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und is in familiar verse, agreeably to the taste of the tiines and the country. The author addresses himself to the governors for the line being, speaks for liberty of conscience, and in favour of tha anabaptists, quakers, and other sectaries, who had suffered persecution. To this persecution he attributes the wars with the natives, and other calamities which afflicted the countory, regarding them as the judgments of God in punishment of so odious an offence, and he exhorts the government to the repeal of law3 so contrary to charity. The poein appeared to be written with a manly freedom and a pleasing simplicity. I recollect the six concluding lines, though I have forgotton the order of words of the two first; the sense of which was, that his censures were dictated by benevolence, and that, of consequence, he wished to be known as the author; because, said he, I hate from my very soul dissimulation.
From Sherourn,* where I dwell,
I therefore put my name,
My brothers were all put apprentices to differeni trarles. With respect to myself, I was sent, at the age of eight years, to a grammar-school. My father destined me for the church, and already regarded me as the chaplain of my family. The promptitude with which, from my intancy, I had learried to read, for I do not remember to have been ever without this acquirement, and the encouragement of his friends, who assured him that I should one day certainly become a inan of letters, confirmed him in this design. My uncle Benjamin approved also of the schere, and pror.ised to give nie all his volumes of sermons, writien, as I have said, in the short-hand of his finven tion, if I would take the pains to learn it.
I remained, however, scarcely a year at the grammar-school, although, in this short interval, I had risen from the iniddle to the head of ny class, froin thence
• Towp in the island of Nantucket
to the class immediately above, and was to pass, at the end of the year, to the one next morder. But iny father, burdened with a numerous fairly, found that he was incapable; without subjecting himself to difficulties, of providing for the expenses of a colie giate education; and considering, besides, as I heara hiin say to his friends, that persons so educated were often poorly provided for, he renounced his first inten. tions, took me from the grainmar-school, and sent me to a school for wri'ing and arithunetic, kept by a Mb George Brownwell, who was a skilful master, and succeeded very well in his profession by employing gentle means only, and such as were calculated to encourage his scholars. Under him, I soon acquireci an excellent hand; but I failed in arithinetic, and nade therein no sort of progress.
At ten years of age, I was called home to assist my father in nis.occupation, which was that of soap-boilo and allow-chandier; a business to which he liaa served no apprenticeship, but which he embraced ox his unrival in New England, because he found his own, that of dier, in too little request to enable him in maintain his family. I was accordingly eniployod ng cutting the wicks, filling the moulds, taking caie of the shop, carrying messages, &c.
This business displeased me, and I felt a strong inclination for a sea life; but my father set bis face against it. The viciniiy of the water, howevrr, gave me frequent opportunities of ve,ituring myself both upon and within it, and I soon acquired the art of swimming and of nialiaging a boat. When einbark. ed with other children, the helm was commonly de. puted to me, particularly on difficult occasions; and, in every other project, I was almost always the lead. er of the troop, whom I sometimes involver! in em. barrassinents.' I shall give an imstance of this, which deinonstrates an eany disposizion of mind for public enterprises, though the one in question was not conducted by justice.
The mill-pond was terminated on one sii'o by a mareh, upon the borders of which we were !rcus. tomed to take our stand, at high water, daxie for small fish. By dint of walking, we had co se crted
yerfect quagmire. My proposal was to erect a wharf nat should afford us firin futmg; and I pointed our to my companions a large heap of stones, intended for the building a new house near the marsh, and which were well adapted for our purpose. Accord ingly, when the workmen retired in the evening, I assembled a number of my play-fellows, and by labow ing diligently, like ants, sometimes fnur of us uni ting our strength to carry a single stone, we removed hem all, and constructed our little quay. The work men were surprised the next inorning at not finding their stones, whico had been conveyed to our wharf. Inquiries were made respecting the authors of this conveyance; we were discovered; complaints were exhibited against us; and many of us underwent correction on the part of our parents; and though I strenuously defended the utility of the work, my father at length convinced me, that nothing which was not strictly honest could be useful.
