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“ vice which was now, except he must condemn that CHAP. " which he used in the portas and mass-book: for that we “ have those Psalms, the Epistles and the Gospels, those Anno 1578. " Collects and other prayers, which be either taken out of “the word of God, or consonant to the same, and were “ taken out and chosen by godly, learned men, out of those “ordinary prayers that were used in the time of ignorance " and superstition : leaving out all other things brought in " by the inventions of men, into the said portas and mass“ book, which had no warrant of the word of God, or were repugnant to the same: he did answer, that he did find no fault with those things which were in the book; but “ he wished there should be more things and prayers added

to the same. And that as he liked well of prayers therein But would “ that were made to Almighty God in the name of his Son therein 10 " Jesus Christ; so he would also have added the invocation our lady “ of our blessed lady, and other saints, and the prayers for saints. " the dead."

All which his, the said Mr. Feckenham's, confession, the dean tells the lord treasurer, that he had declared unto my lord of Ely; desiring him that he would make the same known unto her majesty, or unto his honour. The bishop, But refuses upon this confession, had earnestly requested him, [the to this his dean,] that he would get his hand and subscription to the confession. same. For that the said Mr. Feckenham, after the reasoning that had been with him, said to the said bishop, when he, the dean, was gone, that if he had leisure, he would answer to all those authorities and reasons that were brought out against him in these articles and others. Which thing when the dean demanded of him, and he refused to set his hand to it, he urged him as vehemently as he could; signifying, how great good he might do by the same, in the reducing of many from blind and obstinate superstition, wherein they were led, rather by his and others' example, than by any reason : reducing also both them and others thereby from wilful extremities to some better order and godly

, conformity, and some pacification. The dean said moreover, that he needed not be afraid to

BOOK subscribe to that, which, in his conscience and before God, II.

he did confess to be true. He did also move him, that if he Anno 1578. would not give my lord of Ely his hand for these matters,

that he would write his letters unto the queen's majesty, or 528 to his honour, [the lord treasurer,] acknowledging the same.

The which thing the dean further told him, that if he would do, he might procure unto himself great favour, both at her

majesty's hands, and also at his honour's. And why.

To all which arguments used by the dean, he made this answer: “ That he was persuaded of a singular good-will, “ he said, both that her majesty and his honour bore unto “ him, if he should shew himself any thing conformable. “ That he thought verily, that if it were not for her ma“ jesty and his honour, that it would have been worse with “ him and others of his sect than it was at that day. For “ the which, he said, that he did daily, and was bound to pray,

for the long preservation of her majesty, and also “ for his lordship’s honourable estate. But yet to subscribe “ he did refuse; saying, That if he should subscribe and “ yield in one thing, he had as good to yield in all.” “ The “ which, the dean then told him, was not well said, except “ he were well persuaded in all. For to yield to that, which “ he confessed plainly in his conscience before God to be “ true, was the duty of every Christian man. But to con“ fess that which he was not so persuaded of, he would not

“ enforce him (to do) against his conscience.” The dean The dean lent him a Bible of the annotations of Vatablus lends him the Bible and Marlorate upon Genesis. Which were very good books; with anno- and he did greatly commend them. Of this particular he tations.

thought fit to acquaint the lord treasurer in his letter.
Concluding, that Mr. Nicolls, his lordship's chaplain, at-
tending upon him at the present, could more at large de-
clare what he had writ. And thus referring the whole mat-
ter unto his lordship’s best consideration, he humbly took
his leave. From Cambridge, the 11th of May, 1578. Sub-
“ His honour's daily orator always to command,

66 Andrew Perne."


queen con

her pro

gress in

The same aged good bishop of Ely, in the same month CHAP. in which he wrote to the treasurer about Feckenham, congratulated her majesty, now in her progress towards Nor-Anno 1578.

The bishop wich, in an elegant Latin letter: therein excusing his wait

of Ely in a ing upon her by reason of his age; but that he was ready letter to the to creep upon his knees to do her service. He takes occa

gratulates sion to repeat his desire that he moved to her a few

years before, to resign his bishopric to her in consideration of his those parts

. age: when she was pleased graciously to answer him, Not yet. Now he moved it again by the example of Moses, who, growing old, appointed Joshua his successor: and of St. Augustin, who, being aged, procured Alipius to succeed him. Then, like a father of the church, took the liberty to put her in mind, “ That she was the supreme governor of the “church of England; a great trust committed to her by “God: that she was the nurse, the defender thereof. And " therefore that she should cause that such priests as were

idle, or ambitious, covetous, simoniacs, to be driven out w of this her church; and that with shame; as Christ

