Foods: Their Composition and Analysis ...

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Griffins, 1882 - 586 Seiten
 

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The Analytical Sanitary Commission of the Lancet
25
The Adulteration Acts 1850 and 1872 2629
26
The Sale of Food and Drugs Acts 1875 and 1879
29
Sale of Food and Drugs Act 1879
31
HISTORY OF THE PRESENT SCIENTIFIC PROCESSES FOR THE DETECTION OF ADULTERATION 27 Early Workers
32
The Works of the Hon Robert Boyle and of J B Vauden Sande
33
The Invention of the Microscope
34
Neumann Caspar Boerhave Berzelius c
37
The Works on Adulteration of Food c by Bussy and Boutron Charlard Gamier and Harel and Friedrich
40
The Works of John Mitchell Chevallier and Normandy
41
Dr HassaHs Contributions to the Lancet
42
The AnalystLimits
43
THE PRESENT LAW IN ENGLAND RELATIVE TO ADULTERATION OF FOOD The Sale of Food and Drugs Act 38 and 39 Vict c 63 and Sale ...
46
The Prejudice question in the Acts
47
The Purchase of Samples by a Purchaser for Analysis
53
Provision for Analysis of the Sample at Somerset HouseThe
60
DESCRIPTION OF A FEW SPECIAL FORMS OF APPARATUS USEFUL IN FOOD
67
THE MICROSCOPE THE SPECTROSCOPE AND TnE ART OF PHOTOGRAPHY
73
The Spark Spectra
79
Section Pa
80
Orange and YellowSpectroscopic and other Characters
88
Analysis of the Ash of Organic Substances
96
General Method of Determining all the Constituents of
98
Adulterations of Sugar 105108
105
Glucose or Grape Sugar
112
Various Kinds of Sweetmeats
125
Section Pago
131
Vogels Division of the Starches 144
144
Analysis of Flour
152
So Alum and Mineral Matters generally in Flour 158161
158
SS Definition of BreadThe Process of Making Bread
164
InfantsFarinaceous Foods
173
Section Pfe
177
Peas
186
Lentils
192
Boerhaves Views on Milk 195197
195
Early Quantitative Analyses of Geonroy and Doorschodt
197
The Experiments of Vnllyanoz as to MilkSugar
198
The Experiments of Schoepff Scheele Hoffman and Caspar Neumann 199
200
The Amphoteric Reaction of Milk
202
MilkFat
203
The Albuminoids of Milk 206209
206
MilkSugar
209
Mineral Constituents of Milk
210
Other Constituents of MilkLactoProteine Galactine Lacto chrome 211
212
Odorous Principle in Milk
213
The Authors Investigation of the Gases of Milk 214217
214
Fore Milk 123 Fore MilkFractional Milking 217
217
Human Milk
218
Composition of Human Milk
219
Milk of the Ass
220
Goat
221
Sheep
222
Sow
223
Cat
224
Abnormal Milks 136 Analysis of various Milks of Abnormal Composition although derived from Healthy Animals 225227
225
Section Page
227
Extraction of the Fat by Ether acting on an Alkaline Milk
234
Extraction of the MilkSugar
240
The Milk Secreted by the Unhealthy
246
Section Page
247
Decomposition of Milk
257
Mineral Adulterants of MilkThe Addition of Glycerine
263
The Experiments of Weiske Dumas Beusch Boussingault
271
SkimMilk
277
Defence that Milk had been deprived of Cream by Uninten
283
Wynter Blyths Pattern ProcessThe Patterns of Butter
290
Direct Titration of ButterFat by Koettstorfer s Method
296
Buttermilk
304
Section Pago
305
Analysis of CheeseAdulterations of Cheese 311313
311
Analysis of
319
Microstructure of the Beech Leaf Hawthorn Camellia
324
The Methods of Hiepe Prunier Hager and others for detect ing Adulterations in Coffee 354
354
The Adulteration of Coffee with the Seeds of Cassia 355
355
Composition and Analysis of Date Coffee 356357
356
Bibliography relative to Coffee 357
357
COCOA AND CHOCOLATE 218 Varieties of Cocoa
358
Commercial varieties of Cocoa
359
Average Chemical Composition of Cocoa
360
Composition Effects and Estimation of Theobromine 361363
361
The AshMineral Constituents of Cocoa 363365
363
Nitrogenous Constituents of Cocoa
365
Adulterations of Cocoa
366
Adulterations of Chocolate
367
ALCOHOL SPIRITS LIQUEURS FERMENTED LIQUORS AND WINE ALCOHOL 228 AlcoholEthylic Alcohol 369
369
Rectified SpiritProof Spirit
370
Specific Gravity Table 371373
371
Various Methods for the Estimation of Alcohol
373
Tests for Alcohol 374376
374
Separation of Alcohol from Animal Matters
376
Estimation of Alcohol in Spirits and Alcoholic Liquids 233 Estimation of Alcohol by DistillationTabaries Method Teissiers VaporimeterOxidation int...
378
Section Page 234 Methylic Alcohol Tests for and Estimation of 381383
381
FouselOil
383
Composition anil Adulterations of Brandy
384
Composition and Analysis of Rum
385
Composition and Adulteration of Whisky
386
Prosecutions for Adulterated Whisky
387
Composition of Gin
388
Angelica Root and its Active Constituents
389
Oil of Juniper
390
Composition of Arrack
391
LIQUEURS OR CORDIALS 249 Composition of Cordials or Liqueurs
392
FERMENTATIONFERMENTED LIQUORS 251 General Principles of Fermentation
394
Yeast
395
Lactic Acid and other Ferments
397
Enumeration of the various kinds of BeerTheir Composi tion
398
The Water used by the Brewer
400
Malt Extract
401
The ColouringMatters of Malt
403
Beer Bitters
404
Hops
405
Absynthin
408
Daphnin
410
Processes to be used for the Separation of licrotoxin
430
Constituents of Wine
438
Estimation of Succinic Acid and Glycerine
446
Estimation of Tartaric Acid and Glycerine and Bitartrate
457
Gautieks Process for Detecting Foreign Colouring
464
Special Reactions for the Detection of Certain of
469
VINEGAR Section Tafc 287 Constituents of Commercial Vinegar
475
2S9 Analysis of Vinegar 475
476
Bibliography relative to Vinegar
480
Adulterations of Lime Juice
482
MUSTARD PEPPER ic
484
Analysis of Mustard
486
The Chemistry of Mustard
488
Adulterations of Mustard
489
Varieties and General Composition of Pepper 42
494
The ABh of PepperNitrates and Nitrites in Pepper
495
General Composition of Pepper
496
Adulterations of Pepper
497
Legal Case relative to Pepper
498
General Description of Cayenne
500
Capsaicin and other Principles of Pepper
501
The Sweet and Bitter Almond 307 General Description of Almonds
503
AmygdalineVolatile Oil or Essence of Almond
504
General Character f Annatto 311 Chemical Composition of Annatto
507
Introduction
513
BIOLOGICAL METHODS
540
Section Page
542
Interpretation of Results
548
Addendum to Article Bread
558
ButterRegulations relative to the Sale
560
Sale of Food and Drugs Act Amendment Act 1879
568
Coraeils de Salubrittf
12

