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Freemasonry, the author of this

say from the beginning of the world, miniature volume, a Brother of the for he has no doubt whatever that Apollo Lodge, 711, Oxford, bas

Adam was

a mason! With the contrived to present to his fellow greatest possible coolness he then masons, in a neat and portable size, proceeds — I pass on to the flood.' a very useful epitome of that ven- The builders of the tower of Babel erable and far-famed institution. were of course all brothers of the It is quite true, as he states, that society, which next took root in Preston's work, though excellent, is Egypt, whence it crossed the sea much too long for general use, and to Europe, where it still flourishes that Oliver's is too closely confined in its pristine glory. It is pleasant to mere antiquarian discussion. He to see grave men run wild upon a acknowledges, however, that it is favourite theme. Let it not be supchiefly to the labours of those inde- posed, however, that we wish to unfatigable masons, as well as to an dervalue the Institution itself. Such article in the Encyclopædia Britan- a disposition we could not entertain nica, he is indebted for the informa- for a moment, as we know that tion which he has collected in a wherever Freemasons exist, they are concise shape in this little manual. always found the firın friends of huHe traces the origin of the society manity, freedom, charity, and peace. from its commencement, that is to


Connected with Literature, Science, and the Arts.

Scientific Congress.- Preparations enquiries instituted, and intrusted to bave been making for some time, those best able to conduct them, rewith the view of assembling in wards proposed, and other measures York, as the most central place, a adopted, for the encouragement of number of scientific and philo-sci- science, wbich is at present held in entific gentlemen, from different too little esteem by our own governparts of the united kingdom. The ment. We shall observe the ope. immediate object is, we believe, to rations of this Panhellenium with establish a regular triennial meet- the most lively interest. We may ing, at which French and German mention, as a circumstance worthy savans may also be induced to at, of notice, that the society of German tend. It is manifest that the inter- scientific men, which is now what course wbich would thus take place may be truly called a great national between the most enlightened minds congregation, and which monarchs of the most civilized countries in emulate each other in honouring, Europe, would be likely to lead to was, at its commencement, just consequences of the most important

nine years ago,

association character, connected with the pro- merely of twenty persons. Even gress of knowledge. Differences these met almost in secret ; they in matters of doctrine might be ex- were openly opposed and secretly plained and reconciled, discoveries watched by certain of the continencommunicated and improved, new tal governments : their meetings


were limited to a few cities, and husk of the grape from which the they were confounded with political fermentive matter has been removed associations. The German society by distillation, is described, in a owes its origin to Professor Oken, French periodical, as having been now professor of physiology at Mu- employed by a physician of Narnich. Scientific persons, who pro- bonne, as an excellent substitute for pose to attend the meeting at York, oak bark, in preparing leather. If are requested to communicate their the quality of the new be as good intention to John Robinson, Esq. as that of the old, the saving would Secretary to the Royal Society of be immense by the discovery. Edinburgh.

Cultivation of Flowers.--An emiHeat of the Earth.-The result nent botanist observes, that the obof the various experiments which jections to the climate of Britain, have been made to ascertain the as regards the habits of plants that temperature of the interior of the are natives of Chili or Peru, does earth, would seem to justify the not arise from any defect of tempeopinion, that the nearer we approach rature, but from the excessive huthe centre the greater is the beat midity of this country. In cultithat we experience ; and that at the vating such plants amongst us, it depth of 10,000 feet any where would be well to consider the profrom the surface, we might be sure gress of vegetation in the original of finding a degree of heat that soils. From May till October the would be sufficient to boil water. rainy season prevails; the heaviest

