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disputes upon the subject of religion, I began to the regardoil by pious souls, with horror, either as an apostate or an atheist. I came ti.erefore to a resolution: but my father, siding with my brother, I prekuined that if I attempted to depart openly, measures would be taken to preveut me. My friend Collins undertook to favour my flight. He agreed for my pas cage with a captain of a New York sloop, to whom he represented me as a young man of his a mainte ance, who had an affair with a girl or bad character whose parents wished to compel me to marry her, and of consequence I could neither inake my appearance, nor go off publicly. I sold part of my books to proc cure a small sum of money, and went privately on board the sloop. By favour of a good wind, I found myself in thize days at New-York, Dearly three hunJred miles froin my home, at the age only of seventeen years, without knowing an individual in tha place, and with very little inoney in my pocket.
The inclination I had felt for a sea-faring life was entirely subs:ded, or I should now have been able to gratify it; but, havir.g another trade, and believing my. self to be a tolerable workman, I hesitated not to offer my services to the old Mr. William Eradford, who had been the first prinier in Pennsylvania, but l'ad quitled the province on account of a quarrel with George Keith, the governor. He could not give me employ. ment hiinself, having little to do, and alreally as inany persons as he wanted; but he told me that his son, printer at Philadelphia, had lately lost his principal workman, Aquila Rose, who was deall, and that if I would go thither, he believed that he would engage me. Philadelphia was a hundred miles farther. Ité. gitated not to embark in a boat in order to repair, boy the shortest cut of the sea, to Amboy, leaving ny trunk and effects to come after me by the usual and mon tedious conveyance. In crossing the bay we met wil a squall, which shattered w pieces our rotten sails, prevented us from entering the Kill, and threw us up on Long Island
During the squall, a drunken Dutchman, who, Hkin myself, was a passenger in the boat, fell into the sea Ai tha moinert that he was sinking, I seized him by.' the fore-top, saved him, and drew him on board. This immersion sobered him a litlle, so that he fell asleen after having taken from his pocket a volume which ho requested me to dry. This volume I found to be my old favourite work, Bunyan's Pilgrim, in Dutch, a beautiful impression on fine paper, with copper-plate cngravings; a dress in which I had never seen it in its original language. I have since learned that it has been translated into almost all the langriages of Europe. ani, next to the Bible, I ain persuaded it is one of the books that has had the greatest spread. Honest John is the first, that I know of, who has mixed nar. rative and dialogue together; a mode of writing very engaging to the reader, who in the most isieresting passages finds hiinself admitted, as it were, into the company, and present at the conversation. De Foe has imitated it with success in his Robinson Crusoe, his Moll Flanders, and other works; as also Richard. son in his Paniela, &c.
In approaching the island, we found that we had marle a part of the coast where it was not possible to land, on account of the strong brcaxers produced by the rocky shore. We cast anchor and veered the ca ble towards the shore. Some men who stood upon the brisk, halloed to us, while we did the saine on our part; but the wiud was so hign, and the waves so noisy, that we could neither of us hear each oner. There were some canoes upon the bank, and we called out to them, a:id made siguis to prevail ou them to come and take us up; but either they did not ur:derstand us, or they deened our request in practicable, anri with drew., Niglit came on, and nothing remained for us but to wait quietly the subsiding of the wind; till when, we determined, that is, the pilot and I, to sleep if resible. For that purpose we went below the haiches along with the Durchman, who was drenched with water. The sea broke over the boat, and reacheu us in our retreat, so thai we were presently as coinpletely drenched as he . We had very little repose during the whole right; but the wmd abaling the next day, we succeeded in nunching Ambiwy before it was dark, af er having pase od thirty hours without provisions, and wish no other drink than a bottie of bad rum, the water upon which we rowed being salt. In the evening I went tü bed with a very violent fever. I naci somewhere read that cold water, drank plentifully, was a remedy in such cases. I followed the piescription, was in a profuse sweat for the greater par of die night, and the fever left ine. The next day I crossed the river in a ferry. hoat, and continued my journey ou fooi. I had fifty miles to waik, in order to reach Burlington, where I was told I should find passage-buats that wyuld con vey me to Philadelphia. It ramed haid the whole day, so that I was wet to the skin. Findmg niyself fatigued about noon, I stopped at a paltry inn, where I passed the rest of te day and the whole night, beginning to regret that I had quitted my hoine. I made besides so wretched a figure, that I was suspected to be some runaway servant. This I discovered by the questions that were acked me; and I felt that I was every moment in danger of being taken up as such, The next day, however, I continued iny journey, and arrived in the evening at an ini, eight or ten miles from Burlingtool, that was kept by one Do Brouin. town, who had soid me some gingerbrearl to eat (op my passage, and I asked her advice. She invited me to take up my abode with her till an opportunity iftered for me to embark. Fargued with having travelled so far on foot, I accepted her invitation. When she unto derstood that I was a printer, she would have per suaded me to stay at Burlington, and set up iny trade; but she was little aware of the capital that would be necessary for such a purpuse! I was treated while at her louse with true hospitality. She gave me, with the utinost good-will, a dinner of beef-steaks,and would accept of nothing in returu but a pint of ale.
