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Automaton Ckess-Player, Kempel's
mentioned, X. 23.


Baoie,Benjamin Franklin, VIII. 195.
His proficiency in his studies, 37'2,
375. Again mentioned, X. 3.

Bacue, Richard, marries Franklin's
daughter, VII. 350.

Baciie, Sarah, her exertions to sup-
ply the American troops with clothing,
VIII. 528. See Franklin, Sarah.

Bache, Professor, bis attempt to fix
the date of Franklin's observation rel-
ative to northeast storms, referred to,
VI. 106.

Bagatelle, by Franklin, II. 164.

Balloons, remarks on, VI. 4">'2. Those of
Charles and Robert, and Montgolfier,

453. On the invention of, X. 13.
Ascent of one, 32. Of the means of
directing their course, 93. Improve-
ments in constructing, 123. Inflated
with inflammable air, 146. Danger
of ascending in, 187.

Balm, Captain, recommended by Frank-
lin to Congress, VIII. 195.

Baltimore, rapid growth of, VII. 519.

Bancroft, Edward, his account of
Franklin's demeanor before the Privy
Council, IV. 453. And of bis dress
when signing the treaty with France,

454. Mentioned, VIII. 206, IX. 525.
Bank of the United States, its success,

X. 306.
Banks, nature and utility of, II. 266.
Banks, Sir Joseph, VI. 342.
Barbara States, relations between the

United States and the, alluded to, VIII.

361, IX. 544.
Barclav, David, his conversation

with Franklin on the subject of a

reconciliation between the colonies

and Britain, V. 8. Produces a plan of

permanent union, 58.
Barclav, Thomas, is admitted as consul

of the United States for France, IX.


Barm, John, account of, VI. 73.
Bariatinski, Prince, anecdote relating

to his visit to Franklin, IX. 285. His

civilities to Franklin, 299.
Barometer, effect of air on the, VI. 222.

Remark on the changes of the, VII.

Barrier Colonies, Pownall's plan for

settling, HI. 69.
Bakkow, Mrs., her situation in New

York, VIII. 200.
Barry, John, Captain, his services to

a Venetian vessel, IX. 88. Mentioned,

154. Requested to take goods to

America for the use of the troops, 159.

Bartram, John, bis account of a re-
markable Aurora Borealis, VI. 211.
His character, VII.55,88. Some par-
ticulars respecting him, 433. Of the
publication of his " Travels and Obser-
vations," 446. His pension, 534.

Baskerville, John, account of his
printing, VII. 212. Franklin's opin-
ion of his skill, 213.

Bath, Earl of, his Letter to Two Great
Men on the subject of Canada, alluded
to, IV. 1.

Bathing, cold, not injurious, VI. 58.

Bavaria, Electorate of, on establishing
commercial relations between the
United States and the, IX. 526, 543.

Baxter, Andrew, his "Inquiry into
the Nature of the Human Soul," VI.
87. His doctrine examined, 88. Hia
book again referred to, 93.

Beabmarchais,caron De, mentioned,
VIII. 289. His contract for supplies
for the United States, 294. Of his
accounts, 385. His delay in settling
his accounts, IX. 390. His Figaro
mentioned, X. 102. Advance of a
million of livres by the French Gov-
ernment to, 287.

Bea c Most, his Reflexions d'un Etranger
desintiressi, alluded to, VII. 470.

Beccaria, John Baptist, of his work
on electricity, V. 355. Franklin's
view of it, 356. His experiment of
the explosion of water, 393. Paper
by, containing an account of electri-
cal experiments, 505. Notice of hia
work on electricity, VII. 84.

Bkckford, allusion to his bill for pre-
venting bribery at elections, VII. 384.

Beckwith, General, his plan of join-
ing the American army discouraged,
VIII. 348.

Bedford Party, their hostility to the
Americans, VII. 467.

Bell, his account of the hospitality of
the Daggestans, IV. 06.

Bells, superstitious notion respecting,
during thunder-storms, V. 422.

Belton, Joseph, his contrivance for
destroying Jhe vessels of an enemy,
mentioned, VIII. 185.

Benefits, motives with which they should
be conferred, VII. 74.

Benezet, Anthony, VIII. 16.

Bentinck, Captain, his experiment to
show the efficacy of oil in stilling
waves, VI. 305.

Bp.rgmann, Professor, his remarks on
one of Franklin's electrical experi-
ments, V. 513.

