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good faith, 338. Doubts the sincerity of the British ministry in proposing the negotiation, 373. Complains of the signature of the treaty with Great Britain by the American commissioners without communication with the French court, 449. His communication to M. de la Luzerne on the subject, and his opinion of the treaty, 453. His comment on the intercepted letter of M. de Marbois, 463. Refuses to sign the definitive treaty with England until that of the United States is signed, X. 17. His expressions of regret at Franklin's departure from France, 171. Vermont, disturbances in New Hampshire and, IX. 162.

VERNON, CHARLES, his account of the treatment of Mr. Laurens in the Tower, VIII. 516.

Versailles, visit of Franklin to, VII. 361. Vessels, on the form of least resistance, VI. 463. On the means of diminishing the resistance of the air by a new arrangement of the sails, 465. On the construction of the cables of, 468. Means of preserving, from oversetting, 472. Construction of double, 473. Of accidents by fire, lightning, and collision, 475. And from ice, 476. Of the Indian and Chinese, 477. Various moving powers, 478. Of a swimming anchor, 481. Of machines for stopping the motion of, 482. Effect of currents on the motion of, 485. Health of the crews of, 489. VICQ D'AZYR, FELIX, some account of, VI. 433.

VI. 87. Baxter's doctrine on the subject examined, and its existence denied, 88. Subject again referred to, 93. Visits, how to be regulated, II. 27. Turkish mode of making, 28. Volcanic Action in Italy, VI. 373. VOLTA, an electrical experiment by, V. 476.

Vienna, visit of Franklin to, suggested, IX. 501. Vindication and Offer from Congress to Parliament, circumstances that produced the work, V. 83. Virginia, conduct of the British army in, during the revolutionary war, II. 503. Views of the commissioners of, relative to lands south of the Great Kenhawa, IV. 332. View of the House of Burgesses of, relative to colonization in the interior, 365. Inquiry how far the jurisdiction of, can be extended to the Ohio, 372. Resolutions of, respecting a Congress, VII. 295. Her resolutions on the subject of a Committee of Correspondence, VIII. 54. Respecting supplies obtained in Europe for, 320. Virtue, its character and effect delineated, II. 19. Dialogue concerning, 46. Another dialogue respecting, 51. Self-denial shown not to be the essence of, 63. Vis Inertia of matter, remarks on the,

Voting, on the just proportion between representation and, V. 169. Voyage, Journal of a, from England to America, by Franklin, I. 547. Plan of a, for exchanging the productions of civilized and uncivilized countries, II. 378. Reason of the greater length of the westward, than the eastward, across the Atlantic, VI. 74. Means of securing comfort on a, 491. Articles essential for a, 493.


WADDELL, Captain, effect of lightning on his compass, V. 276. Wages, to be raised in Europe by the American Revolution, II. 435. Evils arising from the low rate of, 436. Impolicy of attempting to depress the rate, 437. Low rate of, not the cause of the advantages of commerce, 439. Rates of, in the United States, 440. Rates of, how to be affected in Europe by the high rates in America, 441. Effect of the facility of emigration from Europe upon the rates of, 443. WALPOLE, THOMAS, circumstances relating to a grant to him and others of lands on the Ohio, IV. 302. Dissuades Franklin from presenting his proposed protest to Lord Dartmouth, V. i. WALPOLE, Count de Vergennes's view of his mission, IX. 329. Walpole's Grant, some account of, I. 339. Extracts of letters from Franklin on the subject, IV. 263. Alluded to, VII. 355, 517. Franklin's agency in procuring, VIII. 1. See Ohio Settle


WALSH, JOHN, his discovery respecting the torpedo, VI. 348. Mode of ascer taining its essential quality, 349. His discovery respecting the effect of a vacuum on electricity, 413. WALTER, his experiments in logographic printing, X. 8. WALTERSTORF is instructed to promote the conclusion of a commercial treaty between Denmark and the United States, IX. 487.

War, principles on which it should be conducted, II. 487. Absurdity of, VIII. 417. Again, X. 26. WASHINGTON, GEORGE, mentioned as commander of the Virginia forces,

VII. 122. His views in regard to nonimportation and non-exportation resolutions, 373. Committee appointed by Congress to confer with, respecting the army, VIII. 160. Cabals against, 305. His reputation in Europe, 376. Proposal of Franklin to him to visit Europe, 429. Houdon's statue of, X. 117. Congratulates Franklin on his return from France, 225. Expresses his readiness to sit to Houdon, 228. Compliments Franklin on his recovery of health, 397. Water, passage of the electric fluid through, V. 210. New relation between it and metals, 260. Correction of the mistake that these alone are conductors, 283. Experiments on boiling, and glass heated by boiling, 367. Of the explosion of, 393. Mode of its solution in air, VI. 128. Of the adhesion of, 160. Qualities of its constituent particles, 161. Mr. Todd's objection to Franklin's theory relative to the attraction between air and, 171. Cooling of, by evaporation, 214. Fresh, produced by distillation, 218. Of salt, made fresh by distillation, 231. More compressible in winter than summer, 258. Difference of navigation in shoal and deep, 286. How to preserve it clear and sweet, 324. Explosion of metallic or glass drops in, 384. Vegetation of plants in, 423. WATERHOUSE, BENJAMIN, VIII. 529. Waterspouts, suggestion respecting the cause of, VI. 136. Of direct and descending, 137. Remarks on Stuart's drawings of, 139. Description of one at Antigua, 143. Whirlwinds supposed to be identical with, 147. Their motion and origin, 147. Descending, probably rare, 149. Explanation of, suggested, 150. Not always attended by whirlwinds, 165. Why stopped by thunder and cannon, 167. Circumstances favoring the idea of their descent, 168. Colden's description of a, 179. Extract from Dampier's Voyages relative to, 183. On the coast of New Orleans, 185. Remarks of Mr. Colden on, 199. WATSON, RICHARD, Bishop of Landaff, his Collection of Tracts mentioned, X. 181.

