Abbildungen der Seite


The effect, particularly after he had what business had he to pretend perused the Vera Christiana Reli- that he was a minister of the church? gio, was sudden but permanent, and He must have deceived those who the reverend gentleman became an were ignorant of his real faith : and unreserved apostle of the Sweden- to those who were aware of his borgian doctrine. Mr. Noble tells double character, he has left this us, that before Mr. Clowes had been precious sentiment as a legacy, that brought over to the new religion, it man may, with impunity, be a could not be said, to number amongst disbeliever in the doctrines of the its professors, more than above church, and hold at the same time twelve persons throughout the world a confidential office in the ministry - but that after that reverend gen- of that church. We sincerely hope tleman had revised the creed of Swe- that such an example will never be denborg, and translated and dis- imitated, and indeed we cannot see persed the writings of his new how it can, by any person having master-and further, after having honestly and conscientiously changed made considerable personal exer- from one set of religious opinions to tions to propagate the novel faith another. himself, the effect was very striking. In most parts of the kingdom there are now societies of Swedenborgians established—they are found

Art. XV.-An Equitable Property in France, Germany, Sweden, and

Tar: a financial Speculation : of course in the United States of and a fair rate of wages to the America, which must be admitted

Labouring Poor. By a Loyal to bear the palm in respect of the

Briton. 8vo. pp. 24. London. ardour of its hospitality towards The ‘Loyal Briton' in this case is, new doctrines in general.

we believe, the Rev. Richard WarNow for our own parts, we feel ner, a gentleman who has been that it would be just as proper for long distinguished for the benevous to quarrel with Mr. Clowes for lent and useful attention which he choosing smoky Manchester for his has paid to the interests of the laresidence, as it would be to blame bouring poor. The object of his him for giving a preference to the present tract is to show, which he religion of Swedenborg. But what does by a comparative calculation we cannot very easily digest, is this of receipt and necessary expendivery sterling fact, that after having ture, that the wages of the labouravowed and taught the peculiar ing poor are altogether inadequate tenets of Swedenborg, he still re- to their maintenance. Considering tained his rectorship

as a priest of that the ancient advantages which the church of England, and that too, they possessed in the commons, we believe, until the day of his death. forests and wastes, and that their Mr. Noble, with great suavity as cottages in many places have been well as ingenuity, attempts to palli- altogether taken away from them, he ate this glaring inconsistency, and insists that it would only be equitells us that the emoluments of the table for the landlords to divide all rectorship were consumed, or nearly their large farms into two or more so, by the expenses of the curacy. smaller ones, none exceeding the What has that fact to do with the annual rent of 300l. a year, and principle of the question? If Mr. not letting more than one farm to Clowes was a real Swedenborgian, the same individual, a practice and Wells, at the Visitation of the tax, that is a much more practi- Diocese, in May and June, 1831. cable affair. He would take off 4to. pp. 23. Wells : Backhouse. all those imposts which press se

[ocr errors]

which, if universally adopted, would, sure to find that it has been at
he thinks, increase the demand for length supplied. Although we do
human labour to an indefinite not deem ourselves worthy to be
amount. He suggests that, in ad- enumerated amongst those persons
dition to this, they should grant whoare so enthusiastic in their admi-
long leases on a moderate rent, and ration of Mr. Wordsworth's poetry,
bind the farmer, in consideration that they prefer it to every other in
thereof, to' employ a certain num- the English language, and speak of
ber of labourers at fixed wages; it and of its author with a kind of
that they should allot to the pea- reverence approaching to idolatry,
santry on their estates, on just con- yet we hope that we can feel the
ditions, small portions of land for beauties of his natural imagery, and
their own use, build comfortable the simplicity of bis diction, and the
cottages for them, and manifest at fervent glow of his thoughts, as
least the same solicitude for them fully as the most devoted of his
which they feel for the preservation worshippers. We will not, indeed,
of game'— the effect of all of which swear that “ Peter Bell" is the
favours, if they were conceded by most charming poem that ever was
the landlords to the fullest extent written ; yet eren in Peter Bell we
of Mr. Warner's wishes, would be can recognise some of Wordsworth's
just like an experiment to appease most peculiar merits. The selections
the angry ocean by pouring a phial here extracted from his works are
of oil upon its surface! Unless a for the most part judiciously made,
very extensive system of emigration and the volume is in every respect
be adopted and acted upon in the so well adapted to the purpose for
course of a very few years, or unless which it is intended, that we hope
war, or the cholera morbus, or some it may find its way very generally
such plague, “thin the land," wages into the hands of youth.
must of necessity bear no propor-
to the constantly increasing ex-
penses of the necessaries of life. ART. XVII.-A Charge delivered to

