Unto a Good Land: A History of the American People, Volume 1: To 1900

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Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 25.08.2005 - 843 Seiten
Unto a Good Land offers a distinctive narrative history of the American people -- from the first contacts between Europeans and North America's native inhabitants, through the creation of a modern nation, to the standing of the United States as a world power. Written by a team of distinguished historians led by David Edwin Harrell, Jr. and Edwin S. Gaustad, this textbook shows how grasping the uniqueness of the bAmerican experimentb depends on understanding the role of religion as well as social, cultural, political, and economic factors in shaping U.S. history.A common shortcoming of most United States history textbooks is that while, in recent decades, they have expanded their coverage of social and cultural history, they still tend to shortchange the role of religious ideas, practices, and movements in the American past. Unto a Good Land addresses this shortcoming in a balanced way. The authors recognize that religion is only one of many factors that have influenced our past -- one, however, that has often been neglected in textbook accounts. This volume gives religion its appropriate place in the story.Unprecedented coverage of the forces that have shaped the history of the United States
While none of America's rich history is left out, this volume is the first U.S. history textbook to give serious attention to the religious dimension of American life. This textbook is not a religious history; instead, it offers an account of American history that includes religious ideas, practices, and movements whenever they played a shaping role.Comprehensive and current
This volume traces the American story from the earliest encounters between the first North Americaninhabitants and Europeans through the 2004 presidential election. Complete and balanced treatment is also given to issues of gender, race, and ethnicity, as well as cultural, political, and economic forces.A clear and compelling narrative
The authors are more than expert historians; they are also talented writers who recognize history to be the retelling of human life. United by a seamless narrative structure, these chapters restore the bstoryb to history.Multiple formats specially designed for flexible classroom use
Unto a Good Land is available as a single hardcover edition or as two paperback volumes, offering maximum flexibility when adapting curriculum for one- and two-semester courses in U.S. history. The two paperback volumes can be used for U.S. history survey courses divided at 1865 or 1900 -- or at any date in between.Informative special features to complement the text
In addition to the book's exceptional narrative, an array of special features enhances the instructional value of the text and points students to resources for further study.Includes assistance for teaching and test preparation
The instructor's manual for Unto a Good Land provides helpful suggestions for lesson plans and assignments, and the test bank provides multiple-choice and essay questions for use as study aids, quizzes, or tests.Suitable for instruction at both secular and religious colleges and universities
Drawing on their experience in both secular and religious schools, the authors have ensured that this textbook is suitable for U.S. history classes in a wide variety of settings.
 

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Inhalt

The North American Continent and Its Native Peoples
xxv
Native Peoples
xxvi
Language Groups and the Land
xxviii
Economy and Trade
xxxii
Cultures and Religions
xxxiii
Discovery Encounter and Conquest 14921607
1
THE EUROPEAN REDISCOVERY OF NORTH AMERICA
3
Early Iberian Adventures
4
President John Quincy Adams
377
Martin Van Buren and the Rise of the Political Party
378
The Election of Andrew Jackson
379
THE JACKSON ADMINISTRATION
380
The Spoils System and the New Presidency
381
Jacksons Indian Policy
382
Nullification
386
THE BANK WAR
391

Frances First Probes
