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other produce will not suit, in exchange for the produce of some other countiv that furnisies what we have more occasion for, or more desire. Vi ne we have, to an inconvenient degree, parted with our gold and silver, cur industry is stimulared a fresh to procure more; that by its means we may contrive to procure the saine advantages.
Of Restraints upon Conmerce in T'ime of Iar.
When princes make war by prohibiting commerce, each maz hurt himself as much as nis enemy.-Traders, who by their business are promoting thecoin. mon good of mankind, as well as farmers and fish. ermen, who labour for the subsistence of all, should never be interrupte11 or molested in their business, but enjoy the proiection of all ir: the time of war, as well as in the iice of peace.
This policy, those we are pleased to call barbari* ans, have, in a great measure, adopted: for the
trading subjects of any power, with whom the Em
peror of Morrocco may be at war, are not liable to s capture, when within sight of his land, going or com
ins; and have otherwise free liberty to trade and reside in his dominions.
As a maritime power, we presume it is not thought È right that Great Britain should grant such freedoin,
except partially, as in the case of war with France, when tobacco is allowed to be sent thither uuder une sar.ction of passp:orts.
Exchange in Trade may oe gainful to cuch
In transactions of traile it is not to be supposed that, like gaming, what one party guins the other nust necessarıly lose. The gain to each may be equal. If A has mcre corn than he can consume, out wants catile, and B has more cattie, b. I wants corn, exchange is gain to eacti: hereby the comin2011 stuck of comforts in life is increase.l.
Of Paper Credit. It is impossible for government to circumscribe or fix the extent of paper credit, which must of cours fluctuate. Government may as well pretend to lar down rules for the operations, or the confidence of every individual in the course of his trade. Any seeming temporary evil arising must naturally work its own cure.
AUMOROUS ACCOUNT OF A CUSTOM AMONG THE AMERICANS, ENTIT
Attributed to the Pen of Dr. Franklin
ALTUOUGH the following article has not yet appear oil in any collection of the works of this great philo sopher, we are inclined to receive the general opinion, (froin the plainness of the style, and the humour which characterizes it) to be the performance of Di Franklin.
My wish is to give you some account of the pinple of these new States, but I am far from being qua. lified for ine purpose, having as yet seer. little more than the cities of New York and Philadelphia. I bave discovered but few national singularities among them. Their customs and manr:ers are nearly the same with those of England, which they have long been used to copy. For, previous to the Revolution, the Americans were from their infancy taught to look up to the English as patternsnf perfection in all things. I have observed, however, one customi, which, sur aught I know, is peculiar to this country; an account of it will serve i til up ine remainder of this sheet, and may affürd you some arrusement.
When a young couple are about to euter into the matrimonial state, a never failing articlo in the mar. riage treaty is, thai the lady shail lave and enjoy the free and unmolested exercise of the rights of whitewashing, with all its ceremonials, privileges and appurtenances. A young woman would foregu th most advantageous connexion, and even disappoint the warmest wish of her learl, rather than resign the invaluable right. You would wonder what this pri. vilege of white-cashing is : I will endeavour to give you sunto idea of the cereniony, as I have seen it perforined.
There is no season of the year in which the Inds may not claiin hei privilege, if she pleases; tu i Ure
latter end of May is most generally fixed upot, sur the purpose. The attentive husband may judge by certail. prognostics when the storm is nigh at haud. When the lady is unusually fretful, finds faults with the servants, is discontented with the children, and complains much of the filthiness of every thing about her, these are signs which ought not to be neglected; yet they are no: decisive, as they sometiines come on! and go off again, without producing any farther ef fect. But if, when the husband rises in the morn ng, he should observe in the yard a wheel-barrow with a quantity of lime in it, or should sec certain buckets with lime dissolved in water, there is then no time to be lost; he immediately locks up the apartment or closet where his papers or his private pr sperty is kept, and putting the key in his pocket, betakes himself to flight : for a husband, however beloved, becomes a perfect nuisance during this sea. son of female rage, his authority is supersedied, his commission is suspender, and the very scullion, who cleans the brasses in the kitchen, becomes of more consideration and importance than him. He has nothing for it but to abdicale, and run from an evil which he can neither prevent nor mollify.
'The husband gone, the ceremony begins. The walls are in a few minutes stripped of their furniture ; paintings, prints, and looking-glasses, lie in a huddled heap about the floors; the curtains are torn from the testers, the beds crammed into the windows; chairs and tables, bedsteads and cradles, crowd the yarıl; end the garden-fence bends beneath the weight of carpets, blankets, cloth cloaks, old coats, and ragged breeches. Here may be seen the lumber of the kit chen, forming a dark and confused mass: for the ore-ground of the picture, gridirons and frying pans, rusty shovels and broken tongs, spits and purs, and the fractured remains of rush-bottomed chaiss. There a closet has disgorged its bowels, cracked tumblers, broken wine-glasses, phials of forgotten physic, papers of unknown powders, seeds and dried herbs, handfuls of old corks, tops of tea-pots, and stoppers of departed decanters; froin the rag-hole in the garret to the rat-hole in the celiar. Do placa
escapes unrummaged. It would scem as if the day of general doom was come, and the utensils of the house were dragged forth to judgment. In this tem. pest the words of Lear naturally present themselves, and might, with soine alteration, be made strictly upplicable :
Laos Let the great gods. Chat keep this dreadful pudder o'er our heads, Find out their en’mies wow. Tremble, thou
wretch, That last within thee, undivulged crimes Unwhip'd of justice".
- "Close pent-up guilt, Raise your concealing continents, and ask These dreadful summoners grace !"
This ceremony completed, and the house thoroughly evacuated, the next operation is to smear the walls and ceilings of every room and closet with brushes dipped in a solution of line called whitewash to pour buckets of water over every flour, and scraten all the partitions and wamscots with rough brushes wet with soap-suds, and dipped in stonecutter's sand. The windows by no means escape the general deluge. A servant scrambles out upon the pent-nouse, at the risk of her neck, and with a mug in her hand, and a bucket within reach, she dashes away innuinerable gallons of water against the glass panes; to the great annoyance of the pás. engers in the street.
I have been told that an action at law was once brought against one of these water-nymphs by a per son who had a new suit of clothes spoiled by this operation ; but after long argument, it was derirmin ed by the whole court, that the action would not lie, inasmuch as the defendant was in the exercise of a legal right, and not answerable for the consequences; anıl so the poor gentleman was doul.ly non suited ;