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was, The further from Romish manners, the purer is our CHAP. church. That of the latter was, We must flee doctrines ; we

XIII. must flee rites. Theirs and yours seem popish toys.

Anno 1578. And what favour and entertainment these principles did A bookstill find among the common people, may appear from the

seller taken

up for sellquick sale of the book of the Admonition to the Parliament, ing the

Admonition set forth divers years before. Against which a severe pro- to the Parclamation had been issued out, forbidding it to be sold, or liament. kept in any person's possession, upon pain of imprisonment. Notwithstanding divers of them were sold by one Woodcock, a bookseller; who therefore being discovered, was taken up and imprisoned by order of the bishop of London; whose delivery the said bishop thought not fit to grant for such a presumption, in vending a book so much tending to sedition, without some special warrant from the lord treasurer: to whom he referred Mr. Tothyl, the master of the stationers' company, and the wardens, who came and solicited for that man.

And accordingly they wrote their letter to the said lord; dated December the 9th. As I have Life of bimentioned in that bishop's Life more at large.

shop El.

mer. To these I add, that about this time, as near as I can One Mackguess, notice was taken of one Mackworth, a gentleman of worth put Rutlandshire, for having two wives, and holding it lawful Marshalsea

for having to have them; of this matter so exorbitant, and his main

two wives. taining the same unchristain principle, information was brought to the queen; and, as guilty of a great disorder, he was committed to the Marshalsea, and there continued : “ who having a lawful wife, did not only marry another woman, with whom he had conversation as with his former

wife, but also maintained a most detestable heresy, (I do “ but transcribe out of a letter of the lords to certain gen

as that it was lawful for him so to do." For the lords of the council had caused him to be brought before them, to answer the premises. Who at the first persisted in his damnable opinion; but afterwards, being conferred with by the deans of Windsor and Lincoln, became somewhat reformed touching that detestable opinion, and seemed to re


voke the same.



nance of

And yet nevertheless was committed to that prison, as

reason was, he should, for so heinous a fact. At which time Anno 1578. it seemed good to their lordships to take some order for the The lords relief of the gentlewoman his wife, with some convenient for mainte- portion of maintenance of herself and nine children, which Mrs. Mack

she had by him : who for that purpose wrote their letters to worth and certain gentlemen in the country, to view and certify the nine children.

extent and value of the lands and goods of the said Mackworth ; with their opinions touching some competent portion of his lands to be assigned for that use. Which they accordingly did, and returned.

Upon these proceedings of the lords, Mackworth made a motion to them at that time, that he might of himself yield a convenient portion for her, and also that she might be sent for to come to him; pretending that he would reasonably satisfy her therein : accordingly it was permitted; and she came up with her brother Thomas Gresham. But the

care of the lords further extended; and thinking it not safe 535 that she should repair unto him privately, not knowing what

ill intentions he might have to do her bodily harm; for that cause they thought good to make choice of three gentlemen : praying them, or two of them, as their leisure might best serve them, to resort to the place where he remained committed ; and to treat with him for yielding some competent portion of his lands and goods for the use abovesaid, during such time as he and his wife should remain asunder: and to use the best persuasions they could to draw him thereunto; and promising him that it might be the rather a means to procure him favour, if he should be content to do so. At which time he might have knowledge of his wife's repair unto him, according to his desire. And so she might have access in their presence the more safely; and they, as the lords added, might the better discern with what affection he had desired the same.

And lastly, for their better instruction in the matter, they, the said lords, sent them, (to be returned again,) as well the copy of their letter directed to certain gentlemen in the country, (mentioned above,) as the answer and opinion returned;


together with the yearly extent of his lands, and the valua- CHAP. tion of his goods; as it was delivered to the said lords. And so prayed these gentlemen thus commissioned, to ad- Anno 1578. vertise them, the lords, of their proceedings with him: and of such matters as they should think good to inform them of, touching either of the parties, upon this access in their presence. And so bidding them heartily farewell.

This letter was carried by Mr. Gresham, her brother, to those gentlemen, by order of the lords: I have transcribed the whole, being, as it seems, a star-chamber business: and shewing as well the extent of their care taken against loose principles, as this of bigamy was, calling it a detestable heresy; as also their taking cognizance of the ill usage of loose men towards their innocent wives.

