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one or both Houses of Congress. In this subdivision the term “Government agency” includes any department, agency, establishment, wholly owned Government corporation, or instrumentality of the Federal Government or of the government of the District of Columbia.

(b) A committee that reports a measure or matter shall make every reasonable effort to have its hearings thereon (if any) printed and available for distribution to Members, Delegates, and the Resident Commissioner before the consideration of the measure or matter in the House.

(c) A general appropriation bill reported by the Committee on Appropriations may not be considered in the House until the third calendar day (excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays except when the House is in session on such a day) on which printed hearings of the Committee on Appropriations thereon have been available to Members, Delegates, and the Resident Commissioner.

PRIVILEGED REPORTS, GENERALLY 5. (a) The following committees shall have leave to report at any time on the following matters, respectively:

(1) The Committee on Appropriations, on general appropriation bills and on joint resolutions continuing appropriations for a fiscal year after September 15 in the preceding fiscal year.

(2) The Committee on the Budget, on the matters required to be reported by such committee under titles III and IV of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974.

(3) The Committee on House Administration, on enrolled bills, on contested elections, on matters referred to it concerning printing for the use of the House or the two Houses, on expenditure of the applicable accounts of the House described in clause 1(i)(1) of rule X, and on matters relating to preservation and availability of noncurrent records of the House under rule VII.

(4) The Committee on Rules, on rules, joint rules, and the order of business.

(5) The Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, on resolutions recommending action by the House with respect to a Member, Delegate, Resident Commissioner, officer, or employee of the House as a result of an investigation by the committee relating to the official conduct of such Member, Delegate, Resident Commissioner, officer, or employee.

(b) A report filed from the floor as privileged under paragraph (a) may be called up as a privileged question by direction of the reporting committee, subject to any requirement concerning its availability to Members, Delegates, and the Resident Commissioner under clause 4 or concerning the timing of its consideration under clause 6.

PRIVILEGED REPORTS BY THE COMMITTEE

ON RULES 6. (a) A report by the Committee on Rules on a rule, joint rule, or the order of business may not be called up for consideration on the same day it is presented to the House except

(1) when so determined by a vote of two-thirds of the Members voting, a quorum being present;

(2) in the case of a resolution proposing only to waive a requirement of clause 4 or of clause 8 of rule XXII concerning the availability of reports; or

(3) during the last three days of a session of Congress.

(b) Pending the consideration of a report by the Committee on Rules on a rule, joint rule, or the order of business, the Speaker may entertain one motion that the House adjourn. After the result of such a motion is announced, the Speaker may not entertain any other dilatory motion until the report shall have been disposed of.

(c) The Committee on Rules may not report

(1) a rule or order proposing that business under clause 7 of rule XV be set aside by a vote of less than twothirds of the Members voting, a quorum being present;

(2) a rule or order that would prevent the motion to recommit a bill or joint resolution from being made as provided in clause 2(b) of rule XIX, including a motion to recommit with instructions to report back an amendment otherwise in order, if offered by the Minority Leader or a designee, except with respect to a Senate bill or resolution for which the text of a House-passed measure has been substituted.

(d) The Committee on Rules shall present to the House reports concerning rules, joint rules, and the order of business, within three legislative days of the time when they are ordered. If such a report is not considered immediately, it shall be referred to the calendar. If such a report on the calendar is not called up by the member of the committee who filed the report within seven legislative days, any member of the committee may call it up as a privileged question on the day after the calendar day on which the member announces to the House his intention to do so. The Speaker shall recognize a member of the committee who rises for that purpose.

(e) An adverse report by the Committee on Rules on a resolution proposing a special order of business for the consideration of a public bill or public joint resolution may be called up as a privileged question by a Member, Delegate, or Resident Commissioner on a day when it is in order to consider a motion to discharge committees under clause 2 of rule XV.

(f) If the House has adopted a resolution making in order a motion to consider a bill or resolution, and such a motion has not been offered within seven calendar days thereafter, such a

motion shall be privileged if offered by direction of all reporting committees having initial jurisdiction of the bill or resolution.

(g) Whenever the Committee on Rules reports a resolution providing for the consideration of a measure, it shall (to the maximum extent possible) specify in the resolution the object of any waiver of a point of order against the measure or against its consideration.

RESOLUTIONS OF INQUIRY 7. A report on a resolution of inquiry addressed to the head of an executive department may be filed from the floor as privileged. If such a resolution is not reported to the House within 14 legislative days after its introduction, a motion to discharge a committee from its consideration shall be privileged.

