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origin of, VI. 131. Conjectures re-
specting, 455.

Haldimand, General, his account of
the resolution of the colonies relative
to tea, IV. 506.

Hales, Stephen, his suggestion re-
specting ventilation, VI. 3)0.

Hall, David, becomes Franklin's part-
ner in business, I. 161. Account of,

VI. 30. Again referred to, VII. 29.
Hallowkll, commissioner, ineffectual

attempts to arrest, V1I1. 134.

Hamilton, Andrew, acts as deputy-
governor of Pennsylvania, III. 158.

Hamilton, James, Governor of Penn-
sylvania, his message to the Assembly
relative to the bill restraining the use
of paper in the northern colonies, III.
213. Negatives a bill for the issue of
additionai paper, 217. Message of
the Assembly to, on again sending
op the currency bill, 226. Another
message to, respecting Indians affairs,
229. Accepts the currency bill with
amendments, 231. Which are rejected
by the Assembly, 232. Calls on the
Assembly for a levy and supplies in
consequence of the French war, 255.
His assent requested to the currency
bill, 257. His message relative to the
paper-money instructions, 259. Bill
of the Assembly for an aid to the
King returned by him with amend-
ments, 267. Proceedings of the As-
sembly thereon, 268. His reply, 270.
Paper-money bill rejected by him,
281). His appointment alluded to,

VII. 34. Difficulty with, in regard
to the taxation of the estate of the
Proprietors, 172.

Hamilton, Sir William, VI. 373. His
experiment on the torpedo, 374.

Hanrury, the grant to him and others
of lands on the Ohio, IV. 336.

Handel, some defects in the musical
compositions of, noticed, VI 27().

Happiness, in what consists true, II.
70. Verses on, addressed to Abbe de
la Roche, 220.

Harrison, Benjamin, Governor of Vir-
ginia, requests Franklin to engage an
artist for a statue of Washington, X.
116.

Hartmann, John F.. his compliment
to Franklin, VII. 326.

Hartlky, David, his exertions in fa-
vor of reconciliation between the Uni-
ted States and Great Britain, VIII.
175. His efforts to relieve American
prisoners, 234. His secret mission
with propositions for peace, 267. His
conversation with Franklin on the
subject, 268. His suggestion as to
the mode of procuring peace, 301.

His proposal of a truce between the
United States and Great Britain, 332;
and suggestion of a plan of negotia-
tion, 336 Franklin's comment on his
plan, 346. His plan for securing
theatres from fire, IX. 112. His ac-
count of proceedings for promoting
negotiations for peace, 118. His in-
terview with Loid North on the sub-
ject, 121. Misapprehension in regard
to his conciliatory propositions cor-
rected by Franklin, 149. His breviate
laid before the British ministry, 216.
His interview with Lord Shelburne,
294. Before whom he lays prelim-
inaries of peace, 296. Proposes to
Franklin a commercial convention,
416. His Supplemental Treaty men-
tioned, 505. Suggests some supposed
defects of form in ratifying the treaty
of peace, X. 96. His objections refut-
ed, 97.

Harvard College, present of Franklin
to, V. 363 Respecting a telescope
and books for, VI. 305.

Havana, on the capture of, VII. 243.

Hawley, Joseph, VIII. 99.

Health, Franklin's rules of, II. 86.

Heart, on the motion of blood in the,
VI. 68. Dilatation of the ventricles
of the, 70. Heat produced by the
action of the, 98.

Heat produced by electricity in passing
through substances, but not always,
and why, V. 374. Its effect in ten-
dering glass permeable by electricity,
3S1 Evidence that it is produced by
electricity, 389. Its effect upon air,
VI. 36 Relative to conductors of,
and their qualities, 205. Imbibed from
the sun's rays by cloth of different
colors, 257. Remarks on conductors
of, VI. 439. Suggestion that it was
originally in a fluid state, 447. La-
voisier's experiments on, IX. 228, 235.

Hedges, Franklin's inquiries relative
to the mode of planting, VI. 111.

Hklvetios, Madame, dream addressed
to, in French, II. 202. The same
translated, 2(14. Petition of the Cats
to, in French, 206. Translation of
the same, 214. Her cats, X. 317

Hemp, fitness of the soil of the Ohio
for its production, IV. 350. Amount
of, imported, 351.

Hemphill, a preacher, controversy re-
specting, I. 125.

Hkndrice, the Mohawk chief, his
speech at the meeting of the commis-
sioners of the colonies at Albany,
quoted, 111.22

Henrv The Seventh, his policy in re-
gard to libel, II. 287.

