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PART FOURTH;

COMPRISING LETTERS, PRIVATE AND OFFICIAL, FROM

THE TERMINATION OF THE AUTHOR'S MISSION TO

FRANCE TO THE END OF HIS LIFE. 1785 - 1790.

1785.

To Benjamin Vaughan. 24 July. . . . . . 217

From Jonathan Shipley to B. Franklin. 24 July. . . 218

To Mrs. Mary Hewson. 26 July. . . . . . 219

From Miss Catherine Louisa Shipley to B. Franklin. 2 Aug. 219

From David Hartley to B. Franklin. 24 August. . . 221

To John Jay. 19 September. . . . . . . 222

Giving Information of his Return to the United States. -

Court of France.

To George Washington. 20 September. . . . . 224

Introducing M. Houdon, the Artist.

To William Greene and Mrs. Greene. 20 September. . 225

From M. de Marbois to B. Franklin. 21 September. . 225

Congratulates him on his Return to America.

To John Jay and Mrs. Jay. 21 September. . . . 226

From George Washington to B. Franklin. 25 September.

From George Washington to B. Franklin. 26 September. 228

From John Jay to B. Franklin. 4 October. . . . 228

From M. Le Veillard to B. Franklin. 9 October. . . 230

Rumor of Dr. Franklin's being captured by the Algerines.

- Cardinal Rohan and the Diamond Necklace. — Made-

moiselle Brillon.

From John Fitch to B. Franklin. 12 October. . . 232

Concerning a new Steamboat.

From Gaetano Filangieri to B. Franklin. 24 October. . 233

Sending Dr. Franklin a Copy of his work on Legislation.

To David Hartley. 27 October. . . . . . 235

State of America.

To Mrs. Mary Hewson. 30 October. . . . . 236

From Richard Price to B. Franklin. 5 November. . . 237

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To John Bard and Mrs. Bard. 14 November, 1785. - 239

To Mathon de la Cour. 18 November. . . . . 239

To Edward Bancroft. 26 November. . . . . 240

Proposed new Edition of Dr. Franklin's Writings.

From Jonathan Shipley to B. Franklin. 27 November. . 242

1786.

To James Bowdoin. 1 January.

Dr. Jeffries's aërial Voyage from England to France.

From the Duke de la Rochefoucauld to B. Franklin. 8 Feb. 245

From the Marquis de Lafayette to B. Franklin. 10 Feb. 247

Tour in Germany. - Prussia, — Austria. — Indian Vocab-

ularies for the Empress of Russia.

To Jonathan Shipley. 24 February. . . . . 249

Progress of the Government in the United States.-Do-

mestic Circumstances.

To M. le Veillard. 6 March. . .

Flourishing State of America. — Cardinal de Rohan.

To Benjamin Rush. March. . . . . . . 255

To Mrs. Mary Hewson. 6 May. . . . . . 256

Humorous Account of a Letter received from her. - His

Occupations and Amusements.

To Mrs. Mary Hewson. 30 May. . . . . . 259

From William Cocke to B. Franklin. 15 June. . . 260

Concerning a new State called Franklin.

To Noah Webster. 18 June. . . . . . . 261

On a Reformed Alphabet.

From the Marquis de Chastellux to B. Franklin. 21 June. 262

Chastellux's Travels in America. — His Translation of

Humphrey's Poem.

To Mrs. Jane Mecom. 4 July. . . . . . 264

On Bad Spelling.

To Mr. Grand. 11 July. . . . . . . . 265

Making Inquiry respecting a Million of Livres advanced

by the French Government.

To William Cocke. 12 August. . . . . . 266

Name and Condition of the new State of Franklin.

From John Coakley Lettsom to B. Franklin. 14 August. 267

Memoirs of Dr. Fothergill. — Plan for Discoveries in

Natural History.- Cultivation of Rhubarb.

VOL. X.

From M. Durival to Mr. Grand. 30 August, 1786. .

269

From M. Durival to Mr. Grand. 5 September. . . 270

From Mr. Grand to B. Franklin. 9 September. .

From M. Durival to Mr. Grand. 10 September... 272

From Mr. Grand to B. Franklin. 12 September. . .

From Thomas Percival to B. Franklin. 27 October. . 273

Influence of Manufacturing Establishments on the Purity

of the Air. - Priestley, Kippis, Price.

To William Hunter. 24 November. . . . . . 276

Condition of America.

From M. de Saussure to B. Franklin. 17 December. . 278

Travels in the Alps. — Account of the first Ascent to the

Summit of Mont Blanc by M. Paccard, and M. de Saus-

sure's unsuccessful Attempt.

To Thomas Paine.

.. . 281

Dissuading him from publishing a Work of an irreligious

Tendency.

