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and not more than $20,000,000 may be made available for stockpiles in Thailand."
RUSSIAN LEADERSHIP PROGRAM SEC. 585. Section 3011 of the 1999 Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act (Public Law 106-31; 113 Stat. 93) is amended
(1) by striking “fiscal year 1999” in subsections (a)(1), (b)(4)(B), (d)(3), and (h)(1)(A) and inserting "fiscal years 1999 and 2000”; and
(2) by striking "2000" in subsection (a)(2), (e)(1), and (h)(1)(B) and inserting “2001”. ABOLITION OF THE INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION SEC. 586. (a) DEFINITIONS.-In this section:
(1) DIRECTOR.—The term “Director” means the Director of the Office of Management and Budget.
(2) FOUNDATION.—The term “Foundation” means the Inter-American Foundation.
(3) FUNCTION.—The term “function” means any duty, obligation, power, authority, responsibility, right, privilege, activity, or program.
(b) ABOLITION OF INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION.—During fiscal year 2000, the President is authorized to abolish the Inter-American Foundation. The provisions of this section shall only be effective upon the effective date of the abolition of the Inter-American Foundation.
(C) TERMINATION OF FUNCTIONS.—
(1) Except as provided in subsection (d)(2), there are terminated upon the abolition of the Foundation all functions vested in, or exercised by, the Foundation or any official thereof, under any statute, reorganization plan, Executive order, or other provisions of law, as of the day before the effective date of this section.
(2) REPEAL.-Section 401 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1969 (22 U.S.C. 6290f) is repealed upon the effective date specified in subsection
deposit in the Treasury of the United States to the credit of the Civil Service Retirement and Disability Fund an amount equal to 15 percent of the final basic pay of each employee of the agency who is covered under subchapter III of chapter 83 or chapter 84 of title 5, United States Code, to whom a voluntary separation incentive has been paid under this section.
(2) DEFINITION.—For the purpose of paragraph (1), the term “final basic pay”, with respect to an employee, means the total amount of basic pay which would be payable for a year of service by such employee, computed using the employee's final rate of basic pay, and, if last serving on other than a full-time basis, with appropriate adjustment therefor.
(e) EFFECT OF SUBSEQUENT EMPLOYMENT WITH THE GOVERNMENT.
(1) An individual who has received a voluntary separation incentive payment under this section and accepts any employment for compensation with the Government of the United States, or who works for any agency of the Government of the United States through a personal services contract, within 5 years after the date of the separation on which the payment is based shall be required to pay, prior to the individual's first day of employment, the entire amount of the incentive payment to the agency that paid the incentive payment.
(2) If the employment under paragraph (1) is with an Executive agency (as defined by section 105 of title 5, United States Code), the United States Postal Service, or the Postal Rate Commission, the Director of the Office of Personnel Management may, at the request of the head of the agency, waive the repayment if the individual involved possesses unique abilities and is the only qualified applicant available for the position.
(3) If the employment under paragraph (1) is with an entity in the legislative branch, the head of the entity or the appointing official may waive the repayment if the individual involved possesses unique abilities and is the only qualified applicant available for the position.
(4) If the employment under paragraph (1) is with the judicial branch, the Director of the Administrative Office of the United States Courts may waive the repayment if the individual involved possesses unique abilities and is the only qualified applicant for the position.
(f) REDUCTION OF AGENCY EMPLOYMENT LEVELS.—.
(1) IN GENERAL.—The total number of funded employee positions in the agency shall be reduced by one position for each vacancy created by the separation of any employee who has received, or is due to receive, a voluntary separation incentive payment under this section. For the purposes of this subsection, positions shall be counted on a full-time-equivalent basis.
(2) ENFORCEMENT.-The President, through the Office of Management and Budget, shall monitor the agency and take any action necessary to ensure that the requirements of this subsection are met.
(g) REGULATIONS.—The Office of Personnel Management may prescribe such regulations as may be necessary to implement this section.
IRAQ OPPOSITION SEC. 580. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, of the funds appropriated under the heading "Economic Support Fund”, $10,000,000 shall be made available to support efforts to bring about political transition in Iraq, of which not less than $8,000,000 shall be made available only to Iraqi opposition groups designated under the Iraq Liberation Act (Public Law 105– 338) for political, economic, humanitarian, and other activities of such groups, and not more than $2,000,000 may be made available for groups and activities seeking the prosecution of Saddam Hussein and other Iraqi government officials for war crimes. AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
BUDGET SUBMISSION SEC. 581. Beginning with the fiscal year 2001 budget, the Agency for International Develop
ment shall submit to the Committees on Appropriations a detailed budget for each fiscal year. The Agency shall submit to the Committees on Appropriations a proposed budget format no later than October 31, 1999, or 30 days after the enactment of this Act, whichever occurs later. The proposed format shall include how the Agency's budget submission will address: estimated levels of obligations for the current fiscal year and actual levels for the two previous fiscal years; the President's request for new budget authority and estimated carryover obligational authority for the budget year;
the disaggregation of budget data by program and activity for each bureau, field mission, and central office; and staff levels identified by program.
