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the medicine was over! To be short, the child tirut had the distemper died ; and no other child wils heard of in those parts, to have it ; so that tranquillity and security were restored to Mr. Tremble's family, and their children regarded* as formerly, proof against mortality.

13. Mrs. Foresight keeps her mind in a continual state of distress, and uneasiness, from a prospect of awful disasters that she is forewarned of by dreams, signs and omens. This, by toe way, is affronting behavior to common sense, and implies a greater reflection upou some of the divine persections, than some well meaning people are aware of..

14. The good woman look'd exceedingly melancholy at breakfast, one day last week, and appeared to have lost her appetite. After some enquiry into the cause of so mournful a visage, we were given to understand that she foresaw the death of some one in the family; having had warning in the night by a certain noise that she never knew fail ; and then she went on to tell how such a thing happened before the death of her father, and mother, and sister, &c.

15. I endeavored to argue her out of this whimsical, gloomy state of mind, but in vain. She insisted upon it, that though the noise lasted scarce a minute, it began like the dying shriek of an infant, and went on like the tumbling clods upon a coffin, and ended in the ringing of the bell.

16. The poor woman wept bitterly for the loss of the child that was to die : however, she found afterwards, occaşion for uneasiness on another account. The cat unluckily shut

up in the buttery, and dissatisfied with so long confinea ment, gave

forth that dying shriek, which first produced the good woman's consternation ; and then by some sudden effort to get out at a grate at the upper part of the room, over.. set a large pewter platter ; the platter in its way overset a large wooden bowl full of milk, and both together in their way knock'd down a white stone dish of salmon, which came with them into a great brass kettle that stood upon the floor,

17. The noise of the cat might easily be taken for that, of a child, and the sound of a salmon upon a board, for that of a clod; and any mortal may be excused for thinking that a pewter platter and a great earthen dish, broken in fifty pieces, both tumbling into a brass kettle, sound like a bell.

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HISTORY OF COLUMBUS. VERY circumstance relating to the discovery and 1,

settlement of America, is an interesting object of enquiry. Yet it is presumed, from the present st:ite of literature in this country, that many persons are but slightly acquainted with the character of that man, whose extraordinary genius led him to the discovery of the continent, and whose singular sufferings ought to excite the indignation of the world.

2. Christopher Columbus was born in the Republic of Genoa, about the year 1447 ; at a time when the navigation of Europe was scarcely extended beyond the limits of the Mediterranean.

3. The mariner's compass had been invented, and in com-. mon use for more tiran a century; yet with the lielp of this sure guide, prompted by the most ardent spirit of discovery, encouraged by the patronage of princes, the mariners of those days rarely ventured from the sight of land.

4. They acquired great applause by sailing along the Coast of Africa and discovering some of the neighboring islands; and after pushing teir researches with the greatest industry and perseverance for more than half a century, the Poringuese, who were the most fortunate and enterprising, extended their discoveries southward 110 farther than the equator.

5. The rich commodities of the east had for several ages been brought into Europe by the way of the Red Sea and the. Mediterranean ; and it had now become the object of the Portuguese to find a passage to India, by sailing round the sondern extremity of Africa, and then taking an eastern

6. This great object engaged the general attention of mankind, and drew into the Portuguese service, adventur- . ers from every maritime nation of Europe. Every year added to their experience in navigation, and seemed to promise a reward to their industry.

7. The prospect, however, of arriving in the Indies, was extremely distant; fifty years perseverance in the same tract, had brought then cily to the equator ; and it was probable that as inany more would elapse before they could accomplish their purpose. But Columbus, by an lucominon exertion of genius, forned a design ne lesson


astonishing to the age in which he lived, than beneficial to posterity.

8. This design was to sail to India by taking a western direction. By the accounts of travellers who had visited Irdia, that country seemed almost without limits on the cast : and by attending to the spherical figure of the earth, Columbus drew this conclusion, that the Atlantic Ocean must be bounded on the west either by India itself, or by some great continent not far distant from it.

9. This extraordinary man, who was now about twentySeven years of age, appears to have united in his character, every trait, and to have possessed every talent requisite to form and execute the greatest enterprises.

10. He was early educated in all the useful sciences that were taught in the day. He had mule great proficiency in geography, astronomy and drawing, as they were necessary to his favorite pursuit of narigation. He had now been a *number of years in the service of the Portuguese, and had acquired all the experience that their voyages and discoveries could afford.

