tion of an honourable member op- sum voted at the estimates would posite, last session, that there would hereafter be produced. He was be a saying this year of a million sure there could be no difficulty in and a half. He went through a va, the computation, as it would be riety of particulars in proof of the much easier to give an account of great extravagance allowed in the how the money had been expended, ordnance office, calling for explana, than to make out an abstruse estitions. At Waltham Abbey, he mate in the beginning. said, the sum of 104,0531. was es Mr. A. Cooper said, that the timated for powder-mills for four house were not to linderstand by years. Now he could by no means the term “unprovided for,” that see the necessity of any such ex, there was to be no account given. pense. The French and Germans, When the honourable gentleman it was well known, used barns or complained of the expense of the any other temporary building for powder-mills at Waltham Abbey, the manufacture of powder, and he should have recollected the peevery body knew what an effectual riod of the American war, when use was made of it. He admitted, government powder was proverbi. indeed, that he had heard the fo- ally bad. Bad as it was, we were reign powder was not so good as then entirely dependent for a supours. (Hear! bear!) In those es. ply upon the merchants. Even at timates it was the custom to vote the time of lord Nelson's celebrated large sums under the head of dif- victory, the stock of gunpowder ferent buildings; and yet a sweep was so small, that the ordnance ing charge was made for these af- could have hardly issued enough terwards, as for the “ defence of for another battle of the same sort,

and

and were absolutely obliged for a barns. Under the general head of time to suspend their issues, in the “the defence of the country," was expectation of a scarcity. This included the expense of building was a fact, which it would have batteries and Marrello towers been dangerous to the public ser- along the coast. And as to the vice to have been siated at that sum voted for building and repairtime ; but the evil was now, in a ing depôts, it had lately been judggreat measure, corrected. The ho.

ed necessary to have a large quan. nourable gentleman had spoken of tity of artillery and animunition in the practice of the French to make depót, to guard against invasion or the powder in barns. If he would unforeseen contingency. take the trouble to examine the Several other gentlemen spoke works at Waltham-Abbey, he would for and against the motion, which find that we also use, for that pur- was afterwards carried without a pose, many buildings that resemble division.

CHAPTER IV.

Debate in the House of Commons on Mr. Whitbread's Resolutions to criminate

the Earl of Chatham.--Lord King's Motin, in the House of Lords, respecting Foreign Troops in British Py.--Mr. Sberidan's Motion, in the House of Commons, respecting a By-law pussed by the Benchers of Lim pln's Inn.

MA

ARCH 2. Mr. Whitbread, engaged, which it had reason to

in pursuance of previous no- believe were in the possession of the tice, rose, and spoke to the follow- crown, and most particularly if they ing cffect :

“ Mr. speaker, but sc. had been communicated in a way ven days have elapsed since I felt most likely to excite its constituit to be my duty to submit to the tional vigilance and jealousy. I consideration of this house a cer- had the proud satisfaction to find, tain proposition, founded upon a that upon that occasion my efforts strong and justifiable suspicion, that were successful. For to the immora conduct most unconstitutional tal honour of this house let it be and improper had been pursued by spoken, that to the address which it a noble lord, at this moment a then agreed to have conveyed to member of the king's cabinet, and the crown, an answer has been the late commander-in-chief of the since returned, fully justifying the expedition to the Scheldt. I then course it then found it necessary to contended, that it was not alone the adopt, and too strongly illustrating right, but that it became the in. the suspicion it then entertained. cumbent duty, of this house to call I say that my efforts wer- successfor all documents and papers touch. ful in the fullest extent of the exing the inquiry in which it was pression ; for most sincerely do I

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