AMERICAN CHURCHWOMEN IN EL SALVADOR SEC. 582. (a) Information relevant to the December 2, 1980 murders of four American churchwomen in El Salvador shall be made public to the fullest extent possible.
(b) The Secretary of State and the Department of State are to be commended for fully releasing information regarding the murders.
(c) The President shall order all Federal agencies and departments that possess relevant information to make every effort to declassify and release to the victims' families relevant information as expeditiously as possible.
(d) In making determinations concerning the declassification and release of relevant information, the Federal agencies and departments shall presume in favor of releasing, rather than of withholding, such information.
(e) Not later than 45 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall provide a report to the Committees on Appropriations describing in detail the circumstances under which individuals involved in the murders or the cover-up of the murders obtained residence in the United States.
KYOTO PROTOCOL SEC. 583. None of the funds appropriated by this Act shall be used to propose or issue rules, regulations, decrees, or orders for the purpose of implementation, or in preparation for implementation, of the Kyoto Protocol, which was adopted on December 11, 1997, in Kyoto, Japan, at the Third Conference of the Parties to the United States Framework Convention on Climate Change, which has not been submitted to the Senate for advice and consent to ratification pursuant to article II, section 2, clause 2, of the United States Constitution, and which has not entered into force pursuant to article 25 of the Protocol. ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO STOCK
PILING OF DEFENSE ARTICLES FOR FOREIGN COUNTRIES
SEC. 584. (a) VALUE OF ADDITIONS TO STOCKPILES.-Section 514(b)(2)(A) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2321h(b)(2)(A)) is amended by striking the following: "$50,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1996 and 1997, $60,000,000 for fiscal year 1998, and” and inserting in lieu thereof before the period at the end, the following: "and $60,000,000 for fiscal year 2000”.
(6) REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA AND THAILAND.-Section 514(b)(2)(B) of such Act (22 U.S.C. 2321h(b)(2)(B)) is amended by striking the following: “Of the amount specified in subparagraph (A) for each of the fiscal years 1996 and 1997, not more than $40,000,000 may be made available for stockpiles in the Republic of Korea and not more than $10,000,000 may be made available for stockpiles in Thailand. Of the amount specified in subparagraph (A) for fiscal year 1998, not more than $40,000,000 may be made available for stockpiles in the Republic of Korea and not more than $20,000,000 may be made available for stockpiles in Thailand.”; and at the end inserting the following sentence: “Of the amount specified in subparagraph (A) for fiscal year 2000, not more than $40,000,000 may be made available for stockpiles in the Republic of Korea
(3) FINAL DISPOSITION OF FUNDS.–Upon the date of transmittal to Congress of the certification described in subsection (d)(4), all unexpended balances of appropriations of the Foundation shall be deposited in the miscellaneous receipts account of the Treasury of the United States.
(d) RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE DIRECTOR OF THE OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET.
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Director of the Office of Management and Budget shall be responsible for
(A) the administration and wind-up of any outstanding obligation of the Federal Government under any contract or agreement entered into by the Foundation before the date of the enactment of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2000, except that the authority of this subparagraph does not include the renewal or extension of any such contract or agreement; and
(B) taking such other actions as may be necessary to wind-up any outstanding affairs of the Foundation.
(2) TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS TO THE DIRECTOR.—There are transferred to the Director such functions of the Foundation under any statute, reorganization plan, Executive order, or other provision of law, as of the day before the date of the enactment of this section, as may be necessary to carry out the responsibilities of the Director under paragraph (1).
(3) AUTHORITIES OF THE DIRECTOR.–For purposes of performing the functions of the Director under paragraph (1) and subject to the availability of appropriations, the Director may
(A) enter into contracts;
(B) employ experts and consultants in accordance with section 3109 of title 5, United States Code, at rates for individuals not to exceed the per diem rate equivalent to the rate for level IV of the Executive Schedule; and
(C) utilize, on a reimbursable basis, the services, facilities, and personnel of other Federal agencies.
(4) CERTIFICATION REQUIRED.—Whenever the Director determines that the responsibilities described in paragraph (1) have been fully discharged, the Director shall so certify to the appropriate congressional committees.
(e) REPORT TO CONGRESS.—The Director of the Office of Management and Budget shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a detailed report in writing regarding all matters relating to the abolition and termination of the Foundation. The report shall be submitted not later than 90 days after the termination of the Foundation.
(f) TRANSFER AND ALLOCATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—Except as otherwise provided in this section, the assets, liabilities (including contingent liabilities arising from suits continued with a substitution or addition of parties under subsection (g)(3)), contracts, property, records, and unexpended balance of appropriations, authorizations, allocations, and other funds employed, held, used, arising from, available to, or to be made available in connection with the functions, terminated by subsection (c)(1) or transferred by subsection (d)(2) shall be transferred to the Director for purposes of carrying out the responsibilities described in subsection (d)(1).
