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views on the subject of a consolidat-
ing union between Britain and the
colonies, VII. 334.
Union of the Colonies, papers relating
to the plan of, III. 22.
United Stales, remarks on the paper
money of the, II. 421. Comparison
of, with Great Britain,in regard to the
basis of credit, 426. Rate of wages
in the, 440. Their general condition
at the close of the revolutionary war,
461. Their agriculture, 462. Their
fisheries, 463. Trade, 404. Of par-
ties in the, 405. Erroneous notions
prevailing in Europe in regard to the,
467. Mediocrity of the general con-
dition in the, 468. To whom there
might be advantage in emigration to
the, 470. Of manufactures in the,
474. Article respecting privateering,
in their treaty with Prussia, 486. Views
respecting the Constitution of the, V.
155. Treaty of alliance concluded
between France and the, VIII. 239.
Condition of their finances in 1779,
308. Their alliance with France an
obstacle to peace with Great Britain,
312. Objections to their quitting the
alliance, 317. Rapid growth of the,
323. Excessive purchase of superflu-
ities in the, 327. Depreciation of
their currency in 1779, 329. State of
their financial affairs in France, 355.
Of dissensions in the, 370. Of a cop-
per coinage for the, 383. Importation
of sunriiuities in the, 403 Will
not treat without their allies, 413.
Mr. Jebb's proposal of their federal
anion with Great Britain. 508. Dis-
tressed state of their affairs in 1780,
535. Additional loan by France to
the, IX. 1. Of supplies in France
for the, 32. Feeling entertained in
the, towards France, 104. Of their
claim as far west as the Mississippi,
129; and to fish on the banks of
Newfoundland, 135. Policy of Great
Britain to separate France and the,
189. Condition of their affairs in
1782, 222. Their credit injured by
soliciting foreign alliances, 285. Rea-
sons why they should treat without
any of their allies but France, 306.
Their financial embarrassment early
in 1783, 464. Intelligence of the peo-
ple of the, X. 2. Difficulty of meet-
ing their drafts, 43. Of luxury in the,
113. Their tranquillity in 1784, 124,
155. Their condition in 1785, 235.
In 1786, 250, 253, 276. In 1787, 294.
Attempts to disparage the, 298. Con-
Vol. x. 68
stitution of the, 299. Of public credit
in the, 335. See Peace.
University of Pennsylvania, their ad-
dress to Franklin on his return from
France, V. 140.
Value, labor the best measure of, II.
265. Of agricultural labor as a meas-
ure, VII. 435.
Vanity, extract from an essay on hu-
man, II. 179.
Vaughan, Benjamin, his vindication
of Franklin in reference to the Hutch-
inson letters, IV. 440, 450. His edi-
tion of Franklin's writings, VIII. 404.
His views on the subject of reconcil-
iation, IX. 433. Urges Dr. Franklin
to write a memoir of his life, 478.
Vegetation, on the cooling of, by evap-
oration, VI. 216. Its effect on nox-
ious air, 414.
Ventilation, remarks on, VI 307. Me-
phitic quality communicated to the
air by respiration, 308. Utility of
chimneys for, 309. Dr. Hales s sug-
gestion respecting, 310. Franklin s
mode of, 311 Dr. Armstrong's view
of its importance, 314. Defect of
hospitals in this respect, 315. influ-
ence of trees in, 322.
Venus, remarks on the expected transit
of, V. 420. On some observations of
the transit, VII. 455.
Veome. Count del, introduced to Mr.
Livingston, IX. 519.
Vergennes, Count de, interview of
the American commissioners with,
VIII. 194. His desire that the ap-
pointment of M. Gerard should be
concealed from Arthur Lee, 260.
Franklin's account to, of conversa-
tions with Mr. Hartley and Mr. Chap-
man, 268. Expresses his satisfac-
tion with the account, 271. His dis-
satisfaction with Mr. Adams, 448.
