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good faith, 338. Doubts the sincerity of the British ministry in pioposing the negotiation, 373. Complains of the signature of the treaty with Great Britain by the American commissioners without communication with the French court, 449. His communication to M. de la Luzerne on the subject, and bis opinion of the treaty, 453. His comment on the intercepted letter of M. de Marbois, 463. Refuses to sign the definitive treaty with England until that of the United States is signed, X. 17. His expressions of regret at Franklin's departure from France, 171.

Vermont, disturbances in New Hampshire and, IX. 162.

Verngn, Charles, his account of the treatment of Mr. Laurens in the Tower, VIII. 516.

Versailles, visit of Franklin to, VII. 361.

Vessels, on the form of least resistance, VI. 463. On the means of diminishing the resistance of the air by a new arrangement of the sails, 465. On the construction of the cables of, 468. Means of preserving, from oversetting, 472. Construction of double, 473. Of accidents by fire, lightning, and collision, 475. And from ice, 476. Of the Indian and Chinese, 477. Various moving powers, 478. Of a swimming anchor, 481. Of machines for stopping the motion of, 482. Effect of currents on the motion of, 485. Health of the crews of, 489.

Vicq D'aztr, Felix, some account of, VI. 433.

Vienna, visit of Franklin to, suggested, IX. 501.

Vindication and Offer from Congress to Parliament, circumstances that produced the work, V. 83.

Virginia, conduct of the British army in, during the revolutionary war, II. 503. Views of the commissioners of, relative to lands south of the Great Kenhawa, IV. 332. View of the House of Burgesses of, relative to colonization in the interior, 365. Inquiry how far the jurisdiction of, can be extended to the Ohio, 372. Resolutions of,respecting a Congress, VII. 296. Her resolutions on the subject of a Committee of Correspondence, VIII. 54. Respecting supplies obtained in Europe for, 320.

Virtue, its character and effect delineated, II. 19. Dialogue concerning, 46. Another dialogue respecting, 51. Self-denial shown not to be the essence of, 63.

Vis Inertia of matter, remarks on the,

VI. 87. Baxter's doctrine on the subject examined, and its existence denied, 88. Subject again referred to, 93.

Visits, how to be regulated, II. 27. Turkish mode of making, 28.

Volcanic Action in Italy, VI. 373.

Volta, an electrical experiment bv, V. 476.

Voting, on the just proportion between representation and, V. 169.

Voyage, Journal of a, from England to America, by Franklin, 1. 547. Flan of a, for exchanging the productions of civilized and uncivilized countries, II. 378. Reason of the greater length of the westward, than the eastward, across the Atlantic, VI. 74. Means of securing comfort on a, 491. Articles essential for a, 493.


Waddell, Captain, effect of lightning on his compass, V. 276.

Wages, to be raised in Europe by the American Revolution, II. 435. Evils arising from the low rate of, 436. Impolicy of attempting to depress the rate, 437. Low rate of, not the cause of the advantages of commerce, 439. Rates of, in the United States, 440. Rates of, how to be affected in Europe by the high rates in America, 441. Effect of the facility of emigration from Europe upon the rates of, 443.

Walpole, Thomas, circumstances relating to a grant to him and others of lands on the Ohio, IV. 302. Dissuades Franklin from presenting his proposed protest to Lord Dartmouth, V. 81.

Walpole, Count de Vergennes's view of his mission, IX. 329.

Walpole s Grant, some account of, I. 339. Extracts of letters from Franklin on the subject, IV. 263. Alluded to,

VII. 355, ul7. Franklin's agency in procuring, VIII. 1. See Ohto Settlement.

Walsh, John, his discovery respecting the torpedo, VI. 348. Mode of ascertaining its essential quality, 349. Hit discovery respecting the effect of a vacuum on electricity, 413.

Walter, his experiments in logographic printing, X. 8.

Walterstorf is instructed to promote the conclusion of a commercial treaty between Denmark and the United States, IX. 487.