Hereditary, ironical suggestion to ren-

der offices of state, X. 55. Why es-
tates should not be, 99.

Herschel, William, elected a mem-
ber of the American Philosophical
Society, VI. 509.

Hessians, recommendation of Congress,
that papers be distributed among the,
VIII. loi.

Hewson, Marv, X. 256. See Ste-
Venson, Mart.

Hi.wso.n, William, brief notice of,

VII. 151. Franklin's remarks on his
proposal of marriage to Miss Steven-
son, 471. His death and character,

VIII. 121.

High Church Factor, anecdote of a,
XI70.

HillsiiouoL'f:Ii. Lord, his conduct re-
lative to Walpoles grant, IV. 3(12.
His view in regard to inland colonies
in America, 315. Evidence of his
views afforded by his conduct, 358.
Brief account of his administration,
528. His plan for dissolving the
American parliaments, 530. II is char-
acter, VII. 378. His conversations
with Franklin, on the subject of paper
money, 381. His plan for defence in
America, 390. His opinion of the
Farmer's Letters, 391. Restored to
office, 411. Objects to Franklin's ap-
pointment as agent for Massachusetts,
603. His character, 506. His inter-
view with Franklin on the subject of
that appointment, 507. Character of
his measures, 529. His meeting with
Franklin in Ireland and courtesy to
him, 550, 504, 505. His removal,
VIII. II). Refuses to receive Frank-
lin, 13. His removal again mention-
ed, 18. Anecdote of, 7a.

Hints for a Reply to the Protests of
certain Members of the House of Lords
against the repeal of the Stamp Act,

iv. 200

Historical Rerietos of the Constitution
and Government of Pennsylranui. cir-
cumstances under which it was writ-
ten, HI. 106. Introduction to the,
112. Details respecting the author-
ship, VII. 208.

Honcson, William. VIII. 415. Rec-
ommended as consul in London, X.
SO.

HoLnf.rnf.Mk, Lord, his letter to the
governor of Pennsylvania, III. 251.

Holland, benefits and disadvantages of
the iron stoves used in, VI. A:\. Frank-
lin's tour in, VII 22>t. Loan of the
United States in, guarantied by the
King of France, VIII. 355. Her rela-
tions with England, 389. Of a treaty
between the United States and, 452.
Her hostile demonstrations against

England, 464. Of American affairs in,
519,522. Difficulty of procuring a loan
in, IX. 19. Franklin stops the pay-
ment of money in, 48, 49. Little aid
to be expected from, 09. Impolicy
of the large purchases made in, 102.
Of the loan in, 147. Movement in,
favorable to the United States, 188,
202. Cessation of arms offered by
Great Britain to, 206. Her disposi-
tion towatds the United States, 233.
Difficulty respecting a loan in, 201.
Russian mediation offered to, 317.
Declined, 331.

Hollis, Thomas, his memoirs and
cha/acter, X. 21.

Homi.r, his Odyssey quoted, relative
to the duty of hospitality, IV. 63;
and treatment of a captive enemy,
64.

Honesty, importance of, VII. 143.

Honors, of ascending and descending,
X. 59.

Hope, remarks on, VII. 184.

Hopkins, Governor, his report on the
population of Rhode Island, IV. 38.

Hopkinsom, Francis, his new game
of cards mentioned, IX. 505.

Hopkinson, Thomas, his discovery of
the power of points to throw off the
electrical fires, V. 182. Sketch of his
life, VI. 87.

Horatio, Dialogue between Philocles
and, concerning Virtue and Pleasure,
II. 46. Second Dialogue on the same
subject, 61.

Horse, value of the, in agriculture,

VII. 434

Horse-rare, electrical, how contrived,
V. 371.

Hosack, David, his memoir of Hugh
Williamson quoted, relative to Hutch-
inson's Letters, IV. 441.

Hospital, Pennsylvania, Franklin's
agency in founding, "I. 164 - 107.

Hospitals, imperfect ventilation of, VI.
315. Mention of several. 316. Par-
ticulars relative to the ventilution of
one in the island of Minorca, 317.
Some remarks relative to, 380. Penn-
sylvania referred to. VII. 314. For
foundlings, X. 148, 174.

Honiif.tot. Countess d', her file in
honor of Franklin, IX. 22.

Homos, his statue of Washington, X.
117. Introduced to Washington, 218.

House of Commons, extracts from the
journals of the, relative to Franklin's
examination. IV 101. Their resolve
for a grant to the colonists, 408. And
for the imposition of duties, 46!'. Con-
ciliatory bills rejected by the, in 1780,

VIII. 480. Certain resolutions of the,
alluded to, IX. I/O. Their address to
the King against continuing the war,
178.

House of Lords, their address to the
King on the subject of proceedings
in Boston, IV. -I-'.'.