Bernard, Francis, Governor, his of-
ficial communication to the Houses of
Assembly in Massachusetts, IV. 466.
His acknowledgment relative to the
conduct of the Assembly after the re-
peal of the stamp act, 476. His pro-
ceedings in regard to quartering the
troups, 4!)1. Rejection of the petition
for his removal, 493. His conduct as
Governor of Massachusetts, VII. 365.
His proceeding in regard to a separ-
ation of the eastern townships from
Massachusetts, VIII. 66.

Bkrnuuilm, his suggestion of a mov-
ing power for boats, VI. 478.

BeruStorrr, his communication to
Franklin on the seizure of American
prixes in Norway, VIII. 433.

Sevan, Stlvanus, his bust of William
Penn, VII. 190.

Bible, Proposed New Version of the, II.

Bills of Credit, their convenience and
utility in commerce, 11.266. Of those
issued upon landed security, 268.

Bills of Exchange, American, correction
of erroneous impressions respecting,
IX. 56.

Bisoham, William, his complaint of
Franklin's refusing his drafts, VIII.

Bipontine Edition of the classics, men-
tioned, IX. 126.

Birmingham, visit of Franklin to, VII.

Bishops, first consecration of in Ameri-
ca, 11 116. Sketch of the trial of the
seven, for libel, 298. On the appoint-
ment of, for America, VII. 437. Or-
dination of American, X. 109.

Blackbirds, effect of destroying, in New
England, VII. 67.

Black Prince., privateer, exploits of the,
VIII. 3!H), 40-2.

Blackrie's Solvent, a remedy for the
stone, X. 163.

Blacks, plan for improving the condition
of the free, II. 513.

Blacewkll, John, his appointment
and conduct as deputy Governor of
Pennsvlvania, III. 14). Misaddress to
The Assembly, 130. Their reply, 131.

Blomk, complains of an outrage by
American vessels on the coast of Nor-
way, IX. 157.

Blood, remarks on its motion in the
heart, VI. 68. On the circulation of
the, 70. Conjecture as to the cause
of its heat in healthy persons, 97.
Its use in respiration, VIII. 172.

Board of Trade, reasons assigned in
their report, in favor of restraining the
issues of paper money, II. 341. Those
reasons examined, 342. Their agenoy
in regard to the laws of Pennsylvania,
VII. 250.

Boats, various modes suggested for
giving motion to, VI. 478.

Vol. x. 62

Body, suggestion of the existence of

imbibing pores in the human, VI. 233.

Boerhaavk, his remark on the danger

of exposure to a draught of air, VI.


Book of Common Prayer, Franklin's
abridgment of the, X. 207.
Books, description of an instrument
for taking them from shelves, VI. 562.
High price of, X. 161.
Boroughs, expediency of disfranchising
the small English, II. 491.
Boscovich, his account of a whirlwind
at Rome, VI. 149.

Boston, proceedings of the town of, in
1772, IV. 381. Vote of the inhabitants
of, relative to disorders, in 1765, 471.
Seizure of a vessel of war and im-
pressment of seamen in, 481. Petition
to the Governor on this subject, 482.
British troops sent to, and quartered
in, 483. Its inhabitants summon a
convention of deputies from the other
towns, 484. Massacre of the 5th of
March, and removal of the troops
from, 486. Address of the House of
Lords to the King relative to proceed*
ings in, 489; and the King s reply.
490. Narrative of the inhabitants of,
respecting the conduct of Governor
Bernard, 491. Arrival of the tea in,
in 1773, 506. Deaths in, by inocula-
tion, VI. 118. Resolutions adopted
in, relative to non-importation sad
manufactures, VII. 371. Their effect
in England, 376, 387. Arrival of for-
eign troops in, 418. Committee of,
transmit a correspondence to Frank*
lin, 459. Military preparations in, in
1774, VIII. 135. General Gage's
treachery in, 157.
Boston Port-Bill, its objectionable char-
acter, VIII. 128.
Boundaries of the United States, sugges-
tion respecting them as a condition of
peace, IX. 129. See Peace.
Bounties, general expediency of, II.
402. Remarks respecting those on
grain, 405.
Bouquct, Hkurt, Colonel, his account
of Franklin's services in the French
war, V11. 260. Sketch of the military
services of, 261.

Bowuoin, James, account of, V. 256.
His observations on the crooked di-
rection of lightning, 263. Objections
to the hypothesis, that the sea is the
source of lightning, 268. His obser-
vation of the effect of lightning on
the compass, 277. His observations
on the electricity of the clouds, 279.
His account of preparations made in
Boston to observe the transit of Mer-
cury, VI. 101. His theory with re-
spect to the light in sea-water, 190.
His remarks on the method of furnish-
ing supplies to the Indians, ViI. 78.