It will not, perhaps, be uninteresting to you to know what sort of a man my father was. He had an excellent constitution, was of a middle size, but well made and strong, and extremely active in whatever he undertook. He designed with a degree of neatness, and knew a little of inusic. His voire was sonorous and agreeable; so that when he sang a psalm or hymn, with the accompaniment of his violin, as was his frequent practice in an evening, when the labours of the day were finished, it was truly delightful to hear him. He was versed also in mechanics, and could, upon occasion, use the tools of a variety of trades. But his greatest excellence was a sound understanding and solid judgment, in matters of pru. deirce, both in public and private life. In the former, áidees, he never engaged, because his munerous family, and the ineciiocrity of his fortune, kept him unre. mittingly employed in the duties of his profession. But I well icmember, that the leading men of the place used frequently to come and ask his advice respecting the affairs of the town, or of the church to which he belonged, and that they paid much deferauce to his opinion. Individuals were also in the babit of consulting him in their private affairs, and he was often chosen arbiter between contending parties.
He was fond of having at his table, as often as possible, sone friends or well-informed neighbours, capable of rational conversation, and he was always careful to introduce useful or ingenious topics of discourse, which might tend to forin the minds of his chilriren. By this means he early attracted our at tention to what was just, prudent, and beneficial in he conduct of life. He never talked of the means which appeared upon the talle, never discussed whether they were well or ill-dressed, of a good or bad flavour, high-seasoned or ctherwise, preferablo or inferio; to this or that dish of a similar kind. Thus accustomed, from my infancy, to the utmost inattention as to these objects, I have been perfectly regardless of what kind of food was before me; and I pay so little attention to it even now, that it would be a hard matter for inero recollect, a few hours after I had dined, of what my dinner had consisted. When travelling, I have particularly experienced the advantage of this habit; for it has often happened to me to be in company with persons, who, having a more delicate, because a more exerciseil faste, have suffered in many cases considerable inconvenience; while, as to inyself, I have had nothing to desire.
My niother was likewise possessed of an excellem constitution. She suckled all her ten children, and ) never neaici either her or my father coniplain of any other disorder than that of which they died: my fa ther at the age of eighty-seven, ann my mother at eighty-five. They are huried togetner' at Boston, where, a few years ago, I placed a marble over theis grave, with this mscription :
· Here lie « JONTAS FRANKLIN and Abah his wife : They lived "Egether with reciprocal affection for firty-nine years; " and without private fortune, without lucrative em* ployment, by assiduous labour and honest industry, a decently supy wortell a numerus family, and ernica uted with success, thirteen children, and seven grand
a children. Lor this example, reader, encourage thew u diligently to discharge tho duties of thy calling, and " co rely on the support of Divine Providence.
w He was pious and prudent,
“ She discreet and virtuous. •Their youngest son, from a sentiment of filial duty,
“ consecrates this stone to
u their memory."
I perceive, by my rambling digressions, that I an growing old. But we do not dress for a prirate com pany as for a formal ball. This doserves, perhaps, the namo of negligence.
To retum. Y thus continued employed in my fa tber's trade for the space of two years; that is to say, till I arrived at twelve years of age. Abuut this time my brother John, who had served his apprenticeship in London, having quitted my father, and being married and settled in business on his own account ar Rhode Island, I was destined, to all appearance, to supply his place, and be a candle-inaker all my life ; but my dislike of this occupation contiruing, my father was apprehensive, thai, if a more agreeable one were not offered me, I might play the truant ani escape to sea; as, w his extreme mortifi. cation, my brother Josias had done. He therefore took ine sometimes to sne masous, coopers, hraziers, joiners, and other mechanics, einployed at their work; in order to discover the bent of my inclination, and fix it, if he could, upon some occupation that might retain me on shore. I have spice, in consequence of those visits, derived no small pleasure froin seeing skilful workmen handle their tools; and it has proved of considerable benefit, to have acquired thereby fufficient knowlerlge to be able to make little things for myself, when I have had no mechanic at hand. ad to construct sinal machines for my experimnout, while the irtea I have conceived has been fresh and strongly impressed on my iniagination.
My fulhør at length: decided that I should be a cut. lor, and I was placed for some days upon trial with my cousin Samuel, son of my uncle Benjamin, Wom