Houses, importance of their situation,
as affecting health, VI. 31!). On cov-
ering them with copper, SS). And
securing them from fire, 332. Ad-
vantageous construction of the French,
in this respect, 333. Description of
the mode of covering them with cop-
per, 334.

Howe. Lord, his interview with Frank-
lin, V. 29. Their conferences relative
to an adjustment of the controversy be-
tween Great Britain and the colonies,
30. His suggestion of a reward for
Franklin, 37. Objects to Franklin's
terms of compromise, 42. Further
suggestion of reward, 08. Signifies
Lord Hyde's objections to an inter-
view with Franklin, 09. Breaks off
the negotiation as fruitless, 77. Is
appointed commissioner to effect a
reconciliation with the colonies, 97.
Declines to acknowledge the Ameri-
can Congress, 104. Intended inter-
view of Franklin, Adams, and Rut-
ledge with, mentioned, VIII. 187.

Howe, Mrs., Franklin's game of chess
with, introducing political negotia-
tions, V. 8.

Howe, Sir William, General, is ap-
pointed a British commissioner to ef-
fect a reconciliation with the colonies,
V. 96.

Home, David, his compliment to
Franklin, VI. 244. His essay on the
Jealousy of Commerce noticed, VII.
21(1. Complains of the prejudice
against his writings, VIII. 6.

Humphrevs, David, one of his poems
translated by Marquis de Chastellux,
X. 203.

Hunter, Colonel, alluded to, VII. 116.

Husbandry, some remarks on, VI. 113.

Hutchins, Thomas, his memorial, de-
tailing his sufferings as a prisoner in
England, VIII 436. His services,438.

Hutchinson, Thomas,-Governor, his
remarks relative to thp correspondence
of Franklin with Governor Shirley,
III. 57. His comment on one of the
letters, 07. His agency in effecting
the abolition of the paper currency
of Massachusetts, IV. 178. His com-
ment on the report of the Boston com-
mittee in 1772,381. Petition to the
King for his removal, 43(). His His-
tory quoted, 444. Hearing before the
Privy Council of the petition for his
removal, 447. Obtains a copy of one
of Franklin's letters and forwards it

to England, 450. Convenes the As-
sembly of Massachusetts at Cam-
bridge, 488. Challenges that body
to a controversy, relative to the su-
preme power of Parliament, 495. Fur-
ther account of proceedings relative
to the letters, 504. His conduct as
governor in 1773, VIII 37. Hii
speech to the Assembly of Massachu-
setts and its effect, 43. Proceedings
of the Assembly on receiving the
letters, 50. Petition to the King for
his removal, 53. His letters, 72. On
the printing of them, 80,81. Proceed-
ings of the Privy Council in reference
to his removal, 103.

Hutchinson's Letters, account of the
manner in which they were obtained
and sent to Massachusetts, and of the
proceedings respecting them, I. 356.
IV. 405-455.

Hi i-ton. James, account of, VIII. 230.
His effoits to bring about peace, 233,
236.

Hvde, Lord. Franklin's propositions for
a compromise with Great Britain, sub-
mitted to, V. 28. His opinion of the
propositions, 28. Objects to an inter-
view with Franklin, as useless, 69.
Converses with Franklin relative to a
compromise, 74.

Hygrometer, suggestion of a, to ascer-
tain the different degrees of humidity
of the air of different countries, VI.
427. To be made of mahogany, 429.
View of a, constructed by Nairne,
449. M. de Luc's, 450. Want of a
good, VII. 52.

Iceland, economy of fuel, in, VI. 539.

Impressment of Seamen, Judge Foster's
argument in favor of, examined, U.
331.

Inconveniences, in all situations in life,
VIII. 419.

Independence, American, I. 373, 380.
Declaration of, 406. Admitted as the
basis of a treaty of peace, IX. 207.
To be acknowledged before commenc-
ing to treat, 305. Mr. Jay's view
of the proper mode of acknowledging,
377; Dr. Franklin's, 3S9. Not to be
admitted, except as an article in a
treaty, 403. Mr. Oswald's instruc-
tions on the subject, 407.

Independent Chronicle, humorous Sup-
plement to the Boston, V. 125.

Indian Corn, Observations on, II. 103.

Indian Goods, law of New York to
prevent supplying the French with,
VII 79.

Indian Language, remarks upon, IX. 28.