Bates and Arrows, their utility in war,
VIII. 170.

Bon. K, on the exposure of the Russians
to the extremes of heat and cold,
VI. 69.

Braddock, Edward, General, is aided
by Franklin in procuring horses and
wagons for the army, 1. 184. His
character, 189. Defects as a general,
190. His call on the Governor of
Pennsylvania for supplies of provi-
sions under convoy, ilI. 357. His
letter requested of the Governor by
the Assembly, 358. His instructions

?uoted, relative to the Six Nations,

Bradford, Andrew, the printer, visit-
ed by Franklin in Philadelphia, I. 35.
Becomes Publisher of the H'ickly
Mercury, the first newspaper printed
in Pennsylvania, II. 13.

Brav, Thomas, his benevolent charac-
ter, VII. 202.

Bracia, explosion of the powder-maga-
zine at, alluded to, V. 432.

Breeiate, Mr. Hartley's, laid before the
British ministers, IX. 216.

Bribery, at elections in England, VII.

Briknne, Archbishop of Toulouse, his
character as a minister, X. 316.

Brillon, Madame de, VIII 473.

British Army, their conduct in Ameri-
ca, VIII. 422.

Broolie, Prince de, introduced to
Washington, IX. 199. To Mr. Liv-
ingston, 201. To Robert Morris, 203.

Brotherly Love, Franklin's parable on,
II. 123.

Bl'chan, Earl of, inquires of Franklin
respecting the expediency of emi-
gration from Scotland to the United
States, IX. 486.

Buffon, M. de, his experiments in
electricity, V. 176. His complimentary
letter to Franklin, X. 312.

Buroh, his death and character, IX.

Burgoyne, General, of his exchange
for Colonel Laurens, IX. 84.

Bdrkk, Edmund, remarks on the Letter
to Two Great Men ascribed by some
to, IV. 1. Examination of the com-
mercial principles of the late negotia-
tion between Great Britain and France
in 1761, attributed to, 2. His speeches

Suoted, 262, 266. His kindness to
fr. Laurens, IX. 84.
Burkkt, Governor, his controversy
with the Assembly of Massachusetts,

Busy-Body, written by Franklin, I. 84.

Origin of the, II. 13.
Bylks, Mather, his complimentary

letter to Franklin, X. 303.

Cables of vessels, construction of, VI.

Cai.ef, Captain, his agency in regard
to the proposed separation of the east-
ern townships from Massachusetts,
VIII. 66.

Calvet, Pierre Hi;, his claims on the
United States, X. 30.

Cambridge, Franklin visits the English
University of, VII. 177.

Campomanes, Count de, his character,
X. 98. H is laudable efforts to promote
intelligence and industry in Spain,
99. His remarks on Franklin's writ-
ings, 114. And discoveries, 115.

Canada, sums voted by the Assembly
of Pennsylvania for an expedition
against, 111. 212. Interest of Gxeat
Britain, considered in reference tit the
acquisition of, IV. 1. Benefits which
would result from the cession of, by
France, 10. Its possession a sufficient
safeguard against the French and In-
dians, 11. Easily peopled, without
draining England or her population,
48. Proposition for granting a free
government to, V. 21. Importance of,
to England, VII. 193. Commissioners
to, appointed by Congress, VIII. 178.
Offered by Great Britain to France,
to induce her to treat, IX. 210. Its
surrender suggested by Franklin to
Mr. Oswald, 251.

Canassetego, an Indian chief, anecdote
of, II. 458.

Cancer, pokeweed a remedy for, V. 287.

Canton, John, his experiment of draw-
ing the electric fluid from the clouds,
V.297. Experiments by Franklin in
pursuance of those of, 346. Notice
of, VI. 256.

Cantoon Stone, its quality of absorbing
water, VI. 321.

Cape Breton, humorous remarks on
the expedition against, VII. 16. Of
the engineers employed against, 28.

Capital Punishment, objections to the
infliction of, 11.479.

Cari.eton. Sir Gut, General, his con-
duct at the evacuation of New York
by the British, II. 504. His attempt
to open a negotiation in the United
States, IX. 222, 346, 348. 349. Com-
muoicates with Washington, 380.

Carmarthen, Lord, complains of al-
leged defects of form in the ratification
of the treaty of peace, X. 95.