The Census.-We beg to remind rains being in June and July. Durour readers, that on Monday, the ing the time the plants are in flower 30th inst., a census of the popula- there is little moisture in the soil, tion of Great Britain is ordered by and whilst they are seeding', the act of Parliament to be commenced. ground is perfectly dry and bard. On the morning of ihat day, all the Protection of Herbaria.-Herparish officers are to proceed to the baria are best protected from insects, various habitations in their districts, by washing the specimens with oil with papers, on which questions of turpentine in which very finely are printed for the purpose of being powdered corrosive sublimate (muanswered by the owners of the rias hydrargyri) is suspended. Spirit houses. It may be well to remem- of wine, so commonly used for this ber, that there is a penalty, either purpose, is found to extract the cofor a refusal to answer or for a false lour from the plants, and it also answer, of not less than 40s. and soils the paper to which the specinot more than 51.

men is attached. Paper from Wood.-A patent was Mortality of Infants from Cold. lately taken out in America for ma- - It has been found upon minute nufacturing paper from wood. It and protracted inquiry in Italy, that appears that the shavings of any out of 100 infants born in the munths description of wood being boiled in of December, January and February, water, with a quantity of any vege- no less than 60 die in the first table or mineral alkali, in the pro- month ; of 100 born in Spring, 48 portion of 12, 16, or 18 lbs. of the survive the first year; of 100 born alkali to 100 lbs. of the shavings, in Summer, 83 survive the first will yield from five to seven reams year; of 100 born in Autumn, 58 of paper.

survive the first year. The differSubstitute for Oak Bark.- The ence of mortality is explained by

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the circumstance, that the children, laston medal was recently awarded being brought to the churches to be by the president of the Geological baptized in the first month, become Society, to Mr. Wm. Smith, printhe victims to premature exposure cipally for having been the first in to cold.

this country to discover and teach Christian Converts in India.--In the identification of strata, and to justification of the views which we determine their succession by means have taken of the failure. of our of imbedded fossils. Mr. Smith was missionaries in the East, we beg to born in Churchill, Oxfordshire, a quote a sentence from the evidence place abounding in fossils, the playof Mr. T. H. Baber, late chief judge things of his childhood; and no doubt of the provincial Court of Circuit it is to the bent which this accident and Appeal in India. He is asked gave to his mind, that we are to by the Select Committee of the attribute the subsequent discoveries House of Lords, if he thinks the which render the name of this genChristians are an increasing body tleman celebrated in the world of by conversions ? he replies,

science. such thing is known as a convert Noah's Ark.d fellow of the by any of our English missionaries. Royal Societies of London and I have heard of such a thing, in Edinburgh, has recently published deed, as a person who has forfeited a learned paper on the construction his caste, turning Christian ; but of Noah's Ark, in which he endeaotherwise, it is a thing quite out of vours to prove that the vessel was the range of possibility.” Out of formed of a rectangular base, bavthe range of possibility! what vo ing sides springing up from its edges lumes does this phrase imply! and inclining inwards, till they met

Tares on Literature. The im over its middle; the covering at portation of foreign books into this the ends inclining inwards and upcountry, is subject to a duty of 51. wards likewise. A cross section of per hundred weight. In France, the ark would thus form an isosceles this duty amounts to no more than triangle, resting on its longer side, six sbillings for the same weight; and the two equal sides forming and in Russia no duty of the sort each an angle of about fifty degrees is levied or even contemplated. The with the base. result of our policy in England is Societies.- It has been calculated totally to exclude all foreign books, that there are now upwards of which are not likely to meet here a fifteen hundred societies for the prolarge and rapid sale; a description motion of arts and sciences in the which we much fear applies to the civilized world; and that of these, most valuable of the continental more than one half are for the enpublications.

couragement of agriculture, manuOld new Inventions.-The fol factures and commerce. lowing inventions were published Asbestos.- A manufacture of this more than a century ago, but are mineral into cloth has been lately commonly looked on as of recent

established at Valleline : a paperdate, because they were only lately maker in France has announced it brought into beneficial use. The to be his intention to employ this hydraulic press; the lever watch ; substance in the fabrication of

pathe kaleidoscope ; the counting ma per intended for theatrical scenery, chine ; the mangle rack.

in consequence of its well-known Wollaston Medal.-The first Wol capability of resisting combustion.

