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sembly to pass a bill, waving their Dolls, playful remark on, VIII. 374.
objections to the proprietary instruc- DOMIEN, account of, V. 348. .
lions, 527. Remarks on his adminis. Dove, bis success in conducting the
tration, IV. 102. His misunderstand. English School in Philadelphia, II.
ing with the Proprietors, VII. 171. 143.
DESAGULIERS, his experiment, proving Dreams, art of procuring pleasant,

that no pernicious vapors arise from II. 172.
hot iron, VI. 57.

Drinking, remarks on, addressed to
DE SAUSSURE, on the attraction of Abbé Morellet, II. 222. The same
mountains, VI. 371; X. 274.

translated, 225.
Deux-Ponts, Prince de, applies to DCBOURG, Barbeu, his Translation of
Franklin relative to commercial rela Franklin's writings on electricity,
tions between Bavaria and the United noticed, V. 180. His parallel be-
States, IX. 526.

tween the theories of Nollet and
Dialogue between Franklin and the Franklin, 514 His translation no.
Gout, II. 194. Between X. Y. and Z., ticed, VI. 408. His edition of Frank.
concerning the present state of affairs lin's writings mentioned. VIII. 117.
in Pennsylvania, object with which it Duelling, remarks on, X. 107.
was written, III. 84. Between France, Do Faye, his vitreous and resinous
Spain, Holland, Saxony, and America, electricity identical with the positive
V. 116.

and negative states, observed by
Diamond Necklace, affair of the, X. 231. Franklin, V. 177.
Dzary, Franklin's, extracts from, 1.579. DUMAS, CHARLES W. F, account of,
Dickinson, John, Preface to the Speech VIII. 162. Franklin's opinion of
of Joseph' Galloway in reply to, IV.
101. His " Farmer's Letters" quoted, to ascertain whether the European
251. Extract from one of his speeches courts are disposed to aid the colo-
in reference to Franklin, VII. 268. nies, 164. Irritation of Sir George
Dictionary, Spanish and Arabic, pub- Grand with, 448. His difficulties
lished by the Royal Academy of His with the Spanish ambassador, 452.
tory of Madrid, X. 309. Need of a Respecting his appointment and ser-
commercial, 352.

vices, 498.
DIGBY, Admiral, communicates to Dungannon Resolutions mentioned, X.
Washington the opening of negotia 20.
tions for peace, IX. 380.

Dunkers, their religious opinions, I.
Digges, T., his interview with Mr. 155.
Adams, on the subject of negotiations DUNLAP, William, mentioned, VII.
for peace, IX. 186. Nature of his 169.
mission, 191. His embezzlement of DUNNING, John, appears as counsel for
money designed to relieve American Massachusetts before the Privy Coun-
prisoners, IX. 15, 341.

cil, VIII. 110.
Discoveries, importance and extent of DUPONT, his Table Economique men-
modern, II. 73.

tioned, VIII. 405,
Discases, effect of cold air in, VI. 386. DURAND, alluded to, VII. 357.
Disputation, advantage of modesty in, Durival, explains the advance of a
VI. 325.

million of livres by France in 1777,
Dissenters, respecting the charge of per. X. 269
secution brought against the Ameri. Dutch Church, at New York, effect of
can, II. 113. Benefits likely to result lightning on the, V. 277.
to the, from a change of the proprie. Duties on Exports, impolicy of, IX 38.
tary government of Pennsylvania to Duties on Imports, Abbé Morellet ob-
a royal one, IV. 83. Their rights in jects to, X. 315. Why levied in the
Massachusetts and New Hampshire, United States, 346.
Dissertation on Liberty and Necessity,

Pleasure and Pain, Franklin's, alluded
to, I. 57; VIII. 405.

Eagle, Bald, a bad representative of
Divine Goodness, on confidence in the the United States, X. 63.
VII. 261. Acknowledgment of the Earth, the, when dry, a non-conductor

of the electric fluid, V. 208. Strikes
Divining rod, Chief Justice Oliver's into the clouds in thunder-storms.
account of its properties, quoted, II. And not the clouds into the, 305.

Will dissolve or mix with air, Vi. 128.
Dopp, William, VIII. 199.

