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"conveniently spare. And so I beseech the Lord Jesus to CHAP. "have you in his blessed keeping, with increase of health "and godliness. From my palace at Ely, the 10th of No- Anno 1577. "vember, 1577.

"Your lordship's assured,

"Richard Ely, manu vacillante."

It was not before the year 1579, when this resignation was prosecuted more vigorously: and with what success will be shewn under that year.

of Winwick,

There was now one John Caldwel, parson of the rich rec- John Coldtory of Winwic in Lancashire. Hardly the same with John wel, parson Coldwel, sometime bishop of Sarum, (though their names his sermon preached were near alike,) who was born at Feversham in Kent; ad- before the mitted fellow of St. John's college, Cambridge, anno 1558; earl of Darby. Rev. T. rector of Aldington in the diocese of Canterbury; domestic Baker. chaplain to archbishop Parker; hardly ever removing out of Kent till he got the bishopric. But concerning this Caldwel, I have this remark to make, that he preached a sermon this year, 1577, before Henry earl of Darby, his patron, in his chapel at New Park in Lancashire; which was printed by that lord's command. The main subject of it was to shew, what an happy deliverance this church and kingdom obtained by queen Elizabeth's access to the throne; and the blessed reformation established by her, together with her parliament. Wherein he used these expres- Lambeth's sions: "When we were ignorant in God's word, and heard library. "nothing but the sound of a tinkling cymbal; did we not "think superstition to be religion, deceivers true teachers; "vanity to be verity; the gospel to be heresy: to gad "abroad on pilgrimages from this saint to that saint, to be "a part of God's service; men's traditions the command"ments of God; Antichrist, Christ's vicar; the man of "Rome, who is a creature overwhelmed with all wicked"ness, the beast that did rise out of the bottomless pit, a "most holy father? Yea, we thought that God was de"lighted with incense, perfume, wax candles, golden copes "and vestments. And we worshipped those things which



Statutes of

our own conscience gave us to understand were no gods.

“ We made no difference almost between Christ and his Anno 1577. “ creatures. We confounded the sign with the thing signi

“fied; and worshipped a wafer cake, which is a creature

corruptible, instead of the Maker of heaven and earth; “and believed it was the very body of Christ that was “ born of the Virgin Mary, and slain for our sins upon the

cross. The cause of all which errors was the ignorance of " Christ and his word. His text was taken out of Romans,

chapter xii. 11-14. And that considering the season, that now it is time that we should awake, &c.”

To the rest of these ecclesiastical persons, and matters, the collegiate wherein they were about this time concerned, I add the rechurch of lation of a purpose this year undertaken, of confirming the ster to be statutes of the collegiate church of Westminster, Dr. Gaconfirmed.

briel Goodman, dean; chiefly occasioned upon some neglect 490

of residence in the prebendaries, and for their better observance of preaching themselves in their turns: which the good dean was minded to redress. And moving it to the lord treasurer Burghley, the said lord required of him an account of the orders of the college, as they were made and observed formerly by his predecessor Dr. Bill; who was the first dean of that church after the settlement thereof by the queen. Which he therefore sent, drawn up with his own hand, in order to a reformation of some things, and for the making of some new statutes. The title it bore was, The order of the government of the college of Westminster, sithence the last erection : begun by Dr. Bill, and continued by me ; with the assent of the chapter : as appears

by divers decrees recorded in the chapter-book. This I have No.X.

reposited in the Appendix. And with it the dean thus expressed his desire in a letter to the said lord :

The dean's “ That he was bold to send his honour a brief declaraletter concerning

“ tion of the orders used in the government of the college them to the “ by Dr. Bill, and him, since the last erection: that it lord treasurer, “ might please him to confer the same with the statutes,

6 and to consider thereof, as he should think good. He “prayed God that might be done, which might be to God's CHAP. “ glory, the queen's honour, and the good example of the

VII. "church. He wished a convenient residence of both dean Ando 1577. “ and prebendaries. First, That every one might sometime “ preach in their own persons. Secondly, That they [both " dean and prebendaries) might be present in the church " to pray, as their most bounden duty was, for her majesty,

being their founder. And thirdly, For the better order " and government of the church. That unless there were “ daily commodity for residence in the church, as it was at " Windsor, and such like places, he feared (which he was “ sorry to speak) the residence would not be so well kept. “ I beseke your honour, added he, that there may be that “moderation used which shall be most convenient for all

respects. Hitherto I and the company, I thank God, " have agreed very brotherly, and with great quietness, as “ any such company, I hope ; I would be sorry, if by seek“ing to better things, dissension should grow, or unquiet

ness. My special trust is in God, that as he hath done “ under her majesty, with motherly care to his church, and

your honour, with godly zeal to virtue and learning, so “ he will work some good effect of this travail. Thus with “my continual prayer for you and all yours, I humbly “ take my leave. From Westminster college this 15th of November, 1577.