RULE XIV ORDER AND PRIORITY OF BUSINESS 1. The daily order of business (unless varied by the application of other rules and except for the disposition of matters of higher precedence) shall be as follows:

First. Prayer by the Chaplain.

Second. Reading and approval of the Journal, unless postponed under clause 9(a) of rule XX.

Third. The Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag.

Fourth. Correction of reference of public bills.

Fifth. Disposal of business on the Speaker's table as provided in clause 2.

Sixth. Unfinished business as provided

in clause 3.

Seventh. The morning hour for the consideration of bills called up by committees as provided in clause 4.

Eighth. Motions that the House resolve into the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union subject to clause 5.

Ninth. Orders of the day. 2. Business on the Speaker's table shall be disposed of as follows:

(a) Messages from the President shall be referred to the appropriate committees without debate.

(b) Communications addressed to the House, including reports and communications from heads of departments and bills, resolutions, and messages from the Senate, may be referred to the appropriate committees in the same manner and with the same right of correction as public bills and public resolutions presented by Members, Delegates, or the Resident Commissioner.

(c) Motions to dispose of Senate amendments on the Speaker's table may be entertained as provided in clauses 1, 2, and 4 of rule XXII.

(d) Senate bills and resolutions substantially the same as House measures already favorably reported and not required to be considered in the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union may be dis

posed of by motion. Such a motion one-half in favor of the motion and (2) When a motion to discharge is shall be privileged if offered by direc one-half in opposition thereto.

called up, the bill or resolution to tion of all reporting committees hav

DISCHARGE MOTIONS, SECOND AND

which it relates shall be read by title ing initial jurisdiction of the House

FOURTH MONDAYS

only. The motion is debatable for 20 measure.

minutes, one-half in favor of the mo

2. (a) Motions to discharge commit3. Consideration of unfinished busi

tion and one-half in opposition thereto. tees shall be in order on the second and ness in which the House may have been

(e)(1) If a motion prevails to disfourth Mondays of a month. engaged at an adjournment, except

charge the Committee on Rules from business in the morning hour and pro

(b)(1) A Member may present to the

consideration of a resolution, the Clerk a motion in

writing to ceedings postponed under clause 9 of

House shall immediately consider the dischargerule XX, shall be resumed as soon as

resolution, pending which the Speaker

(A) a committee from considerthe business on the Speaker's table is

may entertain one motion that the finished, and at the same time each

ation of a public bill or public resolu

House adjourn. After the result of such

tion that has been referred to it for day thereafter until disposed of. The

a motion to adjourn is announced, the consideration of all other unfinished

30 legislative days; or

Speaker may not entertain any other

(B) the Committee on Rules from business shall be resumed whenever the

dilatory motion until the resolution

consideration of a resolution that has class of business to which it belongs

has been disposed of. If the resolution

been referred to it for seven legislashall be in order under the rules.

is adopted, the House shall imme

tive days and that proposes a special 4. After the unfinished business has

diately proceed to its execution.

order of business for the considerbeen disposed of, the Speaker shall call

(2) If a motion prevails to discharge a

ation of a public bill or public resolueach standing committee in regular

tion that has been reported by a

standing committee from considerorder and then select committees. Each

ation of a public bill or public resolu

standing committee or has been recommittee when named may call up for

tion, a motion that the House proceed

ferred to a standing committee for 30 consideration a bill or resolution re

to the immediate consideration of such

legislative days. ported by it on a previous day and on

bill or resolution shall be privileged if

(2) Only one motion may be presented the House Calendar. If the Speaker

offered by a Member whose signature for a bill or resolution. A Member may does not complete the call of the com

appeared on the motion to discharge. not file a motion to discharge the Committees before the House passes to

