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gress, 56. Remarks on it, 70. Rati-
fications exchanged, 87. Of alleged
defects of form in the ratification, 94,
96, 97. Of the ratification, 100.

Pemrerton, Israel, his account of
Franklin's energy in promoting Brad-
dock's expedition, VII. 96.

1'emi', agent of Virginia, absconds, IX.
448.

Penn, Grenville, allusion to his char-
ter, VII. 273.

Penn, John, his proclamation respect-
ing the massacre of the Conestogo
Indians, IV. 57. His second procla-
mation, 60.

Penn, Springet, some account of,
VII. 227.

Penn, Thomas, his subscription to the
academy, VII. 81. His conduct to
his nephew, 227. His account of
Franklin's conduct in England, 243.
See Proprietaries of Pennsylvania.

Penn, Vvilliam, anecdote of, I. 153.
Charter granted to, III. 98. Its ori-
gin, 116. Its provisions, 117. His
first frame of government, 121. His
reservation of quitrents, 123. His sec-
ond frame of government, and mo-
tives which induced its acceptance,
126. Goes to England, leaving the
government in the hands of com-
missioners, 128. Difficulties arising
during his absence. His constitu-
tion of government declared to be at
variance with that of the King and
Queen, 137. Remonstrance of the
Assembly to, 142. Returns to Penn-
sylvania and resumes the government,
147. Establishes a new form of elec-
tion, 148. Old Assembly dissolved
and new summoned, 149. Aid granted
to, 150. His speech to the Assembly,
151. Charier of privileges granted
by him to the inhabitants of Pennsyl-
vania and territories, 154. Account
of this charter, 156. Accepted by the
province, but rejected by the territo-
ries, 157. Representation of the As-
sembly to, 168. His resentment, 179.
Remonstrance of the Assembly, 188.
His death, 188. His relation to the
province, 197. Consequence of his
being the sole purchaser of Indian
lands, 197. His treaty with the Con-
estogo Indians, IV. 54. His charac-
ter, 93. His contract for the sale of
his proprietary right to the crown,
125. Of the various portraits of, VII.
190. His family referred to, 273.

Pennington, EmvARU, VII. 226.

Pennsylvania, abstract of a law of, re-
lative to paper money, II. 277. Effect
of that money on her prosperity, 343.
Her legislation respecting debts of
King's use, to be struck in bills of
credit, 421. Indian trade bill passed,
431. Resolutions of the Assembly,
respecting their power of granting
supplies to the crown, 454. Indian
trade bill rejected by the governor,
456. Sir W. Johnson's treaty with
the Six Nations laid before the As-
sembly, 471. Attempt of the gover-
nor, to involve the province in war
with the Indians, 471. Bill for sup-
ply by the emission of bills of credit,
489. Another, 490. Message of the
governor to the Assembly, respecting
Indian affairs, 493. Governor Morns
superseded by Governor Denny, 506.
Controversy between the governor
and Assembly, respecting a bill for a
supply for the King's use, to be sunk
by an excise, 518. Representation of
the Assembly to the Proprietaries, re-
specting Indian expenses, 535. Wil-
liam Franklin's refutation of anony-
mous abuse of the inhabitants nf, 564.
Account of sundry sums paid by, for
the King's service, 571. List of the
governors, deputy governors, and pres-
idents of, 576. Table exhibiting the
extent of the commerce of, IV. 39.
Argument in favor of changing the
proprietary government of, into a roy-
al one, 78. Petition to the King for
that purpose, 93. Report in the As-
sembly relative to taxing the estate
of the Proprietaries, 117. Resolution
of the Assembly in favor of a royal
government, 121. Number of peti-
tioners in favor of the measure, 123.
Remarks on a late Protest against the
Appointment of Mr.Franklin as Agent
of, 143. Of taxation in, 162. Of the
population of, 165. Of the commerce
of, 166. Rates of exchange in. 167.
Address of the Assembly of, to Frank-
lin, on his return from France, V 137.
Queries and remarks concerning al-
terations in the constitution of, 163.
Origin of the association for the de-
fence of, VII. 20. Character and hab-
its of the Germans in, 71. Their
influx into the country, 73. Preju- •
dices existing in England against,
175. Amount of parliamentary grants
to, 204. Of party violence in, 268.
Alarm in. at the news of the rejection
of the petition of the Assembly, 284.
Of paper money in, 368. Franklin
elected President of, X 245, 303, 337.
See Pennsylvania, Assembly of.
Pennsylvania, Assembly of, act of,
drawn by Franklin, relative to a vol-
untary militia, III. 7H. Report of the
committee of aggrievances of the, 97.
Their controversies with the propria-

