Liberal Purposes: Goods, Virtues, and Diversity in the Liberal State
This book is a major contribution to the current theory of liberalism by an eminent political theorist. It challenges the views of such theorists as Rawls, Dworkin, and Ackerman who believe that the essence of liberalism is that it should remain neutral concerning different ways of life and individual conceptions of what is good or valuable. Professor Galston argues that the modern liberal state is committed to a distinctive conception of the human good, and to that end has developed characteristic institutions and practices--representative governments, diverse societies, market economies, and zones of private action--in the pursuit of specific public purposes that give unity to the liberal state. These purposes guide liberal public policy, shape liberal justice, require the practice of liberal virtues, and rest on a liberal public culture. Consequently the diversity characteristic of liberal societies is limited by their institutional, personal, and cultural preconditions.
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Contemporary critics of liberalism
Liberalism and the neutral state
Liberalism and neutral public discourse
Moral personality and liberal theory
Pluralism and social unity
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accept agreement American Amy Gutmann argued argument authority basic basis belief Bernard Williams Cambridge capacities Chapter choice citizens civic education civil claims classic liberal coercion commitments conception conflict constitute contemporary liberal core critique defend defined democratic Dewey Lectures distinction diversity doctrine equality of opportunity example fact G. A. Cohen human individual institutions interpretation John Rawls Judith Shklar justice as fairness Kant Kantian least legitimate liberal democracy liberal polity liberal public liberal societies liberal theory liberal virtues Maclntyre means ment metaphysical Michael Walzer moral personality negative freedom neutrality normative political liberalism political philosophy possible practices premises priority proposition public culture public policy purposes rational Rawls's reasons religion religious require respect rests role Ronald Dworkin sense shared social criticism specific structure Stuart Hampshire substantive suggest task theorists Theory of Justice thesis tion toleration tradition traditionalist truth understanding Unger unity University Press Walzer
Seite 326 - Michael Sandel, Liberalism and the Limits of Justice (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982), and Charles Taylor, Sources of the Self (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989). 25. In his article "The Communitarian Critique of Liberalism,