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good faith, 338. Doubts the sincerity of the British ministry in pioposing the negotiation, 373. Complains of the signature of the treaty with Great Britain by the American commissioners without communication with the French court, 449. His communication to M. de la Luzerne on the subject, and bis opinion of the treaty, 453. His comment on the intercepted letter of M. de Marbois, 463. Refuses to sign the definitive treaty with England until that of the United States is signed, X. 17. His expressions of regret at Franklin's departure from France, 171.

Vermont, disturbances in New Hampshire and, IX. 162.

Verngn, Charles, his account of the treatment of Mr. Laurens in the Tower, VIII. 516.

Versailles, visit of Franklin to, VII. 361.

Vessels, on the form of least resistance, VI. 463. On the means of diminishing the resistance of the air by a new arrangement of the sails, 465. On the construction of the cables of, 468. Means of preserving, from oversetting, 472. Construction of double, 473. Of accidents by fire, lightning, and collision, 475. And from ice, 476. Of the Indian and Chinese, 477. Various moving powers, 478. Of a swimming anchor, 481. Of machines for stopping the motion of, 482. Effect of currents on the motion of, 485. Health of the crews of, 489.

Vicq D'aztr, Felix, some account of, VI. 433.

Vienna, visit of Franklin to, suggested, IX. 501.

Vindication and Offer from Congress to Parliament, circumstances that produced the work, V. 83.

Virginia, conduct of the British army in, during the revolutionary war, II. 503. Views of the commissioners of, relative to lands south of the Great Kenhawa, IV. 332. View of the House of Burgesses of, relative to colonization in the interior, 365. Inquiry how far the jurisdiction of, can be extended to the Ohio, 372. Resolutions of,respecting a Congress, VII. 296. Her resolutions on the subject of a Committee of Correspondence, VIII. 54. Respecting supplies obtained in Europe for, 320.

Virtue, its character and effect delineated, II. 19. Dialogue concerning, 46. Another dialogue respecting, 51. Self-denial shown not to be the essence of, 63.

Vis Inertia of matter, remarks on the,

VI. 87. Baxter's doctrine on the subject examined, and its existence denied, 88. Subject again referred to, 93.

Visits, how to be regulated, II. 27. Turkish mode of making, 28.

Volcanic Action in Italy, VI. 373.

Volta, an electrical experiment bv, V. 476.

Voting, on the just proportion between representation and, V. 169.

Voyage, Journal of a, from England to America, by Franklin, 1. 547. Flan of a, for exchanging the productions of civilized and uncivilized countries, II. 378. Reason of the greater length of the westward, than the eastward, across the Atlantic, VI. 74. Means of securing comfort on a, 491. Articles essential for a, 493.

W.

Waddell, Captain, effect of lightning on his compass, V. 276.

Wages, to be raised in Europe by the American Revolution, II. 435. Evils arising from the low rate of, 436. Impolicy of attempting to depress the rate, 437. Low rate of, not the cause of the advantages of commerce, 439. Rates of, in the United States, 440. Rates of, how to be affected in Europe by the high rates in America, 441. Effect of the facility of emigration from Europe upon the rates of, 443.

Walpole, Thomas, circumstances relating to a grant to him and others of lands on the Ohio, IV. 302. Dissuades Franklin from presenting his proposed protest to Lord Dartmouth, V. 81.

Walpole, Count de Vergennes's view of his mission, IX. 329.

Walpole s Grant, some account of, I. 339. Extracts of letters from Franklin on the subject, IV. 263. Alluded to,

VII. 355, ul7. Franklin's agency in procuring, VIII. 1. See Ohto Settlement.

Walsh, John, his discovery respecting the torpedo, VI. 348. Mode of ascertaining its essential quality, 349. Hit discovery respecting the effect of a vacuum on electricity, 413.

Walter, his experiments in logographic printing, X. 8.

Walterstorf is instructed to promote the conclusion of a commercial treaty between Denmark and the United States, IX. 487.