The motion to proceed is not debatmittee on Rules from consideration of other business, the next call shall re

able. If the motion to proceed is adopta resolution providing for the considersume at the point it left off, giving

ed, the bill or resolution shall be conpreference to the last bill or resolution ation of more than one public bill or

sidered immediately under the general public resolution or admitting or efunder consideration. A committee that

rules of the House. If unfinished before fecting a nongermane amendment to a has occupied the call for two days may

adjournment of the day on which it is public bill or public resolution. not call up another bill or resolution

called up, the bill or resolution shall

(c) A motion presented under parauntil the other committees have been

remain the unfinished business until it graph (b) shall be placed in the custody called in their turn. of the Clerk, who shall arrange a con

is disposed of. If the motion to proceed 5. After consideration of bills or reso

is rejected, the bill or resolution shall venient place for the signatures of lutions under clause 4 for one hour, it

be referred to the appropriate calendar, Members. A signature may be withshall be in order, pending consideration

where it shall have the same status as drawn by a Member in writing at any thereof, to entertain a motion that the

if the committee from which it was distime before a motion is entered on the House resolve into the Committee of

charged had duly reported it to the Journal. The Clerk shall make signathe Whole House on the state of the

House. tures a matter of public record, causing Union or, when authorized by a com

(f)(1) When a motion to discharge the names of the Members who have mittee, that the House resolve into the

originated under this clause has once signed a discharge motion during a Committee of the Whole House on the

been acted on by the House, it shall not week to be published in a portion of the state of the Union to consider a par

be in order to entertain during the Congressional Record designated for ticular bill. Such a motion shall be

same session of Congresssubject to only one amendment desigthat purpose on the last legislative day

(A) a motion to discharge a comof the week and making cumulative nating another bill. If such a motion is

mittee from consideration of that lists of such names available each day decided in the negative, another such

bill or resolution or of any other bill for public inspection in an appropriate motion may not be considered until the

or resolution that, by relating in suboffice of the House. The Clerk shall dematter that was pending when such

stance to or dealing with the same vise a means for making such lists motion was offered is disposed of.

subject matter, is substantially the available to offices of the House and to 6. All questions relating to the pri

same; or the public in electronic form. When a ority of business shall be decided by a

(B) a motion to discharge the Commajority of the total membership of majority without debate.

mittee on Rules from consideration the House shall have signed the mo

of a resolution providing a special RULE XV tion, it shall be entered on the Journal,

order of business for the considerBUSINESS IN ORDER ON SPECIAL DAYS printed with the signatures thereto in

ation of that bill or resolution or of the Record, and referred to the CalSUSPENSIONS, MONDAYS AND TUESDAYS

any other bill or resolution that, by endar of Motions to Discharge Commit

relating in substance to or dealing 1. (a) A rule may not be suspended ex tees.

with the same subject matter, is subcept by a vote of two-thirds of the (d)(1) On the second and fourth Mon

stantially the same. Members voting, а quorum being days of a month (except during the last

(2) A motion to discharge on the Calpresent. The Speaker may not enter six days of a session of Congress), im

endar of Motions to Discharge Committain a motion that the House suspend mediately after the Pledge of Alle

tees that is rendered out of order under the rules except on Mondays and Tues giance to the Flag, a motion to dis

subparagraph (1) shall be stricken from days and during the last six days of a charge that has been on the calendar

that calendar. session of Congress.

for at least seven legislative days shall (b) Pending a motion that the House be privileged if called up by a Member

ADVERSE REPORT BY THE COMMITTEE ON suspend the rules, the Speaker may en whose signature appears thereon. When

RULES, SECOND AND FOURTH MONDAYS tertain one motion that the House ad such a motion is called up, the House 3. An adverse report by the Comjourn. After the result of such a motion shall proceed to its consideration under mittee on Rules on a resolution prois announced, the Speaker may not en this paragraph without intervening posing a special order of business for tertain any other motion until the vote motion except one motion to adjourn. the consideration of a public bill or is taken on the suspension.

Privileged motions to discharge shall public joint resolution may be called (c) A motion that the House suspend have precedence in the order of their up under clause 6(e) of rule XIII as a the rules is debatable for 40 minutes, entry on the Journal.

privileged question by a Member, Dele

gate, or Resident Commissioner on a day when it is in order to consider a motion to discharge committees under clause 2. DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA BUSINESS, SECOND

AND FOURTH MONDAYS 4. The second and fourth Mondays of a month shall be set apart for the consideration of such District of Columbia business as may be called up by the Committee Government Reform after the disposition of motions to discharge committees and after the disposal of such business on the Speaker's table as requires reference only. PRIVATE CALENDAR, FIRST AND THIRD

TUESDAYS 5. (a) On the first Tuesday of a month, the Speaker shall direct the Clerk to call the bills and resolutions on the Private Calendar after disposal of such business on the Speaker's table as requires reference only. If two or more Members, Delegates, or the Resident Commissioner object to the consideration of a bill or resolution so called, it shall be recommitted to the committee that reported it. No other business shall be in order before completion of the call of the Private Calendar on this day unless two-thirds of the Members voting, a quorum being present, agree to a motion that the House dispense with the call.