“ Your honour's most bounden,

“ Gabrielle Goodman."


up, pre

This motion of the dean produced some new statutes ; New stabut how long after, I cannot assign; but some years after it was, Whitgift being then archbishop. For I meet with pared for

the signet. an humble request of the dean of Westminster, for confirmation of the statutes, which had been drawn up and prepared for the signet. And so Dr. Cæsar, master of the requests, had signified; but it seems, not well-pleasing to some of the prebendaries, choosing rather to have been left 491 more at their liberty. His said humble request was, “ That The dean's “ whereas in his last he exhibited an humble petition to her letter.



BOOK“ majesty, that it might please her highness, for the better

government of that her college, to confirm the statutes Anno 1577.“ for the government thereof, drawn and devised by Dr.

“ Bill, of blessed memory, late her majesty's high almner: “ it pleased her highness most graciously to accept thereof; " and to will, that her majesty's learned counsel might “ peruse the same, and make them ready to the signet; as Dr. Cæsar, master of requests, and the mover of the said

petition, had signified under his hand. That he (the

dean] had imparted the same to my lord of Canterbury. “ And he likewise had perused the said book of statutes. “ That he did likewise signify his meaning to proceed “ herein to his brethren, the prebendaries: whereof some “ did seem better to like the present government; which is “ partly according to these statutes, and partly ordered by “ decrees and discretion. But he [the dean) did hope, that “ statutes confirmed to govern, and to be governed by, was

a more sure rule of government, and more beneficial to “ posterity.

“ That whereas also it had pleased her highness to ap

point a statute for the double election of scholars in the “ time of Dr. Bill the dean, which was then begun, and “ since always continued, there was in the same statute pro“ vided, that of the scholars of her majesty's school at 6 Westminster there should be three at the least chosen to “ each university; so it was, that my lord's grace of Can

terbury, being then master of Trinity college ; and there“fore requested, that there should be of necessity but two “ chosen every year to each university, and three every “ third year. Whereunto, upon the request and persuasion of bishop Grindal, then bishop of London, to whom it “ had pleased his honour [the lord treasurer] to refer the

ordering of this statute, it was yielded. And so it had “ been ever since most commonly used. But he prayed, “ that the same statute might remain in force, as touching “ the number, [i. e. of three,] for the better encouragement “ of her majesty's scholars; notwithstanding the day of 6 election be altered, which was the same day of the com

"mencement in Cambridge. And so humbly desired his CHAP. “honour's advice and aid. Subscribing,


"His honour's most bound,
"Gabriel Goodman."


Maimed professors in these days. Popish books secretly dispersed. Answered by Dr. W. Fulk. Ithel, a fugitive Lovainist, comes to Cambridge: discovered. The council's letter hereupon to the university. Egremond Radcliff, a fugitive since the rebellion in the north: his letters for the queen's pardon, and leave to come home: is put into the Tower: set at liberty: his end.

Anno 1577.



nions and

THE papists still used here their old diligence to pervert Popish opiour people to their errors; sowing their seeds of disobedience practices and superstition. And many of the queen's subjects, how- entertained. ever they conformed themselves outwardly to the religion established, and the public worship used in the church of England, yet entertained favourable thoughts of divers popish doctrines and practices. Which sort of men was smartly reproved in a sermon preached this year at St. Paul's Cross the preacher's name unknown: calling them poisoned protestants and maimed professors. Using these words, (according to the way of preaching in those days:) "How many poisoned protestants and maimed professors "have we? I mean for opinions. For otherwise, who is "whole and sound? You shall have a gospeller, as he will "be taken, a jolly fellow, to retain and maintain such "patches of popery and infection of Rome; that, methinks, "I see the serpent's subtilty as plainly as by the claw you "may judge the lion. One holdeth, faith justifieth; and "yet works do no harm. Another saith, prayer for the "dead is charity; and though it doth no good, yet it doth "no hurt. What will you have me say, The Devil go with "them? [as the preacher bringeth in one of these men

speaking, that are for praying for one deceased.] Another

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