War, principles on which it should be conducted, II. 487. Absurdity of,

VIII. 417. Again, X. 26. Washington, George, mentioned aa

commander of the Virginia forces, VII. 188. His views in regard to nonimportation and non-exportation resolutions, 373. Committee appointed by Congress to confer with, respecting the army, VIII. 160. Cabals against, 305. His reputation in Europe, 376. Proposal of Franklin to him to visit Europe, 429. Houdon's statue of, X. 117. Congratulates Franklin on his return from France, 225. Expresses his readiness to sit to Houdon, 228. Compliments Franklin on his recovery of health, 397.

Water., passage of the electric fluid through, V. 210. New relation between it and metals, 260. Correction of the mistake that these alone are conductors, 283. Experiments on boiling, and glass heated by boiling, 367. Of the explosion of, 393. Mode of its solution in air, VI. 128. Of the adhesion of, 160. Qualities of its constituent particles, 101. Mr. Todd's objection to Franklin's theory relative to the attraction between air and, 171. Cooling of, by evaporation, 214. Fresh, produced by distillation, 218. Of salt, made fresh by distillation, 231. More compressible in winter than summer, 258. Difference of navigation in shoal and deep, 286. How to preserve it clear and sweet, 324. Explosion of metallic or glass drops in, 384. Vegetation of plants in, 423.

Waterhouse, Benjamin, VIII. 589.

Waterspouts, suggestion respecting the cause of, VI. 136. Of direct ana descending, 137. Remarks on Stuart's drawings of, 139. Description of one at Antigua, 143. Whirlwinds supposed to be identical with, 147. Their motion and origin, 147. Descending, probably rare, 149. Explanation of, suggested, 150. Not always attended by whirlwinds, 165. Why stopped by thunder and cannon, 167. Circumstances favoring the idea of their descent, 168. Colden's description of a, 179. Extract from Dampier's Voyages relative to, 183. On the coast of New Orleans, 185. Remarks of Mr. Colden on, 199.

Watson, Richard, Bishop of LandafF, his Collection of Tracts mentioned, X. 181.

Watson, William, his claim to the discovery of positive and negative electricity second to that of Franklin, V. 173. His scientific character, and his account of experiments on thunderclouds, 296. His abstract of Franklin's electrical experiments and observations, 487.

Watson, anecdotes of Franklin in his .Innals of Philadelphia, I. 91.

Way to make Money plenty in every Man's Pocket, II. 83.

Way to Wealth, origin of Franklin's, II. 92; its extensive circulation, 93.

Wealth of nations, positions to be examined concerning the, II. 373.

Werster, Ngah, his philological labors commended, X. 413.

Wedderrorn, his speech before the Privy Council quoted, relative to the Hutchinson letters, IV. 425. Detailed account of his attack on Franklin on that occasion, 447. Again, VI11. 105.

Weissenstein, Charles De, his secret mission and plan of reconciliation, VIII. 278.

Wellingborough, Franklin's visit to some relatives in, VII. 177.

West, Benjamin, portrait of Franklin by, IX. 493.

West, James, VI. 341.

West, protection of his house by a lightning-rod, V. 375.

West Indian Colonies, reasons for preferring the North American colonies to, IV. 35. Extent of their trade, as compared with that of the northern, 37.

Wharton, Thomas, his view of the importance of a change of government in Pennsylvania, VII. 280. His allusion to the services of Franklin, 314. To the repeal of the Stamp Act, 318.

Whatelt, William, his duel with Mr. Temple, in consequence of the

fublication of the Hutchinson letters, V.434. His suit against Franklin, 437. Facts stated by, relative to the letters, 445. His duel, VIII. 100.

Whati.ey, George, his tract on the Principles of Trade mentioned, II. 383. His preface to Reflections on Corn, 409. His Principles of Trade, X. 132, 147.

Wheat, principle of the bounty on, II. 403. Expediency of reducing it, 405.

Wheato.v, Henry, his History of the Northmen mentioned, 11.76; VIII.69.

Wheel, electrical, how constructed, V. 204. Its moving force, 205. Construction of a self-moving, 206.

Whig Principles, some good, stated, II. 372.

Whigs, Franklin's advice to the English, VIII. 243.

Whirlwind, suggestion respecting the cause of a, VI. 135. Suggestion of their identity with-waterspouts, 147. Their origin and motion, 147. Descending ones rare, 148. Most common in the daytime, 149. Explanation of, suggested, 150. Do not always

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