1787.

From Richard Price to B. Franklin. 26 January. . .

From John Adams to B. Franklin. 27 January. . . 284

Sending a Copy of bis Work on the Constitutions and

Government of the United States.

To Charles Thomson. 27 January. . . . . 285

Concerning a Million of Livres given by the King of

France.

To Alexander Small. 19 February. . . . . . 287

Book of Common Prayer. – England. — Refugees.

To Nevil Maskelyne. 29 March. . . . .

From John Sevier to B. Franklin. 9 April. . . .

Concerning the new State of Franklin.

To M. Le Veillard. 15 April. . . . . . . 292

To the Duke de la Rochefoucauld. 15 April. . . . 293

Reply to his Congratulations. — United States. — Consti-

tutions of the States. — Introduces Thomas Paine.

To the Marquis de Chastellux. 17 April. . . . 296

His Journal of Travels. — Assembly of Notables.

To Messrs. the Abbés Chalut and Arnaud. 17 April.. 297

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To the Marquis de Lafayette. 17 April, 1787. : . 298

Attempts of the Enemies of America to disparage that

Country. — Constitutions of the States. — Indian Vocabu-

laries.

To the Abbé Morellet. 22 April. .

Personal Circumstances. - Freedom of Commerce. — Con-

dition of the United States.

From Mather Byles to B. Franklin. 14 May. . . .

To Thomas Jordan. 18 May.

. . . . . . 304

Reminiscences of his friends.

To George Whatley. 18 May. . . . . . 306

United States Bank. — Commercial Treaty. — Scheme for

Coining. – Dr. Riley.

From Count de Campomanes to B. Franklin. 24 May.. 308

American Philosophical Society. — Spanish and Arabic

Dictionary

From Thomas Paine to B. Franklin. 22 June. . . 310

Journey in France. — Paris. — Fireworks. — Model of a

Bridge,

From Count de Buffon to B. Franklin. 18 July. . . 312

From the Abbé Morellet to B. Franklin. 31 July. . 313

Reminiscences. — Commercial Regulations, as to Imposts

and Taxation. - Affairs in France. - Madame Helvetius.-

Paine's Model of an Iron Bridge.

From Richard Price to B. Franklin. 26 September. . 320

Society for abolishing the Slave Trade. - Spirit of Liberty

beginning to prevail in Europe as a Consequence of the

American War.

To Alexander Small. 28 September. . . . . 323

American Taxation. — Abridged Liturgy. — American Loy-

alists.

To Mrs. Jane Mecom. 4 November.

. . . . 325

To Count de Buffon. 19 November. . . . . 327

To - 15 December. . . . . . . . 328

Disorders in Holland. - Projected Conquest of Turkey.

To the Printer of the Evening Herald. . . . . 329

Justification of the State of Massachusetts, against certain

Censures in the British Papers.

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1788.

To Mather Byles. 1 January. . . . . . . 330

Electrical Points and Electricity.

From Alexander Small to B. Franklin. 2 January. . 331

Affairs in England. — American Tories.

To John Ingenhousz. 11 February. . . . . . 333

Wars in Europe. - Russia and Turkey. — Public Credit in

the United States.

To M. Le Veillard. 17 February. . . . . . 336

Dr. Franklin's Memoirs of his own Life.- New Constitu-

tion of the United States. — Restrictions on Trade. —

Paper Money.

To the Editors of the Pennsylvania Gazette. 30 March. 339

On the Abuse of the Press.

From Thomas Pownall to B. Franklin. 8 April. . . 342

Political Condition of the Swiss Cantons. — Constitution

of the United States.

To M. Le Veillard. 22 April. . . . . . 345

New Constitution. — Custom-House Duties.

To John Lathrop. 31 May. . . . . . . 347

Attachment to his early Friends and the Associations of

his Youth. — Growing Felicity of Mankind by Improve-

ments in Philosophy.

To M. Le Veillard. 8 June. .

. . 349

Toleration. — Constitution of the United States.

To M. Dupont de Nemours. 9 June. . . . . 350

Constitution of the United States. — Principles of Trade.

Commercial Dictionary.

From M. de Condorcet to B. Franklin. 8 July. . . 353

Constitution of the United States. — Affairs in France.

From the Duke de la Rochefoucauld to B. Franklin. 12 July. 354

Constitution of the United States. — Washington.— Politi-

cal Condition of France.

From Charlotte Filangieri to B. Franklin. 27 September. 359

To the Duke de la Rochefoucauld. 22 October. . . 360

To Madame Lavoisier. 23 October. . . . . 361

To John Ingenhousz. 24 October. . . . . . 362

State of his Health. - Steamboat.

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