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those overcome by Fernando Cortez, led his victorious battalions, after a series of signal successes, into the great city of the Aztecs, and ruled it with the justice and the moderation which are the brightest ornaments of a conqueror.
“In the accidents of his death he was not less happy than in the events of his life. He was overcome by the only adversary that was ever victorious over him, where, above all other spots, he would have wished to surrender up his lifewhere the water and the land meet in a majestic conformation rarely paralleled and still more rarely surpassed; where Washington was intrenched at one of the most eventful periods of the Revolution ; where Grant and Sherman, and Sheridan and Thomas, with most of the other gallant leaders in the great rebellion, were trained to the excellence in arms which saved the nation and made their names illustrious; where the youth of the country, whom she is preparing for the assertion of her rights and the vindication of her honor in future exigencies, may stand over his grave and become stronger and better from the remembrance of his public virtues and the purity of his private life. Here will the ashes of the distinguished patriot and soldier rest until the Great Day. The meridian sun, as it pours down its radiance upon the scenes amid which they repose, will symbolize the lustre of his own noonday of useful and heroic service; and, as it sinks into the evening sky, the encircling hills which lift up their gigantic forms into the clouds above will spread their great shadows, like tokens of the night which has fallen upon him, over his honored resting-place.
“ To these majestic landmarks and to him may be applied, with equal fitness, the bold and beautiful figure of the poet:
‘Stat sublimis apex, ventosque imbresque serenus
The address delivered by General Dix at a reception given January 31, 1866, at the Academy of Music, by the Seventh Regiment to its members who had served in the army and navy of the United States during the war, constitutes a just and memorable tribute of praise and honor to that distinguished body of citizen soldiery, and contains so much matter of historical interest that I shall make no apology for giving it in full. It bears, in part, upon the questions which were agitating the country at the time when it was delivered, and thus properly belongs to this narrative. General Dix, having been introduced by Colonel Emmons Clarke, the popular commanding officer, to the assembled guests, addressed them as follows:
“LADIES AND GENTLEMEN, -It affords me great pleasure to perform the service just announced to you by the Colonel of the Seventh Regiment of the National Guard of the State of New York-to reiterate his welcome to those of the former members of the regiment who have gone forth during the late war, under other organizations, to defend the Government of their country against a gigantic combination to overthrow and destroy it. This reunion of those who in the past have been bound together by the ties of a common association has its familiar analogies in the incidents of domestic life. As when the heads of a household, after the lapse of years, reassemble their scattered children who have gone out into the battle of life, to congratulate them on the successes they have achieved and the reputation they have acquired, and to thank them for sustaining and advancing by meritorious actions the family name and renown, in like manner the Seventh Regiment reunites its former associates, to congratulate them on the distinction they have gained for themselves, and to thank them for the honor which the lustre of their services has reflected upon the corps and the country. Having had most of those who were members of the organization at the commencement of the war, and of those to whom this reception is tendered, under my command, I feel that my duty to-night will be best performed by addressing all as members of a common brotherhood, and by briefly recounting the valuable aid they have rendered in standing by the country during the ordeal of fire through which it has triumphantly passed. And first, gentlemen, let me congratulate you on your good fortune in living at a period in our history marked by the most extraordinary domestic conflict of this or any other age. I say your good fortune, for whenever a community is menaced by the greatest of all calamities—the destruction of its nationality-it must be the most earnest desire of every good citizen to participate in the danger, to do what he can to avert it, and to contribute by toil and endurance and self-sacrifice to mitigate its effects. You stand in this honorable relation to the country. Those of you who have not been in the field during the entire war have in repeated instances volunteered your services to uphold the national standard, which, by the blessing of Providence, still waves over us, the hallowed emblem of the authority of the Union, with no dimness on its folds excepting that which it has gathered from the sinoke of honorable and successful battle.