On the advantages of the different

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strata of the, 212. Cooling of its sur- Mode of firing gunpowder by, 225.
face by evaporation, 216. Suggestion Opinions and conjectures concerning
of Franklin as to its conformation, 443. the properties of the electrical inatter,
Its magnetic character, 445. Que. 227. Pernicious effects of the elec-
ries on the theory of the, 575.

trical fluid, 228. Suggestions respect-
Earthquakes, opinion of the learned ing the electrical atmosphere, 230.
as to the cause of, VI. 1. That the Siinilarity of its effects and those of
cause of, is the same with that of lightning, 237. Its power in fusing
thunder and lightning, 3. Dr Wood. metals, 238. Accident occurring dur-
ward's theory of, 4. Mode of making ing an experiment in, 255. Unlimit-
artificial, 8. Various kinds of, 9. Of ed nature of the force of, 258. Air
one in Sicily, 10. In Jamaica, 11. a non-conductor of, 261. Experiment
East, mode in which the trade of the, to discover more of the qualities of
was once carried on, IV. 30.

262. Its effect in producing mag-
Eas' India Company, its pecuniary dif netic virtue, 263. Its presence in the
ficulties, VIII. 24, 29. Its distress, clouds, 279. Suggestion of a region
33, 31.

of electric fire above our atmosphere,
Easton, account of a conference with 284. Experiment in, at Marly, 289.
the Indians at, VII. 125.

Direction of the fluid, and utility of
Economical Project for employing sun rods, 311. Proposed experiment to
shine instead of candles, in the city measure the velocity of, 316. Some
of Paris, II. 227.

experiments in, 330. Turkey killed
Economy in expenditure, importance by, and its effect upon the operator,
of, VII. 346.

346. Points in which it agrees with
Economy of Life, Essays on the, II. 1. lightning, 350. Its effect in cases of
Ecton, birthplace of Franklin's father, paralysis, 359. Of the tourmalin, 363.
his visit to, VII. 178.

Reason for believing that the air has
Edict by the King of Prussia, ironical, its portion of the common stock of,
IV 399. Again, VIII. 90, 91.

369. How its density at different
Edict of Nantz, effect of the revoca heights may be ascertained, 370. Long
tion of the, IV. 33.

retained by the Leyden bottle, 380.
Edinburgh Courant, passages from the, That heat is produced by, 389. Of
relating to emigration, examined, IV. the fogs in Ireland, 409. Various

qualities of, 414. Analogy between
Education, its value in promoting the magnetism and, 450. Apparent pro-
strength and virtue of a community, duction of magnetism by, accidental,
VII. 48. Remarks on Dr. Sunith's 451. Of a mode of rendering meat
Scheme of, 65.

tender by, 456. Mode of killing ani.
EDWARDS, David, his death, VII. mals by, 457. Effect of a shock of,

on Franklin, 481. Effect of a vacu.
EDWARDS, JONATHAN, his Thoughts om on the passage of, VI. 413.
concerning the Revival of Religion in Electrics contain the greatest quantity
New England, referred to, V11.9. of the fluid, and attract and retain it
Electice Franchises, enjoyed by the small longest, V. 242. Difference between,
Boroughs in England, referred to, and non-electrics, 259.
JI. 403.

Elements of Criticism, Lord Kames's,
Electrical Battery, Franklin's construc- noticed, VI. 263. Again, VII. 241.
tion of an, V. 202.

Elephants, conjecture as to whether
Electrical Jars, on the mode of coating, they are natives of America, VI. 275.
V. 299.

Description of some bones of, 276.
Electrical Machine, simple and conven- ELIOT, JARED, notice of, VI. 79. His
ient form of an, v. 188. On that tracts on husbandry referred to, VI.
of Mr. Nairne, and its effect on the 113. Again, VII. 51. Franklin's
eyes of animals killed by it, 479. opinion of them, 56.
Electricity, general account of the ELIZABETH, Queen, character of her
early discoveries of Franklin in, V. government, II. 283. Act of, respect-
173. Of its identity with lightning, ing libel, 288
174. Of ascending thunder, 178. Elphinston, John, his translation of
Explanation of positive and negative, the Latin verse, applied by Turgot to
185. Of the electrical kiss, 107. Of Franklin, VIII. 539.
the Leyden bottle, 196. Qualities of Emblematical Representation of the
glass in reference to, 200. Of the state of Great Britain and her colo-
Magical Picture, 203. Explanation nies, IV. 456. Alluded to, VII 313.
of the causes of thunder-gusts, 211. EMBSER, Professor, his account of


the Bipontine edition of the classics, of privileges as the only rule of gov.
IX. 126.