(b)(1) On the third Tuesday of a month, after the disposal of such business on the Speaker's table as requires reference only, the Speaker may direct the Clerk to call the bills and resolutions on the Private Calendar. Preference shall be given to omnibus bills containing the texts of bills or resolutions that have previously been objected to on a call of the Private Calendar. If two or more Members, Delegates, or the Resident Commissioner object to the consideration of a bill or resolution so called (other than an omnibus bill), it shall be recommitted to the committee that reported it. Twothirds of the Members voting, a quorum being present, may adopt a motion that the House dispense with the call on this day.

(2) Omnibus bills shall be read for amendment by paragraph. No amendment shall be in order except to strike or to reduce amounts of money or to provide limitations. An item or matter stricken from an omnibus bill may not thereafter during the same session of Congress be included in an omnibus bill. Upon passage such an omnibus bill shall be resolved into the several bills and resolutions of which it is composed. The several bills and resolutions, with any amendments adopted by the House, shall be engrossed, when necessary, and otherwise considered as passed severally by the House as distinct bills and resolutions.

(c) The Speaker may not entertain a reservation of the right to object to the consideration of a bill or resolution under this clause. A bill or resolution considered under this clause shall be considered in the House as in the Com

mittee of the Whole. A motion to dispense with the call of the Private Calendar under this clause shall be privileged. Debate on such a motion shall be limited to five minutes in support and five minutes in opposition. CORRECTIONS CALENDAR, SECOND AND

FOURTH TUESDAYS 6. (a) After a bill has been favorably reported and placed on either the Union or House Calendar, the Speaker, after consultation with the Minority Leader, may direct the Clerk also to place the bill on the “Corrections Calendar." At any time on the second and fourth Tuesdays of a month, the Speaker may direct the Clerk to call a bill that has been on the Corrections Calendar for three legislative days.

(b) A bill called from the Corrections Calendar shall be considered in the House, is debatable for one hour equally divided and controlled by the chairman and ranking minority member of the primary committee of jurisdiction, and shall not be subject to amendment except those recommended by the primary committee of jurisdiction or offered by the chairman of the primary committee or a designee. The previous question shall be considered as ordered on the bill and any amendments thereto to final passage without intervening motion except one motion to recommit with or without instructions.

(c) The approval of three-fifths of the Members voting, a quorum being present, shall be required to pass a bill called from the Corrections Calendar. The rejection of a bill so called, or the sustaining of a point of order against it or against its consideration, does not cause its removal from the Calendar to which it was originally referred. CALENDAR CALL OF COMMITTEES,

WEDNESDAYS 7. (a) On Wednesday of each week, business shall not be in order before completion of the call of the committees (except as provided by clause 4 of rule XIV) unless two-thirds of the Members voting, a quorum being present, agree to a motion that the House dispense with the call. Such a motion shall be privileged. Debate on such a motion shall be limited to five minutes in support and five minutes in opposition.

(b) A bill or resolution on either the House or the Union Calendar, except

ills or resolutions that are privileged under the Rules of the House, may be called under this clause. A bill or resolution called up from the Union Calendar shall be considered in the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union without motion, subject to clause 3 of rule XVI. General debate on a measure considered under this clause shall be confined to the measure and may not exceed two hours equally divided between a proponent and an opponent.

(c) When a committee has occupied the call under this clause on one Wednesday, it shall not be in order on a succeeding Wednesday to consider

unfinished business previously called up by that committee until the other committees have been called in their turn unless

(1) the previous question has been ordered on such unfinished business; or

(2) the House adopts a motion to dispense with the call under paragraph (a).

(d) If any committee has not been called under this clause during a session of a Congress, then at the next session of that Congress the call shall resume where it left off at the end of the preceding session.

(e) This rule does not apply during the last two weeks of a session of Congress.

(f) The Speaker may not entertain a motion for a recess on a Wednesday except during the last two weeks of a session of Congress.

RULE XVI
MOTIONS AND AMENDMENTS

MOTIONS 1. Every motion entertained by the Speaker shall be reduced to writing on the demand of a Member, Delegate, or Resident Commissioner and, unless it is withdrawn the same day, shall be entered on the Journal with the name of the Member, Delegate, or Resident Commissioner offering it. A dilatory motion may not be entertained by the Speaker.

