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day, to live in a respectable man- in Flanders, and as much instruc. ner on the usual stipend of about tion and information was to be de. 1001. or 1201. a year. On the de- rived from the scenes of slaughter mise of his father about the year attendant on a bloody campaign, stue 1735, John, then a boy of about five dents from all parts of the empire years old, removed with his mo- focked thither with a view ofobserv. ther to Glasgow of which she was ing and improving by the practice a native, and where a small form of the hospitals. Luckily for Mr. tune left her by her father was situ. Moore, he obtained an introduction ated. This lady was distinguished which tended not a little to facilitate by the strength of her understand- his pursuits, for he was presented ing, which enabled her to conduct by his relations to the duke of Arher own affairs, and superintend gyle, then a commoner, and reprethe education of her son with be- sentative of Glasgow in parliament, coming propriety; she was at the who was also lieutenant-colonel of a same time eminent for her piety, regiment of foot, ready to embark for which she early infused into the Flanders, in order to serve under mind of her only child, as well as his royal highness the commanderin for the benevolence of her heart, chief. He accordingly accompanithat enabled her to cherish a love ed him on board, and passed over of humanity in others, while she to the continent under his protecherself exhibited a living example tion. On his reaching Maestricht, of its effects. Young Moore, after in Brabant, our young surgeon atthe necessary preparation at the tended the military hospitals there grammar school, was matriculated in quality of a mate, the usual preat the university of Glasgow, and liminary step, and as he expected, attended its various classes. Being soon enjoyed a sufficiency of pracdestined for the profession of media tice, for the patients were at this cine, he was placed under the care time exceedingly numerous, in conof Dr. Gordon, an eminent prac- sequence of the unfortunate battle titioner of that day, who, like the of Laffeldt. From Maestricht Mr. greater part of the physicians Moore afterwards removed to Flushamong his own countrymen, did not ing, whither he repaired and spent disdain to unite the indred arts of the winter of 1747, in consequence surgery and pharmacy. The stu- of recommendations from Mr. Middent at the same time that he wit- dleton, director general,of the militanessed the doctor's mode of treat- ry hospitals to the earlof Albemarle; ing diseases, attended the lectures whence he was detached to the assist. of Dr. Hamilton then anatomical ance of the surgeon of the Colddemonstrator, as well as the medi- stream regiment of foot guards, comcal ones of Dr. Cullen, his relation, manded by that gen. Braddock, who whose fame soon after obtained was afterwards doomed to expiate his for him a professor's chair in the rashness and ignorance of Ameriuniversity of Edinburg. After Mr. can warfare by death and defeat. Moore liad obtained a sufficient He accompanied this regiment from knowledge of the usual practice, he Flushing to Breda, where he spent determined to improve himself by the winter of 1748 in garrison, and visiting foreign parts, and a good on the conclusion of
peace accom. opportunity presented itself at this panied general Braddock to Engperiod. His royal highness the duke land. A little attendance to dates of Cumberland, uncle to bis pre- will suffice to shew, at what an earsent majesty, after having extin- ly period the subject of these meguished a domestic rebellirn in Scot. moirs was thrown, as it were, upland, had repaired to the Continent on the world; for we find him leavin order to combat our foreign ene. ing his native country, and acting mies there. He at that period as a surgeon's mate in the 17th year (1747) commanded the allied army of his age. When he was about
eighteen Mr. Moore repaired to ance was required. After residLondon, with the advantage of two ing two years in Paris, it was proyears constant practice: so far was posed by Dr. Gordon, who' was not good, but he soon perceived that it insensible to the assiduity and imwould be highly proper to reap as provements of his former pupil, much benefit as possible from theo- that he should return to Glasgow, ry also. He accordingly deemed it and enter into partnership with him, necessary to attend the anatomical a custom very common in north lectures of his countryman Dr. Britain, and necessarily resulting Hunter, and derive every possible from the extensiveness of a practice, assistance that could be obtained in which, among the other branches the British capital. After this, as of medical science, embraced that Paris at that period possessed and of midwifery. Mr. Moore by the actually merited the reputation of advice of his friends accepted the being the best school in Europe, he invitation, but deemed it proper to determined to go thither, and actu- take London in his way, and while ally set out soon after in company there, in addition to the lectures of with the late Sir William Fordyce, Dr. Hunter, which he had