ernment, 181. Protects Logan, the
Emigration, effect of the facility of, on Secretary, against the Assembly, 185.
the rate of wages in Europe, II. 443. Evans, LEWIS, bis map of the middle
To whom it might prove beneficial, colonies referred to, IV. 3:26. Again,
470. Examination of a proposed act together with his Essays, vi. 110.
of Parliament for preventing, IV. 458. Mentioned, VIII. 125.
No legislation required in reference Evaporation, of cooling by, V. 379.
to, 461, Nor likely to be effectual, of oil, VI. 129. Production of cold
462. Nor politic, 463. Injustice of by, 2001. Experiment with ether, for
such legislation, 464. From Scotland producing cold by, 213. Cooling of
to the United States, IX. 406. That water by, 214. And of the body, 215.
it multiplies instead of diminishing a Surface of the earth and vegetation,
nation, X. 131.

216. Same subject, 255.
EMMONS, NATHANIEL, his discourse on Exurination of Dr. Franklin, in the

the present of Franklin to the town British House of Commons, extracts
which bears his name, X. 159. from its Journals on the subject, IV,
Enabling Act of Parliament alluded to, 161.
IX. 314, 315.

Exchange, true principles of, II. 199.
Enemy, on the means of disposing an, On the par of, 400.
to peace, VII. 216.

Ercise, difference between an, on con-
England, intelligence of the people of, sumption, and a duty on importation,
VII. 246. Facility of travelling in, IV. 181.
296. Disposition of the people of, Executive department of the plan of
VIII. 177. See Great Britain.

union in 1754, III. 37.
English Language, how to render the Exercise, comparative view of various
study of it more general, X. 415. kinds of, VIII. 12.
English School, Sketch of an, II. 125. Exportation of provisions, difficulties
Engrater, Franklin's remarks to a arising from the act of Pennsylvania,
French, on a print commemorating relative to the, III. 485.
American Independence, VIII. 277. Exports, impolicy of duties on Ameri-
Enthusiasm, advantages of, VII. 453. can, IX. 38.
ENVILLE, Duchess d', her death, X. 295.

troduces Mr. Gallatin to Franklin,
VIII. 454.

Fahrenheit's thermometer, how grad-
Ephemera, an Emblem of Human Life, uated, VI. 568.

II. 177. Circumstances under which Fair Play, respecting the French indem.
it was written, VIII. 473.

nity for the brigantine, VIII. 476.
Episcopal Church, of the ordination in Faith, utility of, VII. '75. Remarks
England, of American clergy of the on, 184.
X. 109. Remarks on the practicabili Famine, provision made in China
ty and expediency of establishing a against, II. 381.
bishop in America, 202.

Farish, his account of stilling waves
Essays on Religious and Moral Subjects, by oil, VI. 355.

and the Economy of Life, II. 1. Farmer's Letters, quoted, relative to
Estaing, Count d', his military char. the carelessness with which acts of
acter, VIII. 306. And judicious con. Parliament are passed on the subject
duct, 307. His character, 457. of the colonies, IV. 251. Franklin's
Ether, experiment with, to produce cold preface to the, 257. Lord Hillsbor-
by evaporation, VI. 213.

ough's opinion of the, VII. 391.
Europe, opinions in, respecting the FAUCITT, William, mentioned, IX.
American war, VIII. 494. Prevail- 113.
ing spirit of liberty in, X. 321. Felons, on the transportation of, to
EVANS, CADWALLADER, promotes the America, II. 495.

culture of silk, VII. 454, 485, 512, FENELON, his remark to the Pretender
527, 535.

quoted, II. 279.
Evans, John, is appointed deputy-gov. Fermentation, generation of wind by,
ernor of Pennsylvania, III. 160. At. VI. 196.
tempts to unite the territories and the Fevers, conjecture respecting the cause
province, and disagrees with the Ar- of the cold and hot fits of some, "1.97.
sembly, 161. Expresses to the As- FEVRE, Franklin's servant, mentioned,
sembly the resentment of the pro. VIII. '173.
prietary, 179. Refers to the charter FILANGIERI, GAETANO, his work on

the Science of Legislation, X. 233. Mr. Jay a copy of Sir J. Dalrymple's
His death, 359.