(g) SAVINGS PROVISIONS.
(1) CONTINUING LEGAL FORCE AND EFFECT.All orders, determinations, rules, regulations, permits, agreements, grants, contracts, certificates, licenses, registrations, privileges, and other administrative actions
(A) that have been issued, made, granted, or allowed to become effective by the Foundation in the performance of functions that are terminated or transferred under this section; and
(B) that are in effect as of the date of the abolition of the Foundation, or were final before such date and are to become effective on or after such date, shall continue in effect according to their terms until modified, terminated, superseded, set aside, or revoked in accordance with law by the President, the Director, or other authorized official, a court of competent jurisdiction, or by operation of law.
(2) NO EFFECT ON JUDICIAL OR ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEEDINGS.-Except as otherwise provided in this section
(A) the provisions of this section shall not affect suits commenced prior to the date of abolition of the Foundation; and
(B) in all such suits, proceedings shall be had, appeals taken, and judgments rendered in the same manner and effect as if this section had not been enacted.
(3) NONABATEMENT OF PROCEEDINGS.—No suit, action, or other proceeding commenced by or against any officer in the official capacity of such individual as an officer of the Foundation shall abate by reason of the enactment of this section. No cause of action by or against the Foundation, or by or against any officer thereof in the official capacity of such officer, shall abate by reason of the enactment of this section.
(4) CONTINUATION OF PROCEEDING WITH SUBSTITUTION OF PARTIES.-If, before the date of the abolition of the Foundation, the Foundation, or officer thereof in the official capacity of such officer, is a party to a suit, then effective on such date such suit shall be continued with the Director substituted or added as a party.
(5) REVIEWABILITY OF ORDERS AND ACTIONS UNDER TRANSFERRED FUNCTIONS.-Orders and actions of the Director in the exercise of functions terminated or transferred under this section shall be subject to judicial review to the same extent and in the same manner as if such orders and actions had been taken by the Foundation immediately preceding their termination or transfer. Any statutory requirements relating to notice, hearings, action upon the record, or administrative review that apply to any function transferred by this section shall apply to the exercise of such function by the Director.
(h) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.
(1) AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION.-Section 502 of the International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 290h) is amended
(A) by inserting “and” at the end of paragraph (2);
(B) by striking the semicolon at the end of Foreign Operations Appropriations Act may be paragraph (3) and inserting a period; and
made available for licensing exports of defense (C) by striking paragraphs (4) and (5).
articles or services for Indonesia under section (2) SOCIAL PROGRESS TRUST FUND AGREE 38 of the Arms Export Control Act. MENT.-Section 36 of the Foreign Assistance Act (c) EXCEPTIONS.of 1973 is amended
(1) Subsection (a) shall not apply to the provi(A) in subsection (a)
sion of assistance to meet basic human needs for (i) by striking "provide for” and all that fol
Indonesia or East Timor. lows through “(2) utilization” and inserting
(2) Subsection (b) shall not apply to the provi“provide for the utilization”; and
sion of funds appropriated or otherwise made (ii) by striking "member countries," and all
available to carry out chapter 1 of part I or that follows through "paragraph (2)” and in
chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance serting "member countries.";
Act of 1961, or humanitarian assistance, for the (B) in subsection (b), by striking “transfer
Government of Indonesia or East Timor, except
that such funds shall be subject to the regular (C) by striking subsection (c); (D) by redesignating subsection (d) as sub
notification procedures of the Committees on section (c); and
Appropriations. (E) in subsection (c) (as so redesignated), by
(d) CONDITIONS FOR TERMINATION.—The measstriking transfer or”.
ures described in subsections (a) and (b) shall (3) FOREIGN ASSISTANCE ACT OF 1961.-Section
apply until the President determines and cer222 A(d) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22
tifies to the appropriate congressional commitU.S.C. 2182a(d) is repealed.
tees that the Government Indonesia and the (i) DEFINITION.-In this section, the term "ap
Indonesian armed forces have propriate congressional committees" means the
(1) ended the violence by units of the IndoCommittee on Appropriations and the Committee
nesian armed forces and by anti-independence on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the
(2) enabled displaced persons and refugees to Committee on Appropriations and the Committee on International Relations of the House of Rep
return home; resentatives.
(3) ensured freedom of movement in East (j) EFFECTIVE DATES.—The repeal made by
Timor, including by humanitarian organizasubsection (c)(2) and the amendments made by
tions; subsection (h) shall take effect upon the date of
(4) enabled UNAMET to fulfill its mandate, transmittal to Congress of the certification de
without threat or intimidation to its personnel; scribed in subsection (d)(4).
(5) withdrawn from East Timor in accordance
with a United Nations-supervised process of WEST BANK AND GAZA PROGRAM
transferring sovereignty to an independent East SEC. 587. For fiscal year 2000, 30 days prior to
Timor; the initial obligation of funds for the bilateral
(6) cooperated fully with efforts to investigate West Bank and Gaza Program, the Secretary of State shall certify to the appropriate committees
and prosecute members of the Indonesian armed
forces and anti-independence militias responof Congress that procedures have been estab
sible for human rights violations in East Timor; lished to assure the Comptroller General of the
and United States will have access to appropriate
(7) cooperated fully with efforts to implement United States financial information in order to
the results of the August 30, 1999, vote on East review the uses of United States assistance for
Timor's political status.