WITHDRAWAL 2. When a motion is entertained, the Speaker shall state it or cause it to be read aloud by the Clerk before it is debated. The motion then shall be in the possession of the House but may be withdrawn at any time before a decision or amendment thereon.

QUESTION OF CONSIDERATION 3. When a motion or proposition is entertained, the question, “Will the House now consider it?” may not be put unless demanded by a Member, Delegate, or Resident Commissioner.

PRECEDENCE OF MOTIONS 4. (a) When a question is under debate, only the following motions may be entertained (which shall have precedence in the following order):

(1) To adjourn.
(2) To lay on the table.
(3) For the previous question.
(4) To postpone to a day certain.
(5) To refer.
(6) To amend.

(7) To postpone indefinitely. (b) A motion to adjourn, to lay on the table, or for the previous question shall be decided without debate. A motion to postpone to a day certain, to refer, or to postpone indefinitely, being decided, may not be allowed again on the same day at the same stage of the question.

(C)(1) It shall be in order at any time for the Speaker, in his discretion, to entertain a motion,

(A) that the Speaker be authorized to declare a recess; or

(B) that when the House adjourns it stand adjourned to a day and time certain.

(2) Either motion shall be of equal privilege with the motion to adjourn and shall be decided without debate.

DIVISIBILITY
5. (a) Except as provided in paragraph
(b), a question shall be divided on the
demand of a Member, Delegate, or
Resident Commissioner before the
question is put if it includes propo-
sitions so distinct in substance that,
one being taken away, a substantive
proposition remains.

(b)(1) A motion or resolution to elect
members to a standing committee of
the House, or to a joint standing com-
mittee, is not divisible.

(2) A resolution or order reported by the Committee on Rules providing a special order of business is not divisible.

(c) A motion to strike and insert is not divisible, but rejection of a motion to strike does not preclude another motion to amend.

AMENDMENTS
6. When an amendable proposition is
under consideration, a motion to
amend and a motion to amend that
amendment shall be in order, and it
also shall be in order to offer a further
amendment by way of substitute for
the original motion to amend, to which
one amendment may be offered but
which may not be voted on until the
original amendment is perfected. An
amendment may be withdrawn in the
House at any time before a decision or
amendment thereon. An amendment to
the title of a bill or resolution shall
not be in order until after its passage
or adoption and shall be decided with-
out debate.

RULE XVII

sioner, who shall immediately sit down DECORUM AND DEBATE

unless permitted on motion of another Member, Delegate, or the

the Resident DECORUM

Commissioner to explain. If a Member, 1. (a) A Member, Delegate, or Resi

Delegate, or Resident Commissioner is dent Commissioner who desires to

called to order, the Member, Delegate, speak or deliver a matter to the House

or Resident Commissioner making the shall rise and respectfully address him call to order shall indicate the words self to “Mr. Speaker” and, on being excepted to, which shall be taken down recognized, may address the House in writing at the Clerk's desk and read from any place on the floor. When in

aloud to the House. vited by the Chair, a Member, Dele

(b) The Speaker shall decide the vagate, or Resident Commissioner may

lidity of a call to order. The House, if speak from the Clerk's desk.

appealed to, shall decide the question (b)(1) Remarks in debate shall be con without debate. If the decision is in fined to the question under debate, favor of the Member, Delegate, or Resiavoiding personality.

dent Commissioner called to order, the (2)(A) Except as provided in subdivi

Member, Delegate, or Resident Comsion (B), debate may not include char missioner shall be at liberty to proacterizations of Senate action or inac

ceed, but not otherwise. If the case retion, references to individual Members

quires it, an offending Member, Deleof the Senate, or quotations from Sen

gate, or Resident Commissioner shall ate proceedings.

be liable to censure or such other pun(B) Debate may include references to

ishment as the House may consider actions taken by the Senate or by com

proper. A Member, Delegate, or Resimittees thereof that are a matter of

dent Commissioner may not be held to public record; references to the pend

answer a call to order, and may not be ency or sponsorship in the Senate of

subject to the censure of the House bills, resolutions, and amendments; therefor, if further debate or other factual descriptions relating to Senate

business has intervened.
action or inaction concerning a meas-
ure then under debate in the House;

COMPORTMENT
and

quotations from Senate pro 5. When the Speaker is putting a ceedings on a measure then under de question or addressing the House, a bate in the House that are relevant to Member, Delegate, or Resident Comthe making of legislative history es missioner may not walk out of or tablishing the meaning of that meas across the Hall. When a Member, Deleure.