8
RENAISSANCE AND REFORMATION
9
European Powers and Perceptions
12
SPAIN IN THE AMERICAS
14
Imperial Government Christian Missions and Slavery
16
FRENCH COLONIZATION
17
The French Empire
18
The Fur Trade
19
HOLLAND AND SWEDEN JOIN THE RACE
21
New Sweden
22
England on the Sidelines
23
Protestant Crusaders Pirates and Explorers
24
Roanoke
25
A Lost Colony A Saved Nation
28
THE COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE
30
Englands First Foreign Plantations The Chesapeake and New England 16071676
33
THE PUSH FOR EMIGRATION
34
Land and Labor
35
Population Growth and the Conquest of Ireland
36
SUCCESS IN THE CHESAPEAKE
38
The Weed and the Economy
40
Demography and Representative Government
42
Virginia and the Indians
43
Virginia Society
44
Catholicism and the Culverts
46
Slavery and Servitude in the Chesapeake
47
A NEW ENGLAND WAY
50
The Separating Pilgrims
51
The Reforming Puritans
53
Settlement Patterns
54
The Puritan Ideology of New England
55
Dissenters
57
Expansion and Trade
59
NATIVE AMERICANS AND THE ENGLISH
61
King Philips War
62
DIFFERENTIATING CULTURES
63
The Empire Torn Restored Enlarged 16401732
65
TURMOIL IN ENGLAND
67
Religion Unleashed and Religion Restrained
68
Mercantilism
70
THE RESTORATION COLONIES AND THE DOMINION OF NEW ENGLAND
72
New York and New Jersey
74
Pennsylvania and the Lower Counties
76
James II and the Dominion of New England
81
COLONIAL UNREST AND PURITAN STRIFE
82
Puritanism Under Pressure
85
IMPERIAL WARS IMPERIAL INTERESTS
88
Colonial Reorganization
91
ESTABLISHING STABILITY AND ORDER
93
From Plantations to Provinces The Evolution of American Society and Culture 16601763
95
COLONIAL SOCIETY
96
PreIndustrial Colonial Economies
97
Colonial Family Life
100
Servants and Slaves
103
Schools and Scholars
107
THE AMERICAN ENLIGHTENMENT
110
The Waning of Artistic Provincialism
113
Science and the American Enlightenment
114
Medicine and Law
116
THE GREAT AWAKENING AND ITS CONSEQUENCES
119
Religious Realignments
121
Slave Religion
123
Nurseries of Piety
124
GROWTH REVIVAL AND CULTURAL MATURITY
125
SelfGoverning Colonies in a Changing Empire 17001775
127
THE PRACTICE OF COLONIAL POLITICS
128
Politics Abroad
131
THE CONTEST FOR A CONTINENT
133
Safeguarding an Empire
134
POLITICAL THOUGHT AND POLITICAL PASSION IN BRITISH NORTH AMERICA
136
An Aggressive Kingdom
140
A Roused People
145
Religious Imperialism
147
Colonists Convene a Congress
149
BATTLES FOR CONTROL
151
The Struggle for American Independence 17751783
153
GOING TO WAR
155
The Road to Concord and Back
156
Toward Independence
157
Loyalists Patriots and Pacifists
160
THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
162
Getting Congress to Move
163
Thomas Jefferson and the Declaration
164
FRIENDS AND FOES
166
British Strategy Occupy Divide and Conquer
168
Defeat Treason Despair
169
THE WAR AND AMERICAN SOCIETY
171
Native Americans and the West
172
Women and the Revolution
173
Soldiers at the Front Citizens on the Line
174
Science Art and Literature amid the Carnage
175
Moral and Religious Values
177
VICTORY AND PEACE
179
The War at Sea
180
Diplomacy and Peace
184
WAR AND NATIONBUILDING
187
From Confederation to Federal Union 17811788
189
THE SOVEREIGN STATES
191
Revising State Expectations
194
THE UNION AND ITS LIMITS
195
Western Lands and the Northwest Ordinance
196
State Government Shayss Rebellion and the Crisis of Confederation
198
RELIGION AFTER THE REVOLUTION
201
New and Vital Religious Forces
202
A CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION
203
The Critical Compromises
206
The Final Result
210
THE ROCKY ROAD TOWARD RATIFICATION
211
The AntiFederalists
213
The State Conventions and the People
214
The Bill of Rights
216
A NEW REPUBLIC
219
First Presidents and Crucial Precedents 17891809
221
GEORGE WASHINGTON AND NATIONAL UNITY
222
Millennialism and the Republic
224
Washington and Congress
225
The Judiciary and the Supreme Court
226
Alexander Hamilton and Economic Structures
227
Foreign Affairs and Bitter Final Days
230
JOHN ADAMS AND THE RISE OF POLITICAL PARTIES
234
The Contest of 1796
236
War with France?