MAN AND THE BIOSPHERE
SEC. 590. None of the funds appropriated or Gaza.
otherwise made available by this Act may be HUMAN RIGHTS ASSISTANCE
provided for the United Nations Man and the SEC. 588. Of the funds made available under
Biosphere Program or the United Nations World the heading “International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement", not less than $500,000
Heritage Fund for programs in the United
IMMUNITY OF FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA $500,000 should be made available to support the
SEC. 591. (a) Subject to subsection (b), the activities of Colombian nongovernmental orga
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia shall be deemed nizations involved in human rights monitoring,
to be a state sponsor of terrorism for the purnot less than $250,000 should be provided to the
poses of 28 U.S.C. 1605(a)(7). United Nations High Commissioner for Human
(b) This section shall not apply to Montenegro Rights to assist the Government of Colombia in
or Kosova. strengthening its human rights policies and pro
(c) This section shall become null and void grams, not less than $1,000,000 should be made
when the President certifies in writing to the available for personnel and other resources to
Congress that the Federal Republic of Yugoenhance United States Embassy monitoring of
slavia (other than Montenegro and Kosova) has assistance to the Colombian security forces and
completed a democratic reform process that reresponding to reports of human rights viola
sults in a newly elected government that retions, and not less than $5,000,000 should be
spects the rights of ethnic minorities, is commade available for administration of justice pro
mitted to the rule of law and respects the sovgrams including support for the Colombia Attor
ereignty of its neighbor states. ney General's Technical Investigations Unit.
(d) The certification provided for in subsection
(c) shall not affect the continuation of litigation SELF-DETERMINATION IN EAST TIMOR SEC. 589. (a) MULTILATERAL ECONOMIC AS
commenced against the Federal Republic of SISTANCE.—Except as provided in subsection (c),
Yugoslavia prior to its fulfillment of the condithe Secretary of the Treasury should instruct
tions in subsection (c). the United States executive directors to the
UNITED STATES ASSISTANCE POLICY FOR international financial institutions to oppose,
OPPOSITION-CONTROLLED AREAS OF SUDAN and vote against, any extension by those insti
SEC. 592. (a) Notwithstanding any other provitutions of any financial assistance (including
sion of law, the President, acting through apany technical assistance or grant) to the Gov propriate federal agencies, may provide food asernment of Indonesia.
sistance to groups engaged in the protection of (b) BILATERAL ASSISTANCE AND LICENSES. civilian populations from attacks by regular Except as provided in subsection (c)
government of Sudan forces, associated militias, (1) none of the funds appropriated or other or other paramilitary groups supported by the wise made available by this Act or any prior government of Sudan. Such assistance may only Foreign Operations Appropriations Act may be be provided in a way that: (1) does not endanmade available for assistance for the Govern ger, compromise or otherwise reduce the United ment of Indonesia.
States' support for unilateral, multilateral or (2) none of the funds appropriated or other private humanitarian operations or the benewise made available by this Act or any prior ficiaries of those operations; or (2) compromise
any ongoing or future people-to-people reconciliation efforts. Any such assistance shall be provided separate from and not in proximity to current humanitarian efforts, both within Operation Lifeline Sudan or outside of Operation Lifeline Sudan, or any other current or future humanitarian operations which serve noncombatants. In considering eligibility of potential recipients, the President shall determine that the group respects human rights, democratic principles, and the integrity of ongoing humanitarian operations, and cease such assistance if the determination can no longer be made.
(b) Not later than February 1, 2000, the President shall submit to the Committees on Appropriations a report on United States bilateral assistance to opposition-controlled areas of Sudan. Such report shall include
(1) an accounting of United States bilateral assistance to opposition-controlled areas of Sudan, provided in fiscal years 1997, 1998, 1999, and proposed for fiscal year 2000, and the goals and objectives of such assistance;
(2) the policy implications and costs, including logistics and administrative costs, associated with providing humanitarian assistance, including food, directly to National Democratic Alliance participants and the Sudanese People's Liberation Movement operating outside of the United Nations' Operation Lifeline Sudan structure, and the United States agencies best suited to administer these activities, and
(3) the policy implications of increasing substantially the amount of development assistance for democracy promotion, civil administration, judiciary, and infrastructure support in opposition-controlled areas of Sudan and the obstacles to administering a development assistance program in this region.
CONSULTATIONS ON ARMS SALES TO TAIWAN SEC. 593. Consistent with the intent of Congress expressed in the enactment of section 3(b) of the Taiwan Relations Act, the Secretary of State shall consult with the appropriate committees and leadership of Congress to devise a mechanism to provide for congressional input prior to making any determination on the nature or quantity of defense articles and services to be made available to Taiwan.