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Seite 48 - In the case of food or drink. 1. If any substance or substances has or have been mixed with it so as to reduce or lower or injuriously affect its quality or strength. 2. If any inferior or cheaper substance or substances have been substituted wholly or in part for the article. 3. If any valuable constituent of the article has been wholly or in part abstracted.
Seite 29 - No person shall sell to the prejudice of the purchaser any article of food or any drug which is not of the nature, substance, and quality of the article demanded...
Seite 569 - In the case of drugs: (1) If, when sold under or by a name recognized in the United States Pharmacopoeia, it differs from the standard of strength, quality, or purity laid down therein. (2) If, when sold under or by a name not recognized in the United States Pharmacopoeia, but which is found in some other pharmacopoeia or other standard work on materia medica, it differs materially from the standard of strength, quality, or purity laid down in such work. (3) If its strength, quality, or purity falls...
Seite 58 - The person purchasing any article with the intention of submitting the same to analysis shall, after the purchase shall have been completed, forthwith notify to the seller or his agent selling the article his intention to have the same analysed by the public analyst, and shall offer to divide the article into three parts...
Seite 563 - Act regulating the powers and duties of justices of the peace for such district, or of the police of such district; and...
Seite 49 - No person shall, except for the purpose of compounding as hereinafter described, mix, colour, stain, or powder, or order or permit any other person to mix, colour, stain, or powder, any drug with any ingredient or material, so as to affect injuriously the quality or potency of such drug, with intent that the same may be sold in that state...
Seite 49 - If it be colored, or coated, or polished, or powdered, whereby damage is concealed, or it is made to appear better than it really is, or of greater value.
Seite 569 - food," as used herein, shall include all articles used for food or drink by man, whether simple, mixed, or compound. SEC. 3. Any article shall be deemed to be adulterated within the meaning of this Act: (a) In the case of drugs: (1) If, when sold under or by a name recognized in the United States Pharmacopoeia, it differs from the standard of strength, quality, or purity laid down therein.
Seite 18 - AE A Manual of Marine Engineering. Comprising the Designing, Construction and Working of Marine Machinery.
Seite 570 - In the case of food : First. If any substance has been mixed and packed with it so as to reduce or lower or injuriously affect its quality or strength. Second. If any substance has been substituted wholly or in part for the article. Third. If any valuable constituent of the article has been wholly or in part abstracted.

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