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which gave us not only a more extensive view, but let the light in upon every part of the procession. 1 Ihoul.i tell you, that a rank of foot soldiers was placed on each side within the platform; and it was not a little surprising to see the officers familiarly conversing and walking arm and arm with many of them, till we were let into the secret, that they were gentlemen who had put on the dresses oscommon soldiers, for what purpose I need not mention. On the outside were Rationed, at proper distances, several parties of horse.guards.whosehorscs.indced, somewhat incommoded the people, that pressed inccsiantly upon them, by their prancing and capering; though, luckily, I do not hear of any great mischief being done. I must confess, it gave me much pain, to fee the soldiers, both horse and soot, molt unmercifully belabouring the heads of the mob with their broad-swords, bayonets, and musquets; but it was not unpleasant to observe several tipping the horse-soldiers siily from time to time (some with halfpence, and (ome with silver, as they could muster up the cash) to let them pass between the horses to get nearer the platform; after which these unconscionable gentry drove them back again. As soon as it was day-break (for I chose to go to my place over-night) we were diverted wirh seeing the coaches and chairs of the nobility and gentry pasting along with much ado; and several persons, very richly dressed, were obliged to quit their equipages, and be escorted by the soldiers through the mob to their respective places. Several carriages, I am told, received great damage: Mr. Jennings, whom you know, had his chariot broke to pieces; but providentially neither he nor Mrs. Jennings, who were in it, received any hurt.
Their majesties (to the shame of those be it spoken who were not so punctua!)came in their chairs from St. James's through the Park to Westminster about nine o'clock, The king went into a room which they call the Court of Wards, and the queen into that belonging to the gentleman-ulhcr of the black-rGd. The nobility and others, who were to walk in the procession, were mustered and ranged by the officers of arms in the Court of Requests, Painted Chamber, and House of Lords, from whence the cavalcade Was conducted into Westminsterhall. As you know all the avenues and places about the Hall, you will not be at a loss to understand me. My pass - ticket would have been of no service, if I had not
prevailed on one of the guards, by the irresistible argument of half-a-crown, to make way for me through the mob to the Hall-gate, where I got admittance just as their majesties were seated at the upper end, under magnificent canopies. Her majesty's chair was on the left hand of his majesty; and they were attended by the great chamberlain, lord high constable, earl marshal, and other great officers. Four swords, I observed, and as many spurs, were presented in form, and then placed upon a table before the king.
There was a neglect, it seems, 'somewhere, in not sending for the dean and prebendaries of Westminster, &c, who, not finding themselves summoned, came of their own accord, preceded by the choristers, singers, i$c. among whom was your favourite, as indeed he is of every one, Mr, Beard. The Hall-gate was now thrown open to admit this lesser procession from the Abbey, when the bishop of Rochester (that is, the dean) and his attendants brought the Bible and the following regalia of the king, viz. St. Edward's crown, rested on a cushion of gold cloth, the orb with the cross, a sceptre with the dove on the top, another tipt with a cross, and what they call St. Edward's staff. The queen's regalia were brought at the fame time, viz. her crown upon a cushion, a sceptre with a cross, and a rod of ivory with a dove. These were severally laid before their majesties, and as. terwards delivered to the respective officers who were to bear them in the procession.
Considering the length of the cavalcade, and the numbers that were to walk, it it no wonder that there should be much confusion in marshalling the ranks. At last, however, every thing was regularly adjusted, and the procession began to quit the Hall between eleven and twelve. The platsorm leading to the west door of the Abbey was covered with blue baize for the train to walk on; but there seemed ta me a defect in not covering the upright post* that supported the awning, as it is called (for they looked mean and naked) with that or some other coloured cloth. As I carry you along, I shall wave mentioning the minute particulars of the procession, and only observe that the nobility walked two by two. Being willing to fee the procession pass along the platform through the streets, I hastened from the Hall, and by the assistance of a soldier made my way to my former station at the corner of Bridge-street, where the windows
commanded fommanded a double view at the turning. I shall not attempt to describe the splendor and magnificence of the w hole; and words mull fall short os that innate joy and satisfaction which the spectators felt and expressed, especially as their majesties passed by; on whose countenances a dignity suited to their station, tempered with the most amiable complacency, was sensibly impressed. It was observable, that as their majesties and the nobility passed the corner which commanded a prospect os Westminsterbridge, they stopped Ihort, and turned back to lock at the people, whose appearance, as they all had their hats off, and were thick phntcd on the ground, which rose gradually, I can compare to nothing but a. pavement os heads and faces.