AUTHORIZATIONS SEC. 594. The Secretary of the Treasury may, to fulfill commitments of the United States: (1) effect the United States participation in the fifth general capital increase of the African Development Bank, the first general capital increase of the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency, and the first general capital increase of the Inter-American Investment Corporation, and (2) contribute on behalf of the United States to the eighth replenishment of the resources of the African Development Fund and the twelfth replenishment of the International Development Association. The following amounts are authorized to be appropriated without fiscal year limitation for payment by the Secretary of the Treasury: $40,847,011 for paid-in capital, and $639,932,485 for callable capital, of the African Development Bank; $29,870,087 for paid-in capital, and $139,365,533 for callable capital, of the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency; $125,180,000 for paid-in capital of the InterAmerican Investment Corporation; $300,000,000 for the African Development Fund; and $2,410,000,000 for the International Development Association.
WORKING CAPITAL FUND SEC. 595. Section 635 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2395) is amended by adding a new subsection (1) as follows:
“(1)(1) There is hereby established a working capital fund for the United States Agency for International Development which shall be available without fiscal year limitation for the expenses of personal and nonpersonal services, equipment and supplies for: (A) International Cooperative Administrative Support Services, and (B) rebates from the use of United States Government credit cards.
“(2) The capital of the fund shall consist of the fair and reasonable value of such supplies, equipment and other assets pertaining to the functions of the fund as the Administrator determines and any appropriations made available for the purpose of providing capital, less related liabilities.
“(3) The fund shall be reimbursed or credited with advance payments for services, equipment or supplies provided from the fund from applicable appropriations and funds of the agency, other Federal agencies and other sources authorized by section 607 of this Act at rates that will recover total expenses of operation, including accrual of annual leave and depreciation. Receipts from the disposal of, or payments for the loss or damage to, property held in the fund, rebates, reimbursements, refunds and other credits applicable to the operation of the fund may be deposited in the fund.
“(4) The agency shall transfer to the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts as of the close of the fiscal year such amounts which the Administrator determines to be in excess of the needs of the fund.
“(5) The fund may be charged with the current value of supplies and equipment returned to the working capital of the fund by a post, activity or agency and the proceeds shall be credited to current applicable appropriations.".
SILK ROAD STRATEGY ACT OF 1999 SEC. 596. (a) SHORT TITLE.—This section may be cited as the “Silk Road Strategy Act of 1999”.
(b) AMENDMENT OF THE FOREIGN ASSISTANCE OF 1961.--Part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2151 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new chapter: “CHAPTER 12-SUPPORT FOR THE ECO
NOMIC AND POLITICAL INDEPENDENCE OF THE COUNTRIES OF THE SOUTH
CAUCASUS AND CENTRAL ASIA "SEC. 499. UNITED STATES ASSISTANCE TO PRO
MOTE RECONCILIATION AND RECOV.
ERY FROM REGIONAL CONFLICTS. “(a) PURPOSE OF ASSISTANCE.—The purposes of assistance under this section include
“(1) the creation of the basis for reconciliation between belligerents;
“(2) the promotion of economic development in areas of the countries of the South Caucasus and Central Asia impacted by civil conflict and war; and
"(3) the encouragement of broad regional cooperation among countries of the South Caucasus and Central Asia that have been destabilized by internal conflicts.
“(b) AUTHORIZATION FOR ASSISTANCE.
“(1) IN GENERAL.—To carry out the purposes of subsection (a), the President is authorized to provide humanitarian assistance and economic reconstruction assistance for the countries of the South Caucasus and Central Asia to support the activities described in subsection (c).
“(2) DEFINITION OF HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE.—In this subsection, the term 'humanitarian assistance' means assistance to meet humanitarian needs, including needs for food, medicine, medical supplies and equipment, education, and clothing.
"(c) ACTIVITIES SUPPORTED.-Activities that may be supported by assistance under subsection (b) include
"(1) providing for the humanitarian needs of victims of the conflicts;
“(2) facilitating the return of refugees and internally displaced persons to their homes, and
“(3) assisting in the reconstruction of residential and economic infrastructure destroyed by war. "SEC. 499A. ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE.
“(a) PURPOSE OF ASSISTANCE.—The purpose of assistance under this section is to foster economic growth and development, including the conditions necessary for regional economic cooperation, in the South Caucasus and Central Asia.
“(b) AUTHORIZATION FOR ASSISTANCE.-TO carry out the purpose of subsection (a), the
President is authorized to provide assistance for the countries of the South Caucasus and Central Asia to support the activities described in subsection (c).
"(c) ACTIVITIES SUPPORTED.-In addition to the activities described in section 498, activities supported by assistance under subsection (6) should support the development of the structures and means necessary for the growth of private sector economies based upon market principles. “SEC. 499B. DEVELOPMENT OF INFRASTRUCTURE.