gate, or Resident

or Resident Commissioner is RECOGNITION

speaking, a Member, Delegate, or Resi

dent Commissioner may not pass be2. When two or more Members, Dele

tween the person speaking and the gates, or the Resident Commissioner

Chair. During the session of the House, rise at once, the Speaker shall name the Member, Delegate,

a Member, Delegate, or Resident Com

or Resident Commissioner who is first to speak. A

missioner may not wear a hat or reMember, Delegate, or Resident Com

main by the Clerk's desk during the

call of the roll or the counting of balmissioner may not occupy more than

lots. A person may not smoke or use one hour in debate on a question in the House or in the Committee of the

any personal, electronic office equipWhole House on the state of the Union

ment, including cellular phones and except as otherwise provided in this

computers, on the floor of the House.

The Sergeant-at-Arms is charged with rule.

the strict enforcement of this clause. MANAGING DEBATE 3. (a) The Member, Delegate, or Resi

EXHIBITS
dent Commissioner who calls up a 6. When the use of an exhibit in de-
measure may open and close debate bate is objected to by a Member, Dele-
thereon. When general debate extends gate, or Resident Commissioner, its use
beyond one day, that Member, Dele shall be decided without debate by a
gate, or Resident Commissioner shall vote of the House.
be entitled to one hour to close with-

GALLERIES
out regard to the time used in opening.
(b) Except as provided in paragraph

7. During a session of the House, it (a), a Member, Delegate, or Resident

shall not be in order for a Member, DelCommissioner may not speak more

egate, or Resident Commissioner to inthan once to the same question with

troduce to or to bring to the attention out leave of the House.

of the House an occupant in the gal

leries of the House. The Speaker may (c) A manager of a measure who opposes an amendment thereto is entitled

not entertain a request for the suspento close controlled debate thereon.

sion of this rule by unanimous consent

or otherwise.
CALL TO ORDER
4. (a) If a Member, Delegate, or Resi-

CONGRESSIONAL RECORD
dent Commissioner, in speaking or oth 8. (a) The Congressional Record shall
erwise, transgresses the Rules of the be a substantially verbatim account of
House, the Speaker shall, or a Member, remarks made during the proceedings
Delegate, or Resident Commissioner of the House, subject only to technical,
may, call to order the offending Mem grammatical, and typographical cor-
ber, Delegate, or Resident Commis rections authorized by the Member,

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READINGS
8. Bills and joint resolutions are sub-
ject to readings as follows:

(a) A first reading is in full when
the bill or joint resolution is first
considered.

(b) A second reading occurs only when the bill or joint resolution is read for amendment in a Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union under clause 5 of rule XVIII.

(c) A third reading precedes passage when the Speaker states the question: "Shall the bill (or joint resolution] be engrossed [when applicable) and read a third time?" If that question is decided in the affirmative, then the bill or joint resolution shall be read the final time by title and then the question shall be put on its passage.

Delegate, or Resident Commissioner making the remarks.

(b) Unparliamentary remarks may be deleted only by permission or order of the House.

(C) This clause establishes a standard of conduct within the meaning of clause 3(a)(2) of rule XI.

SECRET SESSIONS 9. When confidential communications are received from the President, or when the Speaker or a Member, Delegate, or Resident Commissioner informs the House that he has communications that he believes ought to be kept secret for the present, the House shall be cleared of all persons except the Members, Delegates, Resident Commissioner, and officers of the House for the reading of such communications, and debates and proceedings thereon, unless otherwise ordered by the House.

RULE XVIII THE COMMITTEE OF THE WHOLE HOUSE

ON THE STATE OF THE UNION RESOLVING INTO THE COMMITTEE OF THE

WHOLE 1. Whenever the House resolves into the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union, the Speaker shall leave the chair after appointing a Chairman to preside. In case of disturbance or disorderly conduct in the galleries or lobby, the Chairman may cause the same to be cleared.

2. (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) and in clause 7 of rule XV, the House resolves into the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union by motion. When such a motion is entertained, the Speaker shall put the question without debate: “Shall the House resolve itself into the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union for consideration of this matter?”, naming it.