237
Adams and the Ordeal of Liberty
238
Defeat and Disillusionment
239
THE REVOLUTION OF 1800 AND A JEFFERSONIAN REPUBLIC
240
The Election and Jeffersons First Inaugural
241
John Marshall Leads the Supreme Court
244
Economics and Politics at Home
245
The Louisiana Purchase and the West
247
To the Shores of Tripoli and Beyond
250
THE JEFFERSONIAN LEGACY
252
Education and Science
253
Gender and Race
254
Reason and Religion
256
BUILDING AND NURTURING THE NEW NATION
257
Nationalism Capitalism Sectionalism and Religion in the Early Republic
259
FROM THE WAR OF 1812 TO THE MONROE DOCTRINE
260
American Expansionists
261
Mr Madisons War
263
The Failed Invasions of Canada
265
The Naval War
266
The Shifting Fortunes of War
268
Making Peace and Winning a Victory
270
A Burst of Nationalism
272
John Quincy Adamss Continental Diplomacy
273
The Monroe Doctrine
275
THE MARKET ECONOMY AND THE MARSHALL COURT
276
The Emergence of a Capitalist National Economy
277
The American System
278
John Marshall and National Supremacy
279
State Law and Corporations
280
THE SEEDS OF SECTIONALISM
285
The Panic of 1819
287
The Missouri Compromise
288
Northern Protestantism Responds to Challenges
289
The Great Revival in the South
290
OPTIMISM AND CHALLENGES
293
The Modernizing North
295
THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
296
Traditional Production
297
Emergence of a New Industrial System
299
The Factory System Evolves
300
The American System
301
IMMIGRATION
303
The Immigrants
304
URBANIZATION
305
Urban Growth
306
Urban Life
308
LABOR MOVEMENTS
309
Labor Unions
310
The Democratization of Christianity
311
Charles G Finney and Modern Revivalism
312
Religion and Reform
313
Catholic Revivalism
314
An Age of Reform
315
Temperance
316
Horace Mann and the Educational Crusade
317
A Smorgasbord of Reforms
319
ANTISLAVERY
320
The New Antislavery Movement
322
The Radical Abolitionists
324
WOMENS RIGHTS
325
The Cult of True Womanhood
326
ARTS LETTERS AND UTOPIAS
327
The New England Renaissance
329
Probing Human Nature
330
Utopianism
331
DRAMATIC SHIFTS AND UNPRECEDENTED CHANGES
335
The Old South
337
PLANTATION ECONOMIES
338
WHITE SOUTHERNERS
342
Daily Life in the Old South
345
Towns and Industry
346
White Women in the Old South
348
Religion as an Institution
349
Religion and Slavery
350
BLACK SOUTHERNERS
351
Life and Labor
353
Urban and Industrial Slavery
355
Free Blacks
357
Slaves as Human Property
359
Housing Food and Health Care
361
Work Routines
362
Discipline
363
SLAVE CULTURE
364
Africa Forgotten and Reclaimed
365
Black Christianity
366
Slave Rebellion
369
THE STARK ANOMALY OF SLAVERY
371
The Coming of Democratic Politics Andrew Jackson and the Second Party System 18241844
373
THE DEMOCRATIZATION OF AMERICAN POLITICS
374
The End of the Virginia Dynasty
375
Jackson Takes on the BUS
392
The Panic of 1837
395
THE ORIGINS OF THE SECOND PARTY SYSTEM
396
AntiMasonry
399
RELIGION IN JACKSONIAN POLITICS
400
The AntiSabbatarianism Backlash
402
Ethnic and Cultural Origins of the Whig Party
404
EMERGING SECTIONALISM
407
Territorial Expansion Manifest Destiny and the Mexican War
409
The Caroline Incident
410
The Aroostook War
411
TEXAS
412
The Texas Revolution
414
The Texas Nation
415
The Failed Attempt to Annex Texas
416
OREGON AND CALIFORNIA
417
The Fur Trade and Mountain Men
418
The Santa Fe Trail
419
Army Exploration of the West
420
Oregon Fever and the Oregon Trail
423
THE ELECTION OF JAMES K POLK
425
The Annexation of Texas
426
Polks Campaign for Oregon
427