foreigners, 506. Serious considera-
tions on the present state of the prov-
ince of, III. 1. Necessity of some
provision for the defence of, 5. Dan-
ger from the Indians, 8. Probable ef-
fect of an invasion of, 13. Spirit of
the rich in respect to defence, 16.
Her effective military strength, 18.
Historical Review of the Constitution
and Government of, 106. Union with
the territory of the three Lower Coun-
ties, 116. Assumption of the gov-
ernment of, by the King and Queen
in lii!i:i, 135. Administration of the
government by Colonel Fletcher,

governor of New York, 136; who
eclares the constitution of the King
and Queen's government, and that
of Penn, hostile to each other, 137.
Threatens to annex the province to
New York, 138. New act of settle-
ment of the government, under the
administration of William Markham,
145. The government resumed by
Penn, 147. Assembly chosen accord-
ing to a new model, 148. Dissolved,
and a new one convened, 149. Con-
firmation of property and aids to the
governor granted, 150. Another As-
sembly convened, 150. Penn's char-
ter of privileges to the inhabitants of,
and those of the territories, 154. Ac-
cepted by the province, but rejected
by the territories, 157. Evans ap-
pointed governor of, 160. Vain at-
tempt to reunite the province and ter-
ritories, 161. Penn's interest in the
province left at his death in the hands
of trustees, 189. Easily governed, if
well governed, 193. First issue of
paper money in, 201. Grant made
by the Assembly of, for the expedi-
tion against Carthagena, 210. And
to forward the project against Louis-
burg and against Canada, 212. Act
for the issue of bills of credit paused
by the Assembly of, 879. Arrival of
Governor Morris in, and his first
speech to the Assembly, 281. The
Assembly called on by the governor
to take measures for the security of
the back inhabitants of, 386. Propo-
sition of certain gentlemen of Phila-
delphia to subscribe a sum in lieu of
the proprietary portion of the tax,
389. Appropriation by the Assembly
to arm the back inhabitants, 393.
Controversy between the Assembly
and the governor concerning the roads
opened by the province for the King's
forces, 400. Reconvocation of the
Assembly, in consequence of an ap-

frehended invasion of the French and
ndians, 415. A sum granted for the

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tary governors, 124. Their firmness,
129. Their reply to governor Ulack-
well, 132. Their protest on the sub-
ject of passing bills, 140. Insist on
their right to appropriate as well as
raise money, 143. Elected according
to a new model, 148. Dissolved, and
a new one convened, 149. Confirma-
tion of property and aids granted to
the governor by, 150. Another con-
vened. 150. Penn's speech to the,
151. Their controversy with gover-
nor Evans, 161. Heads of complaint
entered in their minutes, as the ground
of a representation to the Proprietary,
164. Governor Evans communicates
to them Penn's resentment, in conse-
quence of the representation, 179.
Their reply, 180. Charter of privi-
leges referred to by the governor, as
the only rule of government, and their
reply, 181. Their remonstrances to
the Proprietary, 182 New controver-
sies with Governor Gookin, 185.
Their grant for the expedition against
Carthagena, 210. Their proceeding
in consequence of the enlistment of
servants, 211. Their grant for the
project against Louisburg and against
Canada, 212. Their difficulty with the
Proprietaries respecting the charges
for Indian affairs, 214. Their Bill
extending the issue of paper nega-
tived by Governor Hamilton, 217.
Reply of the Proprietaries to, respect-
ing the chaiges of Indian affairs, 219.
Currency bill again sent oy the, to
the governor, 226; and accepted by
him with a suspending clause, 231;
which is rejected by them, 232.
Tbeir resolution respecting the re-
emission of the paper currency, 250.
Called on by the governor, for sup-
plies for the French war, 255. They
admit the necessity of supplies, and
ask his assent to the currency bill,
257. New message of the governor
to the, relative to the paper money
instructions, 259. Proposes an ad-
journment, to which the governor ob-
jects, 263. Adjourn, and are again
convened by him, 264. Adjourn
again, 265 ., and reassemble, 266.
Their bill for an aid to the King
returned, with amendments, by the
governor, 267. Their proceeding in
consequence, 267. Reply of the gov-
ernor, 270. Their resolutions in re-
gard to the extent of their powers,
272. Adjourn, 276; and are re-con-
vened by special summons, 277. Pro-
ceedings of the commissioners at Al-
bany laid before them by the gover-
nor, 278. Act passed by, for the is-

