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BOOK “senate, whereby they might be more certified concerning

“ the writing of a common confession, which they had deAnno 1577.“ creed in the synod of Frankford, the ambassador of the

“ most serene queen being present, and moderating the “ whole business. But that D. Zacharias Ursinus put a “ delay to the whole business: who declined to undertake “ the work of drawing it up, which was committed to him. “ That they knew not yet who was placed in his room for " that affair. He added, that the queen in this regard had “performed an excellent work, and worthy a nursing mo

“ ther of the church.” 480 She had also sent her ambassador to divers of the princes The queen's of Germany about this time on the same account of union. the German The good effect whereof was signified by the same divine to princes.

the same English bishop: “ That in these days he had un“ derstood that her embassy to the princes of Germany was

very fruitful, especially with Julius, of Brunswick; and “ that Augustus, the elector of Saxony, did so receive the “ ambassador, that from the time the business of Jacobus

Andreas, (a learned professor at Tubing,] the chief head “ of their adversaries, [who opposed some doctrines of the “ Helvetian churches, being a great ubiquitarian, and was

some hinderance to the finishing this common confession,] “ did altogether begin to shake.” Then he piously added, “ That God was to be sought to, that the work so happily “ begun might be brought by him to the wished for end. “ For it would very much profit, as he subjoined, that there

were extant such a public confession of so many king“ doms and nations; which might testify of our consent in “ faith. Our people (said he) (meaning those Helvetian

churches] yield themselves ready and cheerful to this “ business. But, as I said, this is the Lord's work. I pray that he would here put to his own hand.”

The reverend and learned man on this occasion acquaints ford mart him with some books now set forth, relating to the religious

controversies then on foot; which will not be amiss to set down with the rest. That at that fair [at Frankford) he had published nothing, besides ten sermons in the German


New books at Frank

set forth.


language, of the bread of life, Jesus Christ, and the true CHAP. eating of him, from the sixth chapter of St. John; which if he should hereafter put into Latin, he promised to send Anno 1577. him. And that Julius (who was a learned man there, and sometime P. Martyr's great friend and assistant, and so was now the more esteemed] had sent him a book of Benedict Talman: whereby the new and monstrous doctrine (as he styled it) of the ubiquity of Christ's body was notably confuted. And informed him further, that there was in the press a learned book of the orthodox consent of the ancient church, in the business of the supper of our Lord.

This good bishop had sent by the way of Frankford unto Money sent Mr. Gualter and Julius 13 florens and five German ra-shop of Ely gions; which like gifts of money, he and several other to Gualter. bishops, that formerly had lived and been kindly harboured there, often in gratitude did convey by bills of exchange to them and others. For this favour they gave his lordship great thanks; and wished it were in them to gratify him. And concerning Julius, now grown old, and his circumstances low, he added; “ You do well, right reverend father “ in Christ, who have Julius in your regard. For he is “ worthy to be helped, and hath great need of it.” The conclusion of this letter (whence I have taken these things) must not be omitted, viz. Hæc habui quæ nunc darem : non quod tuam amplitudinem meis opus habere putem, sed testandi officii causa. Deus Pater miserationum tuam senectam, mi reverende pater, mitiget, et suo Spiritu regat ad sui nominis gloriam. Tiguri, 4 Martii, 1578.

Tuæ amplitudinis observantissimus, Superscribed, Reverendo in Christo

Rod. Gualtherus. patri, episcopo Eliensi vigilantissimo, domino suo cum omni obsertantia honorando.

The contents of this letter being of such public and 481 weighty concern, as it was highly approved of bishop Cox, Communiso that he might be prepared to give some reasonable an-ter's letter swer to the same; he soon communicated the same to the to the trea



BOOK lord treasurer Burghley ; being sent from that foreigner,

whom he styled the most faithful minister of the church of Anno 1577. Tygur, and successor of Bullinger: whose letter, he said,

he could not answer, nor satisfy his expectation, unless he [the lord treasurer) would in part help him. For that he was altogether ignorant of that which Gualter chiefly wrote about. And what to write he had nothing certain, or what the queen's majesty had done in that which he (Gualter] made mention of. “ That he seemed to hint magnificum quid, and worthy the highest praise, that the queen

should “ endeavour that there might publicly be a confession and “consent of Christian kingdoms in the true religion of “ Christ. Which very thing, added the bishop, that it “ might come to pass, I did not sluggishly wish in my ser“mon, some years ago, preached publicly before the queen. “ He proceeded, that if he might but get the least notice of “ such a thing, he should make Gualter's heart very glad : “ and that he knew and was persuaded this so pious an en“ deavour would be very acceptable to Christ himself, and 6 to his little flock most delightful, and most safe for the “ afflicted church. That Constantine the emperor, truly “great for his piety, assisted and helped by the holy clergy “ and pious princes, (the heretics and schismatics either re“pulsed or bridled by silence,) at last brought the church “ to the unity of the Holy Ghost, reclaimed from errors " and contentions."