Polk Maneuvers for California
429
THE MEXICAN WAR
430
Military Success in Mexico
431
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
433
GROWTH OF UTAH AND CALIFORNIA
434
Opposition to the Mormons
435
The Mormons Deseret Empire
436
The Mormon War
437
California and the Gold Rush
438
NEWS FROM THE SOUTH
440
Sectionalism and Slaverys Dark Cloud The Coming of the Civil War 18461861
441
CONFRONTING THE SLAVE POWER
442
From the California Gold Rush to the Uneasy Compromise of 1850
445
Uncle Toms Cabin
447
The Collapse of the Whig Party
448
The Storm Over Fugitive Slaves
449
Douglass KansasNebraska Bill
451
THE PARTY SYSTEM IN FLUX
453
The Rise of the Republican Party
455
The Road to Civil War
456
The Ominous Election of 1856
459
The Dred Scott Decision
461
National Divisions Widen
462
Lincoln and Douglas Debate
465
John Browns Raid
466
The Fateful Election of 1860
468
Lincoln and the Secession Crisis
472
OUTBREAK OF WAR AT FORT SUMTER
475
This Mighty Scourge The Civil War Years
477
MOBILIZING AND NATIONBUILDING
478
Raising Armies
480
The First Battles
481
STALEMATE
486
The Emancipation Proclamation
487
Turning the Tide
489
The Diplomatic and Naval War
492
Wartime Social Strains
493
A New Kind of War
498
TOWARD UNION VICTORY
500
Bringing the War Home to the South
502
The Last Days of Southern Slavery
503
The War Ends
504
THE MEANING OF THE CIVIL WAR
507
Reconstruction and the New South
511
WARTIME RECONSTRUCTION
512
The Thirteenth Amendment
514
Andrew Johnson and Restoration
515
A Defiant South
516
The First Congressional Reconstruction Plan
518
The Fourteenth Amendment
520
The Second Congressional Reconstruction Plan
522
The Fifteenth Amendment
523
The Supreme Court and Reconstruction
524
Forming Reconstruction Governments in the South
525
The New Southern Electorate
527
Republican Governments in Action
528
White Violence
530
The Disputed Election of 1876
532
Democratic Governments in a Redeemed South
534
The Populist Challenge and the End of Black Voting
535
THE RISE OF JIM CROW
537
The Supreme Court and Jim Crow
538
The Church
539
The School
541
Booker T Washington and SelfHelp
542
Land and Labor
543
THE NEW SOUTH PROMISE
545
THE SOUTH AT CENTURYS END
547
Remaking the TransMississippi Wests
549
NATIVE PEOPLES
550
Hunting Buffalo on the Great Plains
551
Tribal Beliefs Relations and Practices
552
THE INDIAN WARS
553
Local Militia
554
Negotiations and Reservations
554
The Great Sioux War
555
Devastation of the Buffalo Herds
557
Surrender and Flight
558
Arousing Public Concern
559
NEW SETTLERS IN THE WEST
563
The Rise of the Railroads
564
Settlers from Overseas and Eastern States
565
MINING THE WEST
566
Dreams of Gold
567
Booming Towns and States
568
Boom and Bust Economies
569
Establishing Law and Order
570
CATTLE AND COWBOYS ON THE PLAINS
571
Cowboy Culture
572
Fences and Water Rights
573
Natural Changes and Challenges
574
Sheep versus Cattle
575
Free Land Harsh Conditions
576
New Technologies and Tactics
577
FARM LIFE AND COMMUNITY ON THE PLAINS
579
Coming Together as Communities
580
THE WESTS OF IMAGINATION
581
PROFITS AND PROGRESS
582
The New Industrial Order
585
POSTCIVIL WAR NATIONAL ECONOMIC EXPECTATIONS
586
THE RAILROADS
587
Building an Integrated Railway System
589
Government Aid to Railroad Construction
590
Travel by Train
591
THE MANAGERIAL REVOLUTION
593
Information and Management
594
Business Education
595
Taylorism and Scientific Management
596
THOMAS EDISON AND INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY
598
BIG BUSINESS AMERICA