I had the misfortune not to be able to get to the Abbey time enough to fee all that passed there; nor, indeed, when I got in, could I have so distinct a view as I could have wished. But our friend Harry Whit".ker had the luck to be stationed in the first row of the gallery behind the seats allotted for the nobility, close to the square platform which was erected by the altar, with an ascent of three steps, for their majesties to be crowned on. You are obliged to him, therefore, for several particulars .which 1 could not otherwise have informed you of. He tells me, as soon as their majesties entered the church, the choir struck up with an anthem; and, after they were seated, and the usual recognition and oblations were made, the litany was chanted by the bishops of Chester and Chichcster, and the responses made by the whole choir, accompanied by the whole band of music. Then the first part of the communion-service was read; after which a sermon was preached by the bishop of Salisbury, now archbishop of York. I was not near enough to hear it, nor, perhaps you will fay, did T much desire it; but, by my watch, it lasted only fifteen minutes. This done, Harry fays he saw very distinctly hia majesty sublcribe the declaration, and take the coronation oath, the solemnity of which struck him with an unspeakable awe and reverence; and he could not help reflecting on the glorious privilege which the English enjoy, osbinding their kings by the molt sacred ties of conscience and religion. The king was then anointed by his grace of Canterbury on the crown of his head, his breast, and the palms of his hands; after which he was presented with the spurs, jnd girt with the sword, and was then in
vested with the coronation-robes, the armills, as they are called, and the imperial pall. The orb with the cross was also presented, and the ring was put upon the: fourth singer of his majesty's right hand by the archbistiop, who then delivered the sceptre with the cross, and the other with, the dove: and being assisted by several bishops, he lastly placed the crown reverently upon his majesty's head. A profound awful silence had reigned till this moment, when, at the very instant the crown was let fall on the King's hea.d, a fellow having been placed on the top of the Abbey-dome, from whence he could look down into the chancel, with a stag which he dropt as a signal; the Park and Tower guns begin to sire, the trumpets sounded, and the Abhey echoed with the repeated (horns and acclamation* of the people. The peers, who before this time had their coronets in their hands, now put them on, as the bishops did their caps, and the representatives of the dukes of Aquitaine and Normandy their hats. The knights of the Bath in particular made a most splendid figure, when they put on their caps, which were adorned with large plumes of white feathers. It is to be observed, that there were no commoners knights of the Garter; consequently, instead of caps and vestments peculiar to their order, they, being all peers, wore the robes and coronets of their respective ranks. I stiould mention, that the kings of arms also put on coronets.
Silence again assumed her reign, and the shouts ceasing, the archbishop proceeded with the rest of the divine service; and after he had presented the Bible to his majesty, and solemnly read the benediction", his majesty kissed the archbishops and bishops one after another as they knelt before him. The Te Dcum was now performed, and this being ended, his majesty was elevated on a supe;b throne, which all the peers approached in their order, and did their homages.
The coronation of the queen was performed in nearly the fame manner with that of his majesty; the archbilhop anointed her with the holy oil on the head and breast, and after he had put the crown upon her head, it was a signal for princess Augusta and the peeresses to put on their coronets. Her majesty then received ths sceptre with the cross, and the ivory rod with the dove, and was conducted to a, magnificent throne on the left hand of his majesty.
3 P 4 I cannot
I cannot but lament that I was not near enough to observe their majesties going through the most serious and so'emn acts of devotion; but I am told, that the reverent attention which both paid, when (after having made their second oblations) the next ceremony was, their receiving the holy communion, it brought to the mind of every one near them, a proper recollection of the consecrated place in which they were. Prayers being over, the king and quei.n retired into St. Edward's chapel, just behind the altar. You must remember it— it is where the superstition of the Roman Catholics has robbed the tomb of that royal confessor of lome cf its precious ornaments; here their majesties received each of them a crown of state, as it is called, and a procession was made in the fame manner as before, except in some trifling instances, back again to Weftminffer-hall, all wearing their coronets, caps, l£c. You know I have often laid, that if one loses an hour in the morning, one may ride after it the whole day without being able to overtake it. This was the cafe in the present instance; for, to whatever causes it might be owing, the procession most assuredly set off too late: besides, according to what Harry observed, there »vere such long pauses between some of the ceremonies in the Abbey, as plaidy shewed all the actors were not perfect in their parts. However it be, it is impossible to conceive the chagrin and disappointment which the late return of the procession occasioned; it being so late indeed, that the spectators, even in the open air, had but a very dim and gloomy view of it, while to those who had sat patiently in Westminsterhall, waiting its return for six hours, scarce a glimpse of it appeared, as the branches were not lighted till just upon his majesty's entrance. 1 had flattered myself that a new Scene of splendid grandeur would iiave been presented to us in the return of the procession, from the reflection of the lights, 13V. and had therefore posted back to the Hall with all possible expedition: but not even the brilliancy of the ladies j wels, or the greater lustre of their eyes', had the power to render our darkness -visible', the whole, was confusion, irregularity, and disorder.
