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participation of the best society Clubs and societies of various deno, which the town affords. Hence the minations and descriptions occur general manners of the circles of in every tavern, and the crowded mercantile fashion will not perhaps discomfort of publico-private routs bear the minute and fastidious cri- occasionally vies with the folly of ticisms of Chesterfield. It is almost the metropolis. impossible for those who have spent The spirit ofliberality

which influthe prime of their life in the unce- ences the inhabitants of Liverpool is remonious bustle of the wharf and not, however, exhausted in revelry the ware-house to divest themselves and show. Every charitable insti. of a certain air de bourgeois ; and tution, every scheme projected for where lately acquired property is, the alleviation of human misery, by a kind of tacit compact, made meets with their ready and strenuo the chief criterion of respectability, ous patronage. it would be idle to expect to meet The exertion of public munifie with the high polish which at once cence has long supported in this graces and renders uninteresting town the Blue-coat hospital, in which the society of aristocracy.

a considerable number of poor child. But the people of Liverpool may ren are provided with clothes, lodge challenge a comparison with the in- ing, board, and education....a re habitants of any town in the king- markably well regulated infirmity, dom, with regard to the essence of and a dispensary. Of late years, true politeness, viz. friendly atten- the marine society, several Sundaytion and hospitality. In Liverpool schools, and a school of industry for no man lives to himself. The selfish the blind, have claimed, and have save-all, who after poring over his received, the public support. ledger all the morning, at noon has Nor does the genius of commerce tily devours his unsocial steak at a in this great emporium vefuse to chop-house, and then returns for his associate with the Muses. Various evening's amusement to his dungeon publications bear testimony that of a counting-house, a character here literature has been cultivated which perpetually occurs in the me- with considerable ability. Several tropolis, is here unknown. Convi- names might be enumerated of genviality is indeed a striking charac- tlemen, who, in the midst of the teristic of the place. Its inhabitants active concerns of this town, have feel a laudable disposition, not only found leisure to attend to the study to acquire, but to enjoy, the good of the polite arts. It is a remarkathings of life; and wherever this ble fact, that the two works which disposition prevails, it inevitably have lately obtained the greatest produces the cordial warmth of share of public approbation (the life hospitality. It has been well observe of Lorenzo de' Medici, and the life ed, that “our very meals, our very of Burns), issued from the Liverpool cups, are tasteless and joyless, unless press. That a taste for reading is we have a companion to partake of widely diffused through all ranks of them.'

the residents in this place, is evinced The hospitality of Liverpool ren- by the numerous list of subscribers ders it an agreeable place of resort to the Liverpool public library: and to strangers. Military gentleman an inspection of the catalogue of find it a very pleasant station. It that library will prove that this taste is enlivened by the amusements has been systematically directed to which usually diversify the occupa- useful objects. The constitution of tions of large towns. The theatre the Athenæum, of which an account is open during the greater part of was given in the Monthly Magazine the year. Public concerts are given for July, 1799, indicates an increasevery fortnight, in an elegant room ing maturity of literary taste; and appropriated to the purpose. As- the resort of the young men to the semblies are held at stated periods. reading rooms of this institution,


after the hours of business, gives a in the mutual accommodations of good augury of the future accom- business, at once lose the rememplishments of the rising generation. brance of a dispute in which, but a When to this is added, that a plan day or two before, they had spared for the extension of the old library neither their personal exertions, has been eagerly adopted, and that nor their purses. proposals for the establishment of The public indignation has been of a botanic garden, now in circula- so successfully excited against the tion, have been countenanced by a African trade, the profit and infamy respectable number of subscribers, of which are almost monopolized by ample proof has perhaps been ad- the town of Liverpool, that many duced that letters are by no means will be apt to suppose that this unneglected in Liverpool.

popular branch of commerce must It is obvious that the public esta- have some effect upon the manners blishments which have been enu- of its inhabitants. But when it is merated, cannot be supported with considered how few out of a populaout the united exertions of all sects tion of sixty-five thousand persons and parties. It is highly to the have any direct concern in this trade, honour of Liverpool, that its peace it will be obvious that its influence has very seldom been disturbed by on the habits of society cannot posthe rage of religious bigotry, or the sibly be discernible. l'hemerchant effervescence of political enthusi- who buys and sells one thousand