Memoir, VIII. 547.
Filosofia Frankliniana, Toderini's ac. Fluid, thoughts on a universal, and its
count of, VI. 351.

character, VI. 458. Application of
Finances, American, their condition in this idea to the explanation of some
1730, VIII. 460. Remarks on, 507. phenomena of heat and cold, 459.
Their disordered state in 1781, IX. Fogs, electricity of, in Ireland, V. 209.

Suggestion as to their connexion with
FINLEY, President, his experiment, cold seasons, VI. 456.
showing the inflammability of the sur: Folger, Peter, his writings, I. 8, 9.
face of certain rivers in New Jersey, Food, proper quantity of, II. 86.
VI. 416.

Foreign ministers, salaries of, IX. 401.
Fire, a cause of earthquakes, VI. 2. Forth, his secret mission, IX. 205.
Some of its properties, 37. Certain Fort Pitt, conference with the Indians
phenomena of, 2:39. On securing at, IV. 345.
houses from, 332. Construction of Forts, erection of, in the back settle-
the French houses in this respect, ments, an inadequate protection
333. Suggestion that it exists in a against the French and Indians, IV.
subtile fluid, 454.

ii. A few likely to be useful, 15.
Fireplaces, account of the Pennsylva. Proposal to prevent the erection of, in
nia, invented by Franklin, VI. 35. the colonies, 21.
Old fashioned, 38. Those designed FOTHERGILL, John, his conversation
to warm the air as it enters the with Franklin on the restoration of
Toom, described, 39. Description of harmony between Great Britain and
the Pennsylvanian, 44. Manner of the colonies, V. 10. Communicates
using it, 50.

to Franklin the result of conferen-
Fisheries, condition of the, at the close ces upon the Hints for accommoda-
of the revolutionary war, II. 465. tion, 55. Attends Franklin during
Mr. Livingston's vindication of the his illness, VII. 150. His account of
claim of the United States to the, on Franklin's examination before the
the Banks of Newfoundland, IX. 135. House of Commons, 312. His death
Of indispensable importance in a and character, VIIÍ. 529. His ef-
treaty with Great Britain, 381. Dis forts to prevent the war with the Uni-
position of Great Britain to cede ted States, 532. His character, IX.
them to the United States, 405, 408, 493. Dr. Lettsom's Memoirs of, X.

Fitch, John, his steamboat, X. 232. Foundlings, their number in Paris, X.
Certificate of Rittenhouse respecting 133. Of hospitals for, 148, 174.
it, 233. Again mentioned, 363. Fox, Charles James, Secretary of
Fide Nations, History of the, referred State, sends Mr. Grenville to Paris to
to, VII. 18.

arrange the preliminaries of a treaty
Fized Air. See Air.

of peace, IX. 267. Claims for his
Flanders, Franklin's tour in, VII. 229. department the power to treat, 3:36.
Flemish Ships, of the capture of, by Resigns, 360, 365. His coalition with
American privateers, IX. 368.

Lord North, 490. Franklin's esteem
FLETCHER, BENJAMIN, is appointed for, X. I.

governor of New York and Pennsyl. Fragment of Polybius, Sir W. Jones's
vania, by the same coininission, III. supposed, VII. 543.
136. His controversy with the As. France, efforts to engage the Indians
sembly of Pennsylvania, 137. Threat in the cause of, III. 8. Conduct of
ens to annex the province to New the Indians in her interest, IV. 7.
York, 139. Admits the principle of Respecting cessions of territory by, 8.
the Quakers upon the subject of bear. Facilities enjoyed by, for harassing
ing arms, 143.

our frontier, 14. Evils which would
Flies, their tenacity of life, VI. 382. result from leaving her in possession
Flora, representation of Franklin to of Canada, 16. Of the aid given by,
the Admiralty court at Cherbourg re- for the purpose of producing disaffec-
specting the prize, VIII. 453.

tion in the colonies, 44. Check upon
Florida, difficulty of finding settlers their growth, which would be the re-
for, IV. 355. Parliamentary grants sult of her continued possession of
for, 369. Government of East and Canada, 46. Invalidity of her claim
West, as erected by royal proclama to lands of the Six Nations on the
tion, 375.