However, we were afterwards amply recotinenfed for this partial eclipse by the bright pictuie which the lighting of the chandeliers presented to us. Your unlucky Jaw-suit has made you too well acquainted
with Westminster-hall for me to think of describing it to you; but I assure you the face of it was greatly altered from what it W2s when you attended to hear the verdict given against you. Instead of the inclosures for the courts of Chancery and King's Bench at the upper end, which were both removed, a platform was raised with several ascents of steps, where their majesties in their chairs of state, and th; royal family, fat at table. On each side, down the whole length of the Hall, the rest of the company were seated at long tables, in the middle of which were placed, on elevations painted to represent marble, the deserts, \Sc. Conceive to yourself, if you can conceive, what \ own I am at a loss to describe, so magnificent a building as that of Westminster-hall, lighted up with near three thousand wax candles in most splendid branches; our crowned heads, and almo'l the whole nobility, with the prime of our gentry, most superbly arrayed, and adorned with a profusion of the most brilliant jewels; the galleries on every side crowded with company for the most part elegantly and richly drefled: but to conceive it in all its lustre, I am conscious that it is absolutely necessary one must have been present To proceed in my narration —Their majesties table was. served with three courses, at the first of which earl Talbot, as steward of his majesty's lioustiold, rode up from the Hall-gate to the steps leaaing to where their majesties fat; and on his returning the spectators were presented with an unexpected sight, in his lordship's backing his horse, that he might keep his face still towards the king. A loud clapping and huzzaing consequently eniued from the people present. The ceremony of the champion, you may remember we laughed at, at its representation last winter; but I assure you it had a very serious effect on those ladies who were near him (though his horse was very gentle) as he came up, accompanied by lord Effingham as earl marshal, and the duke of Bed, ford as lord high-constable, likewise on horseback: it is needless to repeat what pass-.-d on this occasion. I am told, that the horse which the champion rode was the fame that his late majesty was mounted on at the glorious and memorable battle of Dcttingen. The beast, as well as the rider, had his head adorned with a plume of white, red, and blue feathers.
You cannot expect that I fliould give you a bill of fare, or enumerate the number ber of dishes that were provided and sent from the temporary kitchens erected in Cottori-garden for this purpose. No less than sixty haunches of venison, with a surprizing quantity of all sort! of game, were laid in for this grand feast: but that which chiefly attracted our eyes, was their majesties desert, in which the confectioner had lavished all his ingenuity in rnck-w< rk and emblematical figures. The other deserts were no less admirable for their expressive devices. But I must not forget to tell you, that when the company came to be seated, the poor knights of the Bath had been overlooked, and no table provided tor them: an airy apology, however, was s erved iip to them instead of a substantial dinner; but the two junior knii;!ns, in orJer to preserve their rank of precedency to their successors, were placed at the head of the judges table, above all the learned brethren of the coif. The peers were placed on the outermost side of the tables, and the peeresses within, nearest to the walls. You cannot suppose that there was the greatest order imaginable observed during the dinner, but must conclude, that some of the company were as eager and impatient to satisfy the craving of their appetites as any of your country '1'quires at a race or assize ordinary.
It was pleasant to see the various stratagems made use of by the company in the galleries to come in for a snack of the good things below. The ladies clubbed their handkerchiefs to be tied together to draw up a chicken or a bottle of wine; nay, even garters (1 will not fay of a different sex) were united for the fame purpose. Some had been so provident as to bring baskets with them, which were let down, like the prisoners boxes at Ludgate or the Gate-house, with a Pray, remember the poor.
You will think it high time that I should bring this long letter to a conclusion. Let it suffice then to acquaint you, that their majesties returned to St. James's a little after ten o'clock at night; but they were pleased to give time for the peeresses lo go first, that they might not be incommoded by the pressure of the mob to fee their majesties. After the nobility were departed, the illustrious mobility were (according to custom) admitted into the Hall, which they presently cleared of all the moveables, such as the victuals, cloths, plates, dimes, tjc. and, in short, every fhing that could stick to their fingers.
I need not tell you, that several coronation medals, in silver, were thrown among the populace at the return of the procession. One of them was pitched into Mrs. Dixon's lap, as she sat upon a scaffold in Palace-yard. Some, it is said, were also thrown among the peeresses in the Abbey just after the king was crowned; but they thought it below their dignity to stoop to pick them up.
My wife desires her compliments to you: she was bugeoujly pleased with the sight. All friends are, well, except that little Nancy Green has got a swelfea face, by being up all night; and Tom Moffat has his leg laid up on a stool, on account of a broken shin, which he got by a kick from a trooper's horse, as a reward for his mobbing it. I shall fay nothing of the illuminations at night: the news-papers must have told you of them, and that the Admiralty in particular was remarkably lighted up. I expect to have from you an account of the rejoicings at your little town; and desire to know whether you was able to get a slice of the ox which was roasted whole on this occasion.