“(a) PURPOSE OF PROGRAMS.—The purposes of programs under this section include
“(1) to develop the physical infrastructure necessary for regional cooperation among the countries of the South Caucasus and Central Asia; and
“(2) to encourage closer economic relations and to facilitate the removal of impediments to cross-border commerce among those countries and the United States and other developed nations.
“(b) AUTHORIZATION FOR PROGRAMS.-TO carry out the purposes of subsection (a), the following types of programs for the countries of the South Caucasus and Central Asia may be used to support the activities described in subsection (c):
“(1) Activities by the Export-Import Bank to complete the review process for eligibility for financing under the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945.
“(2) The provision of insurance, reinsurance, financing, or other assistance by the Overseas Private Investment Corporation.
“(3) Assistance under section 661 of this Act (relating to the Trade and Development Agency).
“(c) ACTIVITIES SUPPORTED.-Activities that may be supported by programs under subsection (b) include promoting actively the participation of United States companies and investors in the planning, financing, and construction of infrastructure for communications, transportation, including air transportation, and energy and trade including highways, railroads, port facilities, shipping, banking, insurance, telecommunications networks, and gas and oil pipelines. "SEC. 499C. BORDER CONTROL ASSISTANCE.
“(a) PURPOSE OF ASSISTANCE.—The purpose of assistance under this section includes the assistance of the countries of the South Caucasus and Central Asia to secure their borders and implement effective controls necessary to prevent the trafficking of illegal narcotics and the proliferation of technology and materials related to weapons of mass destruction (as defined in section 2332a(c)(2) of title 18, United States Code), and to contain and inhibit transnational organized criminal activities.
“(b) AUTHORIZATION FOR ASSISTANCE.-To carry out the purpose of subsection (a), the President is authorized to provide assistance to the countries of the South Caucasus and Central Asia to support the activities described in subsection (c).
"(c) ACTIVITIES SUPPORTED.—Activities that may be supported by assistance under subsection (b) include assisting those countries of the South Caucasus and Central Asia in developing capabilities to maintain national border guards, coast guard, and customs controls. "SEC. 499D. STRENGTHENING DEMOCRACY, TOL
ERANCE, AND THE DEVELOPMENT
OF CIVIL SOCIETY. “(a) PURPOSE OF ASSISTANCE.—The purpose of assistance under this section is to promote institutions of democratic government and to create the conditions for the growth of pluralistic societies, including religious tolerance and respect for internationally recognized human rights.
“(b) AUTHORIZATION FOR ASSISTANCE.-TO carry out the purpose of subsection (a), the President is authorized to provide the following types of assistance to the countries of the South Caucasus and Central Asia:
"(1) Assistance for democracy building, including programs to strengthen parliamentary institutions and practices.
"(2) Assistance for the development of nongovernmental organizations.
“(3) Assistance for development of independent media.
"(4) Assistance for the development of the rule of law, a strong independent judiciary, and transparency in political practice and commercial transactions.
“(5) International exchanges and advanced professional training programs in skill areas central to the development of civil society.
“(6) Assistance to promote increased adherence to civil and political rights under section 116(e) of this Act.
"(c) ACTIVITIES SUPPORTED.-Activities that may be supported by assistance under subsection (b) include activities that are designed to advance progress toward the development of democracy. "SEC. 499E. ADMINISTRATIVE AUTHORITIES.
"(a) ASSISTANCE THROUGH GOVERNMENTS AND NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS.-Assistance under this chapter may be provided to governments or through nongovernmental organizations.
"(b) USE OF ECONOMIC SUPPORT FUNDS.-Ercept as otherwise provided, any funds that have been allocated under chapter 4 of part II for assistance for the independent states of the former Soviet Union may be used in accordance with the provisions of this chapter.
"(c) TERMS AND CONDITIONS.-Assistance under this chapter shall be provided on such terms and conditions as the President may determine.
“(d) AVAILABLE AUTHORITIES.—The authority in this chapter to provide assistance for the countries of the South Caucasus and Central Asia is in addition to the authority to provide such assistance under the FREEDOM Support Act (22 U.S.C. 5801 et seq.) or any other Act, and the authorities applicable to the provision of assistance under chapter 11 may be used to provide assistance under this chapter. "SEC. 499F. DEFINITIONS.
"In this chapter:
“(1) APPROPRIATE CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEES.--The term 'appropriate congressional committees' means the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on International Relations of the House of Representatives.
"(2) COUNTRIES OF THE SOUTH CAUCASUS AND CENTRAL ASIA.—The term 'countries of the South Caucasus and Central Asia' means Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.".
(C) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.-Section 102(a) of the FREEDOM Support Act (Public Law 102– 511) is amended in paragraphs (2) and (4) by striking each place it appears “this Act)” and inserting "this Act and chapter 12 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961)”.