Indian Trade, on the power given by
the plan of union relative to, III. 46.
Bill respecting, passed by the Assem-
bly of Pennsylvania, 431. Not ap-
proved by the governor, 456. To be
regarded solely as a British interest,
189. Remarks relative to, 203. Mode
in which it is carried on, 204. Regu-
lation of, VII. 81.

Indian Vocabularies desired by the Em-
press of Russia, X. 248. Procured
by Franklin, 299.

Indians, remarks concerning the North
American and their mode of life, II.
453. Their indifference to learning,
454. Mode of conducting their coun-
cils, 455. Their courtesy of demean-
or, illustrated by an anecdote, 45ti.
Their hospitality, 458. Dangers to
be apprehended from the, in Pennsyl-
vania, 111. 8. Conduct of thoHe in
the French interest, IV. 7. Their
hahiu of life, 12. Remarks on the
injustice with which they are treated,
62. Their honorable feeling, 68.
Their condition in Pennsylvania, 75.
Plan for the future conduct of affairs
with the, 201. True policy of Great
Britain with respect to the, 318. Pro-
ceedings relating to the establishment
of a boundary line between the prov-
inces and the, 341. Difficulty of in-
structing them in the arts of life,
VII. 67. Mode of supplying the, 78.
Conference with the, at Easton, 125.
Massacre of the, 203. Of the bound-
ary line of the, 395. Proposal to aban-
don the posts in the country of the, 3: Hi.

Industry more beneficial to trade than
money, II. 392.

Infection, long retention of, in dead
bodies after burial, VI. 433. Various
instances of this, 434.

Information to those who would remove
to .America, II. 467.

Ingenhuusz, ,1'hin, his Queries on
Electricity, and Franklin's Answers,
V. 462 Some account of, VI. 406.
Franklin's view of his philosophical
character, 439. His experiment for
burning wire, 448. His vindication
of pointed conductors alluded to, VIII.
227. His experiments mentioned, 395.
His discovery of the utility of leaves
in purifying the air, 432. Invited by
Franklin to accompany him to the
United States, X. 164. His commer-
cial disasters, 333.

Intand Colonies in America, true poli-
cy of Great Britain in regard to, IV.
307. Lord Hillsborough's views re-
specting, 315. Those of Governor
Wright, 319. Their tendency to in-
crease emigration, 322.

Inoculation, of the deaths in Boston by,

VI. 118; and in Philadelphia, 120.
Insects, benefits arising from the study

of, VI. 223.
Instruction in Colleges, remarks on,

VII. 44.

Insurance of lottery tickets, VII. 32.

Interest of Great Britain considered,
.with Regard to her Colonies, and Out
Acquisition of Canada and Guade-
loupe, circumstances under which it
was written, IV. 1.

Interest, rate of, how affected by the
scarcity of money, II. 255.

Introduction to the Art of Thinking,
Lord Kames's, V11. 231.

Invention, on the spirit of, V. 354.

Ireland, condition of the poor in, VII.
553. Franklin's Tour in, 554. Of
the Parliament of, and their reception
of Franklin, 558, 565. Projected un-
ion of, with Great Britain. VIII. 84.
Of emigration from, to America, 364.
Whether or not to be included in the
treaty of commerce with Great Brit-
ain, A. 21. Of manufactures in, 161.

Iron, no injurious vapor arises from
heated, Desaguliers's experiment in
proof of this, VI. 57.

I/.ard, Ralph, noticed, his dissatisfac-
tion with Franklin, VIII. 230. Mr.
Pringle's interview with Franklin, on
the subject, 250. His complaint of
Franklin relative to pecuniary mat-
ters, 358, 369.

Jackson, Richard, his letter, contain-
ing remarks on Franklin's Observa-
tions on Population, II. 321.

Jackson, William, his public employ-
ment, IX. 47. Acknowledges the
judgment of Franklin, in stopping
the payment of money in Holland.
His controversy with Commodore Gil-
Ion, 54.

Jackson, parody of his speech in favor
of Slavery, II. 517.

Jamaica, accouut of a great earthquake
in, VI. 11.

Jamss, Arel, urges Franklin to write
his memoirs, IX. 479.

Jamks The First, his policy in regard
to libel, II. 289.

Jars, Electrical, on the mode of coat-
ing. V.299'

Jav. John, appointed minister to Spain,
VIII. 469. His testimonial respecting
Franklin's public conduct, IX. 5, 43.
Is appointed one of the commissioners
for negotiating peace, 82. His con-
versation with Mr. Oswald relative to
negotiating, 377. His view of the

proper mode of acknowledging inde-
pendence, 377. Answers the charge
brought against Franklin, respecting
his conduct in regard to the fisheries,
X. 8. Is appointed Secretary of For-
eign Affairs, 1(13, 169.