attended who like himself had served on the before, he went through a course Continent, and like himself also be- under Dr. Smellie, then a celebratcame a physician. Luckily for the ed accoucheur. On his return to former, lord Albemarle, whom he Glasgow, the subject of these mehad known in Flanders, and who moirs practised there during the while he acted in the capacity of a space of two years, but when a digeneral under the duke of Cumber- ploma was granted by the universiland, was at the same time colonel ty of that city to his partner, he of the Coldstream, of which Mr. chose to prescribe as a physician Moore had been surgeon's mate, alone, an example which, at that happened at this very period to be period, was only followed in the the British ambassador at the court great towns, and is still unknown of Versailles. Having paid his re- in the more northern counties. On spects at the English hotel imme- this occasion, Mr. Moore still condiately after his arrival, Mr. Moore tinued to act as a surgeon; and, as was instantly recognised and pro- a partner appeared to be necessary, tected by his excellency, who had he chose Mr. Hamilton professor of a high opinion of his merit; in con- anatomy, as his associate. Mr. sequence of which, he appointed Moore remained for a considerable him surgeon to his household. period at Glasgow; but when he This situation, which was highly had attained his fortieth year, an desirable for a young man, afford- incident occured that gave a new ed him an opportunity of being turn to his ideas, and opened new with the ambassador, and partici- pursuits and situations to a mind napating in the good company and turally active and inquisitive. James good cheer of his table; but as Mr. George, duke of Hamilton, a young Moore's attachment to his profe- nobleman of great promise, being sion was at that time unbounded, he affected with a consumptive disorpreferred to lodge near the hospi- der, in 1769, he was attended by tals, and other sources of instruc- Mr. Moore, who has always spoken tion, with which a more distant of this youth in terms of the highpart of the capital abounded, than est admiration; but as his malady at the hotel de Mirepoix, situated baffled all the efforts of medicine, close to the invalids, and in a more he yielded to its pressure, after a fashionable district.' He according- lingering illness, in the fifteenth ly chose to live in lodgings, in a year of his age. This event, quarter more congenial to his habits which Mr. Moore recorded, togeand pursuits, and visited lord Albe- ther with the extraordinary enmarle's family only when his assistdowments of his patient, on his
tomb in the burying place at Hamil- author's works which we shall mena ton, led to a more intimate con- tion, is his Zeluco. This performnection with this noble family. ancé abounds with many interest. The late duke of Hamilton, being ing events, but its chief tendency like his brother, of sickly constitu- is directed towards the education of tion, his mother, the duchess of youth, as it fully evinces the fatal Argyle, determined that he should effects resulting from uncontrolled travel in company with some gen- passion on the part of a darling son, tleman, who to a knowledge of me- and unconditioned compliance on dicine added an acquaintance with that of a fond mother. While drawthe Continent. Both these qualities ing the character of his hero, the auwere united in the person of Dr. thor considers himself employed in Moore, who by this time had ac- “ tracing the windings of vice, quired the degree of M. D. from and delineating the disgusting feathe university of Glasgow. They ac- tures of villany." This story is calcucordingly set out together, and they lated rather to affect the reader with spent a period of no less than 5 years horror, than warn him by example; abroad, during which they visited it abounds, however, with incident, France, Italy, Switzerland, and but it is to be hoped that a character Germany. On their return, in so atrocious as that of Zuluco never 1778, Dr. Moore brought his fami- 'existed in life, and is only to be met ly from Glasgow to London, and in with in the pages of a novel. A the course of the next year appear- great and important event, no less ed the fruits of his travels, in “A than that of the French revolution, View of Society and Manners in now occupied the minds and writFrance, Switzerland, and Germa- ings of the literary world. Dr. ny,” in 2 vols. 8vo.... Two years Moore, instead of surveying it at after, in 1781, he published a con a distance, like the bulk of mantinuation of the same work, in two kind, was lucky enough to contemadditional volumes, intitled “A plate a most critical portion of it on View of Society, and Manners in the spot: he was not, indeed, lucky Italy." Having spent so large a por- enough to be present at the period tion of his time either in Scotland when the bastile, a structure dedior on the Continent, he could not cated for centuries to the crimes of expect suddenly to attain an exten a capricious and unbridled desposive practice in the capital; per- tism, was overcome by a people haps, indeed, his travels and litera- who aspired to be free; but