Not that we shall find with- negroes, may be as sociable in his in its precincts that unanimity manners, and as humane in his geof opinion which is the result of pas- neral conduct, as the statesman who sive ignorance. The dissenters of hires, or lets to hire, one thousand all denominations are numerous, and soldiers. A company of tradesmen the opponents of his majesty's mi. may, fit out an adventure to Africa; nisters are neither few nor silent. a cabinet may lay a plan to plunder But it has so happened, that the a province: but the individuals of exercise of the virtue of mutual for- the company, and the members of bearance has happily preserved the cabinet, will, in all probability, Liverpool from those public acts of be found to differ little from the other acrimonious hostility, which have men of their own station in the com. at various times since the era of the mon intercouses of life. French revolution troubled the quiet of other districts of the kingdom. This fact cannot be entirely the result of a fortunate concurrence of MADAME RICAMIER'S BEDCHAM. circumstances. It is the effect of various causes, among which may be enumerated the prudence and The luxury of les parvenus; candour of the leaders of parties; bu, nouveaux riches, upstarts, or the regular and constitutional man new gentry, is scarcely conceivable ner in which the overt acts of sup- ....the following is a description of port and of opposition to ministry the house of Madame Ricamier. have been conducted ; the activity The drawing-room and salle a of the police; but, above all, the manger (eating-room) were not yet intermingling of interests, which finished.' The furniture prepared necessarily results from the exten- for each was rich. I did not think sion of commercial transactions. It it particularly beautiful; but thebedhas been observed with pride and room and bathing cabinet exceeding satisfaction, that even immediately in luxury every thing which I ever after the intemperate heat of a con- beheld, or even ventured to imatested election, the merchants and gine. The canopy of the bed was tradesmen of different interests of the finest muslin, the covering of peet together at the exchange, and, pink sattin, the frame of beautiful


mahogany, supported by figures in limits, being found in none of the gold of antique shapes. The steps neighhouring countries; neither in which led to this delicious couch Assam, Nipal, Thibet, nor Bengal. were covered with red velvet, orna I am inclined to consider it as an mented on each side with artificial original and distinct species : they flowers, highly scented. On one are distinguished in colour by a side stood, on a pedestal, a marble general tendency to piebald: those statue of Silence, with this inscrip- of one colour are rare, and not so tion....

valuable in the opinion of the “ Tutatur somnos et amores conscia Booteea, but they are more esteemlecti."

ed by the English, and bear a

higher price than the party-colourOn the other, a very lofty gold ed, which are composed of the stand, for a taper or lamp. A fine various shades of black, bay, and mirror filled up one side of the bed, sorrel, upon a ground of the purand was reflected by one at the top, est white. They are usually about and another at the opposite side of thirteen hands in height, and are the room. The walls were cover

remarkable for their symmetry ed with mahogany, relieved with and just proportions; uniting, in gold borders, and now and then

an eminent degree, both strength with glass. The whole in excel- and beauty. They are short bolent taste. The bathing cabinet, died, clean limbed, and, though which adjoined, was equally luxu- deep in the chest, yet extremely rious. The bath, when not in use, active. From this conformation forms a soja, covered with kersey- they derive such a superiority in mere, edged with gold; and the strength of muscle, when condenswhole of this cabinet is as pretty as ed by the repeated effort of the bell-room. Beyond this room struggling against acclivities, as is the bed-chamber of Monsieur, can never be attained by a horse plain, neat, and unaffected; and on

of a thin and light shoulder. It is the other side a little closet, covered surprising to observe the energy with green silk, and opening on the and vigour apparent in the movegarden, in which Madame sits ments of a Tangun. Accustomed when she amuses herself with to struggle against opposition, they drawing. To conclude, I find “the

seem to inherit this spirit as a loves" which “ Silence guards," principle of their nature; and and of which this Papbian seat is hence they have acquired a chathe witness, are those of Januaryracter among Europeans, of being and May; for the wife is twenty; headstrong and ungovernable ;.... the greatest beauty in Paris, and though, in reality, it proceeds from the husband something less than

an excess of eagerness to perform sixty."

their task.

Indeed, some of those that come into our hands aged, have acquired

habits of resistance, which it is ACCOUNT OF THE TANGUN HORSE rather difficult to modify or reform.

These are chiefly to be attributed to

the strong hand with which they This species, which is indigenous are governed: I have seen a Tangun to Bootan, has its title from the re- horse tremble in every joint, when gion in which they are bred: being the groom has seized both ends of called Tangun, vulgarly Tannian, a severe bit, and compressed his from Tangustan, the general ap- jaws, as it were, in a vice. Under pellation of that assemblage of the strongest impression of fear, inountains which constitutes the they execute their labour with an territory of Bootan. The breed energy unsubdued even by fatigue ; is altogether confined within these and their willingness to work, added




to their comparatively small value, I begin with considering an has drawn upon them a heavy objection, which almost all the philoshare of the hardest services in sophic systems have started against Bengal, equal with that of the prayer. Religion prescribes this tallest and most powerful horses as our duty, with an assurance that in India, both for the road and God will hear and answer our vows draught; yet, in the heaviest carri- and prayers, provided they are conages, they are never seen to finch, formable to the precepts which he but often betray an impatience, and has given us. Philosophy, on the start forward with a spring, that other hand, instructs us, that alt sometimes surprises their driver. events take place in strict conforIf they happen to have been unskil- mity to the course of nature, estafully treated, they will 'not unfre- blished from the beginning, and quentay bear against the bit with a that our prayers can effect no force which seems to increase with change whatever, unless we preevery effort to restrain them. tend to expect, that God should be Sometimes, with less apparent continually working miracles, in