This man entered into conversation with me while I took soine refreshment, and perceiving that I had read a little, he expressed towards ne consi.!erable interest and friendship. Our acquaintance continued during the remainder of his life. I believe him to have been what is called an itinerant doctor; loi there was no town in England, or indeed in Europe, of which lio could not give a particular account. Ile was neither deficient in understanding or litcrature, but he was a sad iufidel; and, some years after, wickedly undertook to travesty the Bible, in burlesque verse, as Cottou travestieu Virgil. He exhibited, by this means, many facts in a very ludicrous point of view, which would have given umbrage to weak minds, had his work been published, which it never was.
I spent the night at his house, and reached Burling. ton tru next morning. On my arrival, I had the mor. tification to learn that the orc:nary passage-boa:s had sailed a little before. This was on a Saturday, and Hier would be no other boat till the Tuesday following I returned to the house of an old wonian in the
Here I imagined niyseif to be fixed till the Tuesday in the ensuing weck ; but, walking out In the evening by the river side, I saw a boat with a number of persuns in it approach. It was going to Philadelphia, and the company took ine in. As there was no wind, we could only make way with our oars. About midnight, not perceiving the tow'n, some of the company were of opinion that we must have passed it, and were unwilling to row any farther; the rest not knowing where we were, it was resolved that we should stop. We drew towards the shore, entered a creek, and landed near some old palisades, which served us for firewoon, it benog a coid night in Ociolier. Hero we staid till lay, wheu one of the company found the place im wirich we were to be Coo;er's Creek, a little above Philadelphia; which, in reality we perceived the moment we were out of the creek. We arrived on Sunday about eight or nine o'rlock in the morning, auid landed on Market-street wharf.
I bave entered into the particulars of iny voyage, and shall, in like manper, describe my first entrance into this city, that you may compare beginnings so little auspicious, with the figure I have since made.
On my arrival at Philadelphia I was in my working dress, ing best clothes bemg to come by sea. I was covered with dirt; my pockets were filled with shirts and stockings; I was unacquainted with a single sout in the place, and knew noi where to look for a lodging. Fatigued with walking, rowing, and having pass. od the night widiwut sleep, I was extremely hungry, and all any money consisted (f a Dutch duisar, aun
about a shilling's worth of coppers, which I gave to the boatmer. for my passage. As I had assisted them in rowing, they refused it at first; but I insisted on their taking it. A man is sometunes more generous when he has little, than when he has much money; probabiy because, in the first case, he is desirous of concealing his poverty.
I walked towards the top of the street, looking ca. perly on both sides, till I came to Market-street, where I met with a child with a loaf of bread. Ofen had I made my dinner on dry bread. I inquired where he had bought it, and went straight to the baker's shop which he pointed out to me. I asked for some Liscuits, expecting to find such as we had at Boston; but they made, it seems, none of that sort at Phila. delphia. I then asked for a three-nenny loaf. They made no loaves of that price. Finding myself igno. rant of the prices, as well as of the different kind of bread, I desired him to let nie have three-penny. worth of bread of some kind or other. He gave ine thrue large rolls. I was surprised at receiving so much: I took them, however, and baving no room in my pockets, I walked on with a roll under each arm, eating the third. In this manner I went through Mar. met-street to Fonrth-street, and passed the house of Mr. Read, the father of ny future wife. She was standing at the door, observed me, and thought with reason, that I made a very singular alid grotesque ap. pearance. "I then turned the corr.er, and went throngh Chest. put-street, eating my roll all the way; and having made this round, I found myself again on Marketstreet warf, near the boat in which I arrivce. I step ped into it to take a draught of the river water; and, tinding myself satisfied with the first roll, I gave the ether two to a woman and her child, who had coine down the river with us in the boat, and was waiting to continue her journey. Thue refreshed, 1 regaine: the street, which was now full of well dressed hemple, all going the same way. I joined them, and was tous led to a large Quaker meeung-house near the markel-place. I sat down with the rest, and, after Inaking round me for sume time, hearing nothing saida