WATSON, anecdotes of Franklin in his
Annals of Philadelphia, I. 91.
Way to make Money plenty in every
Man's Pocket, II. 82.

Way to Wealth, origin of Franklin's,
II. 92; its extensive circulation, 93.
Wealth of nations, positions to be ex-
amined concerning the, II. 373.
WEBSTER, NOAH, his philological la
bors commended, X. 413.
WEDDERBURN, his speech before the
Privy Council quoted, relative to the
Hutchinson letters, IV. 425. Detailed
account of his attack on Franklin on
that occasion, 447. Again, VIII. 105.
cret mission and plan of reconcilia-
tion, VIII. 278.
Wellingborough, Franklin's visit to
some relatives in, VII. 177.
WEST, BENJAMIN, portrait of Franklin
by, IX. 493.

WATSON, WILLIAM, his claim to the discovery of positive and negative electricity second to that of Franklin, V. 173. His scientific character, and his account of experiments on thunderclouds, 296. His abstract of Franklin's electrical experiments and observations, 487.

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attend waterspouts, 165. Some circumstances relative to, favorable to the hypothesis, that all waterspouts descend, 170. Account of a, in Maryland. 201.

Whisk Seed, VII. 129.
Whistle, the, II. 180.
WHITEFIELD, GEORGE, his eratory, I.
136, 138. His intimacy with Frank-
lin, VII. 74. His account of Frank-
lin's examination before the House of
Commons, 312.

Whitehaven, coal mines at, visited by
Franklin, VIII. 10.
WHITEHEAD, PAUL, his poems quoted,
VII. 245.

WHITEHURST, his clock with three wheels mentioned, VI. 461. WHITWORTH, his State of Trade quoted, relative to the commercial jealousy of the German States, IV. Å. WICKES, Captain, VIII. 193. Wife, how to choose a, VII. 559. WILKES, JOHN, some particulars respecting, VII. 400, 403. His sentence, 413. WILLIAMS, JONATHAN, noticed, VII.252. WILLIAMS, name assumed by Mr. Pulteney during his secret agency, VIII.

253. WILLIAMSON, HUGH. Dr. Hosack's aecount of his obtaining the Hutchinson letters, IV. 441. Reasons for believing the account erroneous, 442. WILSON, BENJAMIN, his experiments showing the identity of electricity and lightning, V. 298. His objections to pointed conductors stated, 434. His preference of the blunt, 446. His pamphlet on the subject mentioned, VI. 379. His blunt conductors preferred by some, VIII. 227. WILSON, Judge, his pamphlet on the relation between the King and the colonies alluded to, IV 409. WILSON, Professor, his theory respecting spots in the sun, VI. 369. Wind, generation of, by fermentation, VI. 196. Blowing in contrary directions, 196 WINTHROP, JOнs, Professor, his remarks relative to colonial affairs, IV. 423. Account of, V. 363. His observation of electricity in the atmosphere, 405. Is elected a member

of the Royal Society, VI 22. His observation of the transit of Mercury, 3. His death. VIII. 402. Wire, experiment for burning, VI. 448. Women, inexpediency of their engaging in political concerns, VII. 168. Wood, expense of, in the Northern colenies. VI. 35. Advantage of the Franklin stove as respects the consumption of, 59.

WooDWARD, his view of the causes of earthquakes. VI. 4.




Words, improper use of certain, X. 413, 414.

Works, value of good, VII. 75. Their superiority to faith, 76. Too much undervalued, 185.

Wreckers, The, extract from the farce of, VIII. 318.

WREN, THOMAS, his kindness to American prisoners in England, IX. 545. WRIGHT, Governor, his views on the subject of inland grants, IV. 319. His objections examined, 363. WRIGHT, PATIENCE, account of, VIII.


WYNNE, his History of the British Empire in America quoted, relative to the increase of the colonists, IV. 360. WYVILL, SIR CHARLES, his remarks relative to the elective franchise of small English boroughs, II. 492.


Yale College, of a portrait of Franklin for, X. 421.

Yellow Ferer in Philadelphia, VII 41. YORKE, SIE JOSEPH, supposed letter from Paul Jones to, V. 131. His memorial to the Dutch government on the subject of a proposed treaty with the United States, VIII. 523.


Z. petition of the letter. VI. 304. ZENGER, account of his trial for libel, II 302 Argument on his case examined, 302.

ZINNER, JOHN CHARLES DE, his Notitia Historica de Colonis Fæderatis in Americà, noticed, VIII. 303. ZOROASTER, French translation of the writings of, VII. 559.


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