on their side, they lean compliance with our prayers. This against each other, as though it objection has the greater weight;

a struggle which of them that religion itself teaches the doce should push his companion down; trine of God's having established at other times, they lean with so the course of all events, and that great an inclination from the pole, nothing can come to pass, but what that a person unacquainted with God foresaw from all eternity. Is them would apprehend every in- it credible, say the objectors, that stant, that they must either fall or God should think of altering this the traces break. These are ha- settled course, in compliance with bits, indeed, which it requires the any prayers which men might adgreatest patience to endure, and dress to him? a long coure of mild and good usage But I remark, first, that when to subdue. By such means it is God established the course of the practicable to govern them; but to universe, and arranged all the a person not endued with a very events which must come to pass in even temper, I would by no means it, he paid attention to all the cir. recommend the contest; for, after cumstances which should accompaall, strong and hardy as Tanguns are, they are less able to bear the worthy of a place in his edition of the heat of an Indian sun than any work. other breed, and they often fall vic " However extravagant and absurd tims to it when hard driven in very the sentiments of certain philosophers hot weather.

may be, they are so obstinately prepossessed in favour of them, that they reject every religious opinion and doctrine which is not conformable to

their system of philosophy. Frons PRAYER SANCTIONED BY PRILO

this source are derived most of the SOPHY....BY EULER.

sects and heresies in religion. Seve.

ral philosophic systems are really BEFORE I proceed farther in contradictory to religion ; but in that my lessons on philosophy and phy- case, divine truth ought surely to be sičs, I think it my duty to point out preferred to the reveries of men, if to you their connection with reli- the pride of philosophers kuew what

it was to yield. Should sound phiło.

sophy sometimes seem in opposition • I take the liberty, likewise, to re to religion, that opposition is more store the following passage, which apparent than real ; and we must not M. de Condorcet, in his philosophie suffer ourselves to be dazzled withe cal squeamishness, has thought up the speciousness of objection.".


by each event; and particularly to of the universe? For to what pur. the dispositions, to the desires, and pose create this material world, prayers of every intelligent being; replenished with so many wonders, and that the arrangement of all if there were not intelligent beings, events was disposed in perfect har- capable of admiring it, and of being mony with all these circumstances. elevated by it to the adoration of When, therefore, a man addresses God, and to the most intimate unito God a prayer worthy of being on with their Creator, in which, heard, it must not be imagined, undoubtedly, their highest felicity that such a prayer came not to the consists? Hence it must absolutely knowledge of God till the moment be concluded, that intelligent beit was formed. That prayer was ings, and their salvation, must already heard from all eternity; have been the principal object in and if the Father of mercies deem- subordination to which God regulated it worthy of being answered, heed the arrangement of this world, arranged the world expressly in fa- and we have every reason to rest vour of that prayer, so that the ac- assured, that all the events which complishment should be a conse take place in it, are in the most quence of the natural course of delightful harmony with the wants events. It is thus that God answers of intelligent beings, to conduct the prayers of men, without work. them to their true happiness; but ing a miracle.

without constraint, because of their The establishment of the course liberty, which is essential to spirits of the universe, fixed once for all, as extension is to body. There is, far from rendering prayer unne- therefore, no ground for surprise, cessary, rather increases our con- that there should be intelligent fidence, by conveying to us this beings, which shall never reach consolatory truth, that all our pray- felicity. ers have been already from the be In this connection of spirits ginning, presented at the feet of with events, consists the divine the throne of the Almighty, and providence, of which every indithat they have been admitted into vidual has the consolation of being the plan of the universe, as motives a partaker; so that every man conformably to which events were may rest assured, that from all to be regulated, in subserviency to eternity he entered into the plan. the infinite wisdom of the Creator. of the universe. How ought this

Can any one believe, that our consideration to increase our conficondition would be better, if God dence, and our joy in the provihad no knowledge of our prayers dence of God, on which all relibefore we presented them, and gion is founded? You see then, that he should then be disposed to that on this side religion and change in our favour, the order of philosophy are by no means at the course of nature? This might variance, well be irreconcileable to his wisdom, and inconsistent with his adorable perfections. Would there not, then, be reason to say, that the SWEDISH MODE OF TRAVELLING world was a very imperfect work? ON THE ICE, BY E. ACERBI. That God was entirely disposed to be favourable to the wishes of men ; WHEN a traveller is going to but, not having foreseen them, was cross over the gulf on the ice to reduced to the necessity of, every Finland, the peasants always oblige instant, interrupting the course of him to engage double the number nature, unless he were determined of horses to what he had upon his totally to diregard the wants of arriving in Grislehamn. We were intelligent beings, which, neverthe- forced to take no less than cight less, constitute the principal part sledges, bcing three in company,

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