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minds in reading, they may be led to discoveries and improvements, original and beneficial; and being already formed into society, they may diffuse their knowledge, ripen their plans, correct their mistakes and promote the cause of science and hunianity in a very considerable degrec.
12. The book of nature is always open to our view, and we may study it at our leisure. « 'Tis elder scripture, writ by God's own hand.” The earth, the air, the sea, the rivers, the mountains, the rocks, the caverns, the animal and icgitable tribes are fraught with instruction. Nature is not half explored : and in what is partly known, there are many mysteries, which time, observation and experience must unfold.
13. Every social library, among other books, should be furnished with those of natural philosophy, butany, zoology, chymistry, husbandry, geography and astronomy; that enquiring minds may be directed in their enquiries; that they may see what is known and whät still remains to be discoyered; and that they may employ their leisure and their various opportunities in endeavoring to add to the stock of science, and thus 'enrich the world with their ohservations and improvements.
14. Suffer me to add a few words on the use of spiritous liquor, that bane of society, the destroyer of health, morals and property.
Nature indeed has furnished her vegetable productions with spirit; but she has so combined it with other substances, that unless her work be tortured by fire, the spirit is not separated, and cannot prove pernicious.Why should this force be put on nature to make her yield a noxious draft, when all her original preparations are sal. utary?
15. The juice of the apple, the fermentation of barley, and the decoction of spruce are amply sufficient for the refreshment of man, let his labor be ever so severe, and his perspiration ever so expansive. Our forefathers, for many year's after the settlement of the country, knew not the use of distilled spirits.
16. Malt was imported from England, and wine from the Western or Canary Islands, with which they were refreshed, before their own fields and orchards yielded them a supply. An expedition was once undertaken against a nation of Indians, when there was but one pint of strong water (as it was then called) in the whole" army, and that
was reserved for the sick; yet no complaint was made for want of refreshment.
17. Could we but return to the primitive manners of our incestors, in this respect, we should be free from many of the disorders both of body and mind which are now experi. enced. Tlie disuse of ardent spirits would tend to abolish ihe infamous traffic in slaves, by whose labor this baneful material is procured.
18. Divine Providence seems to be preparing the way for the destruction of that detestable commerce, The insurrections of the blacks in the West-Indies have already spread desolation over the most fertile plantations, and greatly raised the price of those commodities which we have been used to import from thence.
19. If we could check the consumption of distilled spirits and enter with vigor into the manufacture of maple sugars, of which our forests would afford an ample supply, the demand for West-India productions might be diminished; the plantations in the islands would not need fresh recruits from Africa; the planters wonld treat with humanity their remaining blacks; the market for slaves would become less inviting; and the navigation which is now em. ployed in the most pernicious species of commerce which ever disgraced humanity, would be turned into some other channel.
20. Were I to form a picture of happy society, it would be a town consisting of a due mixture of hills, vallies, and streams of water. The land well fenced and cultivated ; the roads and bridges in good repair; a decent inn for the refreshment of travellers, and for public entertainments. The inhabitants mostly husbandmen ; their wives and daughters domestic manufacturers; a suitable proportion of handicraft workmen, and two or three traders ; a physi. cian and lawyer, each of whom should have a farm for his support.
21. A clergyman of good understanding, of a candid disposition and exemplary morals not a metaphysical nor a poiemic, but a serious aud practical preacher. A school master wlio should understand his business, and te ich his pupils to govern themselves. A social library, annually increasing and under good regulation.
22. À club of sensible men, scoking mutual improvement. A decent musical society. No intriguing politician, horse jocky, gambler or sot ; but all such characters treated with contempt. Such a situation may be considered as the most favorable to social happiness of any which this world can afford.
CONJUGAL AFFECTION. BARON HALLER, ON THE DEATH OF HIS WIFE, FROM
« CURIOSITIES OF LITERATURE." 1.
HALL I sing thy death, Marianne ? What a theme!
When my sighs interrupt my words, and one idea flies before the other! The pleasures thou didst bestow on me, now augment iny sorrows. I open the wound of a heart that yet bleeds and thy death is renovated to me.
2. But my passion was too violent-Thou didst merit it too well; and thine image is too deeply engraven on my soul, to permit me to be silent. The expressions of thy love revivify, in some degree my felicity; they afford me a tender recollection of our faithful union, as a remembrance thou wouldst have left to me.
3. These are not lines dictated by wit; the artificial complaints of a poet. They are perturbed sighs which escape from a heart not sufficient for its anguish. Yes, I am going to paint my troubled soul, affected by love and grief, that only occupied by the most distressing images, wanders in a labyrinth of affliction.