Carmichael, William, hisallusion to
Lafayette, VIII. 305. His diplomatic
station, 471.

Carriage-wheel, account of a newly, VI. 383.
Carroll, Charles, VIII, 178. X. 392.
Carroll, John, VIII. 178.
Carthagena, grant made by tlie Assem-
bly of Pennsylvania, for the expedi-
tion against, III. 210.
Carver, John, the traveller, VII. 438.
Cast£ra, his edition of Franklin's
works alluded to, II. 435.
Castle William, Franklin's proposition
for the restoration of, to Massachusetts
V. 21.'

Castries, M. de, his compliment to
Franklin, X. 218.
Casuistry, case of, II. 545.
Catania, its destruction by an earth-
quake, VI. 10.

Catarrh, opinion of ancient philosophers
respecting, VI. 339.
Catechism relative to the English Na-
tional Debt, V. 120.

Cats, humorous Petition of the, to Ma-
dame Helvetius, II. 206. The same
translated, 214.

Causes of the American Discontents be-
fore 1708, explanation of the circum-
stances that induced its publication,
IV. 242.

Causes of Earthquakes and theories
concerning them, VI. 1.

Cave, Edmund, publishes in London
Franklin's Letters on Electricity, V.
178. His preface, 179.

Cavendish, Charles, Lord, his ex-
periment to show the heat requisite
to render thick glass permeable by
electricity, V. 383.

Cctia Single, letter from, II. 536.

Celsus, his views respecting colds, VI.

Chain, experiments with an electrified,
VI. 275.

Chambers of legislation, one preferable
to two, X. 345, 361.

Chamrerlin, portrait of Franklin by,
VIII. 118. 3

Chapman, account of his conversation
with Franklin, respecting peace, VII.

Charcoal, its qualities as an electrical
conductor, V. 426. Danger of burn-
ing, in pots, VI. 44.

Charity, remarks on, VII. 9, 184.

Charles The First, policy of, in re-
gard to libel, II. 289.

Charles The Second, his policy in
regard to libel. II. 291.

Charles, Rorert, VII. 127.

Charleston, fire in, VIII. 252. Its cap-
ture by the British, 482.

Charmidas, Dialogue between Socrates
and, concerning public employments,
II. 62.
Charter of Privileges, Penn's, to the
Province of Pennsylvania and terri-
tories, 111. 158.

Charter governments, of the colonies,
what, III. 97.

Charters, colonial, subject to alteration
only by agreement between the King
and the colonies, IV. 273.
Chastellux, Chevalier de, his Travels
mentioned, VIII. 442. Again, X. 262.
His translation of a poem by Hum-
phreys, 263. Both again alluded to,

Chatham, Lord, his attempts and plan
for reconciliation between Great Brit-
ain and the colonies, V. 1. His first
interview with Franklin, 5. Second
interview, and his opinion of the con-
duct of Congress, 34. His motion
for a reconciliation, in the House
of Lords, 45. Franklin's opinion of
his eloquence, 46. Communicates
to Franklin his plan of compromise,
47. Opens his plan in the House of
Lords, 51. His panegyric of Frank-
lin, 53. His declining health, VII.
336. Extract from one of his speeches,
468. His speech relative to the con-
duct of the colonies, quoted, VIII. 122.
His motion for conciliation rejected,
140. His view of the proceedings or
Congress, X. 435.

Chaumont, recommended to the Presi-
dent of Congress, X. 160.

Cheese, manufacture of, in China, VII.

Cherokees, invalidity of their claim to
lands south of the Ohio, IV. 325.

Chess, morals of, II. 187. Instruction
to be drawn from, 188.

Che/.aulx, communicates the Danish
seizure of American prizes, VIII. 407.

Chimneys, causes of neighbouring
smoke coming down the vents of, VL
281. Their utility for the purpose of
ventilation, 309. Method of contract-
ing, 324. On the causes and remedy
for smoky, 505. Want of air, a fre-

3uent cause of smoky, 509. Reme-
ies suggested, 511. Large size of
their openings, another cause, 514.
Remedy for this, 515. Shortness of
the funnel, a third, and the remedy,
517. Their overpowering one another,
519. Inconvenient situation of doors
in reference to, 521. Their modern
origin, 524. Account of the Stafford-
shire, 531. Their use as a means of
cooling in summer, 536. On smoky,
VII. 431.
China, a fictitious Letter from, II. 241.