With respect to the reverend gen- the Clergy of the Diocese of Bath tleman's proposition of a property

London : Rodwell and Rivingverely upon industry, and supply ton. 1831. the amount of them by a tax fairly He air of Christian charity, of levied upon property. The propo- sincerity and truth that breathes sition is very far from being new; throughout this address, most rebut it is not, therefore, the less wor- commend it most powerfully to the thy of consideration.

attention of the community at large. Dr. Law opens his charge with a for

midable picture of the state of the Art. XVI. --Selections from the country, in which, however, we do

Poems of William Wordsworth, not recognise a single trait of exEsq., chiefly for the use of Schools, aggeration : he paints crime of every and Young Persons. 8vo, pp. kind-crime marked too in charac

365. London: Moxon. 1831. ters of a deep and unwonted dye, Tuis school book has long been a

as on the increase ; vice stalking desideratum, and it gives us plea

abroad in higher life, at noon-day,

we have never seen them clothed in more persuasive language.

'The mind of man shrinks from, and dreads the idea of annihilation. It looks with fond and anxious hope to future and brighter scenes; to a reunion with those we have loved upon earth made Saints in Heaven. Surely then we are justified in believing that a God of all power, and of all justice, would not have implanted in our Souls this aspiration after, this longing for immortality, if it were a state we are never destined to attain. This feeling then, which gives life a charm ; which is the parent of noble thought and action; this, cannot be the groundless vision of the fancy: an expectation which never is to be realized-a desire which never can be granted. Far more consistent is it even with the deductions of our reason alone to believe, that the hope of bursting the bands of death and triumphing over the King of Terrors, is an instinct which will lead to its own fruition; that it is a link which unites earth to heaven, an anticipation which may render us more fit partakers of those joys that are to be revealed.'

It is no part of our object, at present, to enter into those doctrines trines advanced by the prelate, which many members of his own church, not to speak of the dissenters, strongly contravert. We may observe, however, that his explanation of the intimate connection between faith and good works is as concise as it is exact and eloquent in language. Among the causes of those evils which, he says, the church has to deplore, he particularly notices those wild and enthusiastic notions of religion, which are at present so frequently inculcated in conventicles, and sometimes even in our public ways and fields! The tendency of such



2 R




unabashed and unconscious of shame; whilst among the lower orders there prevails a spirit of insubordination that brooks no restraint, appearing in frequent instances of cruelty, and midnight depredations, hitherto foreign to the character of our peo-, ple.' And,' adds the Right Rev. Prelate, what is of all circumstances the most appalling, the truths and precepts of our holy religion itself, are by many lightly regarded, if not entirely set at nought and despised.' The Bishop, after stating these alarming facts, tells his clergy that the most effectual mode of endeavouring to arrest this general career of sin, is to inculcate a clear knowledge of the uncorruped doctrines of religion, natural and revealed, upon both of which subjects he expatiates at considerable length with his wonted eloquence. Let not then,' he recommends, the Sunday pass by, so frequently, as of late it hath done, without your displaying to your hearers the goodness of the Almighty, in th: formation and providential care of his creatures. Convince them that the line which the Deity has marked out for them by his eternal laws, is the path of virtue. Every act of obedience to the will of our Creator, hath its appropriate inducement and recompence. Kindness is, for the most part, repaid by kindness. Temperance is its own reward. Industry hath in its right hand, length of days; and in its left hand, competence and content.' If the virtuous be sometimes overwhelmed with misfortunes, this is but a proof that there is a better world, in which they shall meet with their reward; nor is this, he contends, the only evidence which natural religion affords of a resurrection from the dead. The Bishop's ideas upon this point have often been inculcated before, but NO. II. (1831.) VOL. IV.

preaching,' he adds, 'is too often to reconcile a life of sin with the assuredness of salvation'! The prelate thinks the present systems of toleration and of education rather too unlimited, and as so many causes of the evils which he laments, to which he adds the distressed state of the poor. Upon this latter point he agrees in principle with Mr. Warner, in recommending to those of his clergy who have glebes, to let out to each labourer with a family, a small allotment of land, upon which they might subsist in content and peace. The bishop clearly sees, and would endeavour to stem, the tide of opinion so strongly setting in against the whole system, spiritual and secular of the established church, and prudently concludes with informing his clergy that he is a friend to reform, hoping that they will follow his example. We trust that his advice will not have been given in vain.