Ohio, 329. Compliment paid to
FLORIDA BLANCA, Count de, gives Franklin in, for his electrical writ-
ings, VI. 162. Of travelling, and Francis, John W., his Life of Colden
women in, VII. 359. Interest taken cited, VI. 18, 19.
in American affairs in, 470. Com- FRANKLIN, Ablah, mother of Benjamin,
missioners to, appointed by Congress, 1.7, 13. Her death, VII. 58.
VIII 190. Supplies of military stores FRANKLIN, BENJAMIN.
furnished by, 191. Her conduct in His Life. Good fortune which ac.
regard to the United States, 235. companied bim through life, I. 2. Res.
Remarks on the treaty of commerce idence of his ancestors, 3. His resem-
with, 239. War of England with, blance in character to one of his on.
would be fatal to the reconciliation cles, 5. His second cousin Samuel
of the former with America, 253. Franklin, 6. Marriage of his father, 7.
Her good faith commended, 281. War His birth, 8. His occupations in child-
between England and, 293. Mr. Ad hood, 10. Account of his father, 11,
ams's view of her faith, 324. Alli- Death of his parents, and their inonu.
ance of the United States with, an ment, 14. His early reading, 15. His
obstacle to peace with Great Britain, ballads, 16. Intimacy with Job Col.
312. Objections to quitting the al lins, 17 Reads the Spectator, 18. Re-
liance with, 316. Character of the sorts to a system of vegetable diet, 19.
people of, 327. That a truce between Becomes fond of argument, 21. Writes
Great Britain, and the United States for his brother's newspaper, 23. Ex.
would be for her interest, 332. Of a amined before the Council for a pub-
projected invasion of England by, 379. lication offensive to the Assembly, 24.
of the aid given to the United States Determines to leave his brother, 27
by, 428. Importance of the alliance Goes to New York, 20 Accident on
with, 439. American feeling towards, his journey to Philadelphia, 30. Ar-
479. Of the aid furnished by, to rives in that city, 33. Visits Andrew
meet the drafts of Congress, 499. In Bradford, the printer, 35. Lodges
structions to Franklin to procure a with Mr. Read, 37. Is advised by
further loan in, 526. Further loan Sir W. Keith to set up in Philadel.
made by, to the United States, IX. 1. phia, 38. Returns to Boston, 39. Sir
Declines the mediation of Russia and W. Keith's proposal declined by his
Austria, 4. Of supplies to the United father, 40. Who consents to his re-
States by, 32. Advantage to, of em- turn to Philadelphia, 41. Visits Gov.
ploying a large naval force in this ernor Burnet of New York, 43. Is
country, 100. Feeling in America promised assistance by Sir W. Keith,
towards, 104. Her concurrence ne. 45. Abandons the use of animal food,
cessary in the negotiations for peace, 47. Of his associates, Osborne, Wat-
141. Relations of the United States son, Ralph, 48. Their exercises in
with, 174. The United States not to coinposition, 49. Determines, by the
treat without, 203. Great Britain advice of Keith, to visit England, 52.
proposes a separate treaty with, 204. Sails for London, 53. Discovers that
Canada offered to, to induce her to he has been deceived by Keith, 55.
treat, 210. Answer of the court of, Being without inoney engages to work
to the offer, 210, 213. Her aid to the for Palmer, a printer, 56. Prints a
United States for 1782, 260. No aid tract upon Liberty and Necessity,
given to the United States by, till Pleasure and Pain, 57. Frequents &
their independence was declared, 274. club, consisting of Dr Mandeville
Of the obligations of gratitude for and others, 57 Disagrees with, and
her aid, 201. Debt of the United separates from Ralph, and removes to
States to, 33. Substance of the pre- Watts's printing office, 59. His tero-
liminary articles of peace between perate habits, 50. Mode of living, 61.
Great Britain and, 442. Application His skill in swimming, 63. Engages
of Robert Morris to, for a loan, 445. in mercantile business with Mr. Den.
Preliminary articles of peace signed ham, 65. Returns to Philadelphia, 67.
between Great Britain, Spain, and, His plans of business broken off by
473. Her good faith in reference to the death of Mr. Denham, 68. En.
the treaty, 533. Her financial diffi- gages to superintend Keimer's print-
culties, X. 28. Placed by the United ing establishment, 69. Is ill treated
States on the most favorable footing by Keiner, 71. And separates from
in regard to cominerce, 138. State him, 72. Engraves the plates for
of affairs in, in 1787, 318. In 1788, New Jersey paper money, and prints
355. Revolutionary proceedings and the bills, 73. His moral and reli.
distracted state of affairs in, in 1789, gious views, 74. His new version of
387, 409.

the Lord's Prayer, 77. Enters into

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