[ am, dear Sir,
P. S. The Princess Dowager of Wales, with the younger brarxhes of the royal family, did not walk in the grand procession, but made up a lesser procession of their own; of which you will find a sufficient account in the public prints. They had a box to see the coronation in the Abbey, and afterwards dined in an apartment by themselves adjoining to the Hall.
Since my writing the above, I have been informed for certain, that the sword of state, by some mistake, being left behind at St. James's, the Lord Mayor's sword was carried before the king by the earl of Huntingdon, in its stead; but when the procession came into the Abbey, the sword of state was found placed upon the altar.
Our friend Harry, who was upon the scaffold, at the return of the procession closed in with the rear; at the expence of half a guinea was admitted into the Hall; got brim-full of his majesty's claret; and, in the universal plunder, brought off the glass her majesty drank in, which is placed in the beaufait as a valuable curiosity.
§ 14a A Letter from a successful Adventurer in the Littery.
You will not be at all surprised whet) I tell you, that I have had very ill-luck in the lottery; but you will stare when I fur. ther tel! you, it is because unluckily I have got a considerable prize in ic. I received the glad tiding of my misfortune last Saturday nigiit from your Chronicle, when, cn looking over the list of the prizes, as I was got behind my pipe at the club, I found that my ticket was come up a zooo 1. In the pride as well as joy of my heart, I could not help proclaiming to the company —my good luck,as I then foolishly thought it, and as the company thought it too, by insisting that I ihould treat them that evening. Friends are never so merry, or stay longer, than when they have nothing to pay: they never care too how extravagant they are on such an occasion. Bottle after bottle was therefore called for, and that too of claret, though not one* of us, I believe, but had rather had port. In short, I reeled home as well as 1 could about four in the morning ; when thinking to pacify my wife, who began to rate me (as usual) for staying out so long, 1 told her the occasion of it; but instead of rejoicing, as I thought she would, she cried—" Pilh, Only two thousand pounds!" However, she was at last reconciled to it, taking care to remind me, that she had chosen the ticket herself, and she was all along sure it would come up a prize, because the number was an odd one. We ne ither of us got a wink of fleep, though 1 was heartily inclined to it; for my wife kept me awake—by telling me of this, that, and t'other thing which (he wanted, and which she would now purchas, as we could afford it.
1 know not how the news of my success spread so scon among my other acquaintance, except that my wile told it to every one she knew, or not knew, at church. The consequence was, that I had no less than seven very hearty friends came to dine with us by way of wishing us joy ; and the number of thete hearty friends was increased to above a dozen by supper-time. It is kind in one's friends to be willing to partake of one's success; they made themselves very merry literally at my expence; and, at parting, told me they would bring some more friends, and have another jolly evening with me on this happy occasion.
When they were gone, I made shift to get a little rest, though I was often disturbed by my wife talking in her sleep. Her head, it seems, literally ran upon wheels, that is, the lottery-wheels; she frequently called out that she had got ten thousand pounds: she muttered several wild and incoherent expressions about gowns, and ruffles, and ear-rings, and necklaces; and I once heard her mention the word ceacb. In the morning, when 1 got up, how was I surprised to find rny good fortune published to all the world in the news-paper! though I could not but smile (and madam was greatly pleased) at the printer's exalting me to the dignity of Esquire, having been nothing but plain Mr, all my life before. And now the misfortunes arising from my good fortune began to pour in thick upon me. In consequence of the information given in the news-paper, we were no sooner sat down to breakfast than we were complimented , with a rat-a-tatoo from the drums, as if we had been just married: aster these had been silenced by the usual method, another band of music saluted cs with a peal from the marrow-bones and cleavers to the fame tune. I was harassed the whole day with petitions from the hospital boys that drew the ticket, the commissioners clerks that wrote down the ticket, and the clerks of the office where I bought the ticket, all of them praying, "That my Honour would consider them." I should be glad you would inform me what these people would have given me is I iai had a blank. .
My acquaintance in general called to know, when they should wait upon rr.e to ivet my good fortune. My own relations, and my wife's relations, came in such shoals to congratulate me, that I hardly knew the faces of many of them. One insisted on rny giving a piece of plate to his wife; another recommended to me to put his little boy (my two-and-fortieth cousin) ott 'prentice; another, lately 'uibite-v.njhd, proposed to me my setting him up again in business; and several of them very Kir.dly told me, they would borrow three or four hundred pounds of me, as they knew I could now spare it.
My wife in the mean time, you may h« sure, was not idle in contriving to dilpose of this new acquisition. She found out, in the first place, (according to the complaint of most women) that she had not got a gown to her back, at least not one sit fpr her nivi to appear in. Her ward