he rery recreations rendered him averse sided in France when the hoard of from engaging in the hurry, bustie foreign mercenaries, that presumand intrigue, incident to the pro- ed to give law to an independent fession of a London physician; he state, was routed and driven back however was, till the time of his by the energetic enthusaism of a death, consulted by his particular whole people, rather than the arms friends. As if to prove, that he of the troops of the line! And alas! was neither unworthy, nor incapa- it was his fate also to witness the mur. ble of employment, in 1785 he pub- ders, the crimes, and the barbarities lished his “Medical Sketches," a of September, 1792, when the work, like all his other productions, atrocious machinations of a few ruffavourably received; he is, how- fian enthusiasts deluged Paris with ever, supposed to have given some innocent blood, and afforded a preoffence to a few narrow-minded tence to fanaticise the greater part men among his brethren, by the of Europe against the infant liber. disclosure of certain arcana which ties of France. The Doctor hav. they wish for the sake of their in- ing made the necessary prepara. rerest to conceal, and therefore tions, set out from London, and consider it as high treason for any reached Dover in the beginning of ene to reveal. The next of our August, 1792, sailed on the 4th for.
Calais, and arrived there in the his arrival in England, began to course of the same day, after a arrange his materials, and, in 1795, voyage of only a few hours. As published “ A View of the Causes lord Lauderdale's delicate state did and Progress of the French Revonot permit them to press forward lution,” in two volumes, 8vo. dediwith rapidity, our travellers did cated to the duke of Devonshire. not propose to make rapid journies He begins with the reign of Henry towards the capital: on the contra- IV, and ends with the execution of ry, after being conducted to the the royal family. In 1796 appeared town-house of Calais, where a cir 6 Edward: various Views of Hucumstantial description of their man Nature, taken from Life and persons and features was taken, Manners chiefly in England.” In and inserted in their passports, they 1900, Dr. Moore published his slept all night there, and proceeded “Mordaunt,”being'sketches of life, no further than Abbeville next Characters, and Manners in variday. Here they learned, that tu ous countries: including the Memults were very prevalent in the moirs of a French Lady of Qualicapital, and that a petition for the ty,” in two volumes, 8vo. This decheance of Louis XVI, or forfei- chiefly consists of a series of letters, ture of his crown, had been pre- written by « the honourable Johu sented to the national assembly. Mordaunt,” while confined to his After their arrival in Paris, the couch at Vevay, in Switzerland, Doctor appears to have visited the giving an account of what he had assembly frequently, and he was seen in Italy, Germany, France, awoke about two o'clock of the Portugal, &c. The work itself morning of the 10th of August by the comes under no precise head, beringing of the tocsin, and alarmed at ing neither a romance, nor a novel, ten by the firing of cannon; events nor travels: the most proper title that led to the overthrow of the would be that of “ Recollections." monarchy, and the execution of the Dr. Moore was one of the first to weak but unhappy king. Having notice the talents of his countryrepaired after the engagement to the man, the unfortunate Robert Burns, palace of the thuilleries, he followed who, at his request, drew up an the crowd along the grand staircase, account of his life, and submitted it and had proceeded only half way to his inspection. In 1787, a corup, when he was deterred from as- respondence took place between cending further, first by the shrieks, thcm, in consequence of an event and then by the immediate execu- noticed in the following letter, from tion of a man, who had been de- the poet to the traveller.... tected by the populace in stealing
" To Dr. Moore. some of the furniture. « This expeditious mode of executing justice 66 Mrs. Dunlop has been so kind (says he) removed all inclination of as to send me extracts of letters she visiting the royal apartments: I has had from you, where you do descended to the terrace, and took the rustic bard the honour of noticanother melancholy walk among ing him and his works. Those who the bodies of those whom I had have felt the anxieties and soliciseen two days before in all the pride tudes of authorship, can only know of health and military pomp." The what pleasurs it gives to be noticed times being now very critical, and in such a manner by judges of the the massacres of September tend- first character. Your criticisms, ing to render a residence in Paris Sir, I receive with reverence, only highly disagreeable, the Doctor and I am sorry they mostly came too his friends had applied to the mu- late; a peccant passage or too that nicipality for passports, and at I would certainly have altered were length found means to leave the gone to press. The hope of being capital on the 4th. Dr. Moore, on admired for ages is, in by far the VOL.1....NO. V.