His comment on the resolution of
Congress ordering drafts on Franklin,
615. Interviews of Franklin with, IX.
76. Mr Oswald recommended to,
243. His interview with Oswald and
Franklin, 245. Demands that the
first proposition to treat should come
from England,248. Conversation with
Mr. Grenville, 273. Insists that no aid
was given by France to the United
States, till their independence was de-
clared,274. Communicates to Franklin
the fact, that Mr. Grenville's commis-
sion relates to France only, 299. His
view of the mission of Mr. Walpole,
329. Is satisfied with Mr. Grenville's
powers to treat, 335; but doubts hie
good faith, 338. Doubts the sincerity
of the British ministry in pioposing
the negotiation, 373. Complains of
the signature of the treaty with Great
Britain by the American commission-
ers without communication with the
French court, 449. His communica-
tion to M. de la Luzerne on the sub-
ject, and his opinion of the treaty, 453.
His comment on the intercepted let-
ter of M. de Marbois, 463. Refuses
to sign the definitive treaty with
England until that of the United
States is signed, X. 17. His expres-
sions of regret at Franklin's departure
from France, 171.
Vermont, disturbances in New Hamp-
shire and, IX. 162.
Verngn, Charles, his account of the
treatment of Mr. Laurens in the Tow-
er, VIII. 516.
Versailles, visit of Franklin to, VII. 361.
Vessels, on the form of least resistance,
VI. 463. On the means of diminish-
ing the resistance of the air by a new
arrangement of the sails, 465. On the
construction of the cables of, 468.
Means of preserving, from overset-
ting, 472. Construction of double,
473. Of accidents by fire, lightning,
and collision, 475. And from ice,
476. Of the Indian and Chinese, 477.
Various moving powers, 478. Of a
swimming anchor, 481. Of machines
for stopping the motion of, 482. Ef-
fect of currents on the motion of, 485.
Health of the crews of, 489.
Vice, H'azyr, Felix, some account of,
Vienna, visit of Franklin to, suggest-
ed, IX. 501.
Vindication and Offer from Congress
to Parliament, circumstances that pro-
duced the work, V. 83.
Virginia, conduct of the British army
in, during the revolutionary war, II.
503. Views of the commissioners of,
relative to lands south of the Great
Kenhawa, IV. 332. View of the
House of Burgesses of, relative to
colonization in the interior, 365. In-
quiry how far the jurisdiction of, can
be extended to the Ohio, 372. Reso-
lutions of,respecting a Congress, VII.
295. Her resolutions on the subject
of a Committee of Correspondence,
VIII. 54. Respecting supplies ob-
tained in Europe for, 320.
Virtue, its character and effect delin-
eated, II. 19. Dialogue concerning,
46. Another dialogue respecting, 51.
Self-denial shown not to be the es-
sence of, 63.
Vis Inertia of matter, remarks on the,
VI. 87. Baxter's doctrine on the sub-
ject examined, and its existence de-
nied,88. Subject again referred to, 93.
Visits, how to be regulated, II. 27.
Turkish mode of making, 28.
Volcanic Action in Italy, VI. 373.
Volta, an electrical experiment by,
Voting, on the just proportion between
representation and, V. 169.
Voyage, Journal of a, from England to
America, by Franklin, I. 547. Flan
of a, for exchanging the productions
of civilized and uncivilized countries,
II. 378. Reason of the greater length
of the westward, than the eastward,
across the Atlantic, VI. 74. Means
of securing comfort on a, 491. Arti-
cles essential for a, 493.
Waddell, Captain, effect of lightning
on his compass, V. 276.
Wages, to be raised in Europe by the
American Revolution, II. 435. Evils
arising from the low rate of, 436.
Impolicy of attempting to depress the
rate, 437. Low rate of, not the cause
of the advantages of commerce, 439.
Rates of, in the United States, 440.
Rates of, how to be affected in Europe
by the high rates in America, 441.
Effect of the facility of emigration
from Europe upon the rates of, 443.
Walpole, Thomas, circumstances re-
lating to a grant to him and others of
lands on the Ohio, IV. 302. Dissuades
Franklin from presenting his proposed
protest to Lord Dartmouth, V- 81.
Walpole, Count de Vergennes's view
of his mission, IX. 329.
Walpole's Grant, some account of, I.
339. Extracts of letters from Franklin
on the subject, IV. 263. Alluded to,
VII. 355, 517. Franklin's agency in
procuring, VIII. 1. See Ohio Settle-
Walsh, Johk, his discovery respecting
the torpedo, VI. 348. Mode of ascer-
taining its essential quality, 349. His
discovery respecting the effect of a
vacuum on electricity, 413.