11. His courage and perseverance had boen put to the severest test, and the exercise of every amiable and heroic virtue rendered him universally known and respected. He had married a Portuguese lady by whom he had two sons, Diego and Ferdinand ; the younger of whom is the historian of his life.

12. Such was the situation of Columbus, when he formed and thoroughly digested a plan, which in its operation and consequences, unfolded to the view of mankind one half of the globe, diffused wealth and dignity over the other, and extended commerce and civilization through the whole.

13. To corroborate the theory which he had formed of the existence of a westera continent, his discerning mind, which always knew the application of every circumstance that fell in its way, had observed several facts which by others would have passed unnoticed. In his voyages to the Afrin can Islands, he had found floating ashore, after a long wester storm, pieces of wood carved in a curious manner, canes of a size unknown in that quarter of the world, and human bodies with very singular features.

14. Fully confirmed in the opinion that a considerable portion of the earth was still undiscovered, his genius wa too vigorous and persevering to suffer an idea of thiş inn.. portance to rest merely in speculation, as it had done in the minds of Plato and Seneca, who appeared to luave had coiljectures of a similar ntirre.

15. He retermined, therefore, to bring his fivorite theo... ry to the test of aciul experiment. But an object of that miguitude required the patron ige of a Prince; and a design so exiraordinary met with all the obstructions, delay and disappointments, which an age of superstition could invent, and which personal jealousy and mulice could mgni. fy and encourage.

16. Happily for mankind, in this instance, a genius capable of devising the greatest undertaking3, associated in itself a degree of patience and enterprise, inodesty and confidence, which rendered him superior not only to these inis-.. fortunes, but to all the future calanities of his life.

17. Proinpted by the most ardent enthusiasm to be the discoverer of new continents ; and fully sensible of the advantages that would result to mankind from such iliscoveries, he had the mortification to waste awey eighteen years of his. life, after his system well established in his own mind, before he coud obtain the means of executing his dee. signs.

18. The greatest part of this period was spent in success ive and fruitless solicitations, at Genoa, Portugal and Spain.. As a duty to his native country, he made the first proposal to the Senate of Genoa, where it was soon rejected.

19. Conscious of the truth of his theory and of his own ability to execute his design, he reured without clejection from a body of men who were incapable of forming any just ideas upon tire subject; and applied with fresh confidence to John the second, King of Portugal, who had distinguished himself as a great patron of navigation, and in whose service Columbus had acquired a repatation which entitled him and his project to general confidence and approbation.

20. But here he suffered an insult much greater than a direct refusal. After referring the examination of his scheme to the council who had the direction of naval affiirs, and drawing from him his general ideas of the length of the voyage and the course he meant to take, that great monarch had the meanges to conspire with the council to rob Columbas of the glory and advantage he expected to derive from his undertaking.


1. While Columbus was amused with this negotiation in hopes of having his scheme adopted and patronized, a vessel was secretly dispatched, by order of the king, to make the intended discovery. Want of skill and perseverance in the pilot rendered the plot unsuccessful ; and Columbus, on discovering the treachery, retired with an ingenious indignation, from a court capable of such duplicity.

22. Having now performed what was due to the country that gave him birth, and to the one that adopted him as a subject, he was at liberty to court the patronage of any prince who should have the wisdom and justice to accept his proposal.

23. He had communicated bis ideas to his brother Bartholomew, whom he sent to Englard to negotiate with Henay the seventh ; at the same time that he went liimself into Spain, to apply in person to Ferdinand and Isabella, ho governed the United Kingdoms of Arragon and Castilc.

24. The circumstances of his brother's application in England, which appears to have been unsuccessiul, it is not my purpose to relate ; and the limits prescriled to this sketch, will prevent the detail of all the particulars relating to his own negotiation in Spain.

25. In this negotiation, Columbus spent eight years in the various agitations of suspensc, expectation, and disappointment; till at length his scheme was adopted by Isabella, who undertook, as queen of Castile, to defray the expenses of the expedition. ; and declared herself ever after, the friend and patron of the hero who projected'it.

26. Columbus, who, during all his ill success in the negotiation, never abated any thing of the honors and emolunients which he expected to acquire in his cxpcrtition, obtained from Ferdinand and Isabella a full stipulation of every article contained in his first proposals.

27. He was constituted high Admiral and Viceray of all the seas, islands, and continents which he should discover, with

power to receive one tenth of the profits arising from their productions and commerce. These offices and emoluments were to be hereditary in his family. 28. These articles being adjusted, the preparations for

voyage were brought forward with rapidity, but they Were by no means adequate to the importance of the ex


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