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mortar.

most rages.

put the antidote In the same place peditious way of powdering it in a where grows the poison.

“ Some weeks before I left Gon “ The first dose I took was about dar I had b:en very much torment a heaped tea-spoonful in a cup of ed with this disease, and I had tried camel's milk; I took two of these both ways of treating it, the one by in a day, and then in the morning a hot medicines and astringents, the tea-cup of the infusion in camel's other by the contrary method of milk warm. It was attended the diluting Small doses of ipecacu- first day with a violent drought, anha under the bark had for several but I was prohibited from drinking times procured me temporary re either water or bouza. I made lief, but relapses always followed. privately a drink of my own; I My strength began to fail, and, took little boiled water which after a severe return of this disease, had stood to cool, and in it a small I had, at my ominous mansion, Hor- quantity of spirits. I after used cacamoot, the valley of the shadow fome ripe tamarinds in water, which of death, a very unpromising pro- I thought did me harm. I cannot spect, for I was now going to pass say I found any alteration for the through the kingdom of Sennaar in firit day, unless a kind of hope that the time of year when that disease. I was growing better, but the fe

'cond day I found myfelf sensibly “ Sheba, chief of the Shangalla, recovered. I left off laudanum and called Genjar, on the frontiers of ipecacuanha, and resolved to trust Kuara, had at this time a kind of only to my medicine. In looking embassy or message to Ras el Feel. at my journal, I think it was the He wanted to burn fome villages in 6th or 7th day that I pronounced Atbara belonging to the Arabs myself well, and, though I had reJeheina, and wished Yasine might turns afterwards, I never was renot protect them : they often came duced to the necessity of taking one and lat with me, and one of them drop of laudanum, although before hearing of my complaint, and the I had been very free with it. I did apprenensions I annexec to it, seem not perceive it occafioned any ex. ed to make ve y light of both, and fraordinary evacuation, nor any rethe reason was, he found at the very markable symptom but that condoor t. is shrub, the strong and ig- tinued thirit, which abated after it

root of which, nearly as had been taken some time. thick as

a pa snip, was covered • In the course of my journey with a clean, clear, wrikled bark, through Sennaar, I saw that all the of a light-brown colour, and which inhabitants were well acquainted peeled easily off the root. The with the virtues of this plant. I bark was without fibres to the very had prepared a quantity pounded end, where it split like a fork into into powder, and used it successtwo thin divisions. After having fully everywhere. I thought that cleared the inside of it of a whit th the mixing of a third of bark with membrane, he laid it to dry in the it produced the effect more speedifun, and then would have bruised ly, and, as we had now little opit between two stones, had we not portunity of getting milk, we made hewn liim the easier and more ex

on in water, I tried a

fpirituous

neous

an inf

was

spirituous tincture, which I do be- the branch, with a single one at the lieve would succeed well, I made end. The flowers come chiefly some for myself and servants, a from the point of the stalk from spoonful of which we used to take each side of a long branch. The when we found symptoms of our cup is a perianthium divided into disease returning, or when it was four fegments. The flower has raging in the place in which we four petals, with a strong rib down chanced to reside. It is a plain, the center of each. In place of a fimple bitter, without any aromatic pistil there is a small cup, round or resinous taste. It leaves in your which, between the segments of throat and palate something of the perianthium and the petala of roughness resembling ipecacuanha. the flower, four feeble stamina

« This shrub not before ' arise, with a large ftigma of a crimknown to botanists. I brought the son colour, of the shape of a coffeeseeds to Europe, and it has grown bean, and divided in the middle.' in every garden, but has produced The history of birds and beasts only flowers, and never came to occupies the next place; and the fruit. Sir Joseph Banks, President rule which is followed here, is to of the Royal Society, employed give the preference to such of each Mr. Millar to make a large draw- kind as are mentioned in scripture, ing from this shrub as it had grown and concerning which doubts have at Kew. The drawing was as ele- ' arisen. As for the fishes and other gant as could be wished, and did marine productions of the Red Sea, the original great justice. To this Mr. Bruce observes, that his induspiece of politeness Sir Joseph added try has been too great for his ciranother, of calling it after its dif- cumstances, and that he has by him covorer's name, Brucea Antidysen- above 300 articles from the Arabian terica : the present figure is from a gulph alone, all of equal merit with drawing of my own on the spot at those specimens which he has laid Ras el Feel.

before the public. He adds, that his “ The leaf is oblong and point- moderate fortune, already impaired ed, smooth, and without collateral by the expence of the journey, will ribs' that are visible. The right not, without doing injustice to his side of the leaf is a deep green, the family, bear the additional one of reverse very little lighter. The publishing the numerous articles he leaves are placed two and two upon is in pofleflion of.

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Τ Η Ε

C O N T E N T S.

Τ

HISTORY OF EUROPE.

CH A P.

I.

Retrospetive view of the affairs of France towards the close of the year 1789.

State of Paris. Sudden and frequent revolutions in the government and conftitution of that metropolis. Body of electors appointed for the present, to supply the place of the former regal and municipal authorities. Laudable conduct of the electors, and great benefits derived from it, in preserving Some degree of order and peace in that city. Incidents which led to their

being exposed to imminent danger, through the caprice and the fufpicious disposition of the people. Seemingly apprehensive of this change of temper, they had the fortune previously to secure a retreat, by inducing the people to eleit 120 deputies, who were to be their temporary successors. The divifion of Paris into fixty districts, for the better conducting of the late elections for deputies to the states, productive of many consequences favourable to the revolution, as well as to the establishment of form and order. In each of these districts general assemblies were held, whose resolutions carried the effect of laws, and the mot fovereign acts of authority for the government of the district, were dispensed by its own administration. Thus, Paris was rather to be considered as a confederacy, composed of fixty independent democratical republics, than as one commonwealth. A few demagogues asume the lead in all these districts, and being supported by the lower orders, foon oblige people of character to absent themselves from these assemblies. Instances of the noise, disorder, and tumult, which prevailed at these meetings. "New republican clubs, who have their appendant focieties in every town of France, foon become rulers of the mobs and demagogues of Paris,

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