sue of bills of credit, 279. Not as-
sented to by the governor, 280. Gov-
ernor Morris's first speech to the, iH.
His message to the, relative to the
proceedings of the French, 285. Cur-
rency bill sent to him by the, 287.
His reply, 288. Refuses his assent in
consequence of instructions given to
a preceding governor, and the attor-
ney-general's opinion, 291. Their re-
ply, denying the force of his reason-
ing, and asking to see his instructions,
2:i3. They also ask his assent to the
money bill, 297 He declines assent-
ing to the bill, 297; and evades their
request as to the instructions, 300.
Their right to make the demand de-
nied by the governor, 302. Their re-
ply, denying that the proprietary in-
structions were binding on the gov-
ernor, 307; and attributing to them,
the failure of the bill, 308. His reply,
317. Their appeal to the crown, 322.
He asks a copy of their minutes, 320.
Reassembled in consequence of the
arrival of General Braddock, 326. His
message complaining that the minutes
are not sent, 328. Their reply, 329.
Vote money, to be raised by emitting
paper, 334. The governor refuses his
assent, 334. But asks an appropria-
tion to defray the expense of an In-
dian treaty, 335. Mr. Quincy's me-
morial to, relative to the supplies, 336.
A sum voted by the, and his acknowl-
edgment, 338. Their bill rejected by
the governor, 338; who revives the
old controversy by another message,
341. Their reply, 341. Their pres-
ents to British officers acknowledged,
357. Governor's message, requiring
them to furnish Braddock with pro-
visions, 357. They ask for Brad
dock's letter, 358. They send up two
money bills, 360. The governor re-
fuses to communicate the letter, 361';
and rejects the money bills, 365.
Adjourn, and are reconvened in con-
sequence of Braddock's defeat, 366.
They vote an aid of 50,000 pounds,
368. The governor returns the bill
with amendments, exempting the pro-
prietary estate from taxation, 371.
His reasons, 372. Their rejoinder,
374. He adheres to his amendments,
385. He calls on them, to provide
for the security of the back inhabi-
tants, 386. Their bill again rejected,
393. They make an appropriation
for arming the back inhabitants, 393.
The old controversy renewed by the
governor, 399; who begins a new
one, concerning the roads opened by
the province for the King's forces, 400.
A new. convened, 413. They adjourn
because the governor declines to com-
municate information, 414. And are
reconvened, in consequence of an ap-
prehended invasion of the French
and Indians, 415. Aid granted by,
to be struck in bills of credit, 421.
They pass an Indian trade bill, 431.
Aid bill rejected by the governor, 435.
They prepare a militia bill, 439. Gov-
ernor's message on the topics of con-
troversy , 440. Their reply, 446. And
resolutions respecting their power to
grant supplies, 454. Indian trade bill
rejected by the governor, 456. Their
resolution thereon, 460. Their mes-
sage, on the enlistment of servants,
465. Adhere to the Indian trade bill,
and bill continuing the excise, 469.
Treaty with the Six Nations laid be-
fore them, 471. The governor asks
for further supplies, 473. Adjourn
and are reassembled, 476. Urge the
passage of the Indian trade bill, 481.
Six members resign their seats, 482.
New election ordered, 483. The gov-
ernor continues to reject the Indian
trade and excise bills, 487. Their
bill for a supply, by emitting bills of
credit, 489. Another, 490. And for
the exportation of provisions for the
King's service, 492. Governor Den-
ny communicates to them a portion
of the proprietary instructions, 510.
Their bill for a supply, 518. His ob-
jections, 519. Their reply, 520. Their
bill rejected by him, 524. Their res-
olutions relative to the proprietary in-
structions, 525. Pass a new supply
bill, with a protest against the in-
struction, 527. Commodore Spry's
testimony in their belief, 530. Their
representation to the Proprietaries, re-
lative to Indian expenses, 535. Their
resolution in favor of a royal govern-
ment, IV. 121. Their address to
Franklin, on his return from France,