ART. XVIII.-Thoughts on Various Subjects. By William Danby, Esq., of Swinton Park, Yorkshire. 8vo. pp. 253. London: Rivington. York: Todd. 1831. WE have here a Second Edition of Mr. Danby's "Ideas and Realities," considerably enlarged, and we may justly add much improved. Wit he ains not at, humour he never affects; and though he would risk occasionally to pass to the lively from the severe, he cannot be charged with much of the buoyant qualities of mirth. His thoughts are such as we may easily suppose likely to float through the mind of a country gentleman, liberally educated, surrounded by useful books, enjoying all the luxuries of a pleasant seat in Yorkshire, and finding employment in his many leisure

hours in the soothing occupations of literature. It is something for such a man to be able to say to himself every morning-Well, I shall advance so far in the preparation of my book to day! We can easily understand the feeling with which Mr. Danby sent the proof of his last sheet to the press. It must have been like parting with a friend, who had long been near him, and kept away the blue devils from his library. The general current of his 'thoughts' is sober, religious, and respectable, without being very profound. They are generally clearly, sometimes neatly expressed; as in the following three or four specimens, which we shall cite.

'Life has its pleasures, but the only real ones are those which are doubled on reflection; and they are most felt in the encouragement they give to hope for more.'


Nothing can add more to the expression of our feelings than laying our hand on the arm of him to whom we are expressing them. It is an argumentum ad fratrem, a kind of animal magnetism, an electric chain, that conveys the fluid to the breast of him whom we are addressing ourselves to, if he has feelings to receive it, and if the address is worthy of exciting them. It disposes him to sympathize with us, and to listen to us with the same confidence that we seem to place in him; accordingly it is introduced into the conversation between Yorick and the Mendicant Friar, in the "Sentimental Journey," and it is much more interesting to me to recollect it in one whose example I most wish to follow, and whose memory I have the most reason to respect; my own father. This expression of natural feeling is surely among the most pleasant that can be given, received, or recorded: and if all that accompanies it is in concurrence with it, we cannot well doubt of its sincerity. It has the feeling of truth, and should only be expressive of it.'

The mind's exertion of its own powers is very sufficient to show that there is much beyond them; and the glimpse that it catches of this is as sure

lish poetry.

dain ;

[ocr errors]


a proof that it is wiihin the reach of

A single example, higher intelligence.'

from the version of Mr. Canning's *In all cases of personal attachment between the sexes, the less sensuality fully justify our applause.

Pilgrimage to Mecca, will, we think, there is the better; for whatever degree of sentiment may be mixed with it, it 'What holy rites Mohammed's laws oris still the part that draws the human nearer to the mere animal nature, and What various duties bind his faithful not the less so for the sentiment that

train; may be mixed with it; for the compari. What pious zeal his scatter'd tribes unites son must be made between the iwo; In fix'd observance of these holy rites; Moore's

At Mecca's shrine what votive crowds “O the heart that has truly loved, never

surround forgets,

With annual pomp

the consecrated But as truly loves on to the close,”


The Muse shall tell :-revolving years ought to be, and will be true, if that love

succeed, has its proper seat in the mind. And,

And Time still venerate Mohammed's look we not forward to a far higher love

creed. than any that the excitements of this

Nor faint the glory shed o'er Mecca's world can inspire? Young most truly says,

Land of the Prophet! dear to fame art “ Virtue alone entenders us through life: thou. I wrong hier much; entenders us for

Here first in peace his infant hopes were ever.”

known; For virtue must be immortal. Nothing Here fix'd the Chief his temple and his that is really good, can be lost; for it throne: must have come from God, and will Though from thy gates opposing factions return 10, and abide in lim.'

here With stern defiance drove the gifted


Yet, sacred city of his love! 'twas thine Art.XIX.- Translations of the Or- To heap the earliest incense on his ford Latin Prize Poems. First

shrine; Series. 8vo. pp. 193. London:

To own the terrors of his conquering

blade, Valpy. 1831.

And hail with joy the Exile thou hast To men of classical education,

made. especially to those who have been

Yes !—thou art known to fame! to thee, educated at the universities, the 'tis said, publication of which we have here A voice divine the wandering Abraham the first series, will be eminently

led : acceptable. It is to contain trans

Within thy courts, at his command re lations of the best Latin poems


Blazed the pure altars of Creation's Lord. which have gained prizes at Oxford,

And lience thy race, for ancient faith and we may observe the interest

renown'd, which the work excites from the Surpassing favour with Mohammed long and highly respectable list of

found; Subscribers, with which the present

His seat of empire hence thy walls bevolume is ushered into the world.

came, Of the manner in which the trans

And shared for sanctity Mohammed's

fame. lations are executed, we do not hesi

Nor strange that hence, with pious gifts tate to speak in terms of the highest

array'd, praise. The energy and modula- Thy shrine revered the Moslem tribes tion of the verse, reminds us in

invade; every page of the best days of Eng

« ZurückWeiter »