4. I see thee yet, such as thou wast at death. I approached thee, touched by the most lively despair. Thou didst call back thy last strength to express one word, which I yet asked from thee. O soul, fraught with the purest sentiments, thou didst only appear disturbed for my alfictions; thy last expressions were only those of love and tenderness; and thy last actions only those of resignation.
5. Whither shall I fly? Where shall I find in this country an asylum, which only offers to me objects of terror?This house in which I lost thee; this sacred dome in which repose thy ashes ; these children-Ah! my blood chills at the view of those tender images of thy beauty, those artless voices call for their mother. Whither shall I fly ? Why cannot I fly to thee?
6. Does not my heart owe thee the sincerest tears? Here thou hadst no other friend but me. It was I who snatched thee from the bosom of thy family ; thou didst quit them
to folle. me.
I deprived thee of a country where thou wast loved by relatives who cherished thee, to conduct thee, alas, to the toonb.
7. In those sad adieus with which thy sister embraced thee, while the country gradually fading from our eyes, she lost our last glances; then with a softened kindness, mingled with a tender resignation, thou didst say, I depart with tranquility; what can I regret? My Haller accompa
8. Can I recollect without tears, the day that united me to thee. Yet even now, softened pleasure mingles with my sorrows, and rapture with my affliction. How tender. ly loved thy heart! that heart which could forget every thing, birth, beauty and wealth! and which notwithstanding the avowal I made of my fortune, only valued me for my sentiments.
9. Soon thou didst resign thy youth, and quit the world to be entirely mine! Superior to ordinary virtue, thou wast only beautiful for me. Thy heart was alone attached to mine : careless of thy fate, thou wast alone troubled with my lightest sorrows and cnraptured with a glance that ex® pressed content.
10. A will, detached from the vanity of the world and resigned to heaven ; content and a sweet tranquility, that neither joy nor grief could disturb; wisdom in the education of thy children ; a heart overflowing with tenderness, yet free from weakness; a heart made to soothe my sorrows it was this that formed my pleasures, and that forms my griefs.
11. And thűs I loved the more than the world could believe more than I knew myself. How often in enibraz cing thee with ardor, has my heart thought with tremblings Ah! if I should lose her How often have I wept in secret!
12. Yes, my grief will last; even when time shall have dried my tears; the heart knows other tears than those which cover the face. The first flame of my youth, the sadly pleasing recollection of thy tenderness, the admiration of thy virtue, are an eternal debt for my heart.
13. In the depth of the thickest woods, under the green shade of the beech, where none will witness my comiplaint, I will seek for thy amiable image, and nothing shall distract my recollection. There I shall see the
graceful mein, thy sadness when I parted from thee, thy tenderness when I embraced thee, thy joy at my return.
14. In the subiime abodes of the celestial regions I will follow thee; I will seek for thee beyond the stars that roll beneath thy feet. It is there that thy innocence will shine in the splendor of heavenly light; it is there that with new strength thy soul shall enlarge its ancient boundaries.
15. It is there that accustoming thyself to the light of divinity, thou findest thy felicity in its councils; and that thou niinglest thy voice with the angelic choir, and a prayer in my
favor. There thou Icarnest the uulity of my aflliction. God unfolds to thee the volume of fate ; thou readest his designs in our separation, and the close of my ca
16. O soul of perfection, which I loved with such ardor, but which I think I loved not enough, how amiable art thou in the celestial splendor that environs thee? A lively hope elevates me ; refuse not thyself to my vows ; open thy arms, I fly to be united eternally with thice.
STORY OF LOGAN, A Mingo CHIEF.
were committed on an inhabitant of the frontiers of Virginia by two Indians of the Shawanese tribe. The neighboring whites, according to their custom, undertook to punish this outrage in a summary way. Colonel Cresap, å man infamous for the many murders he had committed on those much injured people, collected a party, and prcceeded down the Kanhaway in quest of
vengeance. 2. Unfortunately, a cande of women anri children, with one man only, was seen coming from the opposite shore unarmed, and unsuspecting any hostile attack from the whites. Cresap and his party concealed themselves on the bank of the river; and the moment the cance reached the shore, singled out their objects, and at one fire killed every person in it.
3. This happened to be the family of Logan, who had long been distinguished as the friend of the whites. This unworthy return provoked his vengeance. He accordingly signalized himself in the war which ensued.
4. In the autumn of the same year, a decisive battle was fought at the mouth of the great Kanhaway, between the collected forces of the Shawanese, Mingoes, and Del