601
Vertical and Horizontal Integration
603
Competition and Combination
605
Competition and Government Regulation
607
The Bankers Step In
609
The Character of Wealth
610
WorkingClass Protests and Strikes
612
National Unions
615
NEW DIVIDES
617
The Modern Industrial City 18501900
619
Urban Growth
620
The Lure of the City
622
The Golden Door
623
Restrictions on Immigration
625
Immigrant Employment and Destinations
626
The Immigrant Enclave
628
Community and Identity
629
Becoming American in the Immigrant City
630
THE NEW FACE OF THE CITY
631
The Development of Mass Transportation
632
The Skyscraper
633
The Palace of Consumption
634
Urban Lifestyles
636
Slums
639
THE STRUGGLE FOR CONTROL OF THE CITY
642
AWAKENING SOCIAL CONSCIENCE
645
The Social Gospel
648
The Settlement House
651
THE CITY ENTERS THE NEW CENTURY
652
POINTS OF CONVERGENCE IN THE AMERICAN CITY
653
PostCivil War Thought and Culture
655
NATIONAL CULTURE AND FAITH IN PROGRESS
656
National and Local
657
The Growing Authority of Science and Progress
658
Expertise
662
Pragmatism and Religion
667
DISSENTING VIEWS OF PROGRESS
668
Negotiating Change in the Rural North
672
The Distinctive South
675
DIVERGENT SUBCULTURES
676
Immigrants Encounter the New World
677
Workers Respond to Industrial Progress
680
Radical Visions of Progress
682
Radical Critiques of Progress
684
VOICING ALTERNATIVES
687
The Politics of the Gilded Age
689
POLITICAL PARTIES AND POLITICAL STALEMATE
690
Political Culture
692
Lingering Effects of the Civil War
693
GETTING OUT THE VOTE
694
Womens Influence
696
REINING IN THE SPOILSMEN
696
The Appeal of Civil Service Reform
697
Impetus for Reform
698
THE PRESIDENCY AND CONGRESS REMADE
700
THE MONEY QUESTION
704
THE DEPRESSION OF 1893 AND THE GOLD STANDARD
705
THE POPULIST CHALLENGE
708
Populist Themes
711
THE CROSS OF GOLD AND THE ELECTION OF 1896
712
THE END OF THE OLD AND THE RISE OF THE NEW
715
Innocents Abroad Expansion and Empire 18651900
717
LIMITS ON EXPANSIONISM AND EMPIRE
718
FORCES FOR EXPANSION AND INTEREST OVERSEAS
720
SECURING NORTH AMERICA
723
LATIN AMERICAN RELATIONS
724
PanAmericanism
725
Rattling Sabers at the British
726
American Business Interests
727
AN OPEN DOOR TO CHINA
730
THE CUBAN CRISIS
732
A SPLENDID LITTLE WAR
734
THE GREAT DEBATE OVER IMPERIALISM
736
Annexation?
737
A Foundation for NationBuilding
740
Appendix
743
Credits
A-11
Index
A-15
Urheberrecht

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Über den Autor (2005)

David Edwin Harrell Jr. is Daniel F. Breeden Eminent Scholar Emeritus at Auburn University. One of our leading scholars of American religious history, he is also the author of The Churches of Christ in the Twentieth Century and coauthor of Unto a Good Lan

Edwin S. Gaustad (1923-2011) was Professor Emeritus of History and Religious Studies at the University of California, Riverside. He also taught at Shorter College, the University of Redlands, Baylor University, and Auburn University. He received a B.A. from Baylor University and a M.A. and a Ph.D. from Brown University. He is the author of, among other works, Sworn on the Altar of God: A Religious Biography of Thomas Jefferson, Liberty of Conscience: Roger Williams in America, Historical Atlas of Religion in America, The Religious History of America: The Heart of the American Story from Colonial Times to Today (with Leigh Schmidt), and Proclaim Liberty Throughout the Land: A History of Church and State in America.

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