Remarka concerning the provision
made in,against famine', 381. Viewaof
the physicians of, relative to a draught
of cold air, VI. 4,i. Method of warm-
ing rooms in, 538. Mode of making
paper in, 577. Manufacture of cheese
in, VII. 464. Culture of silk in, 536.
Of the paper made in, VIII. 88. Of
ascending honors in, X- 59.

China-ware, art of printing on, VIII. 94.

Choi Mondkly, Lord, proposes to
Franklin to write to Lord ahelburne,

IX. 239.

Church, importance of attending, VII.

Church of England, respecting a bishop
of the, in America, VII. 402. 437.
See Clergy.

Churches, number of, struck by light-
ning, V. 423. Effect of multiplying
congregations in, VII. 49. Franklin's
nietnoQ of warming, alluded to, VIII.

Churchman, John, on his theory of the
variation of the magnetic needle, Vf.
671. His " Magnetic Atlas," X. 289.

Cincinnati, order of, remarks on the,

X. 58. Disapproved, 176.
Circle, Magical, VI. 104.

CxAr, Thomas, notice of, VI. 188.

Clark, Lord, Franklin's conversation
with, on American affairs, VII. 365.
Ceases to be a member of the Board
of Trade, 410. Again referred to, 411.

Clare, M , his Treatise on the Motion
of Fluids, quoted, relative to the dan-
ger of exposure to a draught of cold
air, VI. 40.

Clarke, his observations on the late
and present conduct of the French

2noted, in reference to the Indians in
ie French interest, IV. 7. Again
quoted, respecting their habits of life,
12. And military resources, 13.

Clarke, William, remark by,quoted,
concerning Franklin's Observations
on the Increase of Mankind, II. 311.

Clavpoole, Georok, mortality in his
family, VII. 4,

Clergy, of the provision In the consti-
tution of Massachusetts for the main-
tenance of the, IX. 36. Ordination of
the American Episcopal in England
X. 109. *

Clinton, Sir Henry, respecting a let-
ter of, VIII. 468.

Clock, Whitohhrst'a, with three wheels,
noticed, VI. 461.

Cloth, effect of the sun's rays on, of
different colors, VI. 237. Adaptation
of the colors of, to different climates,

Clouds, of those formed by vapors from
the earth and tern, V. 215. Electricity

of, 279. Their positive and sometimes
negative electricity, 302. In thunder-
stoims, it is the earth that strikes into
the, 305. How they become nega-
tively electrified, 355. Objections to
the hypothesis, 310. Additional proof
of positive and negative electricity in,
and new method of ascertaining the
fact, 341. Difficulty of determining
how they become charged with elec-
tricity 351. Of the existence of nega-
tive electricity in, 411.

Club for Mutual Improvement, Roles
for a, II. 9.

Cohesion of the parts of bodies, cause
of the, VI. 123.

Coin, useful only as the medium of ex-
changing commodities, II. 394. Re-
marks on the quality of British, 396.
Character and value of, 410. Its pur-
pose and utility, 411. Evil arising
from an incorrect estimate of the rela-
tive value of gold and silver in, 412.
Its utility, X.307.

Coinage, copper, for the United States,
projected, VIII. 383.

Cold, production of, by evaporation, VI.
203. Remarks relative to heat and,
205. Produced by mixing some chem-
ical liquors, or salt and snow, 209.

Colden, Cadwallader, his remarks
on Franklin's Hints for a Scheme for
the Union of the Colonies, III. 30,
Account of, V. 258. Sketch of his
life, and his suggestion of a new meth-
od of printing, VI. 18. His reply to
Strahan'a objections to this method, 2t>.
His thoughts on different species of
matter, and suggestions for publishing
philosophical papers, 33. His view
of the benefit of Franklin's stove, 64.
His Views as to the effect of the mo-
tion of the earth on the length of voy-
ages across the Atlantic, 7b. His Phi-
losophical Treatise referred to, 94. Its
general objects, 96. His observations
upon light, 115. His Indian History
referred to, 117. His observations on
Franklin's meteorological paper, rela-
tive to the phenomena of water and
air, 177. His description of a water-
spout, 178. On the generation of
wind by fermentation, 1!)6. On winds
blowing in contrary directions, and
the motion of the planets, 197. On
water-spouts, 199.

Coi.den, David, his remarks on Not-
let's Letters to Franklin on electricity,
V. 319. Franklin's opinion of the re-
marks, VII. ilI.

Colds, opinion of ancient philosophers
respecting, VI. 339. Prevailing im-
pressions respecting, ill-founded, 378.
Respecting inquiries into the causes of,

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