Walter, his experiments in logograph-
ic printing, X. 8.
Walterstorp is instructed to pro-
mote the conclusion of a commercial
treaty between Denmark and the
United States, IX. 487.
War, principles on which it should be
conducted, II. 487. Absurdity of,
VIII. 417. Again, X. 26.
Washington, George, mentioned as
commander of the Virginia forces,
VII. 188. His views in regard to non-
importation and non-exportation reso-
lution!, 373. Committee appointed
by Congress to confer with, respecting
the army, VIII. 160. Cabals against,
305. His reputation in Europe, 376.
Proposal of Franklin to him to visit
Europe, 429. Houdon's statue of, X.
117. Congratulates Franklin on his
return from France, 225. Expresses
his readiness to sit to Houdon, 228.
Compliments Franklin on his recovery
of health, 397.
Water, passage of the electric fluid
through, V. 210. New relation be-
tween it and metals, 260. Correction
of the mistake that these alone are
conductors, 283. Experiments on
boiling, and glass heated by boil-
ing, 367. Of the explosion of, 393.
Mode of its solution in air, VI.
128. Of the adhesion of, 160. Qual-
ities of its constituent particles, Id.
Mr. Todd's objection to Franklin's
theory relative to the attraction be-
tween air and, 171. Cooling of, by
evaporation, 214. Fresh, produced by
distillation, 218. Of salt, made fresh
by distillation, 231. More compressible
in winter than summer, 258. Differ-
ence of navigation in shoal and deep,
286. How to preserve it clear and
sweet, 324. Explosion of metallic or
glass drops in, 384. Vegetation of
plants in, 423.
Waterhouse, Benjamin, VIII. 520.
Waterspouts, suggestion respecting the
cause of, VI. 13t>. Of direct and de-
scending, 137. Remarks on Stuart's
drawings of, 139. Description of one
at Antigua, 143. Whirlwinds sup-
posed to be identical with, 147. Their
motion and origin, 147. Descending,
probably rare, 149. Explanation of,
suggested, 150. Not always attended
by whirlwinds, 165. Why stopped
by thunder and cannon, 167. Circum-
stances favoring the idea of their de-
scent, 168. CoTden's description of a,
179. Extract from Dampier's Voy-
ages relative to. 183. On the coast of
New Orleans, 185. Remarks of Mr.
Colden on, 199.
Watson, Richard, Bishop of Landaff,
his Collection of Tracts mentioned, X.
Watson, William, his claim to the
discovery of positive and negative
electricity second to that of Franklin,
V. 173. His scientific character, and
his account of experiments on thun-
derclouds, 296. His abstract of Frank-
lin's electrical experiments and ob-
of the Royal Society, VI 262. His
observation of the transit of Mercury,
328. His death, VIII. 402.
Wire, experiment for burning, VI. 448.
Women, inexpediency of their engaging
in political concerns, VII. 168.
Wood, expense of, in the Northern col-
onies, VI. 35. Advantage of the
Franklin stove as respects the con-
sumption of, 59.
Woodward, his view of the causes of
earthquakes, VI. 4.
Words, improper use of certain, X.
Works, value of good, VII. 75. Their
superiority- to faith, 76. Too much
Wreckers, The, extract from the farce
of, VIII. 318.
Wren, Thomas, his kindness to Amer-
ican prisoners in England, IX. 545.
Wright, Governor, his views on the
subject of inland grants, IV. 319. His
objections examined, 363.
Wright, Patience, account of, VIII.
Wvnne, his History of the British
Empire in America quoted, relative to
the increase of the colonists, IV. 360.
Wtvill, Sir Charles, his remarks
relative to the elective franchise of
small English boroughs, II. 492.
Yale College, of a portrait of Franklin
for, X. 421.
Yellow Fever in Philadelphia, VII. 41.
Yorke, Sir Joseph, supposed letter
from Paul Jones to, V. 131. His me-
morial to the Dutch government on
the subject of a proposed treaty with
the United States, VIII. 523.
Z, petition of the letter, VI. 304.
Zkngkr, account of his trial for libel,
II. 302. Argument on his case exam-
Zinner, John Charles de,his Notitia
Historica de Coloniis Faderatis m
AmerkA, noticed, VIII. 303.
Zoroaster, French translation of the
writings of, VII. 559.