V. 137. Difficulty between them and
the Proprietors, 250.

Pennsylvania Fireplace, account of the,

VI. 34. Described, 44. Manner of
using it, 50. Its advantages, 52.
Saving of fuel by, 54. Other advan-
tages, 55. Difference between it and
the Dutch, 56. How to be set up, 60.

Pennsylvania Hospital, Franklin's agen-
cy in founding, I. 164-167. Its suc-
cess referred to, VII. 314.

Pennsylvania Society for Abolishing Sla-
very, its Address to the Public, II. 615.
Again mentioned, X. 320.

Penobscot River, plan of accommoda-
tion mentioned, relative to towns set-
tled east of the, VII. 544.

People, of their voice in choosing the
rulers by whom taxes are imposed,
HI. 57.

Percival, Thomas, VI. 402. His
Moral and Literary Dissertations, X.
107. His tract on the Perceptive Pott-
er of Vegetables, 180.

Percy, Lord, his canvass for West-
minster alluded to, VIII. 139.

Perkins, John, his inquiries address-
ed to Franklin relative to protection
from the smallpox, VI. 118. His
remarks on waterspouta, 136. And
on Stuart's portraits of waterspouU,
139.

Persecution, its prevalence among Chris-
tian sects, II. 113. Parable against,
121.

Perspiration, remarks on, VI. 65.
Whether it proceeds at the same time
with absorption, 66.

Peters, Richard, his correspondence
with the Proprietaries mentioned,

VII. 20.

Petition of the Left Hand. II. 183.

Petition of the Letter Z, VI. 304.

Petition to the King, to change the pro-
prietary government of Pennsylvan-
ia into a royal one, IV. 93. For the
removal of the governors, IV. 430.

VIII. 22.

Petty, Sir William, his construction
of a double vessel, VI. 474.

Philadelphia, serious considerations on
the present state of, III. 1. Stated as
the place of meeting of the colonial
legislature under the plan of union,
41. Facility of access to, from the
several colonies, 42. Proposition of
gentlemen of, for a subscription in
lieu of the proprietary portion of a
tax, 389. Remonstrances of ihe May-
or of, to the Assembly, 445. Of yel-
low fever in, VII. 41. Of a memo-
rial from, to the merchants and man-
ufacturers of Great Britain, 302. Com-
pliment paid to Franklin in, for his
agency in the repeal of the Stamp
Act, 319.

Philadelphia Academy, observations re-
lative to the real intentions of the
founders of the, II. 133. Subscrip-
tions Tor the, VII. 108.

Philocles, Dialogue betueen Horatio
and, concerning Virtue and Pleasure,
II. 46. Second Dialogue upon the
same subject, 51.

Philosopher's Stone, suggestion respect-
ing the, VIII 198.

Philosophical Society, in Philadelphia,
account of the, I. 319. VI. 28. See
American Philosophical Society.

Philosophical Tveatise, Colden's, re-
ferred to, VI. 94. Mode of its pub-
lication, unsatisfactory to the author,
95. Its general object, 96.

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Philosophy, increase of human happi-
ness by improvements in, X. 349.

Physical and Meteorological Observa-
tions, Conjectures, and Suppositions,

VI. 127.

Piankeshaw Indians, their honorable
feeling, IV. 71.

Pigeons, death of, by lightning, VI.
571. Anecdote relating to, illustrat-
ing the effect of the increase of church
congregations, VII. 49.