Those of the church of Rome were not negligent this year Steukely to bring to pass their long intended purpose of overthrowing bringen ins the religion, and dethroning the queen. Steukely, that bold from the bravo, that was to conquer Ireland for the pope, had ob-pope. tained this year from him a number of crucifixes, containing notable indulgences; to incline weak people there to follow him in the pope's quarrel, either in person or in purse; by giving money for them: containing very large privileges of pardon of their sins, for no great pains taking. And Steukely was to sell them, and to make his gain of them, as it seems. A copy of these Indulgences was communicated to some person of worship, a friend of the cause, by way of letter, that seems to have been intercepted: and was as followeth: Indulgences granted by our holy father, Gregory XIII.

unto certain crucifixes of sir Thomas Steukley's, the 13th of January, 1578.

I. Whoso beholdeth with reverence and devotion one of the prethese crosses, as oft as he doth it, getteth fifty days of in-benefits of dulgence. As oft as he prayeth upon, or before it, for the them. good and prosperous state of the holy catholic church, and for the increase and exaltation of the holy catholic faith, and 536 for the preservation and delivery of Mary queen of Scotland, and for the reducing of the realm of England, Scot


BOOK land, and Ireland, and for the extirpation of heretics; he

shall obtain fifty days of indulgence. And upon festival Anno 1578. days one hundred.

II. In going to any conflict or feat of arms against the enemies of our holy faith, he shall obtain seven years, and seven quarantines of indulgence. And if he die there, at least being confessed and houseled at the beginning of the war, with contrition of his sins, and calling upon the most blessed name of Jesu with mouth or heart, he shall obtain full indulgence, and remission of all his sins.

III. As oft as he shall be confessed and houseled, making his prayers by word or mind before the most holy crucifix, and praying for the prosperous state of holy church, and for the chief bishop, and for the delivery and preservation of the aforesaid Mary queen of Scots, and for the reducing of the aforesaid realm of England and Scotland; he shall obtain all the indulgences that are granted for visiting all the holy places, that are both within and without the gates of Rome.

IV. Any night or evening that he shall examine his own conscience with repentance of sins; and intend to amend the same, saying the general confession, and bowing or kneeling before the holy crucifix, saying three times, Jesus, obtains a year and a quarantine of indulgence.

V. Whoso shall use and accustom to behold it, with devotion to the cross; saying five Pater-nosters, five Aves, and some other prayers to our Saviour or to our lady, for the exaltation of the holy church, for the preservation of Mary queen of Scotland, and for the reducing of the aforesaid realms, he shall obtain once in his life full indulgence of all his sins; besides the other indulgence of fifty days for each time that he prayeth.

VI. Moreover, in the pain and peril of death, what person soever, being confessed, and contrite, or giving signs of contrition, and shall kiss the feet of the most blessed crucifix, saying Jesu with heart, not able to say it with mouth, shall obtain full indulgence, and remission of all his sins.

VII. Item, One day in the year, named and appointed by


them, that shall have one of the said crucifixes, with the li- CHAP. cence of the ordinary of the place, it may be put in any church, or chapel, or oratory: and whosoever shall come to Anno 1578. visit with devotion the said holy crucifix in the said church, chapel, or oratory, saying five Pater-nosters and five Aves, praying for the prosperous state of our holy mother the church, and for the chief high bishop, and for the preservation and delivery of the abovesaid Mary of Scotland, and for the reducing of the said realm, shall obtain free indulgence of all their sins, being confessed, or having the mind and purpose to be confessed in due time or place, and to amend their former lives and sins.

VIII. Item, That every Friday that mass is said, or 537 caused to be said, upon any altar, where one of these holy crucifixes is set, one soul shall be released out of purgatory.

Item, That those indulgences and graces cannot be revoked by any high bishop, except express mention be made

of the same.

Item, I did ask the question, what a quarantine was, " of master Dr. — [Sanders, I suppose.) And he told " me, it was to fast forty days: the same fast we fast in “ Lent. The which in the old primitive church was wont " and accustomed to be enjoined in penance to certain sinners for their offences.

“ Thus being bold to molest your worship with these “ rude lines, partly by the instruction of our countrymen, “ lately come hither, [to Rome, as it seems,] who told me

your worship was desirous to know the truth herein ; " and partly also to shew my humble duty, in that I may " or can, to your worship, or any that belong unto you, so " long as life in breast abides ; desiring your worship to

accept them in good part, with my humble commenda“ tions unto your worship, your most loving bedfellow, and " all

your good and virtuous children, your family, with “ others my good friends, near unto you.” Subscribing only the two first letters of his name, J. L. See more parti- Camd. Eliz. culars of this in our histories, and what formidable prepara- 1578.


sub ann.


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