(d) ANNUAL REPORT.-Section 104 of the FREEDOM Support Act (22 U.S.C. 5814) is amended
(1) by striking "and” at the end of paragraph (3);
(2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (4) and inserting "; and”; and
(3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
“(5) with respect to the countries of the South Caucasus and Central Asia
“(A) an identification of the progress made by the United States in accomplishing the policy described in section 3 of the Silk Road Strategy Act of 1999;
“(B) an evaluation of the degree to which the assistance authorized by chapter 12 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 has accomplished the purposes identified in that chapter;
"(C) a description of the progress being made by the United States to resolve trade disputes registered with and raised by the United States embassies in each country, and to negotiate a bilateral agreement relating to the protection of United States direct investment in, and other business interests with, each country; and
“(D) recommendations of any additional initiatives that should be undertaken by the United States to implement the policy and purposes contained in the Silk Road Strategy Act of 1999.”. COUNTRY REPORTS ON HUMAN RIGHTS PRACTICES
SEC. 597. Section 116 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended by adding the following new subsection:
" (f)(1) The report required by subsection (d) shall include
“(A) a list of foreign states where trafficking in persons, especially women and children, originates, passes through, or is a destination; and
“(B) an assessment of the efforts by the governments of the states described in paragraph (A) to combat trafficking. Such an assessment shall address
“(i) whether government authorities in each such state tolerate or are involved in trafficking activities;
“(ii) which government authorities in each such state are involved in anti-trafficking activities;
“(iii) what steps the government of each such state has taken to prohibit government officials and other individuals from participating in trafficking, including the investigation, prosecution, and conviction of individuals involved in trafficking;
"(iv) what steps the government of each such state has taken to assist trafficking victims,
"(v) whether the government of each such state is cooperating with governments of other countries to extradite traffickers when requested;
“(vi) whether the government of each such state is assisting in international investigations of transnational trafficking networks, and
“(vii) whether the government of each such state refrains from prosecuting trafficking victims or refrains from other discriminatory treatment towards victims.
“(2) In compiling data and assessing trafficking for the purposes of paragraph (1), United States Diplomatic Mission personnel shall consult with human rights and other appropriate nongovernmental organizations.
“(3) For purposes of this subsection
“(A) the term 'trafficking' means the use of deception, coercion, debt bondage, the threat of force, or the abuse of authority to recruit, transport within or across borders, purchase, sell, transfer, receive, or harbor a person for the purposes of placing or holding such person, whether for pay or not, in involuntary servitude, slavery or slavery-like conditions, or in forced, bonded, or coerced labor;
“(B) the term 'victim of trafficking' means any person subjected to the treatment described in subparagraph (A).”.
OPIC MARITIME FUND SEC. 598. It is the sense of the Congress that the Overseas Private Investment Corporation shall within one year from the date of the enactment of this Act select a fund manager for the purpose of creating a maritime fund with total capitalization of up to $200,000,000. This fund shall leverage United States commercial maritime expertise to support international maritime projects.
SANCTIONS AGAINST SERBIA SEC. 599. (a) CONTINUATION OF EXECUTIVE BRANCH SANCTIONS.—The sanctions listed in subsection (b) shall remain in effect for fiscal year 2000, unless the President submits to the Committees on Appropriations and Foreign Relations in the Senate and the Committees on Appropriations and International Relations of the House of Representatives a certification described in subsection (c).
(6) APPLICABLE SANCTIONS.
(1) The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States executive directors of the international financial institutions to work in opposition to, and vote against, any extension by such institutions of any financial or
technical assistance or grants of any kind to the government of Serbia.
(2) The Secretary of State should instruct the United States Ambassador to the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) to block any consensus to allow the participation of Serbia in the OSCE or any organization affiliated with the OSCE.
(3) The Secretary of State should instruct the United States Representative to the United Nations to vote against any resolution in the United Nations Security Council to admit Serbia to the United Nations or any organization affiliated with the United Nations, to veto any resolution to allow Serbia to assume the United Nations' membership of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, and to take action to prevent Serbia from assuming the seat formerly occupied by the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
(4) The Secretary of State should instruct the United States Permanent Representative on the Council of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization to oppose the extension of the Partnership for Peace program or any other organization affiliated with NATO to Serbia.
(5) The Secretary of State should instruct the United States Representatives to the Southeast European Cooperative Initiative (SECI) to oppose and to work to prevent the extension of SECI membership to Serbia.
(c) CERTIFICATION.-A certification described in this subsection is a certification that,
(1) the representatives of the successor states to the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia have successfully negotiated the division of assets and liabilities and all other succession issues following the dissolution of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia;
(2) the government of Serbia is fully complying with its obligations as a signatory to the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina;
(3) the government of Serbia is fully cooperating with and providing unrestricted access to the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, including surrendering persons indicted for war crimes who are within the jurisdiction of the territory of Serbia, and with the investigations concerning the commission of war crimes and crimes against humanity in Kosova;
(4) the government of Serbia is implementing internal democratic reforms; and
(5) Serbian federal governmental officials, and representatives of the ethnic Albanian community in Kosova have agreed on, signed, and begun implementation of a negotiated settlement on the future status of Kosova.