Pike, Samuel, his Philosophia Sacra,
alluded to, VII. 82.

PUcoal, Description of a Stove for burn-
ing, VI. 543.

Plain Truth, or Serious Considerations
on the present State of the City of
Philadelphia, and Province of Penn-
sylvania, I. 145; III. 1. Franklin's
account of its origin, 2. Its recep-
tion, VII. 20.

Plan for benefiting distant unprovided
Countries, II. 377.

Plan for the future Management of In-
dian Affairs, Remarks on the, IV. 201.

Plan fur promoting Useful Knowledge
among the British Plantations in Amer-
ica, VI. 14.

Plan for saving One Hundred Thousand
Pounds, II. 89.

Plan, Franklin's, for settling two West-
ern Colonies in North America, with
reasons in its favor, III. 69.

Plan of Union of the Colonies, adopted
by commissioners assembled at Alba-
ny in 1754, its origin, III. 23. Doubts
respecting the unanimity of its adop-
tion, and its cool reception by the
board of Trade and the colonial As-
semblies, 24. Short bints respecting
a, 26. Franklin's account of the rea-
sons and motives which led to the,
32. Its frame, 36. Remarks on the,

VII. 83.

Plants, on the vegetation of, in water,
VI. 423.

Plato, his remarks on the usefulness
of geometry, quoted, II. 69.

Pleasure, Dialogue concerning Virtue
and, II. 46. Another on the same
subject, 51.

Plinr, his distinction of the kinds of
earthquakes, VI. 9. His account of
•tilling waves with oil, 357.

Points, their effect in drawing off and
throwing off the electrical fluid, V.
181. Superior in power to blunt bod-
ies in drawing off the fluid, 232. And
why, 233. Illustrations of this pow-
er, 234; and its application to the
preservation of buildings from light-
ning, 236. Mistake in Europe, rela-

tive to Franklin's view of the utility
of, 356. Compared with knobs as
conductors, 393. Mr. Wilson's objec-
tions to, 434. Experiment showing
their utility, 435. Of their effect on
large clouds at great distances, 443.
See Rods.

Pokeweed, its utility as a remedy for
cancer, and description of it, V 287.

Pule., a projected French expedition to
the North, mentioned, VI. 342.

Political Essays concerning the British
Empire, quoted, IV. 351.

Political Science, evils arising from ig-
norance of, VII. 428.

Poltrids, supposed Fragment of, VIII.
543.

Polvdore Virgil, his account of the
efficiency of arrows in a battle, VIII.
170.

Poor, on public provision for the support
of the, II. 356. Comment on Frank-
lin's views respecting such provision,
360. Further remarks on same sub-
jects, 368. The whole revenue of
the nation received by the, in Great
Britain, 369. Suggestions respecting
laws for their support, VII. 66. Great-
er industry of the, in Protestant than
in Popish countries, 67. Public pro-
vision for, an evil, X. 407.

Poor Richard's Almanac, extracts from,
II. 83, 85, 86, 89.

Pope's Nuncio, his note to Franklin,
respecting the recognition of a Cath-
olic bishop in America, IX. 548.

Population, observations on the subject
of, II. 311. Circumstances tending
to diminish, 314. Richard Jackson s
views concerning, 321. His views of
the influence of manners upon, 322.
Its relative increase in the colonies,
and the cause, IV. 24. Its inrrease
in Rhode Island, 38. Cause of lliis
great relative increase of, in the col-
onies, 171.

Port Royal, its destruction by an earth-
quake, VI. 11.

Portugal, her disposition towards the
United States, VIII. 389. Proposes
a treaty with them, IX. 524, 537. De-
lay in concluding it, X. 17. Its pro-
gress, 2:).

Positions to be examined respecting
National Wealth, II. 373.

Potash, Edmund Quincy's attempt to
introduce the manufacture of, VII.
225.

Potts, Stephen, a member of the Jun-
to, I. 82 His death and character,
VII. 181.

Powder Magazines, best method of
securing them from lightning, V. 407.
Suggestions for the security of those

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