whipped out such monsters out of the temple: and that " as for such that were pious pastors, and inflamed with a “ zeal of true religion, let them be cherished, encouraged, " and esteemed worthy of double honour: let them not be “ despised, trampled upon, and exposed. He told her, that "was a weighty saying of our Saviour; He that despiseth 529

you despiseth me. And that this contemptuous dealing “ with her conscientious clergy was the plain way to papism, “ turcism, and to all wickedness and iniquity. But, as he “subjoined, her godly zeal went another way: who had “ hitherto, by the grace of God, so constantly and success

fully conserved and defended the true religion of Christ, “ now for this twenty years, in spite of the Devil and all her

majesty's enemies. He commended her, not only for her

care of her own churches, but that she had a concern for “ the whole catholic church; and particularly for the neigh“ bouring protestant reformed churches, who had lately

sent some learned, able persons to appease the differences, “ and promote an union in the churches of Germany.


BOOK “ Which caused him to compare her with the emperor Con

“ stantine: 0, queen! 0, woman! truly godly, that comest Anno 1578.“ so near to the example of Constantine the Great."

He proceeded by observing, how wonderfully God had blessed her endeavours, that her kingdom lived in godliness and tranquillity. And when wars and rumours of wars were round about, she in the mean time, by her prudence, preserved peace at home, and likewise contributed her endeavour (as much as possible) to procure it abroad. And concluding with his own private affair, he thanked her majesty, that she had freed him from a tedious lawsuit, remitting it to her chancery, that court of equity; though not without much difficulty obtained : and so praying the Lord Jesus to preserve her highness, increasing from faith to faith, safe for many years, blessed in an happy kingdom; and that at last she might obtain eternal life with Christ, in the celestial paradise ; subscribing, episcopus tuus humillimus, Richardus Elien. But the whole letter, in the smooth Latin style, in memory of the man, and in respect of the royal person to

whom he addressed it, as also of the matter whereof it conNo. XIV. sists, deserves to be preserved. See the Appendix, where it

is recorded. The bishop I have one remark more to make of this useful, good biof corn go- shop; which is this: that for the public good of the country, ing to Lynn and especially of the poor, to prevent the advance of the portation. price of corn, he appointed some of his officers to seize upon

certain vessels, which passed through his jurisdiction, laden with corn, towards Lynn, where it was transported in great quantities. In the month of June, one of these vessels, passing through the isle of Ely, was stopped ; and the mariners brought before the bishop. Of this matter, for the better redress hereof, he thought fit to acquaint the lord treasurer, in a letter, to this purport: “ That there were

daily complaints come unto him, that divers persons, that “occupied keels to Lynn, did engross in their hands very “ much corn out of Huntingtonshire and other places, and “ carried the same by water through his liberties to Lynn; “ and there sold it to merchants, who transported it, he knew



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“ not whither. And that by this means the prices of corn CHAP. “ began to rise, and the poverty of the country began to “ grudge very much at it. And that he (the bishop) there. Anno 1578. “fore, seeking to redress this fault within his jurisdiction, “ had given warning to his officers, who dwelt near those “ waters where they passed, to stay them, and to bring them “ unto him, that he might see what licence they had so “ to do.

“ And that even then his officers of a town in the isle, 530 “called March, had stayed a keel laden with an hundred and

ten comb of pease, passing towards Lynn, without any “ licence at all. That the men that owned the pease were

mariners, and had nothing to say for themselves why “ they did so, but only that poverty constrained them to “ seek their living. And that this was the first time, as “they said, that ever they had begun to do it. Great moan " they made, and seemed very sorrowful for their fact. “And concluded, that he thought good to give his honour

knowledge of it; and craved his advice, what he should do “in this and the like case hereafter, if it should come to his “bands." This he dated from his house in Donnington. And thus we leave this bishop till the next year, when we shall have him soliciting the queen for his resignation There happened some controversy now between the bi- Matter be

tween the shop of Salisbury, Dr. Piers, and the earl of Shrewsbury, queen's alabout deodands; which seemed to belong to him, as the mover and queen's almoner, to bestow by his discretion as her majesty's Shrewsbury

about deoalms. The earl did not deny them, but was willing to compound with the bishop for them for a term of years : and he appointed his son, lord Gilbert, then at court, to discourse with him thereupon. The sum of which discourse he acquainted the earl with, in a letter dated the beginning of May, which was, that he had spoken with that bishop, who was almner, touching the deodands; and told him, that he could not compound with his lordship, or any other; but that he would be contented to appoint a gentleman, whom his lordship should name to his deputy, for the gathering of all the deodands, which should happen within any of his liberties; so that the


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