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II.

“ wherein I can, I recommend you to the good direction of ChaP. “ God's holy Spirit. From my lodging at the Minoress, " this last of April, 1577.

Anno 1576. “ Your lordship's in Christ, ever assured,

“ E. EBOR. “ I shall pray your lordship to keep these things to your“ self, unto such time as I speak with your lordship. At “ what time I will give you the reason why I desire it.”

In another letter to that lord, I find the archbishop more He vindiparticularly endeavouring to satisfy him in these matters cates bim

self, and urged against him; “ That he had served there, at London, reflects “ until Candlemas last, as bishop, and received the rents bishop of

upon the “ thereof, according to equity and law. That the sum was London. “ small; and in that time he spent there one thousand “pounds and upwards. That he received somewhat of her “ majesty's liberality at York, as the lord treasurer knew; “ but that the new bishop of London, being at no cost, “ neither serving the bishopric, received of her majesty's

gift in like sort 3971. ; in truth more, added the arch“ bishop, than he had deserved any way. And besides, he “ received in the mean time the revenues of his other live “ings, which amounted not to a little. Concluding with " this reflection upon the bishop, A greedy desire will never be satisfied.

“ That for the demeans since Michaelmas, at York, be“ing in the lord president's hands, until our Lady-day

past, it was easy to conceive what benefit would grow 428 “thereof to him, the archbishop. But that the demeans in “ London, saved well in winter, would be as much worth.

“ That if it were lawful for the archbishop of York to “ sell all bis woods upon a day, as this bill seemed to in“sinuate, (rating the woods at 40001.) then was it lawful “ for the bishop of London to do the like, who had as “ much wood left him as his was at York.

“ That it was desire of gain, and envy that the archbi“shop of York should have any thing, or be so dealt with “ as he himself, that had made him give forth this untruth

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BOOK

II.

66 and envious note: wherein he laboured to hinder the

archbishop of York, lest her majesty should shew him Anno 1576.6 further favour; and to set forth the commodities there,

as might be thought for a melius inquirendum; and “ hereby not to gain himself. For how came he to look “ for that, that the bishop of York would give his revenues “ to so unthankful a man, that so soon as he had holpen “ him on with his rochet, was transformed, and shewed “ himself in his own nature ?"

of Worcester is

429

CHAP. III.
The bishop of Worcester made vice-president of the marches

of Wales. The presidents thereof. Curteis, bishop of
Chichester, preaches at Paul's Cross. Process against
the bishop of Gloucester from the queen. Pilkington, bi-
shop of Durham, dies. His prayers. Dr. May makes
interest to succeed him. Bishop of Carlisle is made bi-
shop of Durham : sues for dilapidations. And Dr. May
succeeds to Carlisle. Holds the rectory of Darfield in

commendam. Dr. May's family. The bishop THIS

year, Whitgift, bishop of Worcester, was made vice-president of the marches of Wales; a great honour, as vice-presi- well as trust; sir Henry Sydney, the president, being ab

sent in Ireland, the queen’s lieutenant there. That office Dr. Powel's was first put into the hands of a bishop, viz. Rowland Lee,

bishop of Coventry and Litchfield, the 26th Henry VIII., being then sent to be president of that king's council in those marches. In whose time the principality and country of Wales was incorporated and united unto the kingdom of England, when this bishop and his associates did notable good service. He died the 34th Hen. VIII. and lieth buried in Shrewsbury. After him another bishop, Richard Sampson, who was removed from Chichester to Coventry and Litchfield, was (35 Hen. VIII.) appointed lord president of the said marches. Then succeeded first a layman,

dent of Wales.

Hist.
Cambr.

viz. Dudley, earl of Warwick, in the reign of king Edward CHAP. VI. And next him William Herbert, knight of the garter,

III. earl of Pembroke. After him, lmo Mariæ, Nicolas Hethe, Anno 1676. bishop of Worcester, became president. Then, 6° Mariæ, succeeded another bishop, viz. Gilbert Bourn, of Bath and Wells. Then, lmo Eliz. the lord Williams of Thame. And then sir Henry Sydney, and the bishop of Worcester, vicepresident, as aforesaid. Omitted in this account, Yong, archbishop of York, who had been also president or vicepresident. And among the presidents of this council of Wales, held at the castle of Ludlow, who were wise governors, and men of great credit, Dr. Powel, the author of the History of Cambria, reckoneth particularly three bishops, Heath, archbishop of York, Yong, archbishop of York, and Whitgift, then living, archbishop of Canterbury. Curteis, bishop of Chichester, chaplain to the queen, and Bishop

Curteis a great court preacher, preached a sermon this year at St.

preaches Paul's Cross, upon Rev. xii. 1, &c. And there appeared a at Paul's

Cross. great wonder in heaven; a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars, &c. It was printed.