War, principles on which it should be conducted, II. 487. Absurdity of,

VIII. 417. Again, X. 26. Washington, George, mentioned aa

commander of the Virginia forces,

VII. 188. His views in regard to non-
importation and non-exportation reso-
lutions, 373. Committee appointed
by Congress to confer with, respecting
the army, VIII. 160. Cabals against,
305. His reputation in Europe, 376.
Proposal of Franklin to him to visit
Europe, 429. Houdon's statue of, X.
117. Congratulates Franklin on his
return from France, 225. Expresses
his readiness to sit to Houdon, 228.
Compliments Franklin on his recovery
of health, 397.

Water., passage of the electric fluid
through, V. 210. New relation be-
tween it and metals, 260. Correction
of the mistake that these alone are
conductors, 283. Experiments on
boiling, and glass heated by boil-
ing, 367. Of the explosion of, 393.
Mode of its solution in air, VI.
128. Of the adhesion of, 160. Qual-
ities of its constituent particles, 101.
Mr. Todd's objection to Franklin's
theory relative to the attraction be-
tween air and, 171. Cooling of, by
evaporation, 214. Fresh, produced by
distillation, 218. Of salt, made fresh
by distillation, 231. More compressible
in winter than summer, 258. Differ-
ence of navigation in shoal and deep,
286. How to preserve it clear and
sweet, 324. Explosion of metallic or
glass drops in, 384. Vegetation of
plants in, 423.

Waterhouse, Benjamin, VIII. 589.

Waterspouts, suggestion respecting the
cause of, VI. 136. Of direct ana de-
scending, 137. Remarks on Stuart's
drawings of, 139. Description of one
at Antigua, 143. Whirlwinds sup-
posed to be identical with, 147. Their
motion and origin, 147. Descending,
probably rare, 149. Explanation of,
suggested, 150. Not always attended
by whirlwinds, 165. Why stopped
by thunder and cannon, 167. Circum-
stances favoring the idea of their de-
scent, 168. Colden's description of a,
179. Extract from Dampier's Voy-
ages relative to, 183. On the coast of
New Orleans, 185. Remarks of Mr.
Colden on, 199.

Watson, Richard, Bishop of LandafF,
his Collection of Tracts mentioned, X.

Watson, William, his claim to the
discovery of positive and negative
electricity second to that of Franklin,
V. 173. His scientific character, and
his account of experiments on thun-
derclouds, 296. His abstract of Frank-
lin's electrical experiments and ob-
servations, 487.

Watson, anecdotes of Franklin in his
.Innals of Philadelphia, I. 91.

Way to make Money plenty in every
Man's Pocket, II. 83.

Way to Wealth, origin of Franklin's,
II. 92; its extensive circulation, 93.

Wealth of nations, positions to be ex-
amined concerning the, II. 373.

Werster, Ngah, his philological la-
bors commended, X. 413.

Wedderrorn, his speech before the
Privy Council quoted, relative to the
Hutchinson letters, IV. 425. Detailed
account of his attack on Franklin on
that occasion, 447. Again, VI11. 105.

Weissenstein, Charles De, his se-
cret mission and plan of reconcilia-
tion, VIII. 278.

Wellingborough, Franklin's visit to
some relatives in, VII. 177.

West, Benjamin, portrait of Franklin
by, IX. 493.

West, James, VI. 341.

West, protection of his house by a
lightning-rod, V. 375.

West Indian Colonies, reasons for pre-
ferring the North American colonies
to, IV. 35. Extent of their trade, as
compared with that of the northern, 37.

Wharton, Thomas, his view of the
importance of a change of govern-
ment in Pennsylvania, VII. 280. His
allusion to the services of Franklin,
314. To the repeal of the Stamp
Act, 318.

Whatelt, William, his duel with
Mr. Temple, in consequence of the

fublication of the Hutchinson letters,
V.434. His suit against Franklin,
437. Facts stated by, relative to the
letters, 445. His duel, VIII. 100.

Whati.ey, George, his tract on the
Principles of Trade mentioned, II.
383. His preface to Reflections on
Corn, 409. His Principles of Trade,
X. 132, 147.

Wheat, principle of the bounty on, II.
403. Expediency of reducing it, 405.

Wheato.v, Henry, his History of the
Northmen mentioned, 11.76; VIII.69.