Jeanngt, the actor, mentioned, VIII.
432.

Jerr, John, his plan of a federal un-
ion between the United States and
Great Britain, VIII. 508.

Jeffkrson, Thomas, is appointed a
commissioner to procure an alliance
with France, but declines, V111. 190.
Declines the appointment as a com-
missioner for negotiating peace, IX.
82. Is appointed a commissioner to
negotiate treaties of commerce in Eu-
rope, 102. His Notes on Virginia, X.
317.

Jeffries, John, his account of an as-
cent in balloon, alluded to, X. 243.

Jenvns, Soame, anecdote of, VII. 356.

Jews, Comparison of the Conduct of
the ancient, with that of the Anti-
federalists, V. 158.

Johnson, Samuel, his JVbctica and
Ethica noticed, his character, VI. 125.
Notice of, VII. 47.

Johnson, Sir William, his treaty with
the Six Nations laid before the Assem-
bly of Pennsylvania, III. 471. His
apeech to the Six Nations relative to
a cession of land, IV. 341. His death
mentioned, VIII. 131.

Johnson, William S., his account of
the effect of the Boston non-importa-
tion resolutions, VII. 376. His allu-
sion to the character of Lord Hills-
borough, 378. His account of the
reception in England, of the news
of riots in Boston, 418; and of the
neglect of petitions of the colonies,
43!); and of the proceedings of Par-
liament on the revenue act, 406.

Johnstone, Governor, British commis-
sioner, his assertion in regard to Frank-
lin denied, VIII. 302, 443.

Jonks, John Paul, supposed letter
from Sir Joseph Yorke to, V. 131.
Anecdote of, 136. His conduct in
regard to the Countess of Selkirk,
VIII. 273. Command of a ship pro-
posed to, by Franklin, 274. Instruc-
tions to, respecting the command of
a frigate, 275. Expedition proposed
to, by Franklin, 337. Instructions to,
339. Plan for employing, 351. His
activity in destroying Biitish com-
merce, 390. Allusion to his action
Witli the Serapis, 393, 396. His con-
duct on the British Coast, 3:I9, 402.
His quarrel with Captain I andiis,
425. Recommended to the President

I

of Congress, 465. His quarrel with
Landais, 4K3, 464. Account of his
squadron, IX. 7. Leaves the service
of Kussia, X. 419.

Jonks, Sir William, his intended ne-
gotiation with Franklin, VIII. 365.
His plan of visiting America, 367.
His Fragment of Folybius, given at
length, 543. His appointment as a
judge in Bengal, IX. 500.
ournal of the Negotiation for Peace ititk
Great Britain, Iranklin's, IX. k38.

Judges, on a proposition relating to
the independence of, in the colonies,
V. 22.

Junto, a club established by Franklin,
its members described, 1. 81. Is ex-
tended, 129. Account of the, II. 9.
Proposals and Queries for the consid-
eration of the, 551. Song written by
Franklin for the, VII. 92. Concern-
ing some members of the, 180. Fur-
ther allusion to the. 223. Song writ-
ten for the, by Franklin,224. Remark
relating to the, 301.

Kalm, Peter, VI. 110. Again, VII.
37. His effort to prove that America,
was discovered before Columbus,
VIII. 69.

Kamks, Lord, his Elements of Criti-
cism, alluded to, VI. 203. Notice
of, VII. 187. Concerning the por-
trait of Penn in his possession, 189.
His Principles of Equity mentioned,
197. His Introduction to tlie Art of
Thinhing, 231. His Elements noticed,
241. His views relating to a conso-
lidating union between the colonies
and Great Britain, 334.

Keimf.r, Thomas, I. 35. His eccen-
tricities, 47. Franklin engages in
business with him, 09. Their separa-
tion, 72. His rivalry of Franklin, in
the publication of a newspaper, II.
13.

Keith, Sir William, Governor of
Pennsylvania, advises Franklin to set
up in Philadelphia, I. 38, 45. Frank-
lin, by his advice, visits England, 52.
His wanton deception of Franklin,
55. Enters upon the government of
Pennsylvania, III. 187. His admin-
istration, 188. Dismisses Logan from
the office of Secretaiy, 189. Re-
ceives orders from England to rein-
state him, 190. His controversy with
Lloyd, Speaker of the Assembly, 191.
Retires from office, 192.

Kkmi-kl, his automaton chess-player.
X. 23.

King of France. See France.

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