Eastern Travellers.Travellers rise upon its pintals in the event of in Turkey, Persia, and other orien the ship taking ground, in order to tal countries, should make it a rule prevent the injury, which rudders never to stop at night in a large generally experience under those cirtown, when expedition is an object. circumstances : the other improveBy going a stage or two further on, ment prevents the rudder from being they will escape numerous impedi- dislodged from its banging, through ments, which would delay their pro any accidental external force. gress, and they will rather gain IN THE Press.- A series of than lose in the way of accommo Poems intended to illustrate the dation.

manners, customs, and institutions Patents.—The following have of Great Britain-The History of been enrolled within the last few Poland— The Club Book, consistmonths. To Jeremiah Grime, of ing of Tales by various authors, Bury, for a method of dissolving The Parliamentary Pocket-Booksnow and ice on railways – to Dr. A descriptive catalogue of Apples Burgess, of Northwich, Chesbire, -Sketches in Spain and Morocco for a drink for the cure, prevention, - The Lives of the Actors - The or relief of gout, gravel, and other Columbia River, or a residence diseases—to Richard Abbey, of among tribes of Indians hitherto unWalthamstow, for a new mode of known - The Life of Wesley-Spain preparing the leaf of a British in 1830--American Ornithology. plant, for producing a healthy be Novels.-Philip Augustus—The verage by infusion—to John Phil Young Duke-The Smugglerlips, of Arnold, Nottinghamshire, Bogle Corbet—The Staff Officer a servant man, for certain improve - The Young Muscovite-Robinments in bridlesto Messrs. Peek son Crusoe-The Sister's Budget and Hamnuck, of Tormshaw,Devon, - Arthur of Brittany—The Cat's for improvements in rudder-bang Tail-Stories from the History of ings and rudders for ships. The frst Italy. improvement enables the rudder to


It has been intimated to us, that our Subscribers in France have occasionally experienced inconvenience, from the irregularity with which The Monthly Review has been transmitted to them, especially to those who reside at a distance from the Metropolis. Mr. G. G. BENNIS, who has established a Library and News Rooms at No. 55, RUE Neuve, SAINT AUGUSTIN, Paris, having kindly offered all the assistunce in his power in order to prevent a repetition of that inconvenience, our friends in France, who we are happy to say are by no means confined to the English residents, will, we trust, have no reason again to make complaints upon the subject.



JUNE, 1831.

Art. 1.— The History and Antiquities of the Doric Race, by C. 0.

Muller, Professor in the University of Gottingen. Translated from the German. By H. Tufnel, Esq., and G. C. Lewis, Esq., Student of Christ Church. În two volumes 8vo. Oxford: Collingwood. London:

Murray. 1830. A SINGLE streak of light upon a field of dark cloud, resembles the position which the Dorians, one of the principal races of ancient Greece, occupied in their native territory. All around them is obscure and unknown, while they have been distinguished for many ages that are past, and doubtless will continue to maintain their glory for many ages yet to come. Such is the

Such is the power of graceful literature to ennoble and immortalise a people, who, few in numbers, and issuing forth from a narrow tract of mountainous country, have bequeathed to all posterity, through the medium of their magnificent language, memorials of their enterprize and intelligence, which are likely to perish only with man himself. Warriors overrun nations, annihilate and create empires, and, for a season, are the idols of their followers, the terror of their foes. But unless their deeds be sung and recorded by the aid of letters, their memory, in a generation or two, fades away, leaving no trace of their existence. The most brilliant works of the sculptor, the painter, the architect, have, in many instances, failed to preserve the names of the artists even for a century—a moment upon the dial of Time, a globule in the ocean of Eternity. But poetry, eloquence, and history, possess an embalming power, which the worm cannot altogether destroy. The felicities of thought, the beauties of imagery, the divine fervour of the soul, embodied in disciplined and melodious language, defy the grave, and laugh at the vicissitudes of centuries. In the most barbarous periods of the world, there has always been some sacred temple in which the vestal fire of the mind has been duly tended, and its productions hoarded with a pious care. Letters must truly have been heaven-descended,

vol. 11. (1831.) No. 11.


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