(b) After the House has adopted a resolution reported by the Committee on Rules providing a special order of business for the consideration of a measure in the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union, the Speaker may at any time, when no question is pending before the House, declare the House resolved into the Committee of the Whole for the consideration of that measure without intervening motion, unless the special order of business provides otherwise. MEASURES REQUIRING INITIAL CONSIDER

ATION IN THE COMMITTEE OF THE WHOLE

3. All bills, resolutions, or Senate amendments (as provided in clause 3 of rule XXII) involving a tax or charge on the people, raising revenue, directly or indirectly making appropriations of money or property or requiring such appropriations to be made, authorizing payments out of appropriations already made, releasing any liability to the United States for money or property, or referring a claim to the Court of Claims, shall be first considered in the

Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union. A bill, resolution, or Senate amendment that fails to comply with this clause is subject to a point of order against its consideration.

ORDER OF BUSINESS 4. (a) Subject to subparagraph (b) business on the calendar of the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union may be taken up in regular order, or in such order as the Committee may determine, unless the measure to be considered was determined by the House at the time of resolving into the Committee of the Whole.

(b) Motions to resolve into the Committee of the Whole for consideration of bills and joint resolutions making general appropriations have precedence under this clause.

READING FOR AMENDMENT 5. (a) Before general debate commences on a measure in the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union, it shall be read in full. When general debate is concluded or closed by order of the House, the measure under consideration shall be read for amendment. A Member, Delegate, or Resident Commissioner who offers an amendment shall be allowed five minutes to explain it, after which the Member, Delegate, or Resident Commissioner who shall first obtain the floor shall be allowed five minutes to speak in opposition to it. There shall be no further debate thereon, but the same privilege of debate shall be allowed in favor of and against any amendment that may be offered to an amendment. An amendment, or an amendment to an amendment, may be withdrawn by its proponent only by the unanimous consent of the Committee of the Whole.

(b) When a Member, Delegate, or Resident Commissioner offers

an amendment in the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union, the Clerk shall promptly transmit five copies of the amendment to the majority committee table and five copies to the minority committee table. The Clerk also shall deliver at least one copy of the amendment to the majority cloakroom and at least one copy to the minority cloakroom.

QUORUM AND VOTING 6. (a) A quorum of a Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union is 100 Members. The first time that a Committee of the Whole finds itself without a quorum during a day, the Chairman shall invoke the procedure for a quorum call set forth in clause 2 of rule XX, unless he elects to invoke an alternate procedure set forth in clause 3 or clause 4(a) of rule XX. If a quorum appears, the Committee of the Whole shall continue its business. If a quorum does not appear, the Committee of the Whole shall rise, and the Chairman shall report the names of absentees to the House.

(b)(1) The Chairman may refuse to entertain a point of order that a quorum is not present during general debate.

(2) After a quorum has once been established on a day, the Chairman may entertain a point of order that a quorum is not present only when the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union is operating under the five-minute rule and the Chairman has put the pending proposition to a vote.

(3) Upon sustaining a point of order that a quorum is not present, the Chairman may announce that, following a regular quorum call under paragraph (a), the minimum time for electronic voting on the pending question shall be five minutes.

(c) When ordering a quorum call in the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union, the Chairman may announce an intention to declare that a quorum is constituted at any time during the quorum call when he determines that a

quorum has appeared. If the Chairman interrupts the quorum call by declaring that a quorum is constituted,

constituted, proceedings under the quorum call shall be considered as vacated, and the Committee of the whole shall continue its sitting and resume its business.

(d) A quorum is not required in the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union for adoption of a motion that the Committee rise.

(e) In the Committee of the whole House on the state of the Union, the Chairman shall order a recorded vote on a request supported by at least 25 Members.

(f) In the Committee of the whole House on the state of the Union, the Chairman may reduce to five minutes the minimum time for electronic voting without any intervening business or debate on any or all pending amendments after a record vote has been taken on the first pending amendment. DISPENSING WITH THE READING OF AN

AMENDMENT 7. It shall be in order in the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union to move that the Committee of the Whole dispense with the reading of an amendment that has been printed in the bill or resolution as reported by a committee, or an amendment that a Member, Delegate, or Resident Commissioner has caused to be printed in the Congressional Record. Such a motion shall be decided without debate.

CLOSING DEBATE 8. (a) Subject to paragraph (b) at any time after the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union has begun five-minute debate on amendments to any portion of a bill or resolution, it shall be in order to move that the Committee of the Whole close all debate on that portion of the bill or resolution or on the pending amendments only. Such a motion shall be decided without debate. The adoption of

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