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agtng this institution gratis ; it is hoped, that no part of the money will at any time lie dead, or be divert. ed to other purposes, but be continually augmenting by the interest, in which case there may in tiine be more than the occasion in Boston may require : and then some may be spared to the neighbouring or other towns in the said state of Massachusetts, which may desire to have it, such towns engaging to pay punctually the interest, and the proportions of th principal annually to the inhabitants of the town o Bostoi.. If this plan is executer, and succeeds, a projected, without interruption for one hundred years, the sum will be then one hundred and thirty-one thousand pounds; of which I would have the mana. gers of the donation to the town of Boston then lay out, at their discretion, one hundred thousand pounds in public works which may be judged of most general utility to the inhabitants : such as fortifications, bridges, aqueducts, public buildings, baths, pave. ments, or whatever may make living in the town more convenient to its people, and render it more agree. able to strangers resorting thither for health, or a temporary residence. The remaining thirty-one thousand pounds I would have continued to be let out to interest, in the inanner above directed, for one hundred years; as I hope it will have been found, that the institution has had a good effect on the conduct of youth, and been of service to many worthy characters and useful citizens. At the end of this second term, if no unfortunate accident has prevent. ed the operation, the sum will be four millions and sixty one thousand pounds sterling, of which I leave one inillion and sixty one thousand pounds to the dis. position and management of the inhabitants of th town of Bonn and the three millions to the disposi tion of the government of the state ; not presuming ta carry my views farther.
All the directions herein given respecting the dis position and manageinent of the dination to the inhabitants of Boston, I would have observed re respecting that to the inhabitants of Philadelphia, only as Pniladelphia is incorporated, I request the corporation of that city to undertake the manage
ment, agreeable to said directions: and I do hereby vest them with full and ample powers for that pur pose. And having considered that the covering its ground plat with buildings and paveinents, which
arry off most rain, and prevent its soaking into the earth, and renewing and purifying the springs, whence the water of the wells inust gradually grow worse, and in time be unfit for use, as I find has happened in all old cities; I recommend, that, at the end of the first nun Ired years, if not done before, th corpcration of the city employ a part of the hundre thousand pounds in bringing by pipes the water of the Wissahicon-creek into the town, so as to supply the inhabitants, which I apprehend may be done without great dilliculty, the level of that creek being much above that of the city, and may be made higher by a dan. I also recominend making the Schuyl. kill completely navigable. At the end of the second hundred years, I would have the disposition of the four millions and sixty-one thousand pounds divided between the inhabitants of the city of Philadelphia and the government of Pennsylvania, in the same manner as herein directed with respect to that of the inhabitants of Boston and the government of Massachusetts. It is my desire that this institution should take place, and begin to operate within one year after my decease ; for which purpose due notice should be publicly given, previous to the expiration of that year, that those for whose benefit this esta. blishment is intended may make their respective applications: and I hereby direct my executors, the survivors and survivor of them, within six months after my decease, to pay over the said sum of two thousand pounds sterling to such persons as shall be duly appointed by the select men of Boston, and the corporation of Philadelphia, and to receive and take charge of their respective sums of one thousand pounds each for the purposes aforesaid. Consider. ing the accidents to which all human affairs and pro. jects are subject in such a length of time, I have per. haps too much flattered myself with a vain fancy, that these dispositions, if carried into execution, will ou continued without interruption, and have the ef
Sects proposed; I hope, however, that if the inhabi: tants of the two cities should not think fit to under. take the execution, they will at least accept the offer of these donations, as a mark of my good will, token of my gratitude, and testimony of my desire to be useful to them even after my departure. I wish, indeed that they may both undertake to endeavour the execution of my project, because I think, that, though unforeseen difficulties may arise, expedients will b bund to remove them, and the scheme be foun practicable. If one of them accepts the money with ine conditions, and the other refuses, my will then is, shat both sums be given to the inhabitants of the city accepting; the whole to be applied to the saine pur. poses, and under the same regulations directed for ihe separate parts; and if both retuse, the money remains of course in the mass of my estate, and it is to be disposed of, therewith, according to my will made the Seventeenth day of July, 1788.
My fine crab-tree walking-stick, with a gold head curiously wrought in the form of the Cap of Liberty, I give to my friend, and the friend of mankind, General Washington. If it were a sceptre, he has merited it, and would become it.
HUMOROUS, MORAL, AND
ON EARLY MARRIAGES.
To John Alleyn, Esq.
DEAR JACK, You desire, you say, my impartial thoughts on the subject of an early marriage, by way of answer to the numberless objections that have been made by numerous persons to your own. You may remember, when you consulted me on the occasion, that I thought youth on both sides to be no objection. Indeed, from the marriages that have fallen under my observation, I am ruder inclined to think, that early ones stand the best chance of happiness. The temper and labits of the young are not yet become so stiff and uncom. plving as when more advanced in life; they forin more easily to each other, and hence, many occasions of disgust are removed. And if youth has less of that priidence which is necessary to manage a famuly, yet the parents and elder friends of young married per. sons are generally at hand to afford their advice which amply supplies that defect; and, by early mar riage, youth is sooner formed to regular and usefu lise; and possibly some of those accidents, or connexions, that might have injured the constitution, or
eputation, or both, are 1 erehy happily prevented Particular circumstances of particular persons, may possibily sometimes make it prudent to delay entering into that state ; but, in general, when nature has ren dered our bodies fit for it, the presumption is in na ture's favo'ır, that she has not judged amiss in mak
ing us desire it. Late marriages are often attended, too, with this further inconvenience, that there is not the same chance that the parents should live to see their offspring educated.io Late children,” says the Spanish proverb, “ are early orphans." A melan.' choly reflection to those whose case it may be ! With us in America, marriages are generally in the morn. ing of life : our children are therefore educated and settled in the world by noon; and thus, our business being done, we have an afternoon and evening o cheerful leisure to ourselves, such as our friend at present enjoys. By these early marriages we are blsssed with more children; and from the mode
among us, founded by nature, of every mother suck2: Jing and nursing her own child, more of them are -- raised. Thence the swift progress of population
among us, unparalleled in Europe. In fine, I am - glad you are married, and congratulate you most [ cordially upon it. You are now in the way of be coming a useful citizen; and you have escaped the unnatural state of celibacy for lite the fate of
many here, who never intended it, but who having too a long postponed the change of their conditions, fund,
at length, that it is too late to think of it, and so live i all their lives in a situation that greatly lessens a
man's value. An odd volume of a set of books, hears not the value of its proportion to the set; what hink you of the odd half of a pair of scissors; it cant well cut any thing; it may possibly serve to scrape a trencher.
Pray make my compliinents and best wishes acceptable to your bride. I am old and heavy, or ( should ere this have presented them in person. I hall make but small use of the old man's privilege, hat of giving advice to younger friends. Treat your
wife always with respect; it will procure respect to e you, not only from her, but from all that observe it.
Never use a slighting expression to her, even in jest ; for slights in jest, after frequent bandyings, are api to end in angry earnest. Be studious in your pro fession, and you will be learned. Be industrioil, and frugal and you will be rich. Be sober and `emper. ate, and you will be healthy. Be in sodas