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Section 20. Territory of the state.

21. Cessions to the United States.
22. Counties of the state.
23. Judicial districts of the state.
24. Senatorial districts of the state.
25. Assembly districts of the state.
26. Congressional districts of the state.
27. Towns of the state.
28. Cities of the state.
29. Villages of the state.

the state.

§ 20. The sovereignty and jurisdiction of this Territory of state extend to all places within its bounds, which are hereby declared to be as follows: Beginning at Lyon's point in the mouth of a stream called Byram river, where it falls into Long Island sound, and running thence up along that stream to a rock at the ancient road or wading place in that stream, which rock bears north twelve degrees and fortyfive minutes east, five hundred and fifty rods from Lyon's point; then north twenty-three degrees and forty-five minutes west, two thousand two hundred and ninety-two rods; then east-northeast thirteen

miles and sixty-four rods, which lines were established in the year 1725, by Francis Harrison, Cadwallader Colden and Isaac Hicks, commissioners on the part of the then province of New York, and Jonathan Law, Samuel Eells, Roger Wolcott, John Copp and Edmund Lewis, commissioners on the part of the then colony of Connecticut, and were run as the magnetic needle then pointed; then along an east-northeast continuation of the last mentioned course, one mile threequarters of a mile and twenty-one rods, to a monument erected in the year 1731, by Cadwallader Colden, Gilbert Willett, Vincent Matthews and Jacobus Bruyn, junior, commissioners on the part of the province of New York, and Samuel Eells, Roger Wolcott and Edmund Lewis, commissioners on the part of the colony of Connecticut; which monument is at the southeast corner of a tract known and distinguished as the oblong or equivalent lands; then north twenty-four degreesa nd thirty minutes west, until intersected by a line run by the last mentioned commissioners on a course south twelve degrees and thirty minutes west, from a monument erected by them in the south bounds of Massachusetts; which monument stands in a valley in the Taghkanick mountains, one hundred and twenty rods eastward from a heap of stones in those bounds, on the top or ridge of the most westerly of those mountains ; then north twelve degrees and thirty minutes east, from a monument erected by the last mentioned commissioners at the place of intersection, and standing on the north side of a hill southeasterly from the easternmost end of of the long pond, along that line to the aforesaid monument erected on the south bounds of Massachusetts, being the northeast corner of the oblong; then north eighty-nine degrees eight minutes fortyone seconds west, along the north bounds of the oblong forty chains to a monument, being a marble post marked on the south and west sides N. Y., and east side M. S., and west side 1853. Thence north twelve degrees fifty-seven minutes and sixteen seconds west, two hundred and seven chains fortynine links to the New York line and a marble post marked on the east side M. S., on the west side N. Y., and on the south side 1853; then north fifteen degrees twelve minutes and nine seconds east along the line established in the year 1787, by Thomas Hutchins, John Ewing and David Rittenhouse, commissioners appointed by the United States, in congress assembled, forty-seven miles seventythree chains and eighty-one links, to a red or black oak tree marked by them, which line was run by them as the magnetic needle pointed in that year ; then north eighty-two degrees and twenty minutes as the magnetic needle pointed in the year 1814, fifty chains to a monument erected for the southwest corner of the State of Vermont, by Smith Thompson, Simeon De Witt and George Tibbits, commissioners on the part of this state, and Joseph Beeman, junior, Henry Olin and Joel Pratt, second commissioners on the part of the State of Vermont, which monument stands on the brow of a high hill descending to the west; then northerly in a straight line to a point which is distant ten chains, on a course south thirty-five degrees west, from the most westerly corner of a lot of land distinguished in the records of the town of Pownal, in the State of Vermont, as the fifth division of the right of Gamaliel Wallace, and which, in the year 1814, was owned and occupied by Abraham Vosburgh; then north thirty-five degrees east to that corner, and along the westerly bounds of that lot thirty chains to a place on the westerly bank of Hosick river, where a hemlock tree heretofore stood, noticed in those records as the most northerly corner of the lot; then north one degree and twenty minutes west, six chains to a monument erected by the said commissioners, standing on the westerly side of Hosick river, on the north side of the highway leading out of Hosick into Pownal, and near the northwesterly corner of the bridge crossing that river; then north twenty-seven degrees and twenty minutes east, thirty chains through the bed of that river to a large roundish rock on its northeasterly bank; then north twenty-five degrees west, sixteen chains and

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