Cheny, bishop of Gloucester, was this year in danger of 430 falling under the same fate with Parkhurst bishop of Nor- Process

against the wich, in the year 1572, running behindhand with the bishop of queen for his clergy's tenths. His vice-collector (whose Gloucester

for tenths. name was Gifford) having brought him 5001. in debt to her majesty. So that in the month of October process came down from Mr. Fanshaw and Mr. Godfrey, belonging to the exchequer, to the sheriffs, to seize the bishop's lands and goods for payment. They accordingly called upon the bishop for the debt; who prayed them to forbear executing their office, and promised to save them harmless. And so speedily despatched his letters, dated October 5, to the lord treasurer, in his and their favour. The sum whereof was, that he was ready to pay what was due after some forbearance. Money, he said, he had but little, spending all hitherto in housekeeping. And, in fine, he made two suits

Parker's

BOOK to that lord: first, that he might have convenient time to II.

pay the debt, considering his own tenths and subsidies Anno 1576. came to 112. yearly, besides fees, servants' wages, liveries,

housekeeping, &c. resolving, that he would for the future keep fewer men, cut off his fare, be at less charges, that his debts might be the sooner discharged. His second request was, that the sheriffs might have no fine set upon their heads for forbearing a little time with him. And so in conclusion, humbly craving his lordship’s favour; fearing the example (as he said) of the bishop of Norwich. Which

what that was, is set under the year 1572. Archbishop This bishop, who was a Lutheran and a free-willer, and Life, book touched moreover (as was suspected) with popish princiiv, chap. 5. ples, lay under some cloud. See somewhat more of him in

the Life of Archbishop Parker, under the year 1571. He died in the year 1578, the bishopric lying vacant about three years. One reason whereof might be, for the queen to

satisfy her debt out of the revenues of the see. Bishop of This year Pilkington, bishop of Durham, (of whom some

things have been related elsewhere,) died. And for a memorial of this pious exile and confessor for religion, I shall record three godly prayers of his composing. One calculated for the beginning of the reformation of religion under queen Elizabeth: a second, for faithful preachers to be sent forth at that needful time to preach the gospel, and for good magistrates to countenance it: and a third, against error and popery. All seasonable, especially at

that time. See them in the Appendix. The two former [No. 1.) II.

are set at the end of his expositions upon the first and second chapters of Aggeus, printed about 1559. The third at the end of his book, in confutation of a popish paper

about the burning of St. Paul's. Dr. May en- Endeavour was now made for John Mey, or May, (who

was elected fellow of Queen's college in Cambridge, anno 1550, afterwards created D. D.) a dignified man, and well known in the north, being archdeacon of the North Riding, either to succeed in that see of Durham, now vacant; or,

if Dr. Barnes, the bishop of Carlisle, were translated thither,

Durham dies.

Book II.

III.

deavours for Durham or Carlisle.

III.

half to the

that he might obtain that bishopric. His noble friend the CHAP. earl of Shrewsbury wrote to the great earl of Leicester at court, to move it to the queen, and to deliver to her ma- Anno 1576. jesty his letter in Dr. Mey's behalf. To whom the earl of 431 Leicester answered, that her majesty had received the letter, and took his suit in good part; and added, that he knew the said May was like to have good speed for one of those bishoprics. That he had some back-friends, but that he was then past the worst; and was much bound to his lordship. Adding, that he thought the bishop would be appointed shortly. The same earl of Shrewsbury wrote also a letter to the The earl

of Sbrews. earl of Sussex, lord chamberlain, recommending to him the bury writes said person, in respect of his good preaching and hospitali- in his be. ty: wishing him to be preferred to one of those bishoprics, court. or some other: requesting his furtherance therein, as occasion might serve. That nobleman's answer to the earl of Shrewsbury was to this purport; “ That truly he did not “ know the man, but giving credit to his lordship's know“ ledge in those two points, of sound preaching and good " hospitality, (which, he said, were the two principal mat“ters to be required in a man to be called to such a mi“nistry,) he would be glad, at his lordship’s request, to “ give him furtherance in this or any thing else whereinso“ ever he should see opportunity. As he wished also to do "any thing his lordship would at any time commit to him." This was writ from the court, November the 15th, 1576. Subscribing,

“ Your assured friend,

“ T. Sussex.”

to Durbam.

In short, Barnes is translated to Durham by the lord Barnes, treasurer's interest, upon the account of some good services Carlisle,

bishop of he was to do in that capacity for the queen and religion, translated according as that lord by a letter had suggested to be expected from him. His thankful acknowledgments for this favour in commending him to her highness, and interposing his own credit for his [the bishop's) service, he soon after

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