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1764. from defertes, a name which has been given them from their barren and defolate appearance: the Friday 13. next day we ftood in for the road of Funchiale, where, about three o'clock in the afternoon, we came to an anchor. In the morning of Saturday Saturday 14. the 14th, I waited upon the Governor, who received me with great politeness, and faluted me with eleven guns, which I returned from the ship. Sunday 15. The next day, he returned my vifit at the house of the Conful, upon which I faluted him with eleven guns, which he returned from the fort. I found here his Majefty's fhip the Crown, and the Ferret floop, who also faluted the broad pendant.

Having completed our water, and procured all the refreshment I was able for the companies of both the fhips, every man having twenty pounds weight of onions for his fea ftock, we weighed anThurfd. 19. chor on Thursday the 19th, and proceeded on our Saturday 21. voyage. On Saturday the 21t, we made the island of Palma, one of the Canaries, and foon after examining our water, we found it would be neceffary to touch at one of the Cape de Verd iflands for a fresh fupply. During the whole of our courfe from the Lizard, we obferved that no fish followed the fhip, which I judged to be owThur. 26, ing to her being fheathed with copper. By the 26th, our water was become foul, and ftunk intolerably, but we purified it with a machine, which had been put on board for that purpose: it was a kind of ventilator, by which air was forced through the water in a continual stream, as long as it was neceffary.

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In the morning of the 27th, we made the island
of Sal, one of the Cape de Verds, and feeing fe
veral turtle upon the water, we hoifted out our Friday 27.
jolly boat, and attempted to strike them, but they
all went down before our people could come within
reach of them. On the morning of the 28th, we Saturday 28.
were very near the island of Bona Vista, the next Sunday 29.
day off the Isle of May, and on Monday the 30th, Monday 30.
we came to an anchor in Port Praya bay. The
rainy season was already fet in, which renders this
place very unfafe; a large fwell that rolls in from
the fouthward, makes a frightful furf upon the
fhore, and there is reafon every hour to expect a
tornado, of which, as it is very violent, and blows
directly in, the confequences are likely to be fatal,
fo that after the 15th of Auguft no fhip comes hi-
ther till the rainy feason is over, which happens in
November; for this reafon I made all poffible
hafte to fill my water and get away. I procured

three bullocks for the people, but they were little
better than carrion, and the weather was fo hot,
that the flesh stunk in a few hours after they were



Thursday 2.

On Thursday the 2d of Auguft, we got again Auguft. under fail, with a large cargo of fowls, lean goats, and monkies, which the people contrived to procure for old fhirts, jackets, and other articles of the like kind. The intolerable heat, and almost inceffant rain, very soon affected our health, and the men began to fall down in fevers, notwith standing all my attention and diligence to make

B 3


1764. them fhift themselves before they flept, when they


were wet.

Wednef. 8.

On Wednesday the 8th, the Tamar fired a gun, upon which we shortened fail till she came up: we found that she had fuffered no damage but the carrying away of her top-fail-yard; however, as we were obliged to make an eafy fail till fhe had got up another, and the wind feemed to be coning again to the fouthward, we loft a good deal of way. We continued, to our great mortification, to obferve that no fifh would come near enough to our copper bottom for us to ftrike, though we faw the fea as it were quickened with them at a little distance. Ships in thefe hot latitudes generally take fish in plenty, but, except fharks, we were not able to catch one.

Tuefday II.

No event worthy of notice happened till Tuefday the 11th of September, when, about three o'clock in the afternoon, we faw Cape Frio, on the coaft of Brazil; and about noon, on Thursday Thurf. 13. the 13th, we anchored in eighteen fathom, in the great Road of Rio de Janeiro. The city, which is large, and makes a handfome appearance, is governed by the Viceroy of Brazil, who is perhaps, in fact, as abfolute a fovereign as any upon earth. When I visited him, he received me in great form; above fixty officers were drawn up be. fore the palace, as well as a captain's guard, whe were men of a good appearance, and extremely well clothed his Excellency, with a number of perfons of the first distinction, belonging to the place,


Thurf. 13.

place, met me at the head of the stairs, upon which 1764. fifteen guns were fired from the nearest port: wer then entered the room of ftate, and after converfing about a quarter of an hour in French, I took my leave, and was difmiffed with the fame form that had been used at my reception. He offered to return my vifit at a houfe which I had hired on fhore, but this I declined, and foon after he returned it on board.

The people in my own fhip, who had as much frefh meat and greens as they could eat every day, were very healthy, but there being many fick on board the Tamar, I procured a place for them on fhore, where they foon recovered. I alfo engaged a number of Portuguese caulkers, as the feams of both the fhips were very open, who, after having worked fome time, rendered them perfectly tight.

-While we lay here, Lord Clive, in the Kent Indiaman, came to the port. This fhip had failed from England a month before us, and had not touched any where, yet fhe came in a month after us; fo that her paffage was just two months longer than ours, notwithstanding the time we loft in waiting for the Tamar, which, though the Dolphin was by no means a good failer, failed fo much worse, that we seldom fpread more than half our The Kent had many of her people down in the fcurvy.


On Tuesday the 16th of October, we weighed Tuesday 160 anchor, being impatient to get to fea, for the heat here was intolerable; but we lay four or five days above the bar, waiting for the land breeze to carry

1764. us out, for there is no getting out with the sea September. breeze, and the entrance between the two first forts Tuesday 16. is fo narrow, and fo great a fea breaks in upon them, that it was not without much danger and difficulty we got out at laft, and if we had followed the advice of the Portuguese pilot, we had certainly lost the ship. As this narrative is published for the advantage of future navigators, particularly thofe of our own nation, it is alfo neceffary I fhould obferve, that the Portuguese here, carrying on a great trade, make it their business to attend every time a boat comes on fhore, and practise every artifice in their power to entice away the crew: if other methods do not fucceed, they make them drunk, and immediately fend them up the country, taking effectual care to prevent their return, till the ship to which they belong has left the place; by this practice I loft five of my men, and the Tamar nine: mine I never recovered, but the Tamar had the good fortune to learn where her's were detained, and by fending out a party in the night, furprised them, and brought them back.


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