greatest part of those even who are without it. I remain, with great authors of reputz, an unsubstantial sincerity, your obedient servant. dream. For my part, my first am- J. MOORE.” Since his return from bition was, and still my strongest his third and last journey from wish is, to please my compeers, the France, Dr. Moore remained in rustic inmates of the hamlet, while the bosom of his family, and enjoyever-changing language and man ed all the pleasures in which a husners shall allow me to be relished band and a father could participate, and understood. I am very willing at his house in Clifford-street. to admit that I have some poetical Many years since, he became hapabilities; and as few, if any, writers, pily united with Miss Simpson, the either moral or poetical, are inti- daughter of a gentleman of the mately acquainted with the classes same name, who was professor of of mankind among whom I have divinity in the university of Glaschiefly mingled, I have seen men gow. By this lady he had a daughand manners in a different phasis ter and five sons. from what is common, which may assist originality of thought. Still I know very well the novelty of my character has by far the greatest CHARACTER OF MR. BURKE. share in the learned and polite notice I have lately had; and, in a Mr. Burke is dead. He is beyond language where Pope and Church- the reach of public regard and has ill have raised the laugh, and tred; and those who persecuted, and Shenstone and Gray drawn the tear; those who loved him, may weep where Thomson and Beattie have alike for the loss of a victim, and a painted the landscape, and Lyttle- friend. ton and Collins described the heart, He was for so many years engaged I am not vain enough to hope for in public life; so long the most condistinguished poetic fame.".... spicuous and interesting figure; that
In return for this letter, the with respect to him every mode of Doctor presented him with a copy description has been exhausted; of the new edition of his, “ View every talent viewed in every light; of Sociсty,” and took great pains every virtue either lavished or withto promote his interests...." I am held; and so universally, though vahappy to hear (says he,) that your riously, did he touch the passions of subscription is so ample, and shall mankind, that all who spoke of him, rejoice at every picce of good for- or heard of him, became parties tune that befalls you; for you are in the decision upon his character, a very great favourite in my fami- and entertained an host of adverse ly; and this is a higher compliment or partial feelings, enemies at once than perhaps you are aware of. to truth, and evidences to the magIt includes almost all the profes- nitude of the subject. sions, and of course is a proof that His private qualities, as an acyour writings are adapted to vari- quaintance, a companion, and a cus tastes and situations. My friend, are said to have been most youngest son, who is at Winchester useful, gratifying, and endearing. school, writes to me, that he is His manners, like his wit, were ever translating some stanzas of your playful. The naked charms of virHallow E’en into Latin verse, for tue and of truth, received innumera. the benefit of his comrades. This ble and unstudied ornaments, from union of taste partly proceeds, no a conversation pure in all its vivadoubt, from the cement of Scottish city, though unconscious of its inpartiality, with which they are all fuence over every description of somewhat tinctured. Even your hearers, who had taste or disposi. translator, who left Scotland too tions to be delighted or impror, carly in life for recollection, is not ed,