“At the outbreak of the rebellion, when the Sixth Massachusetts Regiment was attacked at Baltimore, and the deepest concern was felt for the safety of the capital, you were among the first to hurry to the scene of action. A gentleman high in position at Washington gave me, two or three years ago, an account of the condition of things there at the time of your arrival. Open communication with the North had been entirely suspended; railroad travel and the transportation of the mails through the State of Maryland had been broken up by force; and no intelligence could be obtained from the loyal portions of the Union except through secret messengers and couriers, whose journeys were always performed with difficulty, and sometimes not without absolute danger. At this juncture, when all was uncertainty and doubt, when each revolving hour came freighted with some new burden of anxiety or peril, a column of armed men, with bayonets glittering in the sunlight, was seen entering the Pennsylvania Avenue, near the Capitol; and the feeling of relief and security was unspeakable when the welcome intelligence spread throughout the city, as if by some magnetic influence, that the Seventh New York had come to oppose to the gathering cohorts of treason the ægis of its discipline and its name.
“In the early spring of 1862, when the Army of the Potomac was lying before Richmond, when Washington and Baltimore and the adjacent country were almost denuded of troops, and there were well-grounded apprehensions of a rebel raid from the Valley of the Shenandoah, you volunteered your services a second time. I was in command at Baltimore when you arrived there, with your gallant companions, the Twenty-second, the Thirty-seventh, the Sixty-ninth, the Seventy-first, and, I believe, some other New York regiments, whose numbers I cannot at this moment recollect. You were detained at Baltimore by the Government at my special request; and during a large portion of this term of your service you occupied the post of honor — Federal Hill — that remarkable promontory rising up in the heart of the city, and seeming to be placed there by Nature as a site for a citadel. When you occupied it it was crowned by a fort, as you see it before you [pointing to a painting representing it], built in the summer of 1861, to protect the city from external attack, and, in case of need, to defend it against itself. Happily, the unshaken loyalty of the Baltimoreans, through all trials and temptations, rendered the latter service unnecessary.
“In the summer of 1863, when General Lee invaded the State of Maryland with a powerful army, you volunteered your services a third time, and were assigned by the Government to the defence of the city of Baltimore, on which an attack was considered imminent. During a portion of this third term of service you were again in the occupation of Fort Federal Hill, and during the residue on duty in the interior of Maryland, remaining in the field until after General Lee had retreated beyond the Potomac. You were then suddenly recalled here to aid in quelling the riots, and your reappearance had a powerful influence in restoring order and in saving the city from farther devastation.
“In the summer of 1864, when rebel raiders from Canada were plundering our frontier, you tendered your services to me, as commanding officer of this Department; and they would have been accepted, had not some new regiments, which had never been in the field, claimed the privilege of serving the country. Most fortunate and enviable is the community in which the emulation of its citizens is, not to evade military duty, but to be received into public service and to be assigned to posts of danger! Giving you all the praise which is most eminently your due for your promptitude, your patriotic spirit, and your alacrity on all occasions in accepting and courting military service, yet the crowning distinction of your regiment is in the large number of officers which you have furnished for other organizations. I hold in my hand a roll of five hundred and fifty-seven of your members who received commissions in the army, the navy, or the volunteer service. Nine-tenths of the number were serving with the regiment when the war broke out. Three rose to the rank of majorgeneral, nineteen to the rank of brigadier-general, twenty-nine to the rank of colonel, and forty-six to the rank of lieutenantcolonel. Many whose names are on this roll of honor are sleeping in soldiers' graves. Others are moving about, with mutilated limbs and with frames scarred by honorable wounds, the silent but expressive memorials of faithful and heroic service. For years before the war you devoted yourselves with an assiduity and a zeal worthy of all commendation to martial exercises, and I believe I may safely say that there was scarcely a man in your ranks who was not capable of leading other inen—of commanding a platoon, a company, a battalion, or a regiment. And the gratifying result is, that under nearly every battle-flag which the State of New York unfurled you had an honored representative. The historian Justin, in his account of the preparations of Alexander the Great for his Asiatic expedition, says that some of the corps he organized