Wheel, electrical, how constructed, V.
204. Its moving force, 205. Con-
struction of a self-moving, 206.

Whig Principles, some good, stated, II.

Whigs, Franklin's advice to the Eng-
lish, VIII. 243.

Whirlwind, suggestion respecting the
cause of a, VI. 135. Suggestion of
their identity with-waterspouts, 147.
Their origin and motion, 147. De-
scending ones rare, 148. Most com-
mon in the daytime, 149. Explana-
tion of, suggested, 150. Do not always

of the Royal Society, VI 262. His
observation of the transit of Mercury,
328. His death, VIII. 402.

Wire, experiment for burning, VI. 448.

Women, inexpediency of their engaging
in political concerns, VII. 168.

Wood, expense of, in the Northern col-
onies, VI. 35. Advantage of the
Franklin stove as respects the con-
sumption of, 59.

Woodward, his view of the causes of
earthquakes, VI. 4.

Words, improper use of certain, X.

Works, value of good, VII. 75. Their
superiority to faith, 76. Too much
undervalued, 185.

Wreckers, The, extract from the farce
of, VIII. 318.

Wren, Thomas, his kindness to Amer-
ican prisoners in England, IX. 545.

Wright, Governor, nia views on the
subject of inland grants, IV. 319. His
objections examined, 363.

Wright, Patience, account of, VIII.

Wtkne, his History of the British
Empire in America quoted, telative to
the increase of the colonists, IV. 360.

Wrvill, Sir Charles, his remarks
relative to the elective franchise of
small English boroughs, II. 492.


Yale College, of a portrait of Franklin
for, X. 421.

Yellow Fever in Philadelphia, VII. 41.

Youke, Sin Joseph, supposed letter
from Paul Jones to, V. 131. His me-
morial to the Dutch government on
the subject of a proposed treaty with
the United States, VIII. 523.


Z, petition of the letter, VI. 304.

Zf.xaf.n, account of his trial for libel,
II. 302. Argument on his case exam-
ined, 302.

Zinner, John Charles de.his.Yotitia
Historica de Coloniis Fcrderatis in
Americd, noticed, VIII. 303.

Zoroaster, French translation of the
writings of, VII. 559.

attend waterepouts, 165. Some cir-
cumstances relative to, favorable to
the hypothesis, that all waterspouts
descend, 170. Account of a, in Ma-
ryland, 201.

Whisk Seed, VII. 129.

Whistle, the, II. 180.

Whiteeield, George, his oratory, I.
136, 138. His intimacy with Frank-
lin, VII. 74. His account of Frank-
lin's examination before the House of
Commons, 312.

Whitehaven, coal mines at, visited by
Franklin, VIII. 10.

Whitehead, Paul, his poems quoted,
VII. 248.

Whitehurst, his clock with three
wheels mentioned, VI. 461.

Whitworth, his State of Trade quot-
ed, relative to the commercial jeal-
ousy of the German States, IV. 29.

Wickes, Captain, VIII. 193.

Wife, how to choose a, VII. 559.

Wilkes. John, some particulars re-
specting, VII. 400, 403. His sen-
tence, 413.

Williams, Jonathan, noticed, VII. 252.

Williams, name assumed by Mr. Pul-
teney during his secret agency, VIII.

Williamson, Hcoh, Dr. Hosack's ac-
count of his obtaining the Hutchinson
letters, IV. 441. Reasons for believ-
ing the account erroneous, 442.

Wilson, Benjamin, his experiments
showing the identity of electricity and
lightning, V. 298. His objections to
pointed conductors stated, 434. His
preference of the blunt, 446. His
pamphlet on the subject mentioned,
VI. 379. His blunt conductors pre-
ferred by some, VIII. 227.

Wilson, Judge, his pamphlet on the
relation between the King and the
colonies alluded to, IV 409.

Wilson, Professor, his theory respect-
ing spots in the sun, VI. S09.

Wind, generation of, by fermentation,
VI. 196. Blowing in contrary direc-
tions, 196

Winthrop, John, Professor, his re-
marks relative to colonial affairs, IV.
423. Account of, V. 363. His ob-
servation of electricity in the atmo-
sphere, 405. Is elected a member



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