(d) STATEMENT OF POLICY.—It is the sense of the Congress that the United States should not restore full diplomatic relations with Serbia until the President submits to the Committees on Appropriations and Foreign Relations in the Senate and the Committees on Appropriations and International Relations in the House of Representatives the certification described in subsection (c).
(e) EXEMPTION OF MONTENEGRO AND KOSOVA.—The sanctions described in subsection (b) shall not apply to Montenegro or Kosova.
(f) DEFINITION.-The term “international financial institution” includes the International Monetary Fund, the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the International Development Association, the International Finance Corporation, the Multilateral Investment Guaranty Agency, and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development.
(g) WAIVER AUTHORITY.—The President may waive the application in whole or in part, of any sanction described in subsection (b) if the President certifies to the Congress that the President has determined that the waiver is necessary to meet emergency humanitarian needs.
CLEAN COAL TECHNOLOGY SEC. 599 A. (a) FINDINGS.-The Congress finds as follows:
(1) The United States is the world leader in the development of environmental technologies, particularly clean coal technology.
(2) Severe pollution problems affecting people in developing countries, and the serious health problems that result from such pollution, can be effectively addressed through the application of United States technology.
(3) During the next century, developing countries, particularly countries in Asia such as China and India, will dramatically increase their consumption of electricity, and low quality coal will be a major source of fuel for power generation.
(4) Without the use of modern clean coal technology, the resultant pollution will cause enormous health and environmental problems leading to diminished economic growth in developing countries and, thus, diminished United States exports to those growing markets.
(6) STATEMENT OF POLICY.—It is the policy of the United States to promote the export of United States clean coal technology. In furtherance of that policy, the Secretary of State, the Secretary of the Treasury (acting through the United States executive directors to international financial institutions), the Secretary of Energy, and the Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) should, as appropriate, vigorously promote the use of United States clean coal technology in environmental and energy infrastructure programs, projects and activities. Programs, projects and activities for which the use of such technology should be considered include reconstruction assistance for the Balkans, activities carried out by the Global Environment Facility, and activities funded from USAID's Development Credit Authority. RESTRICTION ON UNITED STATES ASSISTANCE FOR
CERTAIN RECONSTRUCTION EFFORTS IN THE BALKANS REGION
SEC. 599B. (a) Funds appropriated or otherwise made available by this Act for United States assistance for reconstruction efforts in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia or any contiguous country should to the maximum extent practicable be used for the procurement of articles and services of United States origin.
(6) DEFINITIONS.—In this section:
(1) ARTICLE.—The term “article” means any agricultural commodity, steel, communications equipment, farm machinery or petrochemical refinery equipment.
(2) FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA.—The term “Federal Republic of Yugoslavia” includes Serbia, Montenegro and Kosova. CONTRIBUTIONS TO UNITED NATIONS POPULATION
FUND SEC. 599C. (1) LIMITATIONS ON AMOUNT OF CONTRIBUTION.-Of the amounts made available under “International Organizations and Programs”, not more than $25,000,000 for fiscal year 2000 shall be available for the United Nations Population Fund (hereinafter in this subsection referred to as the "UNFPA').
(2) PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS IN CHINA.None of the funds made available under “International Organizations and Programs" may be made available for the UNFPA for a country program in the People's Republic of China.
(3) CONDITIONS ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS.Amounts made available under “International Organizations and Programs” for fiscal year 2000 for the UNFPA may not be made available to UNFPA unless
(A) the UNFPA maintains amounts made available to the UNFPA under this section in an account separate from other accounts of the UNFPA;
(B) the UNFPA does not commingle amounts made available to the UNFPA under this section with other sums; and
(C) the UNFPA does not fund abortions.
(4) REPORT TO THE CONGRESS AND WITHHOLDING OF FUNDS.
(A) Not later than February 15, 2000, the Secretary of State shall submit a report to the ap
propriate congressional committees indicating the amount of funds that the United Nations Population Fund is budgeting for the year in which the report is submitted for a country program in the People's Republic of China.
(B) If a report under subparagraph (A) indicates that the United Nations Population Fund plans to spend funds for a country program in the People's Republic of China in the year covered by the report, then the amount of such funds that the UNFPA plans to spend in the People's Republic of China shall be deducted from the funds made available to the UNFPA after March 1 for obligation for the remainder of the fiscal year in which the report is submitted.
AUTHORIZATION FOR POPULATION PLANNING SEC. 599D. (a) Not to exceed $385,000,000 of the funds appropriated in title II of this Act may be available for population planning activities or other population assistance.
(b) Such funds may be apportioned only on a monthly basis, and such monthly apportionments may not exceed 8.34 percent of the total available for such activities.
This Act may be cited as the “Foreign Oper-
By unanimous consent, the previous question was ordered on the conference report to its adoption or rejection.
The question being put,
Will the House agree to said conference report?
The SPEAKER pro tempore, Mr. THORNBERRY, announced that pursuant to clause 10 of rule XX the yeas and nays were ordered, and the call was taken by electronic device.
It was decided in the / Yeas 214 affirmative ...