And so concludes his letter to that great counsellor: “You “ see my confidence towards you, whereby I talk with you “ somewhat boldly; whereby I may answer in some mea“ sure the wish of a pious brother.” It was writ from Somersham, May the 16th.

Now for some particular occurrences relating to some of

our bishops. Archbishop Sandys, removed lately from the see of London, succeedSandys vi-ed Grindal in that of York; and this year began the visitachurch of tion of his province. And having heard of some irregulari

ties in the church of Durham, (that see being now void,) Whitting- begins a visitation thereof: the dean whereof, William Whitham, dean.



tingham, he understood was no ordained minister according CHAP. to the order of the church of England; having received his orders at Geneva in an English congregation there. But Anno 1577. that church refused his visitation : which caused a contest between the said church and the archbishop, who claimed, as archbishop of that province, a right to visit there; which proceeded even to an excommunication. And for the better searching into the merits of the cause, and for the putting some good conclusion to this difference, a commission was at length by the lord keeper issued out to some persons to hear it. A short account of this take from Fleetwood, recorder of London; who, in a letter, among other his intelligences from court to the lord treasurer Burghley, now, as it seems, at a distance, (and perhaps at Buxton's well, whither he went this year for his health,) writeth in these words:

“ There is a broil of excommunication between my lord Proceeds to “ archbishop of York and the minister of Durham, about munication " the visitation.” And then gives his judgment: “ I think for their de

nial of him. “my lord bishop is in the wrong. My lord keeper grant

482 “eth forth a commission for the same cause.” This conti- A commisnued on to the next year. And the lord treasurer having

sion granted desired of the archbishop a note of the cause between them, mination of the archbishop, in a letter to the said lord, acquainted him his contest. with two persons that were chief in this disturbance, viz. archdeacon Pilkington, and one young Bunnis ; precise men, as he called them, who wrought all the trouble: and that the former was before the council; “ and," addeth the archbishop, “ was too gently used; and that made him brag." And then adding further, “ If your lordship knew the usage “ of that house, verily you would abhor it.” But I forbear to relate more of this visitation until the next year.

But as for the bishop of that see of Durham, Richard The state of Barnes, being advanced the next year to that church, upon of Darbara the death of Pilkington; he had been counselled from court certified to make a careful inspection into his diocese, consisting of shop. the northern parts of the land, greatly infected with ignorance and superstition. After diligent and painful travel in

from the bi


BOOK his visitation, he gave this account how he found matters

and persons affected, and what service he had done there, Anno 1577. in a letter, dated February the 11th, to the lord treasurer,

to this tenor: “ That though his travel was but simple, yet “ he praised God it had sorted very good and prosperous

success and effect, ad miraculum usque, in a short space. “ And that since his last letter, he had sent throughout “ Northumberland ; and found such and so humble obedi“ence, and such conformity unto all good orders, even of “ the wildest of those people, as truly and before God, (as “ he added,) he thought better and more plausible could “ not be found (saltem ad oculum) in many more civil coun“ tries of this land. Yea truly, and he doubted not, but " that within this half year his good lordship should see a “ wonderful alteration there. For presently, albeit that " there were those that were of late rebels, and most disso“ lute gentlemen, that were noted to talk unseemly, and to “ lie and rail, and deprave good doings in private assem“ blies, yet openly they all professed an obedience. And " that now within all Northumberland he could not find one person,

that wilfully refused to come to the church “ and communicate, a few women excepted. For he had “ driven out of that country, he said, the reconciling priests “ and massers, whereof there was store; and that they were gone

into Lancashire and Yorkshire: but that they were “ rid of them. And surely such and so full presentments

were daily given in of all defaults, as, he thought, they « left almost no little trifle untouched: which did much “ confirm his hopes of speedy good reformation of that

country." People of And then proceeding to give account of them of the counDurham, their cha- ty palatine of Durham, he subjoins: “ Yet, in the mean

“ time, I assure your good lordship, those people are far “ more pliable to all good order than these stubborn, churl“ ish people of the county of Durham, and their neighbours “ of Richmondshire; who shew but, as the proverb is, Jack

of Napes charity in their hearts. The customs, the lives “ of this people, as their country is, are truly salvage; but


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